This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-experts, without removing the technical details. (December 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Part of a series on|
Tapa Gaccha was founded by Acharya Jagatchandra Suri in Vikram Samvat 1285 (1228 AD). He was given the title of "Tapa" (i.e., the meditative one) by the ruler of Mewar. This title was applied to the group.
Under Vijayanandsuri's leadership and other monks, Shwetambara Murtipujak Conference was established in 1893 which reformed mendicant as well as lay religious practices. As a result of this reform, most Shwetambara Jain monks today belong to Tapa Gaccha.
Later Tapa Gachha is followed by 21 different samuday or orders. The sects follow different rituals but they do not have differences about scriptures. Also
Some of these differences include Tithi (calendar date), veneration of gurus, pilgrimage of Palitana temples during monsoon and Santikaram (a religious text) chanting on Chaturdasi (14th day in each half of month in Jain calendar).
Amongst many orders in Tapagachh, Vallabh Suri Samudai, also known as Atam - Vallabh order has consistently maintained broad and progressive outlook and along with religious activities, initiated many programmes for spread of education, health care, eradication of social evils, amelioration of masses etc. Following the sermons of Acharya Vijyanand Suri Ji (Guru Atam), Vallabh Suri Ji worked relentlessly on a five point programme also called Panchamrit, these are - Sewa (Service), Sangathan (Organaisation), Shiksha (Education), Swawlamban (Self Reliance) & Sahitya (Literature). At present, Vijay Nityanand Suri is the senior most Acharya of Atam Vallabh order.
Till the time of Nemisuri, there was great unity in Tapa Gachcha. Ramchandrasuri of Prem Suri started 'Be Tithi Paksh' with the view that religious ritual Tithi can be omitted or held more than one time in the religious calendar. In 1935, on Samvatsari, the last day of Paryushan, Ramchandrasuri order observed it on a different day. This became a sectarian issue and tapa gachcha separated into new Be Tithi Paksh or 'two date fraction' and existing Ek Tithi Paksh or 'one date fraction'. Anandji Kalyanji Trust, which manages 1200 Jain temples, unsuccessfully attempted several times to resolve the issue. ).
Other distinguishing factors include veneration of gurus using Vasakshep (a sandalwood powder used for worship) between these two fractions. Be tithi fraction believe that Guru or Acharya should be venerated by Navangi Guru Poojan, spreading powder on nine points of body while Ek tithi fraction believe that it should be spread on one point of body, Akangi Guru Poojan. Both fractions differ on pilgrimage of Palitana temples on mount Shatrunjay by lay persons during monsoon.
- John E. Cort (22 March 2001). Jains in the World : Religious Values and Ideology in India: Religious Values and Ideology in India. Oxford University Press. pp. 42–46. ISBN 978-0-19-803037-9. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- von Glasenapp, Helmnuth. Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation. p. 389.
- "HC order on Jains' worship". The Hindu. Mumbai. PTI. 30 July 2000.
- Peter Berger (2010). The Anthropology of Values: Essays in Honour of Georg Pfeffer. Pearson Education India. pp. 336–337. ISBN 978-81-317-2820-8. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- Jain, Kailash Chand (1963). Jainism in Rajasthan. Gulabchand Hirachand Doshi.
- "The religious leaders of Jain s and their ladder or leadership" (PDF).
- Jain, Babulal (2006). Samagra Jain Chaturmas Suchi. Mumbai: Ujjawal Prakashan Kandivali.