Texas State Highway 18

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State Highway 18 marker

State Highway 18
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length83.5 mi[1] (134.4 km)
Existed1958[1]–present
Major junctions
South end BL I-10 / US 285 in Fort Stockton
  I-10 / US 67 in Fort Stockton

SH 329 in Grandfalls
I-20 in Monahans
SH 302 in Kermit

SH 115 in Kermit
North end NM 18 near Jal, NM
Location
CountiesPecos, Ward, Winkler
Highway system
SH 17SH 19

State Highway 18, or SH 18, is a state highway in the U.S. state of Texas maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) that runs from Fort Stockton in western Texas to the Texas-New Mexico state line between Kermit and Jal, New Mexico. This route was designated in 1958 over the northern half of what was previously SH 82.

Route description[edit]

SH 18 begins at Fort Stockton at an intersection with Business Interstate 10 and US 285. Heading north, it soon intersects Interstate 10 and US 67, which is in concurrency with the interstate. It continues traveling north through oil fields and rural ranch land. 25 miles north of Fort Stockton, SH 18 intersects Farm to Market Road 1450. The highway continues north and enters Grandfalls. In Grandfalls, the highway intersects SH 329 and Farm to Market Road 11. The highway continues north, intersecting Farm to Market Road 1776, Farm to Market Road 1233, Loop 464, and Interstate 20 before reaching Monahans. In Monahans SH 18 intersects Business Interstate 20 and continues northwest, making a second interchange with SH 464. Eight miles northwest of Monahans, the highway intersects Farm to Market Road 1219. SH 18 continues in a slightly northwest direction toward Kermit, making an interchange with Farm to Market Road 1232 along the way. In Kermit the highway has an intersection with SH 302 and a slight western concurrency with SH 115 before continuing to head northwest out of Kermit. The highway ends at the New Mexico border, where the road becomes New Mexico State Road 18.

History[edit]

The current routing was originally planned as State Highway 17 as recently as 1922. On August 21, 1923, the SH 17 designation has been transferred to the routing of SH 17A, while this route was renumbered as SH 82. On February 27, 1958, the route was again renumbered as SH 18, to coordinate with the connecting New Mexico Highway 18 to the north.

Historic SH 18

SH 18 was one of the first 25 Texas state routes proposed on June 21, 1917, overlaid on the Albany-Bronco Highway.[2] The original proposal was a route through the Southern Plains from Bronco in Yoakum County to Lubbock, then southeast to Albany. On December 20, 1917, SH 18 had extended southeast to Cisco and replaced SH 36 to Waco.[3] By 1919, SH 18 was rerouted through Eastland. On August 21, 1923, the route had been changed significantly. The section of the route from Spur to Albany was intact, but the previous westward route veered northward instead to Turkey, with the old route being renumbered to SH 53.[4] The section from Albany to Cisco became part of rerouted SH 23, the section from Cisco to Eastland was already part of SH 1, so that section was cancelled, and the section from Eastland to Waco became part of the new SH 67.[5] On August 21, 1923, SH 18 extended northeast to Memphis.[6] On November 19, 1923, the section of SH 18 from Turkey to Memphis was cancelled, and SH 18 was rerouted east to Estelline instead.[7] On July 13, 1925, a split from Aspermont to Anson was added.[8] This split became part of SH 4 on December 6, 1927. On October 22, 1935, SH 18 Loop was designated through Roaring Springs.[9] On December 22, 1936, the section from Turkey to Estelline became part of SH 86.[10] On May 24, 1938, it was extended farther northward to the Oklahoma border, overtaking SH 88 from Turkey to Oklahoma.[11] On January 6, 1939, two SH 18 Spur routes were designated to Spur and Peacock.[12] On September 26, 1939, the portion from Matador to Albany was reassigned to U.S. Highway 62, SH 70, and U.S. Highway 380. The two SH 18 Spur routes were renumbered as Spur 21 (Spur) and Spur 22 (Peacock). SH 18 Loop was redesignated as Loop 42. SH 18 was extended further north to Perryton on May 21, 1940, and on October 10, 1947 became part of SH 70 when SH 70 was extended into Matador from the south due to the rerouting of U.S. Highway 62 off of this road.

Historic SH 18A

SH 18A was an alternate route along SH 18 proposed on August 19, 1918. It covered a shorter route between Spur and Crosbyton during the 1920s.[13]

Historic SH 18B

SH 18B was a more southerly route proposed on January 23, 1919.[14] It was to branch off from SH 18 in Brownfield, travel southeast to Lamesa, then run due east to Albany. It is unknown if it had been built before being renumbered on August 21, 1923 as SH 83, with the section from Lamesa to Brownfield cancelled.[15]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[16]kmDestinationsNotes
PecosFort Stockton0.00.0 BL I-10 / US 285 (West Dickinson Boulevard)Southern terminus
0.91.4 I-10 / US 67 – El Paso, OzonaI-10 exit 259B
FM 1450 to FM 1053 – Pecos
RM 2593 east – Reservoir
WardGrandfalls FM 11 east – Imperial
31.951.3 SH 329 east (1st Street) – Crane
Royalty FM 1219 north – Wickett
FM 1776 south – Coyanosa
FM 1233 east to US 385
46.074.0 Loop 464 north (truck route) to SH 18 north / I-20
Monahans48.678.2 I-20 – Pecos, OdessaI-20 exit 80
50.080.5 BL I-20 (Sealy Street)
52.584.5 Loop 464 south (truck route) to I-20 / BL I-20
FM 1219 south – Wickett
Winkler FM 1232 west – Wink
Kermit72.3116.4 SH 302 (Jim Sharp Boulevard / truck route) – Mentone, Odessa
73.1117.6 SH 115 north (East Austin Street)south end of SH 115 overlap
73.3118.0 SH 115 south (West Austin Street / truck route) – Winknorth end of SH 115 overlap
FM 874 to SH 115 / SH 302
83.7134.7 NM 18 north – JalNew Mexico state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 18". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
  2. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676699.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676746.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676879.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676881.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676910.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673876.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673889.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676244.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676255.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676771.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676788.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ Google (August 19, 2010). "Route of SH 18" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 19, 2010.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata

Geographic data related to Texas State Highway 18 at OpenStreetMap