Trump travel ban
The "Trump travel ban(s)" (sometimes called the "Trump Muslim ban(s)") is the colloquial name for executive actions taken by Donald Trump as President of the United States in 2017. The actions include two executive orders for restrictions on citizens of seven (first executive order) or six (second executive order) Muslim-majority countries, viz., Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. A third action, done by a presidential proclamation, restricts entry to the U.S. by citizens of eight countries; six of these countries are predominantly Muslim.
Comments during 2016 presidential campaign
On December 7, 2015, as a candidate for president, Donald Trump called for "a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country's representatives can figure out what is going on." His comments were condemned by several of his competitors for the Republican nomination, including Chris Christie, Jeb Bush, Marco Rubio, and Lindsey Graham, as well as by several Republican state party chairmen, civil rights activist Ibrahim Hooper of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), and Democratic candidates for president Bernie Sanders and Martin O'Malley.
- Executive Order 13769 (January 27, 2017) – The original travel ban.
- Executive Order 13780 (March 6, 2017) – The second and revised travel ban superseding the original travel ban. This ban was effective for only 90 days.
- Presidential Proclamation 9645 (September 24, 2017) – A third travel ban to replace the second one, which expired after 90 days.
In the days after the first executive order was issued, White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer objected to the characterization of the executive order as a "travel ban". However, Trump himself referred to his actions as a "travel ban". In early May 2017, Spicer was asked by a reporter "If this White House is no longer calling this a 'Muslim ban'...why does the president's website still explicitly call for ‘preventing Muslim immigration?'" After the question was asked, the text "DONALD J. TRUMP STATEMENT ON PREVENTING MUSLIM IMMIGRATION" was noted to have been removed from Trump's campaign website.
All three travel bans have been challenged in court.
- Almasy, Steve; Simon, Darran (March 30, 2017). "A timeline of President Trump's travel bans". CNN. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- Bier, David (December 14, 2017). "Trump's Muslim Ban is Working. Muslim Immigration Slumps". Newsweek. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- Executive Order 13769 of January 27, 2017: Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States. Executive Office of the President. 82 FR 8977–8982. February 1, 2017.
- Johnson, Jenna (December 7, 2015). "Trump calls for 'total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States'". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- Taylor, Jessica (December 7, 2015). "Trump Calls For 'Total And Complete Shutdown Of Muslims Entering' U.S." NPR. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- Fabian, Jordan (January 31, 2017). "Spicer: Trump executive order 'not a travel ban'". The Hill. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- Marcin, Tim (June 5, 2017). "A Travel Ban or Not? Donald Trump and Sean Spicer Don't always agree on how to describe Policy". Newsweek. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
- Barbash, Fred (May 9, 2017). "Muslim ban language suddenly disappears from Trump campaign website after Spicer questioned". Washington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
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