Sylvester Maurus

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Sylvester Maurus (31 December 1619 at Spoleto – 13 January 1687 in Rome) was an Italian Jesuit theologian.


He entered the Society of Jesus, 21 April 1636. After finishing his course of studies and teaching humanities at the College of Macerata, he held in the same place the chair of philosophy for three years, and subsequently in Rome for several years.

Then he was promoted to the chair of theology at the Roman College, and remained in this position for a number of years. For a period he was also rector there.


His works include:

  • (1) "Quæstionum philosophicarum Sylvestri Mauri, Soc. Jesu, in Collegio Romano Philosophiæ Professoris ". This work is divided into four books, and appeared at Rome in 1658. A second edition was issued in 1670. The latest edition, in three volumes, is prefaced by a letter of Father Liberatore, and appeared in Le Mans, 1875-76.
  • (2) "Aristotelis opera quæ extant omnia, brevi paraphrasi, ac litteræ perpetuo inhærente explanatione illustrata". The work appeared in six volumes, Rome, 1668. The second volume, containing Aristotle's moral philosophy, was edited anew in 1696-98. The whole work was published again in Paris, 1885–87, by Fathers Ehrle, Felchlin, and Beringer; this edition formed part of the collection entitled "Bibliotheca Theologiæ et Philosophiæ scholasticæ".
  • (3) "Quæstionum theologicarum ll. 6", published at Rome, 1676–79; this work contains all the principal theological treatises.
  • (4) "Opus theologicum", published in three folio volumes at Rome, 1687, treats of all the main questions of theology concisely. The first volume contains some information concerning the author, and also his picture engraved by Louis Lenfant.


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Sylvester Maurus" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.