Texas State Highway 288
|Maintained by TxDOT|
|Length||61.03 mi (98.22 km)|
|South end||FM 1495 in Freeport|
| Beltway 8 / Sam Houston Tollway|
I-610 in Houston
I-69 / US 59 in Houston
|North end||I-45 in Houston|
State Highway 288 or SH 288, is a north–south highway in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Texas, between I-45 in downtown Houston and Freeport, where it terminates on FM 1495. The route was originally designated by 1939, replacing the southern portion of SH 19.
In Harris County, SH 288 is the South Freeway, a divided freeway known for having one of the widest medians of the local road system. It begins as freeway status from its northern terminus at Interstate 69/U.S. Route 59 just south of downtown southward through south Houston. It reaches an intersection with I-610 and continues south through newer subdivisions. It reaches an intersection with State Highway 6, after which it loses its freeway status. From the Harris-Brazoria County Line to Freeport, it is referred to as the Nolan Ryan Expressway, in recognition of Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Nolan Ryan who grew up in Alvin, Texas, which is not directly on this road. Brazoria County will be calling the tolled portion of the highway, located within the county, the Brazoria County Expressway. North of Angleton, the route returns to freeway status passing west of Angleton, near the Texas Gulf Coast Regional Airport, and around the southwestern side of Lake Jackson. It then turns southward toward Freeport. In Freeport, it is known as Brazosport Boulevard. It reaches its southern terminus at State Highway 36 on the southwest side of town.
To help alleviate congestion on SH 288, HCTRA and BCTRA will construct toll lanes in the median of the existing freeway in the Greater Houston area. The route will begin at I-69/US 59 and terminate at the intersection of the proposed Grand Parkway (SH 99) for a total length of 26 miles (41.8 km). The entire length of the project will have 4 lanes with interchanges at IH-610, Beltway 8 and at the Grand Parkway. HCTRA will take on the portion located in Harris County, beginning at I-69/US 59 and terminate at the Harris/Brazoria County line at Clear Creek located just North of FM 2234 for a total of 10.3 miles (16.6 km). BCTRA will construct the portion located in Brazoria County in two phases. Phase 1 will be from the Harris/Brazoria County line, southward to just south of County Road 58 (Croix Rd) for a total of 5 miles (8.0 km) while phase 2, to be built by TxDot's Toll Operations Division, will continue southward to the Grand Parkway (TX 99) for the remaining 10.7 miles (17.2 km). Design work for the entire project began in the summer of 2015. Construction on the toll lanes in Harris County began in November 2016 and construction of phase 1 in Brazoria County begun in June 2017. It has not be determined as to how tolls will be collected but drivers will be able to use any electronic toll tags, accepted in Texas, if they have them while driving on the tolled lanes.
State Highway 288 was designated on September 26, 1939 as the renumbering of the portion of State Highway 19 south of downtown Houston. On August 1, 1962, SH 288 extended to FM 1495. On June 25, 1981, SH 288 was rerouted from I-45 to MacGregor Way in Houston on the new freeway. The original routing ran southward along Almeda Road in Houston. The route traveled southward through Fresno, past the Houston Southwest Airport, before reaching Bonney. This entire portion of the route from US 90A southward was transferred to Farm to Market Road 521 and Spur 300 on December 14, 1981, as SH 288 was rerouted onto the new freeway from US 90A to Spur 300. The route then traveled east through downtown Angleton, continuing southeast before reaching Freeport. This original section is now part of County Road 543 and Farm to Market Road 523. SH 288 was redirected southward from Angleton when the city of Clute became more populated, then continued southward to a new intersection with State Highway 36 west of Freeport. On November 18, 1983, SH 288 was rerouted on the new freeway from MacGregor Way to US 90A. The entire remaining section from FM 521 north of Angleton to Clute was transferred first to Texas State Highway 227 on SEptember 26, 1986, and later Business Highway 288 on October 25, 1990 when the bypass around the western side of Lake Jackson opened. The section from Clute south to Freeport was transferred to SH 227, and the section concurrent with SH 36 became SH 36 on February 23, 1989. On August 15, 1989, SH 288 extended south over part of SH 227 and concurrent with SH 36, restoring the lost section from Clute to Freeport.
SH 288 has one business route.
Business State Highway 288-B (formerly SH 227) is a bypass of SH 288 through Angleton, Richwood and Clute. The route was created in 1987 as SH 227, which was redesignated as Business SH 288-B on October 25, 1990.
|Brazoria||Freeport||FM 1495 – Surfside Beach, Quintana County Park, Quintana Beach, Bryan Beach, Port Freeport, Brazos Harbor||south end of SH 36 overlap|
|SH 36 north – Jones Creek, West Columbia||interchange; north end of SH 36 overlap|
|FM 523 north – Surfside|
Bus. SH 288 north / SH 332 east – Clute Business District, Angleton, Surfside
|interchange; south end of freeway; south end of SH 332 overlap|
|Clute||Main Street / Contractor Road / Copper Road|
|Lake Jackson||Plantation Drive|
|Oak Drive / Veterans Memorial Parkway / This Way / West Way||Access to Brazosport Memorial Hospital|
|SH 332 west (Oyster Creek Drive) / Abner Jackson Parkway / This Way||north end of SH 332 overlap|
|FM 2004 – Richwood||interchange; north end of freeway|
|Angleton||CR 220 – Brazoria Airport||interchange; south end of freeway|
|CR 290||southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|SH 35 – Angleton, West Columbia, Bay City|
|CR 44 (Anchor Road)|
|FM 523 – Alvin, Angleton||interchange|
|||CR 45||at-grade intersection; north end of freeway|
Bus. SH 288 to FM 521 – Rosharon, Angleton
|||CR 48||at-grade intersection|
|||CR 51 (Cannon Road)||at-grade intersection|
|||FM 1462 – Rosharon, Alvin||interchange|
|||CR 60 to CR 62 – Iowa Colony||at-grade intersection; The CR 60 intersection is the future TX 99 (Grand Parkway) intersection|
|||CR 61 / CR 62 / CR 63||at-grade intersection|
|Iowa Colony||CR 64 (Airline Road No.3 E)||at-grade intersection|
|||CR 56 (Meridiana Parkway)||interchange|
|Iowa Colony||CR 57 west||at-grade intersection|
|CR 57 east||at-grade intersection|
|CR 48 (Old Airline Road) – Iowa Colony||right-in/right-out intersections|
|Manvel||SH 6 – Alvin, Sugar Land||interchange|
|CR 58||interchange; south end of freeway|
|||CR 101 (Bailey Road / Pomona Parkway)|
|Pearland||CR 59 (Southfork Drive)|
|FM 518 – Pearland|
|FM 2234 (Shadow Creek Parkway / Mc Hard Road)|
|Harris||Beltway 8 (Frontage Road) / Sam Houston Tollway|
|Bellfort Avenue||Northbound exit and southbound entrance (southbound exit closed until July 2019, northbound entrance closed permanently)|
|I-610||I-610 exit 38A westbound, 38A-C eastbound; no access to I-610 from SH 288 northbound until February 2020|
|Holly Hall Street||No access from mainlanes (both ramps closed until May 2019)|
Alt. US 90 (Old Spanish Trail) / Yellowstone Boulevard / Holcombe Boulevard
|South MacGregor Way / North MacGregor Way - Texas Medical Center|
|Binz Street / Calumet Street||southbound exit is via Southmore Boulevard exit|
|Southmore Boulevard / Blodgett Street|
|I-69 / US 59 – Cleveland, Victoria||no access from SH 288 south to I-69/US 59 north or I-69/US 59 south to SH 288 north, I-69/US 59 exit 128B|
|Elgin Avenue / Tuam Avenue||northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Chenevert Street||northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|I-45 – Dallas, Galveston, IAH Airport, Hobby Airport||northbound exit and southbound entrance; northern terminus; I-45 exits 46A-B|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 288". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
- "Brazoria County Expressway".
- "Drive288 Project Details". Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Brazoria County awards bid for Expressway construction". City of Pearland. May 3, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Design work to begin on Texas 288 toll lanes". Brazoria County. January 29, 2014.
- "Construction begins on Highway 288 expansion". Harris County. November 15, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- "Drive288 FAQ". Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 521". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.