Tikar language

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Native toCameroon
EthnicityTikar, Bedzan
Native speakers
110,000 (2005)[1]
  • Ndobo
  • Bedzan (Medzan)
Language codes
ISO 639-3tik

Tikar is a Benue–Congo language of uncertain classification spoken in Cameroon by the Bankim, Ngambe and related Tikar peoples as well as by the Bedzan Pygmies. Variants of the name are Tikali, Tikar-East, Tikari, Tingkala.


Blench (2011) states that the little evidence available suggests that it is most closely related to the Mambiloid and Dakoid languages.[3]


Tikar can be divided into three varieties, which are Tikari, Tige, and Tumu.[4]

A Bandobo variety (Ndobo, Ndob, Ndome) may be a separate language. Less divergent dialects are Twumwu (Tumu) in Bankim, Tige in Ngambé, Nditam, Kong, Mankim, Gambai and Bedzan.


  1. ^ Tikar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tikar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Blench, Roger (2011). "'The membership and internal structure of Bantoid and the border with Bantu" (PDF). Berlin: Humboldt University. p. 16.
  4. ^ Stanley, Carol. 1991. Description morphosyntaxique de la langue Tikar (parlée au Cameroun). Ph.D. Sorbonne. SIL International.