Texas State Highway 81

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

State Highway 81 marker

State Highway 81
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length23.354 mi[1] (37.585 km)
Existed1991–present
Major junctions
South end I-35 / US 77 at Hillsboro
North end I-35W north of Grandview
Location
CountiesHill, Johnson
Highway system
SH 80US 82

State Highway 81 (SH 81) is a Texas state highway that runs from Hillsboro to Grandview. It was designated in 1991 to replace U.S. Highway 81, which was decommissioned south of Fort Worth.[1]

Route description[edit]

SH 81 begins along the ramp from northbound I-35's exit #364B; the route is accessible from the southbound freeway at exit #364A for FM 310.[2] It travels north into Hillsboro along Abbott Avenue.[3] SH 81 has a half-mile concurrency with SH 22 / SH 171 through the city's downtown before continuing northward along Waco Street. At the northern edge of Hillsboro, the highway has an interchange with Spur 579, which provides access to Interstate 35, as well as US 77, just south of the point at which the freeway splits into I-35W and I-35E.[2]

North of Hillsboro, SH 81 roughly parallels I-35W, which lies to the east.[4] While the freeway bypasses the cities of Itasca and Grandview, SH 81 enters them directly, along Hill Street and 3rd Street, respectively. In Grandview, it intersects FM 916 and also FM 4 at that route's southern terminus before continuing northward to its end at I-35W's exit #16; the roadway continues as County Road 201A.[4]

History[edit]

Current route[edit]

As a majority of US 81 south of Fort Worth had already been superseded by the Interstate 35 freeway south of Fort Worth, the entire segment of that route from Fort Worth to Laredo was eliminated on March 26, 1991.[5] Many of the former pre-freeway alignments that were kept as part of the state highway system were replaced by various routes, including state highway loops and business routes of Interstate 35. SH 81 was designated to replace the segment in Hill and Johnson counties, and represents the longest section south of Fort Worth with which US 81 did not have a concurrency with Interstate 35.[1]

Pre-1939 route[edit]

The first highway designated SH 81 was originally proposed as a route through central Texas on August 21, 1923, beginning in Bandera and traveling south then turning southeast through San Antonio, with a final ending point at Cuero, replacing SH 29B and part of SH 27.[6] On October 12, 1925, SH 81 had extended to Kerrville, but this was not taken over by the state until January 1, 1926.[7] On March 19, 1930, SH 81 had been extended north to De Leon, replacing SH 124 and portions of SH 20 and SH 22. On June 20, 1933, the section east of San Antonio was transferred to SH 27.[8] On December 22, 1936, SH 81 extended north to Strawn.[9] On February 19, 1937, the section from San Antonio to Kerrville was replaced by SH 16.[10] On February 21, 1938, SH 81 Business was designated in Goldthwaite.[11] On September 26, 1939, the entire route north of Kerrville had also been transferred to SH 16. SH 81 was instead reassigned to a road from Llano to Brady (formerly Texas State Highway no. "F"). SH 81 Business was renumbered as Loop 15. On October 7, 1939, SH 81 was cancelled and returned to McCulloch County (as per the original minute order designating this road).

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[12]kmDestinationsNotes
HillHillsboro0.00.0 I-35 / US 77 – WacoSouthern terminus; northbound exit and southbound entrance
2.84.5 SH 22 east / SH 171 south (Corsicana Hwy.) – Corsicana, MexiaSouth end of SH 22/171 concurrency
3.35.3 SH 22 west / SH 171 north (W. Elm St.) – Meridian, CleburneNorth end of SH 22/171 concurrency
5.18.2 Spur 579 to I-35
Lovelace9.114.6 FM 2959 – Carl's Corner
11.218.0 FM 3147
Itasca13.321.4 Spur 176
14.222.9 FM 66 / FM 934 (Main St.) – Maypearl
16.927.2 FM 2719
18.429.6 FM 67 – Covington
JohnsonGrandview22.235.7 FM 4 / FM 916 (Criner St.) – Maypearl, Cleburne
23.437.7 I-35W – Ft. WorthNorthern terminus; roadway continues as CR 201A
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 81". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 485. OCLC 867856197. Retrieved 2011-10-03.[dead link]
  3. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 455. OCLC 867856197. Retrieved 2011-10-03.[dead link]
  4. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2012 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 484. OCLC 867856197. Retrieved 2011-10-03.[dead link]
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 81". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
  6. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676915.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673830.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673889.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673890.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676241.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Google (2011-10-03). "Overview map of Texas State Highway 81 Distances Between Interchanges" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-10-03.