Tamralipta, Tamolika, Tamralipti, Tamoluk
Chandaneswar Temple in Digha, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal
|• Body||Tamluk Municipality|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Additional official||English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB 29-xxxx, WB 30-xxxx|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Tamluk|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Tamluk|
Tamluk (//) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Purba Medinipur district. Though there is some controversy, scholars have generally agreed that present-day Tamluk is the site of the ancient city variously known as Tamralipta or Tamralipti. The present town is located on the banks of the Rupnarayan River close to the Bay of Bengal.
This ancient kingdom and port city was bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the south, Rupnarayan River in the east and Subarnarekha River in the west. The Rupnarayana is the joint flow of the rivers Dwarakeswar and Silai. The Bay of Bengal and these great rivers with their numerous branches created a prosperous and easy water navigational system fostering commerce, culture and early contacts with the people outside the region. At the same time, these rivers helped to develop the agriculture in this region.
Archaeological remains show continuous settlement from about the 3rd century BC. It was known as Tramralipta (in the Puranas and the Mahabharata), Tamralipta (in the Mahabharata), Tamalika (in historical documents), Tamalitti (in foreigners' descriptions), or Tamoluk (in the British Raj). It was a seaport, now buried under river silt. For this reason, Tamluk has many ponds and lakes remaining today.
In the Mahabharata (Bhishma Parba/Nabam Adhyay), while describing the names of the holiest rivers and kingdoms of India, Sanjay took the name of "Tramralipta" to Dhritarashtra.
Tamluk was also known as Bhivas, in religious texts, and Madhya Desh, as the Middle State of Utkal/Kalinga and Banga.
According to Jain sources, Tamralipti was the capital of the kingdom of Venga and was long known as a port.
|Cities and towns in Tamluk subdivision of Purba Medinipur district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
The people of Tamluk are primarily Bengali speaking. There are some lingering effects of successive migrations and invasions from both the west, east, and especially from northern India . Its history shows the complex combination of indigenous, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain and Hindu cultures, through trade, travel, and migration.
Unlike other parts of Bengal, Tamluk was always well connected with the Gangetic plains. In fact, there is evidence to suggest that the culture of Aryavarta influenced life in early Tamluk. The worship of Bheema is a sign of the socio-religious acceptance of Aryan culture in this area. Even in the recent past, Tamluk was divided into many areas based on caste and occupation, such as Malakar Para (flower traders), Adhikary Para (Brahmins), Metia Para in Nimtala (transport business and timber merchants), Dey Para (gold traders), and Mathore Para (sweeper's colony).
The Tamluk Municipality has population of 65,306 of which 33,260 are males while 32,046 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.
Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 6180 which is 9.46% of total population of Tamluk (M). In Tamluk Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 963 against state average of 950. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Tamluk is around 946 compared to West Bengal state average of 956. Literacy rate of Tamluk city is 90.18% higher than state average of 76.26%. In Tamluk, Male literacy is around 94.01% while female literacy rate is 86.21%.
As a seaport, Tamluk was once famous as a centre for trade.
Tamluk is mainly an agricultural area. About 60% of the land is under cultivation. Tamluk is one of the largest producers and exporters of paan (betel leaf). Fishing was an important occupation of the local residents.
Tamluk is well linked by road and rail. Tamluk is a major roadway junction with six bus-routes:
- Tamluk to Srirampur, Tangrakhali and Pursha ghat
- Tamluk to Mecheda, Kolaghat, and Kolkata
- Tamluk to Panskura, Kharagpur and Ghatal
- Tamluk to Haldia, Durgachowk
- Tamluk to Digha, Contai, and Egra
There are many schools and colleges in Tamluk.
- Tamluk Hamilton High School : It is Bengali medium school under WBSE & WBCHSE. It was established by an English salt agent Charles Hammilton on 7 May 1852. Alumni of this school are Sri Ajoy Mukherjee (ex-Chief Minister of West Bengal), Dr. Amalesh Tripathy (a great historian), Dr Sushil Kumar Dhara (great freedom fighter), Sri Kshudiram Bose (great freedom fighter & the first martyr of Bengal) and so many eminent persons.
- Tamluk Town High School: It is Bengali medium school under WBSE & WBCHSE.
- Sudhir Memorial Institute Tamluk :- It is an CBSE English - Medium School in Tamluk. It is a Sister Institute of Sudhir Memorial Institute Madhyamgram. Website :- www.smitamluk.com
- Tamralipta Mahavidyalaya was established at Tamluk in 1948. It is affiliated with Vidyasagar University. It offers courses in arts, science, commerce and education.
- Tamralipta Institute Of Management & Technology was established at Tamluk in 2007. It is affiliated to Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad University of Technology.
There is no university but Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has a presence in the form of a Study Centre with Tarun Sangha Information & Documentation Centre (TASIDOC) as the host institution.
There is a district hospital in the town, named Tamluk District Hospital. There are available many private hospital or Nursing home namely- 1. MAS Clinic and Hospital 2. Vivekananda Nursing Home 3. Capital Clinic and Nursing Home 4. Nightingle Nursing Home 5. Seva Nursing Home 6. Park Clinic and Nursing Home 7. Mother Nursing Home 8. Sarada Nursing Home 9. Mamata Nursing Home 9. Sabitri Nursing Home 10. Saradamoyee Shishu Seva Sadan 11. Victoria Nursing Home 12. Monidipa Nursing Home 13. Tramtalipta Nursing Home 14. Shima Nursing Home 15. Genesis Health Point 16. RSV Hospital 17. Balaji Nursing Home 18. Sunayan Eye Hospital
Landmarks and tourist places
- Rupnarayan river bank : The bank of river Rupnarayan is famous for picnic.
- Devi Barghobhima : Nearly 1150-year-old Temple of Kali named as Devi Bargobhima. This temple is a part of 51 Shakti Peethas. Puranas say that the small finger of left feet of Sati/Parvati fell here when Lord Vishnu cut the sacred Body of Goddess Sati into several pieces to make Lord Shiva quite.
- Tamluk Rajbari :Located on the outskirts of town, the royal abode of the Mayura-dhwaja (Peackok) Dynasty mentioned in Mahabharata, etc. is a popular tourist destination.
- Rakhit Bati : It is another place to visit in Tamluk. In the beginning of 19th century it was famous as a secret centre of the then revolutionary party ‘Anusilan Samiti’ & ‘Gupta samiti. Famous historian late Shri Tailakyanath Rakhit rebuilt this building.
- Geonkhali : At geonkhali river Rupnarayan joins Hooghly river with a beautiful backdrop.
- Khudiram Bose, young revolutionary.
- Matangini Hazra, Indian independence movement revolutionary
- Satish Chandra Samanta, Indian independence movement activist.
- Ajoy Mukherjee, former chief minister of the state.
- Sushil Kumar Dhara, Co founder of "Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar" of British India & after independence he also served the state government as `Industry and Commerce Minister'.
- Paresh Maity, artist.
- "Fact and Figures". www.wb.gov.in. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- "Tamluk PS". Purba Medinipur District Police. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- "Tamralipta Mahaviyalaya". TM. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- "TIMT". TIMT. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Tamralipta Institute of Management and Technology". College Dunia. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Tamluk.|