Timeline of ITV

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This is a timeline of the history of ITV.

1950s[edit]

1960s[edit]

  • 1960
  • 1961
  • 1962
  • 1963
  • 1964
  • 1965
    • 2 January – The first edition of World of Sport is broadcast.
    • 26 March – Border Television begins broadcasting to the Isle of Man.
    • 1965 sees the end of regular lunchtime programming on ITV. Most regions had broadcast a weekday lunchtime entertainment show since the earliest days of ITV.
  • 1966
    • No events.
  • 1967
    • 3 July – News at Ten is launched as a 13-week trial of a nightly 30 minute bulletin. The programme is soon made a permanent feature of the schedules.
  • 1968
    • 4 March – TWW stops broadcasting five months before its contract was due to expire. The ITA provides an interim service called Independent Television Service for Wales and the West until 20 May when the new contractor, Harlech Television, takes over.
    • 29 July –
      • ATV starts broadcasting to the Midlands seven days a week and Granada starts broadcasting across the north west seven days a week. In both cases ABC loses the right to broadcast.
      • Yorkshire Television launches following the decision to split the north region into two resulting in a new franchise being created for the Yorkshire area.
    • 30 July – Thames Television replaces Associated-Rediffusion as the holder of the London weekday franchise although Redivision retains a 49% stake in the new company.
    • 2 August — London Weekend Television (LWT) replaces ATV as London's weekend franchisee.
    • August – A technicians strike forces ITV off the air for several weeks although management manage to launch a temporary ITV Emergency National Service with no regional variations.
    • 21 September — The TVTimes is launched as a national magazine to provide listings for the ITV network.
  • 1969
    • 15 November – ITV starts broadcasting in colour although it wasn't until 1976 that colour was available across the entire ITV network.

1970s[edit]

  • 1970
    • 13 November – The Colour Strike begins when ITV staff refuse to work with colour television equipment following a dispute over pay with their management. The strike lasts for nearly three months.
    • 23 November – The first edition of Engineering Announcements is broadcast.
  • 1971
    • No events.
  • 1972
  • 1973
    • 17 December – The British government imposes early close downs of all three television channels in the UK including ITV from 17 December 1973 in order to save electricity during the Three Day Week crisis. The early close downs forced ITV to end their broadcasting day at 10.30pm, thus losing the network a lot of advertising revenue. The restrictions were lifted temporarily on Christmas Eve to allow the public to enjoy festive programming. The restrictions recommenced on Monday 7 January 1974. The restrictions ended on 8 February 1974.
  • 1974
  • 1975
    • No events.
  • 1976
    • 26 July – Channel Television becomes the final ITV region to begin broadcasting in colour although it wasn't until the following year that all of its local programmes were made in colour.
    • 6 September – News at One replaces First Report and the teatime news bulletin programme is extended by five minutes and renamed News at 5.45.
  • 1977
  • 1978
  • 1979
    • 10 August – A ten-week strike forces ITV off the air. Only Channel Television in the Channel Islands remained on air, as they had separate arrangements with the unions. Channel Television provided an emergency service each day running from 5.00pm until 11.00pm, filled with local programming, local news, imported films, and repeats from the ITV archive. The only programme shown on the rest of the network was the weekly edition of Engineering Announcements. The strike ends on 24 October.
    • 25 September – This Week ends its first run. It is replaced for the next seven years by TV Eye.
    • The Independent Broadcasting Authority begins broadcasting its own test card on ITV instead of Test Card F.

1980s[edit]

  • 1980
    • 28 December – The ITA announces the new contractors to commence on 1 January 1982. The Midlands region will be split into two and dual regions will be created for Wales and the West and the South and South East. ATV is reawarded its contract for the Midlands although there are several conditions including more regional content and increased production facilities in the Midlands. It is also told to rename itself and chooses the name Central Independent Television. Southern Television lost its licence for the South of England, in favour of Television South (TVS) and Westward Television also lost its licence for South West England and was replaced by Television South West (TSW). The IBA also announces that TV-am has been awarded the contract to provide a national breakfast television service which would launch in February 1983.
    • 29 December – ITV launches its first branded children's slot when it launches Watch It!. The programmes are broadcast on weekdays between 4.15 pm to 5.15 pm and are presented live by the duty continuity announcer in each ITV region.
  • 1981
    • 11 August – TSW takes over Westward Television but continues to use the Westward name until 1 January 1982.
    • 31 December – ATV, Southern and Westward stop broadcasting at the end of their day's programming – i.e. shortly after midnight.
  • 1982
    • 1 January –
  • 1983
    • 3 January – Children's ITV is launched, replacing Watch It!. Programmes begin 15 minutes earlier, at 4 pm – the extra fifteen minutes being filled by a repeat of one of the pre-school programmes shown at lunchtime the same day. The slot is presented on a national basis and programmes are linked by an in-vision presenter.
    • 1 February – ITV's breakfast television service TV-am launches, broadcasting between 6 AM and 9:15 am. It is beaten to air by the BBC which launched Breakfast Time two weeks previously.
    • 17 May – Engineering Announcements is broadcast on ITV for the final time.[5] The programme transfers to Channel 4 and continues until July 1990.
    • 23 May – TV-am changes its broadcasting hours. It now begins during the week at 6:25 am, with a later start at the weekend. However TV-am is now able to stay on air until 9:25 am due to the switching process from national to regional programming becoming an automated rather than a manual process.
    • September – Central finally launches its East Midlands service. An industrial dispute had prevented Central from launching its East Midlands service until 21 months after Central actually launched.
    • 2 October – ITV shows a live top flight football match for the first time since 1960. This marks the start of English football being shown on a national basis rather than on a regional basis, resulting in The Big Match becoming a fully national programme.
  • 1984
    • 16 October – The Bill launches as a regular programme, just over a year after a one-off episode – Woodentop – was shown.
  • 1985
    • 3 January –
      • The last day of transmission using the 405-lines system.
      • TV-am expands its broadcasting hours. Weekday programmes begin ten minutes earlier during the week, at 6:15 am[6] and weekend programmes begin at 6:55 am.
    • 28 September – The final edition of World of Sport is broadcast.
  • 1986
    • 2 April – The first in-vision teletext service is seen on ITV when Central launches its Jobfinder service which broadcasts for one hour after the end of the day's programming. Many other regions launch their own Jobfinder service later in the 1980s.
    • 9 August – Yorkshire launches an experimental overnight service, simulcasting Music Box.[7]
    • 11 September – After a seven-year hiatus, This Week returns.
  • 1987
    • 3 January – Closedowns reappear on Yorkshire Television when its experiment with 24-hour television is put on hiatus.[7] The channel does continue with into-the-night broadcasts by becoming the second ITV region to launch a Jobfinder service, broadacsting for an hour after closedown from 30 January.[8]
    • 30 January – Super Channel launches. The channel is majority owned by all but one of the ITV companies.[9] Within a year the ITV companies sold their stake to the Italian Marcucci family, owners of Italian music channel Videomusic.
    • Many of the larger ITV companies start broadcasting into the night.
    • 25 April – Central becomes the first station to keep its transmitters on air all night when it launches More Central. Programmes are shown into the early hours with the rest of the night filled by its Jobfinder service, which airs from closedown until the start of TV-am.[10]
    • 1 June – Thames launches Thames Into the Night. Consequently, the channel now stays on air until 4 am.
    • 29 June – Schools programmes are broadcast on ITV for the last time. They are transferred to Channel 4 from the following autumn.
    • 20 July – The lunchtime news programme moves to 12.30pm and is renamed accordingly.
    • 17 August – Thames becomes the first ITV company to launch a full 24-hour service.
    • 28 August – LWT and Anglia begin 24-hour transmissions.
    • 7 September – The transfer of ITV Schools to Channel 4 allows ITV to provide a full morning programme schedule, with advertising, for the first time. The new service includes regular five-minute national and regional news bulletins.
    • September – TV-am recommences broadcasting each day from 6 am.
    • November – Tyne Tees begins 24-hour broadcasting. It does so by launching a Jobfinder service which broadcasts each night from its usual close-down time until the start of TV-am at 6 am. Tyne Tees launches a full 24-hour service on 2 September 1988.
  • 1988
    • 6 January – After more than 15 years on air, for the first time Emmerdale Farm is shown by all ITV regions in a peaktime slot of 6.30 pm.
    • 15 February – An early morning 60-minute news programme – ITN Early Morning News – is launched but is only available in areas which have 24-hour broadcasting. The first 30 minutes of the programme includes a full broadcast of ITN's international news bulletin ITN World News. In addition, brief news summaries are broadcast at various points through the night. The launch coincides with three of the major ITV companies – Scottish, Central and Granada – beginning 24-hour transmission.[11]
    • 7 March – The lunchtime news returns to the 1 pm slot.
    • 4 April – After nearly 24 years on air, the final edition of Crossroads is broadcast. It is briefly revived in 2001.
    • 29–30 May – The first ITV Telethon takes place over the spring bank holiday weekend. The Telethon also marks the start of Yorkshire recommencing 24-hour broadcasting.[7]
    • 20 June – TVS and Channel begin 24-hour broadcasting.
    • 22 August – HTV begins 24-hour broadcasting.
    • 2 September – TSW, Grampian and Border begin 24-hour broadcasting.
    • 3 October –
      • Ulster becomes the final region to start broadcasting 24 hours a day.[11]
      • The first edition of This Morning is broadcast.
    • 30 October – Following the signing of a new four-year deal to show exclusive live coverage of top flight English football, ITV begins showing a live game every Sunday afternoon.
  • 1989
    • 9 January – Central launches a third sub-region – Central South. It covers Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire and parts of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire and Wiltshire. These areas were previously served by the Central West sub-region.[12]
    • 13 February – For the first time ITV starts broadcasting a national weather forecast. Previously each company had aired its own regional weather forecast which they had broadcast at the end of their local news programmes and at closedown.
    • 1 September – ITV introduces its first official logo as part of an attempt to unify the network under one image whilst retaining regional identity.

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
    • 31 March – Carlton Cinema stops broadcasting.[21]
    • 29 December – Ofcom replaces the ITC as the regulator of all non-BBC television broadcasting.
  • 2004
    • 2 February –
      • Carlton and Granada merge to create a single England and Wales ITV company called ITV plc.
      • February – After several years of inconsistent scheduling of the late evening news, the bulletin moves to a five nights a week 10.30pm start time.
    • April – The newly created ITV plc purchases NTL's 35% stake in the ITV News Channel.
    • 1 November – ITV3 launches, replacing Plus which closes a few hours prior to ITV3's launch. Earlier that day ITV bought out BSkyB's stake in Granada Sky Broadcasting.
  • 2005
    • 11 February – The ITV Lunchtime News is extended to last 60 minutes.
    • 31 October – Regional logos are seen on ITV for the final time.
    • 1 November – ITV4 launches, but only as a part-time channel.
    • 23 December – ITV News Channel stops broadcasting at 6pm.
  • 2006
    • 11 March – CITV Channel launches on Freeview, Home Choice and Telewest. It starts broadcasting on Sky on 8 May and on NTL on 6 June.
    • 19 April – ITV Play launches.
    • 30 May – STV launches across Scotland replacing the previously separate services of Scottish and Grampian.
    • 4 September – The ITV Lunchtime News reverts to being a 30-minute programme and its start time is moved back to 1.30pm.
    • 30 October – ITV2, and ITV3 launch +1 channels.
    • 13 December – The Berwick-upon-Tweed transmitter transfers from Border to Tyne Tees as part of the preparations for the digital switchover of the Border region in 2008.[22]
    • At the end of 2006, Children's ITV ends on ITV1 after 24 years on air. Earlier in 2006 ITV had closed down its in-house children's production unit.
  • 2007
    • 8 January – The Calendar East and Calendar South regions are merged to form a new Calendar South region covering central and east Lincolnshire, east and south east Yorkshire, east Nottinghamshire and north Norfolk. The Calendar North region, broadcasting from the Emley Moor transmitter continues as before.
    • 5 March – ITV announces that all premium rate phone competitions and quizzes will be suspended while an audit takes place[23] after a number of problems with premium rate services affecting ITV, BBC One and Channel 4 come to light.[24] Consequently, participation channel ITV Play is suspended.
    • 13 March – ITV announces that ITV Play will permanently close down following the recent concerns over participation television.[25] On 16 March, its slot on Freeview is taken by the recently launched ITV2+1.
    • September – Major cost-cutting plans were announced which would see massive cutbacks to regional programming, including the reduction of regional news programmes from seventeen to nine. The changes took effect in February 2009.
  • 2008
    • 14 January – ITV News at Ten returns to the schedules on four nights each week – the Friday edition remains at 11pm.
    • 5 February – ITV4 becomes a 24-hour channel.
    • 17 July – ITV HD launches as a full-time service. A trial broadcast had taken place during summer 2006.
    • 1 December – ITV4 +1 launches.
  • 2009
    • ITV makes major cutbacks to its regional broadcasts in England. The separate sub-regional news programmes are merged into a pan-regional programme although more localised news continues to be broadcast as a brief opt-out during the early evening programme, and with the exception of a monthly political programme, all non-news regional programming in the English regions ends.
    • November – ITV takes full control of GMTV.
    • 15 December – With the exception of its travel and holiday sections, ITVs teletext service stops broadcasting on analogue TV. It had ended on Sky Digital the previous day.[26][27]

2010s[edit]

  • 2010
    • 1 April – Men & Motors stops broadcasting.
    • 21 June – ITV's teletext service stops broadcasting altogether when it is removed from Freeview.[28]
    • 31 August – After more than 25 years on air, the final episode of The Bill is shown.
    • 3 September – The final edition of GMTV is broadcast.
    • 6 September – The first edition of Daybreak is broadcast.
    • 7 October – ITV2 HD launches.
    • 15 November – ITV3 HD and ITV4 HD launch.
  • 2011
  • 2012
    • 21 December – The final edition of ITV's early morning news programme ITV News at 5:30 is broadcast. Consequently, there is no longer any overnight news coverage on ITV.
  • 2013
    • 14 January – After more than 11 years, the ITV1 brand is dropped and the main channel is known once again as ITV.
    • 16 September – Sub-regional news coverage is reintroduced across England. The weekday daytime, late evening and weekend bulletins as well as 20 minutes of the 6pm programme are once again more localised.
  • 2014
    • 6 January – Following instructions from regulator Ofcom, ITV reopens Border’s sub-regional service for southern Scotland.
    • 25 April – The final edition of Daybreak is broadcast.
    • 28 April – The first edition of Good Morning Britain is broadcast.
    • 2 June – STV launches the first of its local television channels – STV Glasgow.
    • 9 June – ITV Encore launches.
    • 8 October – ITVBe launches.
  • 2015
  • 2016
    • 29 March – ITV buys UTV.
    • 17 October – UTV is rebranded to match ITV's current look.
  • 2017
    • 1 January –
      • ITV takes over from Channel 4 as the exclusive terrestrial broadcaster of horse racing. This is the first time since 1988 that the sport had been shown on ITV.[30]
      • UTV Ireland closes and is replaced by be3.
    • 4 February – Following ITV's return to covering live boxing, the channel launches ITV Box Office for its pay-per-view events.[31]
    • 21 February – ITV announces plans to redevelop its headquarters at The London Studios.[32]
    • 24 April – STV merges its local channels and relaunches them as a single channel called STV2.[33]
  • 2018
    • 16 April – ITV moves production of its breakfast and daytime programming from The London Studios to the former BBC Television Centre at White City.[34]
    • 1 May – ITV Encore closes as a linear channel after four years on air. It continues as an on-demand service.[35]
    • 30 June – STV2 stops broadcasting following That's TV's acquisition of the assets of STV's STV2 channel.[36][37]
    • 9 October – ITV announces plans to sell The London Studios and abandon the five-year redevelopment programme for the building that was unveiled in February 2017.[38]
  • 2019
    • 1 January – ITV introduces its first rebrand since 2013. Called ITV Creates, the new ident is an artist-led set of idents which will feature idents from a different artist each week of the year.[39]
    • 15 May – ITV cancels The Jeremy Kyle Show, following the death of a guest.[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elen, Richard, "Associated Rediffusion / Rediffusion Television", BFI screenonline, accessed 8 May 2019
  2. ^ Peter Fiddick "ITV's framework for survival in the eighties", The Guardian; 25 January 1980; p.2
  3. ^ ITV's framework for survival in the eighties: Expectations of a harsh ... The Guardian (1959–2003); 25 January 1980;
  4. ^ £5m for staff who seek TV franchise. By Kenneth Gosling. The Times, Monday, 12 May 1980;
  5. ^ Transdiffusion Broadcasting System (3 September 2015). "☆ Last IBA Engineering Announcements on ITV – 17 May 1983". Retrieved 8 May 2019 – via YouTube.
  6. ^ ADC TV Collection – TVSProductions82 (2 January 2018). "Thames adverts, trailer, Tom Edwards in-vision closedown 2nd January 1985 3 of 3". Retrieved 8 May 2019 – via YouTube.
  7. ^ a b c "Ident Central – Yorkshire Night Time". Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  8. ^ Television and radio. The Times (London, England), Friday, 30 January 1987; pg. 43
  9. ^ "Broadband TV News – UK – Archive December 9, 2005". 26 October 2007.
  10. ^ "Ident Central – More Central". Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Ident Central – ITV Night Time". Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  12. ^ Central News South first edition, 9 January 1989
  13. ^ thesearethedays (25 February 2018). "GMTV2 starts Monday 4th January 1999". Retrieved 8 May 2019 – via YouTube.
  14. ^ "Discovery channels boost ONdigital". The Independent. 22 December 1999.
  15. ^ "Carlton makes unhappy Discovery". The Guardian. 22 December 1999.
  16. ^ "Sainsbury's to front digital TV". MediaWeek. 28 September 2000. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  17. ^ a b "Ondigital 'faces relaunch'". 23 April 2001 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  18. ^ "ITV Digital goes broke". 27 March 2002 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  19. ^ "ITV Digital RIP".
  20. ^ "Race to find digital broadcaster". 1 May 2002 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  21. ^ Deans, Jason (4 December 2002). "Carlton finally drops digital channel". Theguardian.com.
  22. ^ Baldwin, Thomas (27 July 2006). "Digital switchover confusion is resolved". Berwick Advertiser. Archived from the original on 22 February 2008. Retrieved 16 September 2007.
  23. ^ "ITV statement". itv.com. Archived from the original on 2007-08-19.
  24. ^ "The phone-in shows under scrutiny". BBC News. 2007-04-23. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  25. ^ Deans, Jason (13 March 2007). "ITV Play digital channel axed". Media Guardian. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
  26. ^ "About Teletext". Teletext Holidays.
  27. ^ "Teletext to close mid-December". BBC. 2009-12-15.
  28. ^ "Teletext gears up for analogue switch-off". Travel Weekly. 2010-11-16.
  29. ^ Kanter, Jake (24 November 2011). "ITV completes Channel Television takeover". broadcastnow.co.uk. Broadcast. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
  30. ^ "ITV announce Horse Racing Deal". ITV Press Centre. ITV. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  31. ^ "ITV to show Eubank Jnr World Title fight". ITV. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  32. ^ "ITV to build new headquarters on the site of its famous South Bank studios". ITV News. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  33. ^ New channel STV2 to launch in April, stv.tv, 10 April 2017
  34. ^ "'This Morning', 'Loose Women' And GMB's New Studios Get Very Mixed Reviews From Viewers". HuffPost UK. 16 April 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  35. ^ Gill, James (18 November 2017). "ITV Encore to close as a channel and move on demand only". Radio Times. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  36. ^ "Struggling STV 2 to be taken off air in online shift". The Drum. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
  37. ^ "STV2 axed". a516digital. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
  38. ^ "ITV to sell London HQ and abandon redevelopment plan for site". 9 October 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  39. ^ "ITV Creates – ITV launches new on-screen identity project". Press Centre. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  40. ^ "The Jeremy Kyle Show axed by ITV after death of guest". BBC News. BBC. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.