Basketball Super League

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Basketbol Süper Ligi
Official logo of the Turkish Basketball Super League.png
Founded1966; 53 years ago (1966)
First season1966–67 (as TBL)
Country Turkey
ConfederationFIBA Europe
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toTBL
Domestic cup(s)Turkish Cup
SupercupPresidential Cup
International cup(s)EuroLeague
EuroCup
Champions League
FIBA Europe Cup
Current championsAnadolu Efes
(14th title)
Most championshipsAnadolu Efes
(14 titles)
TV partnersTivibu
Websitewww.bsl.org.tr
2019–20 Basketbol Süper Ligi

The Basketball Super League (Turkish: Basketbol Süper Ligi; BSL),[1] also known as the ING Basketbol Süper Ligi for sponsorship reasons, is the top men's professional basketball division of the Turkish basketball league system. It replaced the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967) to become the Turkish Basketball League (TBL) until 2015 when it adopted its current name while the TBL name became exclusive to the second-tier and third-tier divisions.

The BSL is administrated by the Turkish Basketball Federation (TBF) and is contested by 16 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the second-tier TBL and replaced by the top two teams of that division. Since the league's restructuring in 1966, 11 clubs have been crowned champions, with Anadolu Efes winning the title a record 14 times and Fenerbahçe 9 times. In recent years, Fenerbahçe dominated the league by winning 8 titles out of 13 from the 2006–07 season onward.

The BSL replaced the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967), which was the league's predecessor.

History[edit]

According to official records, basketball was first played in Turkey in 1904 at Robert College. An American physical education teacher laid the foundations of the sport in the country. Seven years later, in 1911, Ahmet Robenson, a physical education teacher at Galatasaray High School, decided to introduce a new game to his students. Robenson, who also later became president of Galatasaray S.K., popularized the sport in Turkey.[2][3]

Until late 1966, local basketball competitions were held in major cities like Istanbul (which hosted the Istanbul League), Ankara, and İzmir. There was also the former Turkish Championship which existed from 1946 to 1967.

The current Turkish top-tier level national league was founded in 1966, by the Turkish Basketball Federation, and began with the 1966–67 season, and it thus replaced those earlier competitions. The Turkish second-tier level league, the TBL (previously known as the TB2L), was also founded three years later in 1969, and since 2011, a third-tier level league TB2L, with the teams divided into two groups.[4]

Format[edit]

There are 16 teams in the league, and they play against each other twice, under a league system format, once at their home and the other away. At the end of the season, the top eight teams are entitled to participate in the league's playoffs. The winners of the playoffs are crowned the Turkish champions. The two top teams of the Turkish Second League are promoted to the top level Basketbol Süper Ligi. The two lowest placed teams of the Süper Ligi are relegated.[5]

Current clubs[edit]

Team City Arena Colour
Anadolu Efes İstanbul Sinan Erdem Dome          
Arel Üniversitesi Büyükçekmece İstanbul Gazanfer Bilge Sport Hall          
Bahçeşehir Koleji İstanbul BJK Akatlar Arena          
Beşiktaş Sompo Japan İstanbul BJK Akatlar Arena          
Darüşşafaka Doğuş İstanbul Volkswagen Arena          
Fenerbahçe Beko İstanbul Ülker Sports Arena          
Frutti Extra Bursaspor Bursa Tofaş Nilüfer Sports Hall          
Galatasaray Doğa Sigorta İstanbul Sinan Erdem Dome          
Gaziantep Basketbol Gaziantep Karataş Şahinbey Sport Hall          
Meksa Yatırım Afyon Belediyespor Afyon Prof. Dr. Veysel Eroğlu Spor Salonu          
OGM Ormanspor Ankara Ankara Arena          
Pınar Karşıyaka İzmir Karşıyaka Arena          
Sigortam.Net İTÜ İstanbul Darüşşafaka Ayhan Şahenk Sports Hall          
Teksüt Bandırma Bandırma Kara Ali Acar Sport Hall          
Tofaş Bursa Tofaş Nilüfer Sports Hall          
Türk Telekom Ankara Ankara Arena          

Title holders[edit]

The winners of the former Turkish Basketball Championship (1946–1967) are not included, only the clubs winning the Basketbol Süper Ligi since its inception in 1966.

Performance by club[edit]

Clubs in bold currently play in the top division.

Club Winners Runners-up Years won
Anadolu Efes
14
12
1979, 1983, 1984, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2019
Fenerbahçe
9
9
1991, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018
Eczacıbaşı
8
1
1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989
Galatasaray
5
5
1969, 1985, 1986, 1990, 2013
İTÜ
5
1
1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
Ülker
4
5
1995, 1998, 2001, 2006
Beşiktaş
2
7
1975, 2012
Tofaş
2
3
1999, 2000
Karşıyaka
2
1
1987, 2015
Altınordu
1
1967
Muhafızgücü
1
1974
Çukurova Sanayi
2
Paşabahçe
2
Şekerspor
2
Türk Telekom
2
Bandırma Basketbol
1

List of champions[edit]

Pre-playoffs era[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up
1966–67 Altınordu Galatasaray
1967–68 İTÜ Fenerbahçe
1968–69 Galatasaray İTÜ
1969–70 İTÜ Fenerbahçe
1970–71 İTÜ Fenerbahçe
1971–72 İTÜ Beşiktaş
1972–73 İTÜ Şekerspor
1973–74 Muhafızgücü Şekerspor
1974–75 Beşiktaş Galatasaray
1975–76 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş
1976–77 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş
1977–78 Eczacıbaşı Tofaş
1978–79 Efes Pilsen Eczacıbaşı
1979–80 Eczacıbaşı Efes Pilsen
1980–81 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş
1981–82 Eczacıbaşı Beşiktaş
1982–83 Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe

Playoffs era[edit]

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage Regular season leader Record
1983–84
Efes Pilsen
2–1
Karşıyaka Eczacıbaşı
18–4
1984–85
Fenerbahçe
1–2
Galatasaray Fenerbahçe
20–2
1985–86
Efes Pilsen
1–2
Galatasaray Efes Pilsen
16–5
1986–87
Karşıyaka
2–1
Galatasaray Beşiktaş
15–7
1987–88
Çukurova Sanayi
1–3
Eczacıbaşı Fenerbahçe
17–5
1988–89
Eczacıbaşı
3–1
Çukurova Sanayi Eczacıbaşı
14–7
1989–90
Galatasaray
3–1
Paşabahçe Fenerbahçe
19–3
1990–91
Fenerbahçe
3–2
Tofaş SAS Fenerbahçe
20–2
1991–92
Paşabahçe
1–3
Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe
23–3
1992–93
Efes Pilsen
4–0
Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen
30–0
1993–94
Efes Pilsen
4–2
Ülkerspor PTT
27–3
1994–95
Ülkerspor
4–2
Fenerbahçe Efes Pilsen
28–2
1995–96
Efes Pilsen
4–0
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
28–2
1996–97
Efes Pilsen
4–1
Türk Telekom PTT Efes Pilsen
27–3
1997–98
Efes Pilsen
2–4
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
26–4
1998–99
Tofaş
4–2
Efes Pilsen Tofaş
23–5
1999–00
Efes Pilsen
1–4
Tofaş Efes Pilsen
21–5
2000–01
Ülkerspor
4–2
Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
22–4
2001–02
Efes Pilsen
4–2
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
20–2
2002–03
Ülkerspor
3–4
Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
25–1
2003–04
Efes Pilsen
4–2
Ülkerspor Efes Pilsen
22–4
2004–05
Efes Pilsen
4–1
Beşiktaş Efes Pilsen
24–2
2005–06
Ülkerspor
4–0
Efes Pilsen Ülkerspor
25–5
2006–07
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4–0
Efes Pilsen Fenerbahçe Ülker
28–2
2007–08
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4–1
Türk Telekom Beşiktaş Cola Turka
24–6
2008–09
Efes Pilsen
4–2
Fenerbahçe Ülker Efes Pilsen
28–2
2009–10
Efes Pilsen
2–4
Fenerbahçe Ülker Efes Pilsen
27–3
2010–11
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4–2
Galatasaray Cafe Crown Fenerbahçe Ülker
27–3
2011–12
Anadolu Efes
2–4
Beşiktaş Milangaz Galatasaray Medical Park
25–5
2012–13
Galatasaray Medical Park
4–1
Banvit Galatasaray Medical Park
27–3
2013–14
Fenerbahçe Ülker
4–3
Galatasaray Liv Hospital Banvit
28–2
2014–15
Anadolu Efes
1–4
Pınar Karşıyaka Fenerbahçe Ülker
23–7
2015–16
Anadolu Efes
2–4
Fenerbahçe Anadolu Efes
24–6
2016–17
Fenerbahçe
4–0
Beşiktaş Sompo Japan Fenerbahçe
28–2
2017–18
Fenerbahçe Doğuş
4–1
Tofaş Fenerbahçe Doğuş
27–3
2018–19
Anadolu Efes
4–3
Fenerbahçe Beko Anadolu Efes
34–6

Finals MVPs and winner coaches[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.

Season Finals MVP Champion's Coach
1966–67 N/A Turkey Samim Göreç
1967–68 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1968–69 N/A Bulgaria Petar Simenov
1969–70 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1970–71 N/A Turkey Şengün Kaplanoğlu
1971–72 N/A Turkey Samim Göreç
1972–73 N/A Turkey Öner Şaylan
1973–74 N/A Turkey Armağan Asena
1974–75 N/A Turkey Cavit Altunay
1975–76 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1976–77 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1977–78 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1978–79 N/A Turkey Faruk Akagün
1979–80 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1980–81 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1981–82 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1982–83 N/A Turkey Rıza Erverdi
1983–84 N/A Turkey Aydan Siyavuş
1984–85 N/A Turkey Nur Germen
1985–86 N/A Turkey Fehmi Sadıkoğlu
1986–87 N/A Turkey Nadir Vekiloğlu
1987–88 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1988–89 N/A Turkey Mehmet Baturalp
1989–90 N/A Turkey Faruk Akagün
1990–91 N/A Turkey Çetin Yılmaz
1991–92 N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1992–93 N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1993–94 N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1994–95 N/A Turkey Çetin Yılmaz
1995–96 N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1996–97 N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
1997–98 N/A Turkey Çetin Yılmaz
1998–99 N/A Croatia Jasmin Repeša
1999–00 N/A Turkey Tolga Öngören
2000–01 N/A Turkey Murat Didin
2001–02 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2002–03 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2003–04 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2004–05 N/A Turkey Oktay Mahmuti
2005–06 N/A Turkey Murat Özyer
2006–07 N/A Turkey Aydın Örs
2007–08 N/A Montenegro Bogdan Tanjević
2008–09 United States Bootsy Thornton Turkey Ergin Ataman
2009–10 United States Tarence Kinsey Turkey Ertuğrul Erdoğan
2010–11 Turkey Oğuz Savaş Croatia Neven Spahija
2011–12 Puerto Rico Carlos Arroyo Turkey Ergin Ataman
2012–13 United States Jamont Gordon Turkey Ergin Ataman
2013–14 Not awarded Serbia Željko Obradović
2014–15 Turkey Bobby Dixon Turkey Ufuk Sarıca
2015–16 Italy Luigi Datome Serbia Željko Obradović
2016–17 Serbia Bogdan Bogdanović Serbia Željko Obradović
2017–18 United States Brad Wanamaker Serbia Željko Obradović
2018–19 United States Shane Larkin Turkey Ergin Ataman

Turkish basketball clubs in European-wide competitions[edit]

Awards[edit]

Former participants[edit]

  • Adana Demirspor (1973–1974, 1975–1976)
  • Aliağa Petkimspor (2008-2014, after relegation to Second League, withdrew from the league due to debts)
  • Altay (1967–1972, played as Egepen Altay in 2000–2001)
  • Altınordu (1966–1973)
  • Anadoluhisarı (1984–1985)
  • Ankaragücü (1970–1975)
  • Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor (2007-2013)
  • Antbirlik (1981–1982, 1994–1996, 2000–2001)
  • Bakırköyspor (1993–1994)
  • Bandırma Kırmızı (2011-2012)
  • Beslen Makarna (1986–1992, withdrew at the end of 1991–92 season)
  • Bornova Belediyespor (2009-2011)
  • Büyük Kolej (2000–2006)
  • Büyük Salat (1988-1988, withdrew after 7 matches)
  • Çukurova Sanayi (1981–1992)
  • DSİ Spor (1966–1982, played as Suspor between 1966 and 1975)
  • Eczacıbaşı (1974–1990, 1991–1992, Eczacıbaşı Holding closed basketball branch after relegation to Second League in 1992)
  • Erdemirspor (2004-2006, 2008-2013, Erdemir closed basketball branch in 2013)
  • Göztepe (1968–1969, 2002–2003)
  • Güney Sanayi (1980–1984)
  • Hacettepe Üniversitesi (2011-2013, withdrew from the leagues after relegation to Third League in 2013-14 season, but joined to Regional League in 2015-16 season)
  • Hilalspor (1984–1986, 1987–1988)
  • Jandarmagücü (1967–1969)
  • İTÜ (1966–1978, 1979-1994, 1996–1998, 1999–2000, 2001–2006, played as Raks İTÜ in 1996–97 and Aras İTÜ in 2003–2004 seasons due to sponsorship reasons)
  • Kadıköyspor (1966–1969, 1972–1975) (Became Efes Pilsen in 1976 and Anadolu Efes in 2011)
  • Karagücü (1968–1970)
  • Kepez Belediyespor (2007-2010)
  • Konyaspor (1992–1993, 1996–2001, played as Kombassan Konyaspor between 1996 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001)
  • Kuşadasıspor (1998–1999)
  • Kurtuluş (1966–1968)
  • Mersin Büyükşehir Belediyespor (2005-2014)
  • Meysuspor (1992–1993, 1994–1998)
  • Modaspor (1968–1971)
  • Muhafızgücü (1966–1976, 1977–1978, 1980–1983, played as Silahlı Kuvvetler Gücü between 1982 and 1983)
  • Muratpaşa Bld. (1993–1996, 1997–1999, played as Antalyaspor between 1993 and 1996 and joined to Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor in 2001)
  • Mülkiye (1980–1981)
  • Nasaşspor (1986–1987, 1989–1993) (Originally, the team played in İzmit, then it was relocated to İstanbul and became Ülkerspor in 1993–94 season, Alpella in 2006–2007 one. It was finally relocated to Trabzon and became Trabzonspor in 2008–2009 season. Trabzonspor played in TBL as Alpellaspor between 2006 and 2008 and promoted to TBL again in 2009–10 season as champions. They relegated to Second League in 2011-12 season but immediately returned to top level at next season)
  • Netaş (1995–1997)
  • ODTÜ (1975–1977, 1980–1983)
  • Olin Gençlik Edirne (2010–2015), it became Eskişehir Basket in 2014.
  • Ortaköy (1992–1998, played as Mis Süt Ortaköy in 1993–94 season, Mavi Jeans Ortaköy between 1994 and 1997 and Emlakbank Ortaköy in 1997–98 season due to sponsorship reasons, withdrew from the league due to financial shortage)
  • Oyak Renaultspor (1982-1984, 1992-2000, 2001–2004, 2006-2011, dissolved in 2013)
  • Paşabahçe (1987–1992, İş Bankası closed basketball branch in 1992)
  • Samsunspor (1973–1974, withdrew at the end of first half of season)
  • Selçuk Üniversitesi (2006-2009, 2013-2016, played as Mutlu Akü Selçuk Üniversitesi between 2006 and 2009 and Torku Selçuk Üniversitesi between 2013 and 2014, became Torku Konyaspor in 2014)
  • Şekerspor (1966–1968, 1971–1983, 1986–1987)
  • Taçspor (1978–1982, 1994–1995)
  • Tarsus İdman Yurdu Erkutspor (1985–1986, withdrew and haven't played any matches)
  • Tekelspor (2002–2007)
  • Tofaş (1976–1989, 1990–2000, 2003–2004, 2006–2007, 2009–15, 2016-, played as Tofaş SAS between 1976 and 1989 and withdrew from the league in 2000–2001 season)
  • TTNet Beykozspor (1988–1990, 2005–2008, played as Sümerbank Beykozspor between 1988 and 1990 and Beykozspor between 2005 and 2007)
  • Yenişehir (1976–1983, 1985–1986, played as Yenişehir Meysu between 1977 and 1979, as İstanbul Bankası Yenişehir between 1979 and 1983 and as Hortaş Yenişehir between 1985 and 1986)
  • Tuborg Pilsener (1995–2001, 2003–2006, played as Tuborg between 1995 and 1999 and Troy Pilsener between 1999 and 2001 and withdrew in 2001 and in 2006)
  • Yıldırımspor (1992–1994, withdrew from the league in 1994)
  • Ziraat Fakültesi (1977–1982, 1983–1984)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TBF Unveils Basketball Super League and Women’s Basketball Super League.
  2. ^ http://www.tbf.org.tr/tbf/tarihce/ulkemizde-basketbol
  3. ^ Durupınar, Mehmet. Türk Basketbolunun 100 yıllık tarihi. (2009).page(12).Efes Pazarlama ve Dağıtım Ticaret A.Ş. ISBN 978-975-00995-1-9
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2014-09-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2014-09-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]