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Timeline of Philippine history

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This is a timeline of Philippine history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in the Philippines and their predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of the Philippines. See also the list of Presidents of the Philippines.

Graphic timeline

Philippine history timeline.png


Date Event Source
500,000 The early humans in the Cagayan cave.
400,000 People belonging to the species Homo Erectus set foot on the Philippines.
250,000 Human habitation is said to be began. [1]
[clarification needed]
55,000 The first Homo sapiens in the Philippines. [citation needed]
50,000 Early humans made stone tools in the Tabon Cave in Palawan.
8,000 The ancestors in the other caves: Batangas, Bulacan and Rizal.
The other caves of Palawan: Guri and Duyong cave where the Homo sapiens lived.
40,000 Negritos start to settle. [1]
[clarification needed]
35,000 At the old Kapampangan region was ten times larger than the present borders shown on the map, years ago, a series of the ancient Mount Pinatubo eruptions dumped lava, ashes, tephra and lahar into the sea, forming the present landmass of the region.
20,000 Tabon Man made stone tools in the Tabon Cave.
4,500–300 Multiple Austronesian migrations from Taiwan. [2][3]
A jade culture is said to have existed as evidenced by tens of thousands of exquisitely crafted jade artifacts found at a site in Batangas province. [2][3]
c.4000 Earliest evidence of rice growing, domesticating chickens and pigs.
3,000 Presumed date of the Angono Petroglyphs.
c.2000 The Igorots built forts made of stone walls that averaged several meters in width and about two to three times the width in height around [4][5]

11th centuries BCE

Date Event Source
c.1000 BCE. The Late Neolithic period in the Philippines, Evidence shows by a Yawning Jarlet on the Burial site in Leta-leta caves in Palawan by Robert Fox which had later become National treasure in the Philippines.
Mining in the Philippines began around 1000 BCE. The early Filipinos worked various mines of gold, silver, copper and iron. Jewels, gold ingots, chains, calombigas and earrings were handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. Gold dagger handles, gold dishes, tooth plating, and huge gold ornamets were also used. [6]

9th–10th centuries BCE

Date Event Source
901 BCE The beginning of Iron Age finds in Philippines also point to the existence of trade between Tamil Nadu and the Philippine Islands during the ninth and tenth centuries B.C.

1st century BCE

Date Event Source
890–710 BCE The Sa Huyun culture, Evidence can be found in Manunggul Jar which is a secondary burial jar excavated from a Neolithic burial site in Manunggul cave of Tabon Caves at Lipuun Point. The depiction of sea-waves on the lid places this Manunggul jar in the Sa Huỳnh culture pottery tradition. These are people that migrated in an East to West migration from the Borneo-Palawan area to Southern Vietnam.
600 BCE The people of Palawan, Cordillera an Batanes become an Ancient goldsmith’s, An Ancient goldsmith shop had discovered that made the 20-centuries-old lingling-o, or omega-shaped gold ornaments in Batanes.
c. 500 BCE The end of a long clan wars between Ifugao and Kalinga people, The unification of the clans and tribes makes the entire society of Cordillera.
The Banaue Rice Terraces had been constructed by the Igorots in the mountains of Ifugao for planting rice.
c.400 BCE larger villages came about- usually based near water, which made traveling and trading easier. The resulting ease of contact between communities meant that they began to share similar cultural traits, something which had not previously been possible when the communities consisted only of small kinship groups.
300-200 The start of the Carabao or Water buffaloes domestication and husbandry.
100 BCE Pomponius Mela, Marinos of and the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentioned this island in 100 BCE, and it is basically the equivalent to the Indian Suvarnadvipa, the "Island of Gold." Josephus calls it in Latin Aurea, and equates the island with biblical Ophir, from where the ships of Tyre and Solomon brought back gold and other trade items.

1st century AD

Year Date Event Source
21 AD The Philippines is believed by some historians to be the island of Chryse, the "Golden One," which is the name given by ancient Greek writers in reference to an island rich in gold east of India.
Cebu had earlier encounter with the Greek traders in 21 AD.

2nd−3rd century

Year Date Event Source
101 Since at least the 3rd century, the indigenous peoples were in contact with other Southeast Asian and East Asian nations.Fragmented ethnic groups established numerous city-states formed by the assimilation of several small political units known as barangay each headed by a Datu or headman (still in use among non-Hispanic Filipino ethnic groups) and answerable to a king, titled Lakan and Rajah.
c.200 AD The Maitum Jars are anthropomorphic jars that were depicting a Child/ Human beings (head is the lead of the jar with ears and the body was the jar itself with hands and feet as the handle) with perforations in red and black colors, had been used as a secondary burial jars in Ayub cave, Pinol, Maitum Sarangani province, each of the jars had a "facial expression". Another example of funeral pottery in the Philippines.
Marks the end of the Sa Huyun Culture, The People are merged into different Chiefdoms, Kingdoms and Thalassocracies, But the remnants of Sa Huyun has still practiced by the natives of Masbate the artifacts can be found in Kalanay Cave proof that the ancient Masbatenios still practiced the Sa Huyun culture until 1500 AD.
220–263 AD. The period of Three Kingdoms in China. The "Little, dark people" living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han people. Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo. They were known as Aetas from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended.

4th century onwards

Year Date Event Source
400 The development of inter-island and international trade, became more culturally homogeneous.
The Thalassocracies Converted to Hinduism and Buddhism and adopted the Hindu-Buddhist culture and religion flourished among the noblemen in this era.

7th century

Year Date Event Source
c.601 The Chiefdoms of Zabag and Wak-Wak situated in present day Pampanga and Aparri specialized the trade with Japan and the Kingdom of Ryukyu in Okinawa and Hyrum tambok.
Numerous prosperous centers of trade had emerged, including the Tondo, Kingdom of Namayan which flourished alongside Manila Bay, Cebu, Iloilo, Butuan, the Kingdom of Sanfotsi situated in Pangasinan.

8th century

Year Date Event Source
700 The Birth of Kawi script, this Abugida are become widely used in the Maritime Southeast Asia, the word Kawi or Kawikaan means "Poetry" in Sanskrit.

10th century

Year Date Event Source
900 April 21 End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized Kingdom of Tondo around Manila Bay.
Hinduism spread across the archipelago.
971-982 The earliest date suggested for direct Chinese contact with the Philippines was 982. At the time, merchants from "Ma-i" (now thought to be either Bay, Laguna on the shores of Laguna de Bay, or a site on the island of Mindoro [7][8]
1000 Buddhism and Hinduism along with the Animism become the religion of the most of Philippine archipelago by the influence of its neighbors.
c.1025 AD Around the feet of Mt.Kamhatik near Mulanay town in Quezon Province once stood a 280-hectare ancient village where the archeologists found a 1000 year-old limestone coffins on a jungle-covered mountain top from 2011–2012 proof of the advance burial rituals of the early Filipinos. [9][10]

11th century

Year Date Event Source
1000 People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in Sulu
1001 March 17 Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Indic Rajahnate of Butuan.
1003 The construction of Idjangs in Batanes Islands (mountain fortress-cities) built by Ivantans.

12th century

Year Date Event Source
1007 The Malay immigrants arrived In Palawan, most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains.
1150 Gat Timamanukum become the Lakan of the Tondo Dynasty.
c.1155 At the time, the trade in large native Ruson-tsukuri (literally Luzon made in Japanese: 呂宋製 or 呂宋つくり) clay jars used for storing green tea and rice wine with Japan flourished in the 12th century, and local Tagalog, Kapampangan and Pangasinense potters had marked each jar with Baybayin letters denoting the particular urn used and the kiln the jars were manufactured in.
1174–1175 The Visayan Confederation of Madyas conducted a series of raids on Formosa (Modern day Taiwan), which was part of Song Dynasty China.
1175 Namayan reaches its peak.
c. 1180 Before the establishment of the Sultanate of Sulu, The Indianized chiefdom of Lupah Sug (which is the present day Jolo, Sulu) was flourishing. Dwelling of the Buranun peoples under the rule of Rajah Sipad the Older.

13th century

Year Date Event Source
1200 The Indonesians of the Majapahit in the 13th century went to Palawan, they brought with them Buddhism and preached to the natives, natives converted their faith from Animism and become Buddhists.
The process of Kabayan mummification had begun in Ibaloi Benguet which is also called Fire mummies.
1221 Tondo expands its territories north towards Kapampangan kingdom, in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1221 Tondo expands its territories southward towards Kumindang (which is the present location of Batangas province), in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1223 Tondo expands its territories southward towards Bicolandia in the leadership of Rajah Alon.
1240 Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.
1225 The Tondo conquered the most of Southern Luzon.
The Buddhist Huangdom of Ma-i was flourishing in the island of Mindoro, became a Tributary state to Song Dynasty in the leadership of Gat Sa Lihan as their Huang (king). Zhao Rugua, a superintendent of maritime trade in Fukien province wrote the book entitled Zhu Fan Zhi ("Account of the Various Barbarians") in which he described trade with a country called Ma-i in the island of Mindoro in Luzon,(pronounced "Ma-yi") which was a prehispanic Philippine state.

14th century

Year Date Event Source
1300 The Rajahnate of Cebu was founded after the rebellion of Sri Lumay against the Maharajah of Chola Dynasty had succeeded.
c.1305 The Residents of Mandaluyong have always been known for their industry. Men did the laundry to the amusement of non-residents until shortly after the war, while the women ironed the clothes.
1365 Kingdom of Tondo defeated Majapahit in the Battle of Manila.
1369 The Sulus attacked Majapahit and its province Po-ni (Brunei), looting it of treasure and gold. A fleet from Majapahit succeeded in driving away the Sulus, but Po-ni was left weaker after the attack.
1380 Sheikh Karim-ul Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque. [11]
1390 Baguinda Ali arrives in Buansa, Sulu and the people named him Rajah. [11]
1400 Birth of the Baybayin, Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts from Brahmi.
1411 Paduka Pahala reigned as the King of Lupah Sug in Sulu. He and his family and 300 other people of noble descent sailed to China, he was to pay tribute to the Yongle Chinese emperor, Zhu Di, who was of the Ming Dynasty. While he was welcomed by the emperor upon his arrival in China, he nevertheless contracted a mysterious disease on his way home and died at Dezhou, a town in Shandong province in China.

15th century

Year Date Event Source
1405 The Yongle Emperor instituted a Chinese envoy on Luzon during Zheng He's voyages and appointed Ko Ch'a-lao to that position in 1405. China also had vassals among the leaders in the archipelago. China attained ascendancy in trade with the area in Yongle's reign.
1411 December 11 The Yongle Emperor holds a banquet in honor of Pangasinan and its Huang Liyu.
1457 Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sayyid Abubakar Abirin. [12]
1458–1459 October 1547 – February 1549 The Lucoes, or warriors from Luzon send soldiers to the Burmese Siamese wars and faced the White elephants of the Royal Burmese Army, at the same time also aiding the Burmese King for the conquest of the Siamese capital, Ayuthaya.
1470 Namayan Become the Vassal state of the Tondo Dynasty and instated Lakan Takhan as sovereign. The vast Kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta, Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate, Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman that were then part of Mandaluyong.

16th century

Year Date Event Source
1500 In the Battle of Manila the Tondo Dynasty defeated by Bruneian Empire. And the Rise of Kingdom of Maynila the puppet state under the Bolkiah dynasty had installed its puppet ruler under Rajah Sulayman.
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in recorded history, The Buag Eruptive Period, Its eruptions were roughly the same size as those of 1991.
Sultan Bolkiah of Bruniean Empire Allies which is Maynla, Sultanate of Sulu and Maguindanao had failed to attack the Panay Island and wage a war against the Madyas Confederation.
1521 March 16 Discovery of the Philippines: Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place the Archipelago de San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus. He also lands on Samar island. [1][13][14][15][16]
March 28 Magellan reaches the Philippines [14][15]
March 29 Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa [14][15]
March 31 The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated. [15][17][18]
April 7 Magellan lands on Cebu; meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood Compact. [1][14][15]
April 14 The first Mass in Cebu province is celebrated, with about 500 natives, including Rajah Humabon and his wife, baptized into the Catholic Church. [19]
April 27 Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan; Spaniards defeated. [14][15][19]
1525 Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed [13][15]
1526 Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot Expedition also failed [15]
1527 Spain sends a fourth expedition under Alvaro de Saavedra to the Philippines. [15]
1529 Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way home. [15]
1536 The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de Urdaneta, its chronicler. [15]
1543 Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines. The Expedition succeeds. [15]
February 2 Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias; he also becomes the first to explore Mindanao island, naming it "Cesarea Caroli." [15][17]
1565 Arrival of the Augustinians [13]
February 13 Miguel López de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines, landing in Cebu, with four ships and 380 men [1][13][15][20]
April 27 Legazpi returns to Cebu; settlement established. [clarification needed]
May 8 Legazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country [15][20]
June 4 Legazpi, representing King Philip II of Spain, and Rajah Tupas of Cebu signed the Treaty of Cebu, effectively establishing Spanish suzerainty over Cebu.
Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
1567 Dagami Revolt (1567) [21][22][23][24][25]
1568 The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack Cebu and blockade its port.
1569 Present-day Capiz Province becomes a Spanish settlement. [26]
Legazpi moves the seat of government from Cebu to Iloilo. [13]
August 6 King Philip II of Spain, through a royal decree, creates Cebu as the country's first Spanish province; he also appoints Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as governor and captain general of the territory. [27]
1570 The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.
May Legazpi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila. [20]
1571 January 1 Legazpi establishes municipality of Cebu and names it "Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus" (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). [17][28]
May 19 The ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards
June 24 Legazpi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims it the capital of the colony [13][20]
December 11 Provincehood of Pampanga, first province in Luzon to be inaugurated by the Spaniards. [29]
1572 August 20 Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General (1572–1575) [13][20][30]
1574 November 7 Enslavement of Filipinos is prohibited by a royal cedula from the Spanish king, as a response to a protest against it a day earlier. [29]
Chinese pirate Limahong, with his men, invades Luzon; proceeds later to Manila. [13]
November 23 The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails [13][31]
[verification needed]
December 2 Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the Spaniards [13][31]
[verification needed]
December Lakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish. [21][22][23][24][25]
1575 Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres (later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain Pedro de Sanchez
Juan de Salcedo defeats Limahong and his men in Pangasinan, forcing them to flee into the mountains. [13]
August 25 Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (1575–1580) [30]
1577 Arrival of the Franciscans [13]
1579 Diocese of Manila established [32][33]
1580 April Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza appointed Governor-General (1580–1583) [30]
April 5 Establishment of Pangasinan as a provincial unit. [26]
King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese harassment of the Philippines
The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.
1581 Arrival of the country's first bishop, Salazar. [13]
Arrival of the Jesuits [13]
1582 Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin
1583 March 10 Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (1583–1584) [30]
August A great fire destroys Manila. [34]
1584 May 16 Santiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (1584–1590) [30]
1585 Pampangos Revolt (1585) [21][22][23][24][25]
1586 The construction of San Agustin Church in Intramuros.
1587 Arrival of the Dominicans [13]
Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587–1588) [21][22][23][24][25]
1589 Revolts Against the Tribute (1589) [21][22][23][24][25]
1590 Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros. [4][35][36]
June 1 Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1590–1593) [30]
1592 Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published
1593 Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog is published in the first printing press said to be established by Dominicans. [37][38]
October Pedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593) [30]
December 3 Luis Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1593–1596) [30]
1594 Convent of Santa Isabel founded [13]
1595 Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric [32][33]
Diocese of Nueva Segovia established. [32][33]
Diocese of Caceres established. [32][33]
Diocese of Cebu established. [32][33]
Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu
1596 Magalat Revolt (1596) [21][22][23][24][25]
July 14 Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596–1602) [30]
1598 Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established [35][39][40][41]
1600 Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang

17th century

Year Date Event Source
1600 The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European war between Spain and the Netherlands
Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government
The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1601 Igorot Revolt (1601). [21][22][23][24][25]
August 1 Colegio de San Jose is established [35][42][43][44]
1602 Chinese revolt of 1602 [21][22][23][24][25]
May Pedro Bravo de Acuña appointed Governor-General (1602–1606). [30]
1606 Arrival of the Recollects [13]
June 24 Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (1606–1608) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
1608 June 15 Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (1608–1609). [30]
1609 April Juan de Silva appointed Governor-General (1609–1616). [30]
1611 April 28 University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas). [35][45][46]
1616 April 19 Andrés Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (1616–1618) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
1618 July 3 Alonso Fajardo de Entenza appointed Governor-General (1618–1624). [30]
1619 University of Santo Tomas, then known as Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario, recognized by the Holy See. [45][46]
1620 Colegio de San Juan de Letran established as the Colegio de Huerfanos de San Pedro y San Pablo. [35][47][48][49]
1621 The Colegio de Manila raised to the status of a University and renamed as the Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV. [4][35]
Tamblot Revolt (1621–1622) [21][22][23][24][25]
Bankaw Revolt (1621–1622) [21][22][23][24][25]
1624 July Jeronimo de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1625) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
July Fernando de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1626). [30]
1625 Isneg Revolt (1625–1627) [21][22][23][24][25]
1626 June 29 Juan Niño de Tabora appointed Governor-General (1626–1632). [30]
1627 University of Santo Tomas, then Colegio de Santo Tomas, authorized to confer degrees by Pope Urban VIII. [45][46]
1632 July 22 Lorenzo de Olaza appointed Governor-General (1632–1633) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
Colegio de Santa Isabel established [35][50][51]
1633 August 29 Juan Cerezo de Salamanca appointed Governor-General (1632–1635). [30]
1635 June 25 Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera appointed Governor-General (1635–1644). [30]
1637 Sucesos Felices is published by Tomas Pinpin; first newsletter in the country. [37]
1639 Cagayan Revolt (1639) [21][22][23][24][25]
1640 Universidad de San Felipe de Austria established as the first Public University in the Philippines [35][52]
1643 Universidad de San Felipe de Austria closed down [35][52]
Ladia Revolt (1643) [21][22][23][24][25]
1644 August 11 Diego Fajardo Chacón appointed Governor-General (1644–1653). [30]
1645 An earthquake destroys Manila. [13]
The Colegio de Santo Tomas raised to the status of a university and renamed as University of Santo Tomas by Pope Innocent X, upon the request of King Philip IV of Spain. [45][46]
Zambales Revolt (1645) [21][22][23][24][25]
Pampanga Revolt (1645) [21][22][23][24][25]
1646 October 4 Spanish and Filipino forces defeat the Dutch invaders in an encounter, their fifth and final battle, at the Manila Bay near Corregidor in Cavite. [28]
1647 Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
1649 Sumuroy Revolt (1649–50) [21][22][23][24][25]
Pintados Revolt (1649–50) [21][22][23][24][25]
1653 July 25 Sabiniano Manrique de Lara appointed Governor-General (1653–1663). [30]
1660 Zambal Revolt (1660) [21][22][23][24][25]
October 7 Maniago Revolt (1660) [21][22][23][24][25]
December 15 Malong Revolt (1660–1661) [21][22][23][24][25]
1661 Ilocano Revolt (1661) [21][22][23][24][25]
1662 Chinese revolt of 1662 [21][22][23][24][25]
1663 September 8 Diego de Salcedo appointed Governor-General (1663–1668). [30]
Tapar Revolt (1663) [21][22][23][24][25]
1668 September 28 Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz appointed Governor-General (1668–1669). [30]
1669 September 24 Manuel de León appointed Governor-General (1669–1677). [30]
1677 September 21 Francisco Coloma appointed Governor-General (1677) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla appointed Governor-General (1677–1678) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
1678 September 28 Juan de Vargas y Hurtado appointed Governor-General (1678–1684). [30]
1680 May 12 University of Santo Tomas placed under Royal Patronage by King Charles II of Spain. [45][46]
1681 Sambal Revolt (1681–1683) [21][22][23][24][25]
1684 August 24 Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola appointed Governor-General (1684–1689). [30]
1686 The construction of Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte.
Tingco plot (1686)
1689 April Alonso de Avila Fuertes appointed Governor-General (1689–1690) by the Audiencia Real [30]
1690 July 25 Fausto Cruzat y Gongora appointed Governor-General (1690–1701). [30]

18th century

Year Date Event Source
1701 December 8 Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (1701–1709). [30]
1704 North Borneo is ceded by the sultan of Brunei to the sultan of Sulu. [26]
1709 August 25 Martín de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (1709–1715). [30]
1715 February 4 Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (1715–1717) by the Audiencia Real. [30]
1717 August 9 Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor-General (1717–1719). [30]
1718 Rivera Revolt (1718) [21][22][23][24][25]
1719 October 11 Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1719–1721). [30]
Caragay Revolt (1719) [21][22][23][24][25]
1721 August 6 Toribio José Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (1721–1729). [30]
1722 Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.
1729 August 14 Fernándo Valdés y Tamon appointed Governor-General (1729–1739). [30]
1739 July Gaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1739–1745). [30]
1744 Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1829), the longest in country's history, wherein Bohol is proclaimed independent from the Spanish. [27]
1745 September 21 Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1745–1750). [30]
Agrarian Revolt (1745–1746) [21][22][23][24][25]
1750 July 20 Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (1750–1754). [30]
1754 May 15 Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.
July 26 Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754–1759). [30]
1759 June Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (1759–1761). [30]
1761 July Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila appointed Governor-General (1761–1762). [30]
1762 Palaris Revolt (1762–1765)
Camarines Revolt (1762–1764)
Cebu Revolt (1762–1764)
British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the so-called Rape of Manila.
September 22 British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War
October 5 Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation. [1][13]
[verification needed]
October 6 Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga with de Anda as dictator. [30]
October 8 Gov. Gen. de Anda moves the seat of the Spanish government to Bacolor, Pampanga, becoming the temporary capital of the Philippines (1762–1764). [28]
November 2 The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764. [30]
November 14 Silang Revolt (1762–63) [28]
1763 Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)
Isabela Revolt (1763).
February 10 Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.
May 28 Death of Diego Silang [28]
[verification needed]
September Execution of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt [28]
1764 March 17 de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (1764–1765) [30]
June 11 The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for India, ending the British occupation. [13]
[verification needed]
1765 February 10 Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Léandro de Viana writes the famous letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765". The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not heeded.
July 6 José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez appointed Governor-General (1765–1770) [30]
Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines. [30]
1769 July 23 The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Raón after receiving a dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish Colonial Government
1770 July Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1770–1776) [30]
1771 Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in Manila Bay, Mariveles, Parañaque, Pasay and Malate.
1774 November 9 Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.
1776 October 30 Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1776–1778) [30]
1778 July José Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (1778–1787) [30]
1780 Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines
1783 Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario de San Carlos (later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in 1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.
June 26 An island group, which would be named Batanes, is annexed to the Philippines by the Spanish and is founded as a province called Provincia de la Concepcion. [26]
1785 Lagutao Revolt (1785).
May 20 University of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain. [45][46]
1787 September 22 Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1787–1788) [30]
1788 Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).
April 2 Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.
July 1 Félix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (1788–1793) [30]
1793 September 1 Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León appointed Governor-General (1793–1806) [30]

19th century

Year Date Event Source
1805 Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)
1806 August 7 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1806–1810) [30]
1807 September 16 Ambaristo Revolt (1807) [53]
1808 May French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.
1809 January 22 King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the colony representation in the Spanish Cortes
1810 March 4 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (1806–1813) [30]
1811 Del Superior Govierno is established in Manila by Gov. Gen. Fernandez de Folgueras; the country's first newspaper lasted six months. [37][54]
1812 March 19 The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution
September 24 The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.
1813 March 17 The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila.
September 4 José Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (1806–1816) [30]
October 16 Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
October British General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain
1814 Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the Spanish Cortes
February 1 Mt. Mayon erupts, affecting Albay and leaving 1,200 dead. [55]
1815 June 18 Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo
October 15 Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island
1816 Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished
December 10 Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1816–1822) [30]
1818 February 2 A royal decree divides old Ilocos province into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur. [17][56]
1822 October 30 Juan Antonio Martinez appointed Governor-General (1822–1825) [30]
1825 October 14 Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca appointed Governor-General (1825–1830) [30]
1828 Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings
1829 August 31 Dagohoy Revolt in Bohol ended. [27]
1830 December 23 Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (1830–1835) [30]
Manila is opened to the world market
1835 March 1 Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835) [30]
April 23 Joaquín de Crámer appointed Governor-General (1835) [30]
September 9 Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835) [30]
Chamber of Commerce is formed
1837 August 27 Andrés García Camba appointed Governor-General (1837–1838) [30]
Manila is made an open port.
1838 December 29 Luis Lardizábal appointed Governor-General (1838–1841) [30]
Florante at Laura is published.
1841 February 14 Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (1841–1843) [30]
August 11 Samar province (later Western Samar) is declared independent, separating from the provinces of Leyte and Cebu, through a decree issued by Queen Isabela III of Spain. [53]
November 4 Apolinario Dela Cruz better known as Hermano Pule was executed.
1843 June 17 Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843–1844) [30]
1844 July 16 Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa appointed Governor-General (1844–1849) [30]
1846 December 1 La Esperanza is established by Miguel Sanchez; the country's first daily newspaper lasted three years. [37][54]
1848 Diario de Manila, best edited newspaper, is published (1848–1899). [37][54]
1849 December 26 Antonio María Blanco appointed Governor-General (1849–1850) [30]
1850 July 29 Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía appointed Governor-General (1850–1853) [30]
1852 December 4 Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.
1853 December 20 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1853–1854) [30]
1854 February 2 Manuel Pavía y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854) [30]
October 28 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854) [30]
November 20 Manuel Crespo y Cebrían appointed Governor-General (1854) [30]
1856 December 5 Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1856–1857) [30]
1857 January 12 Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (1857–1860) [30]
1859 Jesuits return to the Philippines
Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal
1860 The country's first Masonic lodge is founded in Cavite. [13]
January 12 Ramón María Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860) [30]
August 29 Juan Herrera Davila appointed Governor-General (1860–1861) [30]
1861 February 2 José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González appointed Governor-General (1861–1862) [30]
June 19 Birth of Jose Rizal, one of the country' national heroes [57]
Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational school.
1862 El Pasig is published, a bilingual fortnightly paper, one of the first native newspapers. [37]
July 7 Salvador Valdés appointed Governor-General (1862) [30]
July 9 Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (1862–1865) [30]
1863 June 3 An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins [13]
[verification needed]
November 30 Andres Bonifacio, founder of the Katipunan, was born.
1864 July 23 Apolinario Mabini, the Brains of the Revolution, was born.
1865 University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain. [45][46]
Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila Observatory) established by the Jesuits
March 24 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1862–1865) [30]
April 25 Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (1862–1865) [30]
1866 July 13 José Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866) [30]
September 21 Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866) [30]
September 27 Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866) [30]
October 26 José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1866–1869) [30]
1867 Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain. [53]
[clarification needed]
1869 November 17 Suez Canal opened; shortening duration of travel from the Philippines to Europe. [29]
Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast Asia [clarification needed]
June 7 Manuel Maldonado appointed Governor-General (1869) [30]
June 23 Carlos María de la Torre y Navacerrada appointed Governor-General (1869–1871) [30]
1871 The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the first Museum in the Philippines. [45][46]
The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is established as the first school of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines. [45][46]
April 4 Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez appointed Governor-General (1871–1873) [30]
1872 January 20 About 200 Filipinos stage a mutiny in Cavite. [13][58]
February 17 Priests Mariano Gomez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed. [13]
[verification needed]
1873 January 8 Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873) [30]
January 24 Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (1873–1874) [30]
1874 March 17 Manuel Blanco Valderrama appointed acting Governor-General (1874) [30]
June 18 José Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (1874–1877) [30]
1875 The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas. [45][46][59][60]
September 18 Colegio de Santa Isabel (now a university) is established in present-day Camarines Sur province as the country's first normal school for girls. [53]
[clarification needed]
1877 Spanish colonial government conducts the first official national census in the country. [27]
February 28 Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (1877–1880) [30]
1878 Sabah is leased by the Sultan of Sulu to the British North Borneo Company. [26]
1880 March 20 Rafael Rodríguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880) [30]
April 15 Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella appointed Governor-General (1880–1883)(1st Term) [30]
Manila is connected through telegraphic cable with Europe by Eastern Telecom.
July 18 Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
1882 March 3 Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies
June 2 Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere
1883 March 10 Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term) [30]
April 7 Joaquín Jovellar appointed Governor-General (1883–1885) [30]
1884 Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish Colonial Government.
June 21 Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain
1885 April 1 Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term) [30]
April 4 Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (1885–1888) [30]
1886 February 26 Establishment of the Audiencia Territorial de Cebu. [17]
May 10 Felix Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo is born.
1887 May 29 Noli Me Tangere published.
October Rizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo
The Manila School of Agriculture is established.
1888 March 10 Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888) [30]
Federico Lobaton became acting Governor-General (1888) [30]
Valeriano Wéyler appointed Governor-General (1888–1891) [30]
December 10 La Solidaridad established
December 12 A petition, seeking permission for a night school, is submitted by 21 young women of Malolos, Bulacan to the Governor-General. [29]
1889 La Solidaridad is first published in Spain as the Propaganda Movement's organ. [37][54]
El Ilocano is established; country's first local newspaper (1889–1896). [37][54]
[clarification needed]
1891 March 28 Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France
El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium
Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (1891–1893) [30]
1892 Diariong Tagalog is published; first native daily paper, lasted at least three months. [37]
June 26 Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong
July 3 Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina
July 7 Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina
Andres Bonifacio secretly established the Katipunan.
Rizal is exiled to Dapitan
September 23 Filipino painter Juan Luna shot dead his wife Paz Pardo De Tavera.
November 24 Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan is opened, country's first railroad line with route of ManilaDagupan, the forerunner of the Philippine National Railways. [29]
1893 El Hogar is established; country's first publication for and by women. [37][54]
March 10 Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893) [30]
Ramón Blanco appointed Governor-General (1893–1896) [30]
1894 July 8 Bonifacio forms the Katipunan
October 17 Sorsogon province was separated from Albay province. [56]
1895 First local (municipal) elections
April 12 Recorded "earliest" day of celebration of independence, when Andres Bonifacio and other Katipuneros go to Pamitinan Cave in Montalban (now Rodriguez), Rizal to initiate new Katipunan members. [61]
1896 Republic of Kakarong de Sili is established in Pandi, Bulacan. [31]
July 1 Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor Ramon Blanco
August 6 Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba
August 19 Katipunan is discovered by the Spanish authorities. Katipuneros flee to Balintawak [34]
August 23 Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros tear up their cedulas
August 26 Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused
August 30 Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.
Battle of San Juan del Monte took place.
September 2 Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona
Gen. Mariano Llanera leads the Filipino revolutionaries in a three-day battle against the Spanish forces in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. [27]
September 4 Four members of Katipunan involved in the Battle of San Juan del Monte, were executed on the Campo de Bagumbayan.
September 12 Thirteen Filipinos were executed in Plaza de Armas in the town of Cavite. [55]
October 3 Rizal arrives at Barcelona
October 4 Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo
October 6 Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner
October 31 A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo issues his manifestos in Kawit, Cavite, declaring the aim of the revolution and announcing the formation of a central revolutionary committee for the municipal government. [28]
November 11 Filipino forces, under Emilio Aguinaldo, defeat the Spaniards in a battle in Kawit, Cavite. [28][29]
November 13 Rizal arrives in Manila and is incarcerated in Fort Santiago
November 20 Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government
December 13 Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (1896–1897) [30]
December 30 Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan. [57][62]
1897 January 1 Some 3,000 Filipino fighters die in a attack by the Spanish soldiers against revolutionaries under Gen. Eusebio Roque in Pandi, Bulacan. [31]
January 4 Eleven of the 15 Filipinos of Bicol were executed at the Luneta in Manila
January 11 Thirteen La Liga Filipina members are executed at Luneta, Manila. [55]
February 6 Katipunan leader Roman Basa and eight members are executed in Bagumbayan. [63]
February 17 Battle of Zapote Bridge [63]
March 22 The Katipunan creates a revolutionary government and holds its election, during Tejeros Convention in Cavite, said to be the first election ever held in country's electoral history. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president. [17][64]
[verification needed]
March 23 Nineteen Filipinos of Kalibo, Aklan were executed
April 15 José de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897) [30]
April 23 Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (1897–1898) [30]
April 29 Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the Katipunan.
May 8 The Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death
May 10 Andres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.
May 31 Aguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-Bato, San Miguel, Bulacan.
August 10 Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.
August 15 A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
November 1 Constitution of Biak-na-Bato is promulgated by the revolutionaries, including Aguinaldo. [29]
December 14 Pact of Biak-na-Bato, between Filipinos (Aguinaldo) and Spaniards (Gov. Primo de Rivera), signed. [13][26][29]
December 27 Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
1898 The only issue of Kalayaan is published; official organ of the Katipunan. [37]
The American Soldier and The Soldier's Letter are published; first English language newspapers. [37]
Official Gazette is established by the civil government. [37]
February 8 The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson
March 25 A revolutionary government in Candon, Ilocos Sur is established by Don Isabelo Abaya as he starts Cry of Candon. [17]
April 3 Pantaleon Villegas (Leon Kilat) leads a battle against Spanish forces in present-day Cebu City; said to be the start of the revolution in Cebu province. [19]
April 11 Basilio Augustín appointed Governor-General (1898) [30]
April 14 Local Katipunan members under Ildefonso Moreno conduct an uprising against Spanish colonizers in Daet town. [26]
April 17 A provisional government is established by Gen. Francisco Macabulos, with its own constitution signed; lasts about a month. [26]
April 24 Aguinaldo meets American Consul, Mr. Pratt, at Singapore. [13]
April 26 Aguinaldo goes to Hong Kong. [13]
The US declares war on Spain.
May 1 Commodore George Dewey attacks Manila
May 19 Aguinaldo and his companions return to Cavite Province from exile in Hong Kong. [19][26]
[clarification needed]
May 24 Aguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which show his trust and reliance in US protection
May 28 Filipino revolutionaries defeat the Spanish forces in a battle in Alapan, Imus, Cavite, with the first unfurling of the Philippine flag. [26]
June 12 Philippine Independence from Spain is declared by Filipino revolutionaries, led by Pres. Aguinaldo, in Kawit, Cavite. [1][64]
June 23 Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.
June 27 Over 50 Spanish soldiers begin to hide themselves at a church in Baler town, in what would be their last stand in the country against the revolutionaries. [19]
July 15 Aguinaldo creates a cabinet
The Malolos Congress in established
July 17 US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.
July 22 Pangasinan Province is liberated from the Spanish. [27]
July 24 Fermín Jáudenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898) [30]
August 13 Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898) [30]
Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898) [30]
August 14 The Spanish surrender to the U.S., which took Manila. [13]
August 22 Revolutionary government headquarters is transferred from Bacoor, Cavite to Malolos, Bulacan through a decree issued by Pres. Aguinaldo. [53]
August 29 Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (1898–1900) [30]
September Diego de los Ríos becomes acting Governor-General (1898) [30]
September 15 Delegates of what would be known as the Malolos Congress convene at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan to draft a Constitution for the country. [27]
September 29 The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers; ratifies the Declaration of Independence proclaimed on June. [53]
El Horado de la Revolucion, Malolos Congress' official publication, publishes its first issue. [53]
October 11 The Manila Times is founded by Thomas Cowan and publishes its first issue; the country's oldest running broadsheet; its first incarnation lasted 32 years. [16][37][65]
October 15 The American is published by Franklyn Brooks; second English language daily paper. [37]
October 19 Universidad Literaria de Filipinas is established in Malolos, Bulacan through a presidential decree. [29]
October 24 Enrique Mendiola founds a college school for boys, the Burgos Institute, in Malolos, Bulacan. [29]
October 25 Establishment of Academia Militar, country's first military training school that lasted for less than a year. [29]
November 5 A revolutionary movement under Gen. Aniceto Lacson and Gen. Juan Araneta, proclaims the Republic of Negros in Bago town. [28][29]
November 7 Revolutionary forces promulgates a constitution for the Republic of Negros and declare Gen. Lacson as president. [28]
November 17 Provisional revolutionary government of the Visayas is organized in Santa Barbara town upon liberation of the majority of Iloilo province, with Roque Lopez elected president; Cry of Santa Barbara occurs. [31]
November 22 Town of San Jose in Antique is captured from Spanish forces by revolutionaries under Leandro Fullon, who established a provincial government. [31]
November 29 Malolos Congress approves its draft Constitution. [27][31]
December 10 Spain and the U.S. sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession of the Philippines to the U.S. by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to Spain by the US. [16]
[verification needed]
December 21 US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
December 23 Pres. Aguinaldo signs the Malolos Constitution. [27][29][31]
December 24 Gov. Gen. de los Rios surrenders the town of Iloilo to revolutionary forces under Gen. Martin Delgado. [28]
1899 January 20 U.S. Pres. McKinley appoints the first Philippine Commission, known as the Schurman Commission [13]
[verification needed]
January 21 The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo. [17][27][31]
January 23 The Malolos Republic (First Republic) government, Asia's first republic, is inaugurated at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan; Emilio Aguinaldo takes his oath of office as the first President of the Philippines. [1][17][58]
February 4 Hostilities break out between the Filipino and U.S. forces. [13][58]
February 6 The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain
March 3 La Justicia, Cebu province's first Filipino-owned newspaper, publishes its first issue. [17]
March 4 The Schurman Commission arrives in Manila
April 23 Filipino forces under Gen. Gregorio del Pilar defeated the Americans in an encounter in Quingua (now Plaridel), Bulacan. [19]
May 6 Aguinaldo creates a new cabinet
The country's first municipal election is held in Baliuag, Bulacan. [19]
May 12 Filipino troops, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, recapture the Calumpit and Baliwag towns from the Americans. [19]
May 18 General Vicente Alvarez establishes the Republic of Zamboanga.
May 20 Aguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna
June 2 Siege of Baler ends after 11 months, with 35 surviving Spanish soldiers surrendered. [19]
June 5 Antonio Luna killed
October 11 Pres. Aguinaldo moves the seat of government from San Isidro, Nueva Ecija to Tarlac Province. [31]
December 2 Gregorio Del Pilar killed in the Battle of Tirad Pass. [29]
[verification needed]
December 4 An American base is attacked by the Filipinos in Vigan, Ilocos Sur. [29]
1900 January 21 The Schurman Commission returns to the US.
February 2 Manila Bulletin publishes its first issue by Carson Taylor; then a shipping journal; country's oldest continuously existing newspaper. [16][37]
[verification needed]
March 16 U.S. Pres. McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as the Taft Commission [13]
[verification needed]
March American forces capture Bohol.
April Battle of Cagayan de Misamis
April Siege of Catubig
May 5 Arthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (1900–1901) [30]
May Battle of Agusan Hill
June Battle of Makahambus Hill
June 3 The Taft Commission arrives in Manila
July 31 Filipino revolutionaries defeat American troops in a battle in Boac, Marinduque, said to be the first recorded armed encounter between two forces. [53]
August 20 Pres. Aguinaldo orders the start of attack against American forces in northern Luzon. [53]
September Battle of Pulang Lupa
September Battle of Mabitac
December 23 Partido Liberal established

20th century

Year Date Event Source
1901 March 2 The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is passed by the US Senate.
March 23 Pres. Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities in Palanan town. [1][13][58]
[verification needed]
April 1 Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US. [1]
[verification needed]
April 15 Gov. Taft inaugurates the provincial government of Capiz. (Phil. Commission Act No. 115) [26]
June 11 Establishment of Rizal Province by the second Philippine Commission, upon unification of then provinces of Manila and Morong. (Act No. 137) [26]
June 17 El Colegio de San Beda established
July 1 End of insurrection declared [13]
July 4 Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (1901–1902)
A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft as the first Civil Governor (1901–1904)
July 18 The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary
August 28 Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first American university in the Philippines. [53]
September The first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed
September 28 Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Daza, attack the U.S. military barracks in Balangiga, Samar; Americans' "worst single defeat." [27]
[clarification needed]
September 29 Balangiga massacre occurs [27]
[clarification needed]
October 20 A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar operation
October 29 The President of the United States creates the position of provincial vice governor in the country, under the Spooner Amendment. [29]
November 4 The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Law
December 14 An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
1902 January The first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de Filipinas, is organized.
January 21 The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the Philippines.
March 30 The US Marines leave Balangiga
April 16 General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces
May Governor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the Philippines
May 2 Macario Sakay establishes a second Tagalog Republic.
June Mindoro and Lubang islands are annexed to Marinduque province. [31]
July 1 The Philippine Organic Act was enacted. [13]
Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established [13]
July 4 Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine–American War, however fighting continues
August 3 The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica with Gregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo
September 17 Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo Tomas [45][46]
November 10 Marinduque province is annexed to Tayabas province (now Quezon). (Act No. 499) [31]
November 12 Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance against US rule are considered banditry
1903 Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos
May 1 Thousands of members of the Union Obrera Democratica Filipina, led by Dominador Gomez, stage a massive rally aiming for workers’ rights as well as a public holiday for May 1. [66]
June 1 Establishment of the Moro Province, consisting of the districts of Jolo, Lanao, Cotabato, Davao and Zamboanga. [19]
1904 February 1 Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (1904–1905)
October 19 The Manila Business School was founded and started its operation (later as the Philippine School of Commerce, 1908, then as the Philippine College of Commerce, 1952, and now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
November 16 Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm is established in Palawan, country's oldest and largest open prison. [28][29]
1905 November 3 Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (1905–1906)
1906 May 27 Establishment of Culion Leper Colony in Culion Island in Palawan. [19]
September 20 James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (1906–1909)
December 3 St. Scholastica's College in Manila is established by the Missionary Benedictine Sisters of Tutzing. [67]
1907 June 3 Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Señoritas.
June 30 First Congressional Elections held
September 13 Macario Sakay is executed by hanging, ending his Tagalog Republic.
October 10 A law (Act No. 1761) that restricts and regulates the use and sale of dangerous drugs is signed. [29]
October 16 The First Philippine Assembly is inaugurated and convened. [13]
1908 June 18 The University of the Philippines is established in Manila. [29]
[verification needed]
August 29 Philippines Free Press is founded by Judge W.A. Kincaid and publishes its first issue in magazine format. [37][68]
[clarification needed]
1909 March 6 Present-day University of the Philippines Los Baños in Laguna is established, first autonomous UP campus. [17]
September 1 Cityhood of Baguio (Act No. 1963) [53]
1911 January 27 Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
June 16 De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.
December 28 Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas [45][46]
1912 A silent movie about Jose Rizal is the first Filipino movie introduced in the Philippines. [37][69]
[clarification needed]
1913 June Battle of Bud Bagsak [70]
September 1 Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)
October 6 Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (1913–1921)
1914 July 27 Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the government.
1916 October 16 The Jones Law is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature
Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines [71][72][73][74][75]
1917 January 11 The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.
March 9 Provincehood of Abra (Act No. 2683) [58]
March 10 An Act Amending the Administrative Code (Act No. 2711) reorganizes the territories in the Philippines, consisting of: [17][56][79]
1919 September 19 The silent film Dalagang Bukid by José Nepomuceno was released, the first film to be produced locally. [69][80]
[verification needed]
1920 Mountain Province is established by American colonial government. [58]
February 21 Provincehood of Marinduque (Act No. 2880), separating from Tayabas. [17][31]
August Philippines Herald is established by Manuel L. Quezon and former Manila Times journalists; first pro-Filipino nationalist newspaper. [16][37]
December 15 Provincehood of Masbate (Act No. 2934), former sub-province independent from Sorsogon. [28]
1921 March 5 Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)
October 14 Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (1921–1927)
1922 Mrs. Redgrave pioneers the radio broadcasting from Nichols Field, only for a test broadcast. [81]
June Henry Hermann, owner of an electrical supply company, begins operating three radio stations in Manila and Pasay, also for their test broadcasts. [37][81][82][83]
1923 August 29 Santiago Ronquillo, a.k.a. Tiagong Akyat, was killed by a force consisting of Manila Chief of Police John Fulton Green and the Philippine constabulary, in Noveleta, Cavite. [citation needed]
1924 October 4 Radio Corporation of the Philippines (RCP) acquires radio station KZKZ, which begins its broadcast by Hermann earlier that year, replacing experimental stations; broadcast ceased in 1925 upon merger of Far Eastern Radio with RCP. [37][81][82][83]
October Another commercial radio station, KZRQ (1924–1927) by Far Eastern Radio, Inc., goes on air. [81][82][83]
1925 November 9 Radio station KZIB from Binondo, owned by Isaac Beck Inc., goes on air. [37][82][84]
1927 August 7 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)
September 3 Radio station KZRM (Radio Manila) begins operation under RCP; later acquired by Erlanger and Galinger, Inc. in 1931, then by Amado Araneta in 1939 with KZEG. [37][82][85]
December 27 Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (1927–1929)
1929 RCP operates its first radio station outside Manila, also first provincial station in the country, with KZRC (Radio Cebu) in Cebu, experimental station originally a relay station of KZRM in Manila. [37][81][82][83][85]
February 23 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)
July 8 Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (1929–1932)
November 2 Old Misamis is divided into the new provinces of Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental. (Act No. 3537; amended by Act No. 3777 on Nov. 28, 1930). [29][31]
[clarification needed]
1930 November 7 Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas (PKP, Communist Party of the Philippines) is formally established by Crisanto Evangelista at Tondo, Manila. [31][86]
1932 January 9 George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)
January 21 Davao Prison and Penal Farm in present-day Davao del Norte is established (Act No. 3732); country's first penal settlement. [17]
February 29 Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (1932–1933)
June 20 Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson University was founded by George Lucas Adamson
July 11 Radio station KZEG begins operation, sister station of KZRM; call sign later changed to KZRF. [37][82]
October 26 The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme Court
1933 July 15 Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933–1935)
October 29 Partido Sakdal formed. [66]
December 7 Governor-General Frank Murphy granted the Right of Suffrage to the Filipino women.
1934 March 24 The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is approved by U.S. President Roosevelt. [1][87]
May 7 A pearl, which would be one of the world’s largest, is found in Palawan. [26]
July 10 202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law
July 30 The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated
November 3 Bannawag, Ilocos region's weekly vernacular magazine, established. [28]
1935 February 8 The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution
February 15 The Philippine Constitution is signed
May 2 Sakdalista uprising against the Philippine Constabulary fails with at least 60 members dead. [66]
May 14 The Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum
September 17 Manuel Quezon elected President in the first Philippine Presidential elections [1][71][72][73][74]
November 15 The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated
The Office of Civil Governor is abolished
December 21 The National Defense Act of 1935 that created the Armed Forces of the Philippines was signed.
1936 March 25 President Manuel L. Quezon issued Executive Order No. 23 which provided for the technical description and specifications of the Philippine national flag. [71][72][73][74][75]
October 12 Cityhood of Zamboanga approved (Commonwealth Act No. 39); ratified, Feb. 26, 1937. [17][28]
October 16 Cityhood of Davao (Commonwealth Act No. 51) [28]
October 20 Cityhood of Cebu approved (Commonwealth Act No. 58); ratified, Feb. 24, 1937. [28]
October 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was established.
1937 February 3–7 The 33rd International Eucharistic Congress was held in Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines; first in Asia. [58]
[verification needed]
November 9 The Institute of National Language recommends Tagalog as the basis of the country's national language. [29]
1938 June 21 Cityhood of Tagaytay, Cavite (Commonwealth Act No. 338) [26]
1939 July 15 KZRH, established by H. E. Heacock Company under Samuel Caches, goes on air; country's oldest existing radio station, renamed PIAM during the Japanese era and now DZRH. [37][82][83][85][88]
1940 May 7 Cityhood of San Pablo, Laguna (Commonwealth Act No. 520) [26]
May 26 The Girl Scouts of the Philippines was established.
August 19 Cityhood of Dansalan (later renamed Marawi City; CA 592) [53]
1941 January 1 Provincehood of Romblon (Commonwealth Act No. 38) [17]
March 15 Philippine Airlines starts operations with its maiden flight between Makati and Baguio cities. [17]
November 11 Manuel Quezon re-elected as President [71][72][73][74][75]
December 8 Start of the Japanese invasion of the Philippines following Pearl Harbor attack. [1][89][90]
December 10 Japanese planes attack Sangley Point in Cavite. [31]
December 17 Wenceslao Vinzons organizes a citizen's army to fight Japanese forces in Camarines Norte. [31]
December 20 President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island [71][72][73][74][75]
December 26 General MacArthur declares Manila an open city [91][92][93][94][95]
December 28 Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan
December 30 Pres. Quezon and Vice Pres. Osmeña take their oath of office for their second term in Corregidor Island, Cavite. [28][71][72][73][74]
1942 January 2 Japanese troops enters Manila
January 3 Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)
General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the Philippines
Martial Law declared
January 13 All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty
January 23 An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
February 17 The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country
February 20 President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US [71][72][73][74][75]
March 11 General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area [91][92][93][94][95]
March 13 The Commonwealth government is moved to the US
March 25 Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap, People's Anti-Japanese Army) is organized in Cabiao, Nueva Ecija. [58]
[clarification needed]
April A pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions
April 9 Battle of Bataan: Bataan, under US commander Gen. Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies. [19][96]
May 6 Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces. [19][29]
June 8 Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)
June 14 The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations
December 30 The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese
1943 May 28 Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1943–1942)
June 20 Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
September 4 The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly
September 20 The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.
September Jose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly [97][98][99]
October 14 The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office [97][98][99]
November The Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.
November 10 U.S. Congress approves a resolution allowing Pres. Quezon to serve beyond the designated period, nine days after his term expires. [55]
1944 May The puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.
August 1 Death of Pres. Quezon; Vice Pres. Sergio Osmena then assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. [55][71][72][73][74]
September 21 US forces raids Manila
September 26 Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945)
October 20 Gen. MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by Pres. Osmeña and U.S. troops. [29][76][77][78][91]
October 23 Gen. Douglas MacArthur reestablishes the Commonwealth government of the Philippines in Tacloban, Leyte, with Sergio Osmeña as its President. [28]
October 24 Battle of Leyte Gulf: Battle of Sibuyan Sea [28][58]
December 8 Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis
1945 January 9 U.S. troops led by Gen. MacArthur land on the shores of Pangasinan via Lingayen Gulf in an attempt to liberate the country from the Japanese. [1][17][58]
January 30 Raid at Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas free 813 American Prisoners of war from the Japanese-held camp in the city of Cabanatuan in the Philippines.
January–February Battle of Bataan (1945)
February–April Battle of Baguio
February Raid at Los Baños
February 4 US troops enter Manila
February 22 Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces
February 24 The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and Filipino troops
February 27 MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena. [76][77][78][91][92]
March–April Battle for Cebu City
March–July Battle of the Visayas
March Corregidor Island is reoccupied by the Americans. [29]
March 3 Battle of Manila (1945): The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.
March 18 Town of Panay in Capiz and the province of Romblon are liberated from the Japanese forces. [17]
March 19 Filipino and American forces defeat the Japanese in a battle occurred in Bacsil Ridge in San Fernando, La Union. [58]
March 22 The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave the country for Japan to seek refuge [97][98][99]
March 24 Town of San Fernando in La Union is liberated from the Japanese forces. [58]
April 22 Palawan is liberated from Japanese invaders. [19]
April 27 Baguio City is liberated from Japanese forces. [26]
May 10–13 Filipino and U.S. forces defeat the Japanese in a battle occurred in Balete Pass (now Dalton Pass) in Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya. [26]
June 5 The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time
June 14 Filipino soldiers, with the Americans, defeat the Japanese under Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita in a battle in Tagudin, Ilocos Sur; considered as their greatest victory in World War II. [19]
July 5 General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines [91][92][93][94][95]
August 6 The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 9 The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 15 The Empire of Japan accepts defeat
August 17 Pres. Laurel issues an Executive Proclamation putting an end to the Second Philippine Republic, thus ending to his term as President of the Philippines. [97][98][99]
September 2 The final official Japanese Instrument of Surrender is accepted by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz for the United States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanese delegation led by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. [1][91][92][93][94]
Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita surrenders to Filipino and American forces at Kiangan, Ifugao.
September 12 Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army [97][98][99]
September 26 Provincehood of Catanduanes (Commonwealth Act No. 687), former sub-province independent from Albay. [31][53]
[clarification needed]
October 24 The United Nations is founded by ratification of its Charter, by 29 nations.
December Manuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and joins the Liberal Party [76][77][78]
1946 February 23 Tomoyuki Yamashita is executed by hanging at Los Baños, Laguna prison camp for the war crimes.
April 23 Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth
Elpidio Quirino elected Vice President.
April U.S. Pres. Harry Truman signs into law the Philippine Trade Act (Bell Trade Act) of 1946, continuing free trade relations between U.S and the Philippines, and imposing tariffs; Tydings Rehabilitation Act passed.
June 13 Bolinao Electronics Corporation (BEC) is established by James Lindenberg; later Alto Broadcasting System (ABS) and the forerunner of ABS–CBN. [100][101]
July Hukbong Mapaglaya ng Bayan (HMB) is organized in Candaba, Pampanga.
July Congress votes to accept the Bell Trade Act.
July 4 The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the Philippines. [16][102]
Manuel Roxas becomes the first president of the Third Republic. [1]
August Peasant leader Juan Feleo kidnapped, later killed.
September Congress passes an amendment that revises Constitution, allowing the Americans parity rights.
September 30 The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
1947 January Rehabilitation Finance Corporation (RFC), later Development Bank of the Philippines, begins its operations.
January 28 President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators
March An amendment in the 1935 Constitution granting parity rights to the Americans is ratified in a plebiscite.
March The Military Assistance Act is signed by U.S. Ambassador Paul McNutt and Pres. Roxas.
March 6 HUKBALAHAP declared illegal
March 14 The Treaty of General Relations between Philippines and United States, the Military Bases Agreement, is signed; would be effective until 1991. [64]
[verification needed]
September 8 The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P. Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty
October 12 Corregidor Island in Cavite is turned over to the Philippines. [29]
October 16 Turtle Islands, now in Tawi-Tawi, is placed under country's jurisdiction. [29]
November First post-war elections held for local officials and senators.
1948 January Pres. Roxas issues a general pardon for all those with collaboration cases and pending cases in the People's Court.
March Hukbong Mapagpalaya ng Bayan and Pambansang Kaisahan ng mga Magbubukid (PKM) are declared illegal organizations by Pres. Roxas.
April 15 Death of Pres. Roxas; Vice Pres. Elpidio Quirino assumes the Office of President. [55]
April 17 Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines. [55]
June Pres. Quirino issues an amnesty proclamation given to the surrendered members of Hukbalahap and PKM.
July Newly-formed Quezon City is declared capital of the Philippines by Pres. Quirino. (Republic Act No. 333)
July 15 Cityhood of Calbayog, Samar approved (Republic Act No. 328); inaugurated, Oct. 16. [31]
August Huk leaders under Luis Taruc go underground to continue the resistance against the government following failed truce negotiations.
October 1 Pres. Quirino releases the result of the country's first official postwar census, taken and compiled by the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, showing the population after its independence from the U.S. at 19.2 million. [27]
November PKP renews armed struggle following failed truce negotiations with the government.
December Quirino administration imposes import control, a law that would be effective on the first day of 1949.
1949 Radio station DZBC of BEC begins its broadcast. [82]
January Establishment and inauguration of Central Bank of the Philippines.
April 28 Former First Lady Aurora Aragon–Quezon (widow of Pres. Manuel Quezon), with her eldest daughter, and Quezon City Mayor Ponciano Bernardo, are among those killed in an ambush allegedly by the Hukbalahap in Bongabon, Nueva Ecija. [71][72][73][74][75]
November Pres. Quirino reelected.
November A month-long rebellion occurred in Batangas.
1950 February UST pioneers the television broadcast, only for experimental purposes. [37][100][103]
March 1 Radio station DZBB of newly-established Republic Broadcasting System (RBS) under Bob Stewart begins its broadcast. [37][82]
June The Philippines joins the Korean War, sending over 7,000 troops under the United Nations command.
June 15 Old Mindoro is divided into the new provinces of Mindoro Occidental and Mindoro Oriental. (Republic Act No. 505) [56][19]
August 31 Pres. Quirino appoints Zambales Rep. Ramon Magsaysay as Defense Secretary.
September Lt. Col. Edward Lansdale arrives in the Philippines to act as military adviser.
October U.S. Economic Mission Survey led by Daniel W. Bell issues its report regarding the country's financial and economics condition, recommending its diversification and improvement.
October Twenty-three high-ranking PKP and Huk Politburo members are captured in a series of raids led by Sec. Magsaysay in Manila.
October Pres. Quirino suspends the privilege of writ of habeas corpus regarding detention of suspected communists.
1951 March 6 Fort Santiago was declared a National Shrine.
May Suspected PKP members are penalized by the Court of First Instance, with six given death sentences and nine given life sentences.
July–September Armed Forces of the Philippines launches offensives against Huks in Laguna and Pampanga.
August National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established
August 30 The Mutual Defense Treaty between Philippines and United States was signed.
October 8 Nicasio “Asiong” Salonga, branded as Tondo’s Public Enemy No. 1 and the kingpin of Manila, was shot and killed by Ernesto Reyes, a henchman of his rival and also notorious gang leader Carlos “Totoy Golem” Capistrano. [104]
1952 National Press Club established [37]
April–May Armed Forces launches Operation Four Roses in Nueva Ecija in the search for Huk strongholds in Sierra Madre mountains.
June 6 Old Zamboanga is divided into the new provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. (Republic Act No. 711) [56][19]
October Land-tenure specialist Robert Hardie releases his report regarding the country's problem on tenancy, recommending its abolition.
1953 June Magna Carta for Labor is signed into law. (Republic Act No. 875)
October 23 DZAQ-TV Channel 3, now Channel 2, of ABS, then owned by Presidential brother Antonio Quirino, airs its country's first official television broadcast from Manila. [37][81][100][101][103]
November 10 Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines [1]
[verification needed]
Carlos Garcia elected Vice President.
December 30 Magsaysay takes his oath of office as the third President of the Third Republic, before Chief Justice Ricardo Paras, in Luneta.
1954 Social Security Act is passed in Congress.
May Huk Supremo Luis Taruc surrenders to Pres. Magsaysay, prompting an end of the eight-year Huk rebellion.
May 22 Cityhood of Trece Martires, Cavite (Republic Act No. 981) [19]
July 21 The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
August Agricultural Tenancy Act of 1954 passed.
September Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established in Manila, with the Philippines as one of its eight members.
September 2 At least 82 people were killed in a train crash in Negros Occidental.
December 15 Laurel-Langley Agreement: An agreement between the Philippines and the U.S., regarding provisions of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946, is signed by Sen. Jose P. Laurel and Sec. James M. Langley. [97][98][99]
1955 April Amb. Carlos Romulo represents the Philippine government in the first ever Asian-African conference held in Bandung, Indonesia.
September Laurel-Langley Agreement is ratified by the U.S. and Philippine governments, to be effective on the first day of 1956.
1956 Chronicle Broadcasting Network (CBN) is established by Lopez family. [37][100][101][105]
February 29 Death of Elpidio Quirino, former Philippine President [55]
April 25 Provincehood of Aklan (Republic Act No. 1414), separating from Capiz. [56][19]
May Rizal Bill is passed into law amidst opposition from Catholic Church.
1957 February 24 ABS is acquired by Eugenio Lopez Sr. of CBN, of which they later merged into ABS–CBN with two television stations later being operated. [37][100][103][107][108]
March 17 Death of Pres. Magsaysay, one among the 25 killed in a plane crash in Cebu; Vice-Pres. Carlos P. Garcia assumes the presidency. [1][55][109]
June Anti-Subversion Law passed. (Republic Act No. 1700)
July U.S. Congress ratifies a law (Republic Act No. 85-81) granting the Philippines possession of the documents regarding the revolution.
November 14 Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines [1]
[verification needed]
Diosdado Macapagal elected Vice President.
1958 March 22 Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan is elevated by the Department of Education to university rank, becoming the Mindanao's first private and Catholic university. [17]
April 19 CBN airs DZXL-TV Channel 9, later Channel 4; second television station. [100][106]
August 28 "Filipino First" policy is officially promulgated by the National Economic Council (Resolution No. 204).
1959 May 22 Old Lanao is divided into the new provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. (Republic Act No. 2228); inaugurated, July 4. [26][56]
RA 2227 created the province of Southern Leyte, separating from Leyte. [56]
July 18 10th World Scout Jamboree is held at Mt. Makiling in Los Baños, Laguna. [53]
September–October An agreement between Foreign Affairs Sec. Felixberto Serrano and Amb. Charles Bohlen is signed, following series of conferences, in which duration of lease of the American military bases is reduced from 99 to 25 years.
October U.S. authorities turns over Olongapo City to the Philippine government.
1960 International Rice Research Institute is established in Los Baños, Laguna.
January DZTV-TV Channel 13 of Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) established. [100][106]
March Gabriel Elorde defeats an American opponent in a boxing match in Araneta Coliseum, beginning his junior lightweight reign.
March Archbishop Rufino Santos is the first Filipino to achieve the rank of Cardinal.
June 19 Republic Act No. 2786 divided old Surigao into the new provinces of Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur. [27][56]
[verification needed]
1961 January 18 Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature ever recorded.
October Death of Sergio Osmeña, former Philippine President [55]
October 29 DZBB-TV Channel 7 of RBS established; third television station. [37][100][101][103][105]
November 7 Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines. [1]
[verification needed]
Emmanuel Pelaez elected Vice President.
December 30 Macapagal takes his oath of office
December 31 Inauguration of the new City of Lapulapu, created by Republic Act No. 3134 on June 17, 1961.
1962 January Philippine Constabulary Rangers conduct a siege of the Central Bank building to oust its governor, Dominador Aytona, due to "midnight appointments" of his own.
January Pres. Macapagal lifts exchange and import controls in his campaign for free enterprise.
March Justice Sec. Jose Diokno orders a raid on the offices of businessman Harry Stonehill, regarding his alleged bribery.
May 12 Commemoration of Independence Day is officially changed by Pres. Macapagal, from July 4 to June 12 (Proclamation No. 28); to be first celebrated on that day of that same year. [19]
June 22 Pres. Macapagal's government, with the United Kingdom, files a communication regarding country's claim of North Borneo (Sabah), now in Malaysia. [26]
July DZTM-TV Channel 5, of Associated Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and The Manila Times, established. [100][106]
September Electrification Administration Act (Republic Act No. 2717) is implemented through an executive order issued by Pres. Macapagal.
1963 April 5 Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Senate of the Philippines.
April 12 Death of Felix Y. Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo at age of 76
July 28 Twenty-four members of the Philippine contingent for the 11th World Scout Jamboree in Greece are among the 60 deaths in a plane crash into the Indian Ocean. [55][110]
July Pres. Macapagal, Sukarno (Indonesia), and Tungku Abdul Rahman (Federation of Malaya) sign the Manila Accord, an agreement for Maphilindo.
August 8 Agricultural Land Reform Code (Republic Act No. 3844) is signed into law by Pres. Macapagal.
1964 Philippine Press Institute founded [16]
February 6 Death of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, former Philippine President [55]
May Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas secretary-general Jesus Lava is captured in Sampaloc, Manila.
August Congress ratifies an executive order issued by Pres. Macapagal that changes the date of celebration of the nation's Independence Day, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4166.
August 14 Miss Philippines Gemma Cruz was crowned Miss International 1964, the first Filipino to win the title.
November Kabataang Makabayan (KM) is formed by Jose Maria Sison, with himself elected as its chairman.
1965 June 19 Republic Act No. 4221 divided old Samar into the new provinces of Western Samar, Northern Samar, and Eastern Samar. [56]
September Taal Volcano in Batangas erupts, killing around 2,000 and damaging villages.
November 9 Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines. [1][111]
[verification needed]
Fernando Lopez elected Vice President.
December 30 Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office as the President of the postwar republic, in Luneta Grandstand. [66][112]
1966 Asian Development Bank establishes its new headquarters in Manila.
January 1 Cityhood of San Carlos, Pangasinan (Republic Act No. 4487) [17]
February Philippine-American Assembly is held in Davao.
June 18 Old Mountain Province is divided into the new provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Kalinga-Apayao and Ifugao. (Republic Act No. 4695) [56][19]
Republic Act No. 4669 created the province of Camiguin, separating from Misamis Oriental. [56]
Republic Act No. 4849 created the province of South Cotabato, separating from Empire Province of Cotabato. [56][113]
July Pres. Marcos signs the controversial Vietnam Aid Law.
July The mayor of Candaba, Pampanga, also the president of the Anti-Huk Mayors League in the province, is killed in an ambush, an incident which was attributed to the Huks.
August Congress approves the appropriation for the Philippine Civil Action Group (Philcag) to be sent to Vietnam.
September The first batch of the battalion of the Philcag leaves the Philippines for South Vietnam.
September Pres. Marcos meets with U.S. Pres. Lyndon Johnson in Washington, D.C.
September An agreement is signed by U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Foreign Affairs Sec. Narciso Ramos, reducing the lease of military bases from 99 to 25 years, thus to expire in 1991.
October Marcos administration hosts the Manila Summit with 6 countries.
1967 January Two buses carrying pilgrims collide and fall off a ravine south of Manila, killing more than 115 in what would be the country's worst road accident. [114]
February Movement for the Advancement of Nationalism (MAN) is formed by nationalists from various sectors.
May 8 Old Davao is divided into the new provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental. (Republic Act No. 4867) [56][19]
May 21 A demonstration conducted by Lapiang Malaya, a peasant religious sect, ends in a violent disperse attempt by the Philippine Constabulary in Pasay City, killing 33. [66][112]
June 17 Republic Act No. 4979 divided old Agusan into the new provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. [56]
July 4 Cityhood of Cadiz, Negros Occidental (Republic Act No. 4894) [27]
August 8 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is formed in Bangkok, Thailand, with the Philippines as one of the five founding members.
November Senatorial election takes place.
1968 First provincial television stations are established in Cebu, Bacolod, and Dagupan, all operated by ABS–CBN. [37][105]
March 18 Jabidah massacre: A group of trainees of a Muslim special forces unit, part of an controversial operation, are allegedly killed in Corregidor. [112]
July 8 Cityhood of Iriga, Camarines Sur approved (Republic Act No. 5261); ratified by a presidential proclamation, Sept. 3. [27]
August 2 1968 Casiguran earthquake and the collapse of Ruby Tower
September Pres. Marcos signs into law a bill defining country's territorial waters in compliance with the United Nations and claiming Sabah as part of the country's territory, amidst protest from the Malaysians.
September Pres. Marcos pardons 166 prisoners, including former Huk leader Luis Taruc.
September 7 Cityhood of Bais, Negros Oriental (RA 5444) [53]
November Resigned U.P. president Gen. Carlos Romulo replaces Narciso Ramos as Foreign Affairs Secretary.
December 26 Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP; then called CPP–Marxist-Leninist-Mao Tse-tung Thought or CPP–MLMTT) is reestablished by Jose Maria Sison and his colleagues in Pangasinan. [31][86][111]
1969 March 29 New People's Army (NPA) is formally organized in Tarlac by Bernabe Buscayno (Kumander Dante) of PKP as the military arm of the CPP, upon merger with Jose Maria Sison's army. [17][31][86][111]
May 11 Tuguegarao City, Cagayan experienced heat at 42.2 degrees Celsius, the country's highest temperature ever recorded.
June 10 Cityhood of Batangas, Batangas (Republic Act No. 5495) [19]
July U.S. President Richard Nixon visits the Philippines.
July 17 Cityhood of San Jose, Nueva Ecija approved (RA 6051); ratified (Proclamation No. 595), August. [27][53]
July 19 Miss Philippines Gloria Diaz was crowned Miss Universe 1969.
September Cultural Center of the Philippines in Manila inaugurated.
October 15 DZKB-TV Channel 9 of newly-established Kanlaon Broadcasting System (KBS), now Radio Philippines Network (RPN), begins its broadcast. [100][106]
November 11 Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines (second term). [1][111]
[verification needed]
1970 Typhoon Patsy (Yoling) is the most devastating typhoon to hit the country at that time. [61]
January 26–March First Quarter Storm [66][111][112]
April Major rallies and riots held, protesting oil prices and fare costs.
May Rally held against the government and U.S. participation in Vietnam War.
June 27 Pres. Marcos publicly endorses the Barrio Self-Defense Units, later Civilian Home Defense Forces. [112]
July 1 Cityhood of Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte (Republic Act No. 5520) [19]
August 31 Cityhood of Surigao, Surigao del Norte (RA 6134) [27]
November 17 Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.
November 27 Pope Paul VI makes his first papal visit in the Philippines, but survived an assassination attempt by Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores at Manila International Airport.
December 29 Members of the New People's Army, led by Lt. Victor Corpuz, raid the armory of the Philippine Military Academy. [115]
1971 Moro National Liberation Front is established by Nur Misuari.
February Diliman commune [66]
June Manili massacre
June 1 The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The Convention elects former Pres. Carlos Garcia as its head. [111]
[verification needed]
June 14 Death of Carlos Garcia, former Philippine President; another former Pres. Diosdado Macapagal succeeds as the president of the Constitutional Convention. [61]
August 21 Plaza Miranda is bombed during the Liberal Party's election campaign, seriously injuring some opposition personalities. [34][66][111][116]
August 22 Pres. Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus following the Plaza Miranda bombing. [34]
September U.S. operations in Sangley Point Naval Base terminated.
September 10 Provincehood of Quirino (Republic Act No. 6394), former sub-province independent from Nueva Vizcaya. [56][53]
September 17 Provincehood of Siquijor (Republic Act No. 6398), former sub-province independent from Negros Oriental. [56][53]
October 10 Leonardo “Nardong Putik” Manecio, one of the most notorious gangsters and dubbed as Cavite’s Public Enemy No. 1 was killed in Imus in a highway shootout with NBI agents. [104]
November Philippine Senate election, 1971
1972 Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over the country. The MNLF launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.
Parliamentary form of government is approved by the Constitutional Convention. [111]
January Pres. Marcos restores the Writ of Habeas Corpus
June Daily Express is established; Martial Law era newspaper later sequestered by Aquino government. [37]
July 5 Philippine Constabulary confiscates arms and ammunition in a raid in Digoyo Point, Isabela, implicating to the alleged Communist attacks. [66]
August Quasha decision: Supreme Court decides on American ownership rights.
September Explosions rock Manila Electric Company main office.
September 13 Sen. Ninoy Aquino exposes Oplan Sagittarius, a top-secret plan to place the capital under military control. [66][111][117]
September 21 Pres. Marcos signs the Martial Law edict (Proclamation No. 1081) to be imposed nationwide; at that time not publicly announced. [66][100][112][116][117]
September 22 Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile survives a staged assassination attempt. [66][111][117]
Pres. Marcos announces that he had placed the entire country under martial law, with the earlier "ambush" as a pretext. [66][111][117]
Media establishments and wire agencies are ordered to be closed. [37][66][100][118]
Sen. Aquino arrested. [66][111][117]
September 23 The implementation of martial law is officially announced. [1][66][117]
Public utilities as well as media outlets, except some including newspaper Daily Express and television and radio stations of Kanlaon Broadcasting System, are shut down and seized by the government. [37][66][100][117]
Media and opposition figures, including three other Senators, are arrested. [37][66][111][117][118]
September 26 The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform Program is decreed.
The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur
October Land reform program issued (Presidential Decree 27)
October 22 The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter regaining control of the city.
November 29 The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.
December First Lady Imelda Marcos survives an assassination attempt.
1973 Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim countries for the war in Mindanao.
January 10–15 A plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the new Constitution, which would become effective. [66][111][115]
January 15 Chinese drug lord Lim Seng is executed by firing squad in public in Fort Bonifacio for drug trafficking. [115]
January 17 Pres. Marcos declares the approval of the 1973 Constitution, orders Congress padlocked. [1][66][115]
March 1 Philippine News Agency established [16]
March 31 Supreme Court upholds the validity of the 1973 Constitution. [66][111]
April The National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.
April Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP) established [37][81][100][103]
May Masagana 99 program launched
July 2 San Juanico Bridge, connecting Samar and Leyte islands, is inaugurated. [53]
July 21 Miss Philippines Margarita Moran was crowned Miss Universe 1973.
July 27 Marcos' term as President extended by virtue of a referendum, which was latter proven as a hoax
September 27 Provincehood of Tawi-Tawi (Presidential Decree No. 302), separating from Sulu. [27][56]
November 22 Old Cotabato is divided into the new provinces of North Cotabato (later renamed Cotabato, 1984), Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat. (PD 341) [28][29][56]
December 27 Provincehood of Basilan (PD 356) [29][56]
1974 DWGT-TV, now People's Television, established [101]
February Jolo is occupied and burned by Muslim forces.
February 27 Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of another referendum
March 11 Japanese Lt. Hiroo Onoda formally surrenders in a ceremony held in Malacañang Palace after staying for years in the Lubang Island. [115]
June First Filipino All-Muslim Congress held in Marawi City.
July Parity rights amendment as stated in 1955 Laurel–Langley Trade Act expired.
July 21 Miss Universe 1974, its 23rd pageant, was held in Manila. [100]
[verification needed]
August Jesuit Sacred Heart Novitiate in Novaliches is raided by the military allegedly searching for Jose Maria Sison.
September Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines petitions Pres. Marcos to end martial law.
September Jose Diokno is ordered by Pres. Marcos to be released.
September Barangay status is reorganized and Sept. 21 is declared Barangay Day (Presidential Decree 557).
September–October First Lady Imelda Marcos visits People's Republic of China.
September 17 Supreme Court upholds the declaration of martial law and dismisses petitions regarding habeas corpus. [66]
October Secretary-general of the old communist party Felicisimo Macapagal signs a memorandum of cooperation with the President's efforts.
November Eugenio Lopez, Jr. stages a hunger strike while in detention.
December 1 Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War published
December 24 A classified wire revealing the so-called Rolex 12 is submitted by the American Embassy in Manila to the Secretary of State in Washington, D.C. [112]
1975 Primitivo Mijares' book The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos published.
February Primitivo Mijares defects from the government.
February Third referendum, asking for continuation of exercising the Presidential powers, held.
April 4 Ninoy Aquino starts his hunger strike for his refusal to recognize military court's jurisdiction on charges against him. [67][115]
April 9 Philippine Basketball Association founded [115]
June Diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China formalized.
June Primitivo Mijares testifies in the U.S. Congress on the alleged corruption and abuses of the government.
October 2 Thrilla in Manila [100][115]
[verification needed]
November 1 Pres. Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 824, establishing Metro Manila and creating the Metropolitan Manila Commission (MMC). [26]
[verification needed]
1976 January 4 New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested
July Lt. Victor Corpuz captured.
August 17 An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) hit Mindanao, killing an estimated 8,000 people on and off the coast. [34]
August 26 Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested [111]
[verification needed]
October Annual meeting of boards of governors of World Bank and International Monetary Fund is held in the Philippine International Convention Center.
October 16 Martial Law allowed to extend by virtue of a plebiscite [66]
November First Lady Imelda Marcos visits Libya.
December 23 Tripoli Agreement is signed between the Philippine Government and the secessionist group Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in Tripoli, Libya. [31][64]
1977 January 20 The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the MNLF.
March 4 President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsamoro Islamic Government
August Pres. Marcos announces amnesty for persons found guilty of subversion.
August 22 Imposition of curfew hours lifted [66]
September 2 Archimedes Trajano found dead, murdered [112][115]
October Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III escaped from detention in Fort Bonifacio and flee to the United States.
November 10 CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested [66][111]
[verification needed]
November 25 The military court finds Ninoy Aquino, Bernabe Buscayno and Victor Corpuz guilty of their charges and sentences them to death by firing squad; but sentence never imposed. [67][111][115]
December 16 A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.
1978 Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
April 7 Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected. [1][66][111]
May U.S. Vice Pres. Walter Mondale visits the Philippines.
June Inauguration of Interim Batasang Pambansa with Pres. Marcos as its Prime Minister.
October 5 Jesus is Lord Church led by Eddie Villanueva, a former activist and professor was established.
1979 January U.S. military bases agreement amended.
April 10 President Ferdinand Marcos issues Presidential Decree No. 1616 creating the Intramuros Administration [119]
May Regional assembly elections held in Mindanao.
May–June United Nations Conference on Trade and Development is held in the Philippine International Convention Center.
July 30 Eat Bulaga!, the longest running noon-time variety show in the Philippines, premiered on RPN. It was also aired on ABS-CBN from 1989 to 1995 and on GMA Network since 1995.
August 13 Aurora province was established by Batas Pambansa Blg. 7.
October 31 Project Gintong Alay, a national sports program was commenced.
November Construction of a nuclear-power plant in Bataan is ordered to be stopped.
December Ninoy Aquino is released from detention for the first time after given a furlough. [111]
December Eduardo Olaguer is arrested by the military on his involvement in the Light-a-Fire Movement.
1980 The Philippines' first local elections under the martial law era is held amid wide boycotts. [1][111]
April 22 MV Don Juan and oil tanker MT Tacloban City collide in Tablas Strait off Mindoro, killing 176. [64][120]
May Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU) organized
May Pres. Marcos allows Ninoy Aquino to flee to the U.S. for his medical treatment. [111]
1981 January Businessman Dewey Dee flees from the Philippines, leaving behind debts.
January 17 Martial law lifted (Proclamation 2045) [1][66][111][116]
February 17–21 Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for his first papal visit. [1][66][100]
[verification needed]
April 7 Executive Committee is created by a constitutional amendment as ratified in a plebiscite. [66]
June 16 1981 Philippine general election and referendum (Ferdinand Marcos re-elected to a third term). [1][66][111][116]
[verification needed]
June 30 Inauguration of Pres. Marcos; Finance Minister Cesar Virata is elected Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa
November 17 Accident during the construction of the Manila Film Center, 169 were killed.
1982 Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) formed [111]
January Sportsman Tomas Manotoc is abducted and "rescued" by the government agents.
International Film Festival is held in the Manila Film Center.
March 30 At least 38 deaths resulted when Typhoon Nelson tore through the central and southern areas of the country.
April United Nationalist Democratic Opposition formed.
May Barangay elections held for the first time.
August Felixberto Olalia and Crispin Beltran of the KMU are ordered to be arrested.
August 2 Alleged Marcos' fake medals exposed. [112]
September Pres. Marcos visits United States.
December Newspapers We Forum and Malaya are shut down by the President for engaging in "black propaganda."
1983 August 21 Sen. Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at then Manila International Airport. [1][16][34][37][66]
August 31 Approximately seven million people attends funeral procession of Ninoy Aquino which turned into a rally, the longest and largest in history. [66][111]
September National Day of Sorrow is held by opposition.
November 21 Martyrdom of Good Shepherd Sisters [112]
1984 January 27 Executive Committee is abolished and the Office of the Vice President is restored through a constitutional amendment as ratified in a plebiscite. [66]
February "Tarlac to Tarmac" march is staged by opposition and coalition groups.
May 14 1984 Philippine parliamentary election [1][111][121]
July National Assembly covenes; Prime Minister Virata reconfirmed; Nicanor Yniguez elected Speaker.
August 19 El Shaddai DWXI Prayer Partners Foundation International, Inc. led by Bro. Mike Z. Velarde, a geological engineer and movie producer was established.
September 1 Typhoon Nitang struck the Philippines. It killed 1,492 people and 1,856 more were injured. Roughly 1.6 million people were affected in the country.
November 14 Mayor Cesar Climaco assassinated [112]
December Convenor Group organized.
December 1 Manila LRT Line 1 opened as the Southeast Asia's first rail line.
1985 May 6 Death of Julie Vega [123]
June 12 New Design Banknotes Released
July Pres. Marcos transfers the control of the Integrated National Police from Defense Ministry to the presidential control. [111]
August Opposition Parliament members file impeachment charges against Pres. Marcos. [111][121]
September 20 A massacre in Escalante, Negros Occidental kills at least 20 people. [112][123]
October 18 Typhoon Dot (Saling) landfalls on the country, leaves at least 101 people dead. [123]
October 21 Marchers joining the five-day Lakbayan rally are shot by the police at Taft Avenue before reaching Liwasang Bonifacio, leaving a number of deaths. [112]
October 28 Congressional and U.S. intelligence sources report that Pres. Marcos was diagnosed with a fatal illness. [66]
November 3 Pres. Marcos announces in a television interview that he would set a snap elections. [1][66][116][121][124]
December 2 AFP Chief of Staff Gen. Fabian Ver and 26 others accused of conspiracy in the assassination of Ninoy Aquino are acquitted by Sandiganbayan. [1][66][111][121][124]
December 9 Philippine Daily Inquirer is founded and publishes its first issue. [37][123][125]
December 15 Death of Carlos Romulo, journalist; 1942 Pulitzer Prize recipient. [37][123]
1986 February 7 1986 Philippine presidential election [1][66][111][116][118]
February 9 Thirty-five COMELEC computer workers led by Linda Kapunan walk out at PICC, protesting alleged cheating of election results. [66][111][112][121][124]
February 11 Opposition Antique former Gov. Evelio Javier is assassinated during the canvassing of election results. [111][121]
February 15 Batasang Pambansa declares Marcos and Arturo Tolentino as re-elected President and elected Vice-President, respectively. Twenty-six Assembly members walk out before the proclamation. [66][111][116][124]
February 16 Marcos' opponent Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, Jr., is proclaimed President in Tagumpay ng Bayan rally in Rizal Park and calls for a civil disobedience campaign as a protest. [66][111][124]
February 22–25 EDSA I Revolution ousts Pres. Marcos; Corazon Cojuangco–Aquino becomes President.
  • February 22 – Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Constabulary Chief Gen. Fidel Ramos withdraw from the Marcos administration. Crowd gather outside camps Crame and Aguinaldo. RAM joins with them as attempted coup prevented. Jaime Cardinal Sin urges the public on a growing revolt.
  • February 23 – People flock to two camps, and Ortigas and EDSA roads, to join with Enrile and Ramos and express support for Cojuangco–Aquino as the real new president. Marine forces targeting them are stopped.
  • February 24 – Attacks occur in Camp Aguinaldo, Villamor Airbase, and Malacañang; air force unit joins with rebels; reformists take over government-owned MBS-4.
  • February 25 – Cojuangco–Aquino is sworn in as President by Senior Associate Justice Claudio Teehankee, and Salvador Laurel as Vice-President by Justice Vicente Abad Santos, at Club Filipino in San Juan. Aquino appoints Enrile as Defense Secretary and Ramos as AFP Chief of Staff. Marcos also holds his own inauguration as television stations covering the ceremonies are destroyed by rebels, however at evening, he and his family are transported by helicopters to Clark Air Base.
February 26 From Clark Air Base, Marcoses finally leave the country aboard U.S. planes to Guam and to Hawaii. [61][111]
February 28 Presidential Commission on Good Government is formed by Pres. Aquino. [verification needed]
March 5 CPP founder Jose Maria Sison and NPA founder Dante Buscayno are freed by Pres. Cojuangco–Aquino. [17]
March 25 Pres. Aquino declares a revolutionary government, abolishes Interim Batasang Pambansa and the 1973 Constitution and adopts Freedom Constitution (Proclamation No. 3). [124]
July 6 Former Vice Pres. Arturo Tolentino, with groups of armed military officers and Marcos loyalists, occupies the Manila Hotel and declares himself as "acting" President; they are forced to surrender after the failure of the coup that lasted until the 8th. [64][128]
July 22 DZMM of ABS–CBN is established as the first post-revolution AM radio station. [129]
DWKO established as the first post-revolution FM radio station.
July 28 The Philippine Star publishes its first issue. [64][130]
August 21 Bantayog ng mga Bayani founded [112]
September 13 The Mt. Data Peace Accord is signed in Mt. Data in Bauko, Mountain Province, between the Philippine Government and the separatist Cordillera Bodong Administration–Cordillera People's Liberation Army, involving cessation of hostilities that led to a creation of an administrative region. [27]
[verification needed]
September 14 ABS–CBN resumes its broadcast. [100][103][107]
November 13 KMU chairman Rolando Olalia was shot dead in Antipolo, Rizal by attributing his party leaders within the military.
November 22 A coup attempt called "God Save the Queen" is reportedly discovered by the government. [124][128]
1987 January 22 Mendiola massacre: Thirteen from the farmers are killed in clashes with the force