Namla–Tofanma languages

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Namla–Tofanma
Geographic
distribution
Papua: Keerom Regency, Senggi District
Linguistic classificationPauwasi or independent language family
  • Western
    • Namla–Tofanma
Subdivisions
Glottolognaml1239[1]

The Namla–Tofanma languages are a pair of apparently related languages of New Guinea.[2] Foley (2018) classifies them separately as an independent language family.[3]

Cognates[edit]

Namla and Tofanma cognates listed in Foley (2018):[3]

Tofanma family cognates
gloss Namla Tofanma
‘bird’ atu yetai
‘blood’ ləke læki
‘bone’ da da
‘breast’ momu mu
‘ear’ wuronodake kemblale
‘eat’ sa dimisipe
‘egg’ le li
‘eye’ lɪle yei
‘fire’ wo ve
‘give’ væn vænə
‘go’ wo wao
‘ground’ jao yai
‘hair’ kəmbrada kemblena
‘hear’ wara varli
‘I’ na ne
‘leg’ buda wukudaʔ
‘louse’ ble bili
‘man’ lamokra lamle
‘moon’ pei min-yaku
‘name’ ei ame
‘one’ knonu kenanu
‘road, path’ mitu mæki
‘see’ mesa mæsi
‘sky’ nəmləu nəmlo
‘stone’ sou kəlo
‘sun’ nəmane yaku
‘tongue’ kagoku kuguku
‘tooth’ dəmda dimi
‘tree’ ra la
‘two’ nene næni
‘water’ nomu basu
‘we’ mani ngu
‘woman’ ara ale
‘you (sg)’ wu(giknoko) wo
‘you (pl)’ yuka dule

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Namla–Tofanma". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Harald Hammarström (2010) The Status of the Least Documented Language Families in the World. Language Documentation & Conservation 4.
  3. ^ a b Foley, William A. (2018). "The languages of Northwest New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 433–568. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.

External links[edit]