Texas State Highway Loop 1604
|Length||94.387 mi (151.901 km)|
|Loop around San Antonio|
Loop 1604, also known as the Charles W. Anderson Loop, is a highway loop that encircles San Antonio, Texas, spanning approximately 95.6 miles (153.9 km). What began as a two-lane highway has been upgraded to a four-lane freeway along its northern stretches. The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) is planning to add new lanes between SH 151 and I-10 east as toll lanes. An environmental impact statement study is currently underway to determine other improvements. Loop 1604 is named for former Bexar County Judge Charles W. Anderson, who died from cancer in 1964 after serving for 25 years on the bench.
Loop 1604 was designated on June 30, 1977 after FM 1604 was combined with a large portion of FM 1518 to complete a larger loop around San Antonio. Three bypasses were completed in the early 1980s: on December 12, 1979, FM 1937 was extended to replace a bypassed portion near Losoya; on March 3, 1981, FM 327 was designated as the through route when Loop 1604 was rerouted around Elmendorf; and in 1983 Loop 1604 was routed around Lone Oak, creating FM 3465 over the previous routing.
Loop 1604 forms a complete loop around the city of San Antonio and is the outer of two loops around the city with I-410 being the inner loop. The route has portions that are built to freeway standards, portions built as a divided highway, and portions that are just a two-lane rural road. As with I-410, the city's inner loop, the northern half is more urbanized and the southern half, for the most part, remains rural.
The loop officially begins and ends at I-10 east of San Antonio. It heads south from I-10 as a two-lane road and turns towards the southeast and intersects FM 1346, FM 1518, and FM 3465 while turning back towards the south and reaching a junction with US 87 in Lone Oak. Continuing to the south, Loop 1604 has a second intersection with FM 3465, an intersection with FM 3432 as the road turns towards the southwest and a junction with US 181 near Calaveras Lake. Heading southwest from US 181, the highway intersects FM 327 as it enters the city of Elmendorf. It intersects FM 327 once again as it leaves Elmendorf heading towards the southwest. At FM 1303, Loop 1604 turns towards the west before a junction with I-37.
Continuing west through the southern portions of Bexar County, the loop intersects FM 1937 (South Flores Road) and FM 3499 before an interchange with US 281. The highway continues to the west to an interchange with SH 16, passing to the south of the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas plant. The highway continues to the west and begins to curve towards the north as it enters the city limits of Somerset and an intersection with FM 2790 (Somerset Road). Completing the turn to the north as it leaves Somerset, Loop 1604 heads north to an interchange with I-35. The highway heads north after the I-35 interchange to an intersection with FM 2536 (Old Pearsall Road). South of 90, it becomes a divided highway and has an interchange with US 90.
The highway has median crossings are only located at traffic lights and turnarounds at those traffic lights to facilitate traffic flow of vehicles turning around to go in the opposite direction. The highway enters the San Antonio city limits near Marbach Road and follows near the city limit. Major intersections along this stretch include Marbach Road, FM 1957 (Potranco Road) and Wiseman Boulevard. The loop continues north near the campus of Northwest Vista College to a junction with the western terminus of SH 151. The intersection is signalized but southbound traffic is not required to stop due to no left hand turns from SH 151 to Loop 1604. Westbound traffic from SH 151 are either routed to the northbound main lanes of Loop 1604 or the northbound frontage road of Loop 1604. (TxDOT has plans to upgrade the section from US 90 to SH 151 to a freeway starting in late 2016.)
The freeway portion starts as the loop curves towards the northeast at the junction with SH 151. Loop 1604 has diamond interchanges at FM 471 (Culebra Road), Shaenfield Road, New Guilbeau Road, Braun Road, and SH 16 (Bandera Road).
The freeway continues to the northeast with interchanges at FM 1560 (Hausman Road) and Babcock Road. The freeway begins to head east at the Babcock Road interchange and passes near the UTSA main campus, the Shops at La Cantera and Six Flags Fiesta Texas. The freeway continues to the east to a cloverleaf interchange with I-10. East of I-10, the freeway has interchanges with Lockhill-Selma Road, FM 1535 (Military Highway), Bitters Road and Huebner Road. As it passes through the north side of San Antonio, the freeway has interchanges with FM 2696 (Blanco Road) and Stone Oak Parkway before reaching US 281, which connect by way of an interchange completed in December 2012.
Continuing east from the US 281 interchange, the freeway has interchanges with several local roads to include Gold Canyon Drive, Redland Road, Bulverde Road, and O'Connor Road. The freeway continues east to interchanges with Judson Road and Green Mountain Road before it curves to head to the southeast. Now heading southeast, the freeway has an interchange at FM 2252 near Rolling Oaks Mall and an interchange at Lookout Road before it leaves the San Antonio city limits. Upon leaving San Antonio, the freeway enters the Live Oak city limits before a cloverleaf interchange at I-35. Southeast of I-35, Loop 1604 enters the Universal City city limits before reaching an interchange with SH 218, which provides access to Randolph Air Force Base. Between the interchange at SH 218 and Kitty Hawk Road, Loop 1604 has a couple at-grade turn-offs at Palisades Drive and Granada Drive. At-grade turn-offs southeast of the Kitty Hawk Road interchange are located at Meadowland Drive and Byrd Boulevard. The last two interchanges of the freeway are located at FM 1976 and FM 78. The highway becomes a lighted, divided road as it enters the Converse city limits. The highway passes by the western boundary of Randolph Air Force Base before curving to the south. The highway re-enters San Antonio city limits prior to its interchange at I-10 at its official beginning and end.
Construction recently finished to expand the freeway section of Loop 1604 from SH 16 (Bandera Road) to FM 471 (Culebra Road). New overpasses were built at Shaenfield Road, New Guilbeau Road and Braun Road. TxDOT has expanded the project further south to SH 151, and construction has been taking place to upgrade the highway to a freeway south to US-90, creating a direct flyover overpass from southbound Loop 1604 to eastbound US-90. The plan also entails building overpasses at Wiseman Boulevard, West Military Drive, Potranco Road, and Marbach Road. The expansion has proven to be necessarily due to the soaring growth at the San Antonio’s far west side. 
Clockwise reads down and counterclockwise reads up. The entire route is in Bexar County. All exits are unnumbered.
|San Antonio||0.0||0.0||I-10 / US 90 – San Antonio, Houston||I-10 exit 587|
|St. Hedwig||3.6||5.8||FM 1346 (St. Hedwig Road) – St. Hedwig, La Vernia|
|Adkins||6.2||10.0||FM 1518 north – St. Hedwig|
|||7.0||11.3||FM 3465 south – Lone Oak|
|||7.7||12.4||US 87 – Stockdale, San Antonio||Interchange|
|||8.4||13.5||FM 3465 north – Lone Oak|
|||10.7||17.2||FM 3422 (New Sulphur Springs Road) – Calaveras Lake|
|||16.0||25.7||US 181 (Corpus Christi Highway) – Floresville, San Antonio||Interchange|
|||17.2||27.7||FM 327 west – Elmendorf|
|||19.4||31.2||FM 327 east – Elmendorf|
|||21.4||34.4||FM 1303 south (South Flores Road) – Floresville|
|||24.4||39.3||I-37 – Corpus Christi, San Antonio||I-37 exit 125|
|||26.5||42.6||FM 1937 north (South Flores Road)|
|||28.1||45.2||US 281 – Pleasanton, San Antonio||Interchange|
|San Antonio||35.6||57.3||SH 16 (Palo Alto Road) – Poteet, San Antonio, Palo Alto College||Interchange|
|Somerset||38.8||62.4||FM 2790 west – Somerset, Lytle|
|40.4||65.0||FM 2173 south – Somerset|
|Von Ormy||43.2||69.5||I-35 – Laredo, San Antonio||I-35 exit 140|
|||45.0||72.4||FM 2536 (Old Pearsall Road) – Atascosa, San Antonio|
|Macdona||46.7||75.2||Macdona-LaCoste Road, Nelson Road||Interchange|
|||49.5||79.7||FM 143 west – Fabian Dale Dominguez State Jail|
|San Antonio||50.7||81.6||US 90 – Hondo, San Antonio||Interchange|
|54.6||87.9||FM 1957 (Potranco Road)|
|57.6||92.7||SH 151 east (Stotzer Freeway) / Alamo Ranch Parkway – SeaWorld||Interchange; counterclockwise end of freeway; access to Christus Santa Rosa Hospital Westover Hills|
|58.3||93.8||FM 471 (Culebra Road)|
|61.5||99.0||New Guilbeau Road||Counterclockwise exit via the Braun Road exit|
|62.8||101.1||SH 16 (Bandera Road) – Bandera, Leon Valley, San Antonio|
|64.6||104.0||FM 1560 (Hausman Road) / Kyle Seale Parkway|
|66.2||106.5||Babcock Road – UTSA||No clockwise entrance|
|66.8||107.5||Chase Hill Boulevard, Brenan Avenue, La Cantera Parkway – UTSA, The Shops at La Cantera, Fiesta Texas||No counterclockwise entrance|
|68.0||109.4||Vance Jackson Road, Tradesman Drive|
|68.2||109.8||I-10 / US 87 (McDermott Freeway) – El Paso, San Angelo, San Antonio||I-10 exit 556A|
|69.6||112.0||Lockhill-Selma Road||Counter clockwise exit also serves Vance Jackson Road|
|70.6||113.6||FM 1535 (NW Military Highway) – Shavano Park, Camp Bullis|
|71.0||114.3||Bitters Road, Rogers Ranch Road||Clockwise exit also serves Huebner Road|
|73.8||118.8||FM 2696 (Blanco Road)|
|74.9||120.5||Stone Oak Parkway, Voigt Drive – Hollywood Park||Access to North Central Baptist Hospital and Methodist Stone Oak Hospital|
|75.3||121.2||US 281 (San Pedro Avenue) – Johnson City, Int'l Airport, The Alamo, San Antonio||Partial stack interchange opened|
|77.0||123.9||Gold Canyon Drive||Clockwise exit and entrance|
|79.5||127.9||Bulverde Road – Bulverde|
|82.5||132.8||Green Mountain Road|
|83.7||134.7||FM 2252 (Nacogdoches Road) – Rolling Oaks Mall|
|Live Oak||85.4||137.4||Randolph Brooks Parkway||Clockwise exit only|
|85.8||138.1||I-35 (Pan Am Expressway) – Austin, San Antonio||I-35 exit 172|
|Universal City||86.9||139.9||SH 218 (Pat Booker Road) – Live Oak, Universal City, Randolph AFB||Clockwise end of freeway; clockwise exit via the I-35 exit|
|87.1||140.2||Palisades Drive||Interchange; clockwise exit and entrance|
|88.1||141.8||Kitty Hawk Road||Interchange|
|88.9||143.1||FM 3502 (Lindbergh Boulevard)||Interchange|
|89.5||144.0||FM 78 (Gordon Blake Highway) – Seguin, Randolph AFB||Interchange|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 1604". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Green, David P. (30 June 2006). Place Names of San Antonio: Plus Bexar and Surrounding Counties. Maverick Publishing Company. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-893271-42-5.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 1604". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 334". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 1518". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 3465". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 327". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 1937". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Farm to Market Road No. 3499". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Google (2008-02-25). "Overview Map of Loop 1604" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- "Texas Highwayman Construction Page". Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Casady, Michelle (December 23, 2012). "U.S. 281/Loop 1604 interchange is now Easy Street". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
- "Loop 1604 Western Extension". Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Loop 1604 Western Extension - RFQ". Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 6, 2014.