Tornillo, Texas

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Tornillo, Texas
Location of Tornillo, Texas
Location of Tornillo, Texas
ElPaso County Tornillo.svg
Coordinates: 31°26′22″N 106°5′44″W / 31.43944°N 106.09556°W / 31.43944; -106.09556Coordinates: 31°26′22″N 106°5′44″W / 31.43944°N 106.09556°W / 31.43944; -106.09556
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyEl Paso
Area
 • Total3.4 sq mi (8.9 km2)
 • Land3.4 sq mi (8.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
3,586 ft (1,093 m)
Population
 • Total1,568
 • Density460/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
79838 & 79853
Area code(s)915
FIPS code48-73376[1]
GNIS feature ID1370023[2]

Tornillo (/tɔːrˈnj/ tor-NEE-yoh) is a census-designated place (CDP) and border town in El Paso County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,568 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Tornillo and Guadalupe, Chihuahua, area is connected by the Fabens–Caseta International Bridge.

The town is the home of Sonic Ranch, the world's largest residential recording complex. In June 2018, the US government opened a tent city detention camp for migrant children at the Marcelino Serna Port of Entry on the Mexican border in Tornillo. The ZIP Codes encompassing the CDP area are 79838 and 79853.[4] By 11 January 2019 the last migrant child had been moved out of the camp, and was now en route to, or placed with, vetted sponsors.[5]

Geography[edit]

Tornillo is located at 31°26′22″N 106°5′44″W / 31.43944°N 106.09556°W / 31.43944; -106.09556 (31.439308, -106.095580).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all of it land.

The city is located on State Highway 20 and the Southern Pacific Railroad.[7]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tornillo has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[8] Temperatures reach an average high of 96°F and average low of 62°F in June, and an average high of 59°F and average low of 28°F in December. The annual average rainfall is 9.25 inches.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,609 people, 394 households, and 366 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 470.4 people per square mile (181.6/km²). There were 437 housing units at an average density of 127.8/sq mi (49.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.2% White, 0.56% Native American, 1.58% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 99.13% of the population.

There were 394 households out of which 67.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.9% were non-families. 6.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.08 and the average family size was 4.27.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 44.0% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 11.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,514, and the median income for a family was $20,329. Males had a median income of $16,955 versus $15,761 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $5,778. About 36.6% of families and 36.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.4% of those under age 18 and 40.2% of those age 65 or over.

Celebrity former residents include Pro Jockey Willie Shoemaker and Los Angeles radio personality Jamey Karr.

Education[edit]

Tornillo is served by the Tornillo Independent School District. Tornillo High School is well known for their athletics team.

History[edit]

Tornillo was first platted in 1909 by a group of businessmen from El Paso, Texas who had formed the Tornillo Townsite Company.[7] The first post office in the town opened the same year.[7] Tornillo became the first agricultural area to be approved as part of the Rio Grande Irrigation Project after 1916.[7] Cotton became the main crop in the region, however, by 1970, pecans were also a major agricultural crop in the area.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tornillo CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  4. ^ Zip Codes for Tornillo, El Paso County, Texas. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
  5. ^ Madlin Mekelburg, El Paso Times (12 January 2019) No migrant children remain at Tornillo tent shelter as it heads toward closure, official says
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ a b c d e Segulia, Frances (15 June 2010). "Tornillo, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Society. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Tornillo, Texas
  9. ^ Climate Tornillo - Texas and Weather Averages Tornillo