Tarakeswar (community development block)
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Community development block
|• Type||Representative democracy|
|• Total||119.93 km2 (46.31 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-15, WB-16, WB-18|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Arambag|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Tarakeswar|
The Tarakeswar CD Block is part of the Hooghly-Damodar Plain, one of the three natural regions in the district of the flat alluvial plains, that forms part of the Gangetic Delta. The region has many depressions which receive water from the surrounding lands during the rainy season and discharge the water through small channels.
Tarakeswar is located at.
It is located 45 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.
Tarakeswar CD Block has an area of 119.93 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 144 gram sansads (village councils), 90 mouzas and 89 inhabited villages. Tarakeswar police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Tarakeswar. 
As per the 2011 Census of India, Tarakeswar CD Block had a total population of 179,148, all of which were rural. There were 91,534 (51%) males and 87,614 (49%) females. The population under the age of 6 years was 17,096. Scheduled Castes numbered 42,338 (23.63%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 9,034 (5.04%).
As per the 2001 census, Tarakeswar block had a total population of 162,355, out of which 83,141 were males and 79,214 were females. Tarakeswar block registered a population growth of 11.56 percent during the 1991-2001 decade. The decadal growth rate for Hooghly district was 15.72 percent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 percent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Tarakeswar CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Santoshpur (4,063), Talpur (5,389), Moktarpur (6,364), Bhanjipur (4,433), Purba Ramnagar (7,759), Baligari (5,845), Astara (6,590) and Champadanga (12,518).
Other villages in Tarakeswar CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Keshabchak (2,569), Malpaharpur (2,116) and Duttapur (1,168).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Tarakeswar CD Block was 129,574 (79.96% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 71,609 (86.52% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 57,965 (73.11% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.42%.
As per the 2001 census, Tarakeswar block had a total literacy of 56.23 per cent. While male literacy was 77.61 per cent, female literacy was 54.66 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise|
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4 % of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.
As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 159,330 and formed 88.94% of the population in Tarakeswar CD Block. Muslims numbered 18,274 and formed 10.20% of the population. Others numbered 1,544 and formed 0.86% of the population.
In Tarakeswar CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 19.55%, agricultural labourers 38.09%, household industry workers 5.19% and other workers 37.17%.
There are 89 inhabited villages in Tarakeswar CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 41 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 7 villages have only tube well/ borewell and 36 villages have only hand pump. 8 Villages have post offices, 14 villages have sub post offices and 3 villages have post and telegraph offices. 63 villages have landlines, 58 villages have public call offices and 82 villages have mobile phone coverage. 46 villages have pucca roads and 29 villages have bus service (public/ private). 18 villages have agricultural credit societies, 8 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks and 1 village has bank ATM.
This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages. Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.
The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Tarakeswar CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 10.17%, patta (document) holders 4.73%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 8.24%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 35.20% and agricultural labourers 41.65%. Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Tarakeswar block area are located at: Baliguri, Champadanga, Santoshpur and Kararia.
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
In 2013-14, Tarakeswar CD Block produced 81,189 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 27,792 hectares, 5,229 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 1,668 hectares, 58,340 of jute from 2,730 hectares, 81,573 tonnes of potatoes from 5,105 hectares. It also produced oilseeds .
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Tarakeswar CD Block was 11,828 hectares, out of which 7,125 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 1,780 hectares by tank water, 50 hectares by river lift irrigation, 480 hectares by deep tube wells and 2,393 hectares by shallow tube wells.
Tarakeswar CD Block has 27 originating/ terminating bus routes.
Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line
The Tarakeswar-Bishnupur project was sanctioned in 1999-2000. Eastern Railway gave out details of the project in 2003. The proposed fully electrified line was divided into three parts: Tarakeswar-Arambagh (26 km), Arambagh-Kodabari (16 km), and Kodabari-Bishnupur (44 km).
It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway system.
State Highway 2 (West Bengal), running from Bankura to Malancha (in North 24 Parganas district), and State Highway 15 (West Bengal), running from Dainhat (in Purba Bardhaman district) to Gadiara (in Howrah district), pass through this CD Block.
In 2013-14, Tarakeswar CD Block had 114 primary schools with 8,958 students, 10 middle schools with 737 students, 7 high schools with 3,491 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 12,692 students. Tarakeswar CD Block had 1 general college with 3,255 students and 291 institutions for special and non-formal education with 7,846 students
In Tarakeswar CD Block, amongst the 89 inhabited villages, 2 villages had no school, 30 villages had more than 1 primary school, 66 villages had at least 1 primary school, 21 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 15 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.
In 2014, Tarakeswar CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 2 primary health centres and 3 private nursing homes with total 105 beds and 8 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 31 family welfare subcentres. 21,028 patients were treated indoor and 215,593 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
Tarakeswar CD Block is one of the areas of Hooghly district where ground water is affected by low level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. In Hooghly district, 16 blocks have arsenic levels above WHO guidelines and 11 blocks above Indian standard value. The maximum concentration in Tarakeswar CD Block is 37 mg/litre.
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