U.S. Route 81 in Texas

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US Highway 81 marker

US Highway 81
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length81.458 mi[1] (131.094 km)
Existed1927[1]–present
Major junctions
South end I-35W / US 287 in Fort Worth
  US 380 in Decatur
US 287 in Bowie
US 82 in Ringgold
North end US-81 at Oklahoma state line
Location
CountiesTarrant, Wise, Montague
Highway system
US 80US 82

U.S. Highway 81 (US 81) is a U.S. Highway that begins at an interchange with Interstate 35W/US 287 (I-35W/US 287) in northern Fort Worth in Texas. US 81 leaves the state and crosses the Red River into Oklahoma between Ringgold, Texas, and Terral, Oklahoma.

Route description[edit]

US 81 begins at an interchange with I-35W/US 287 in northern Fort Worth. The two highways travel northwest as a freeway, passing by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing near Blue Mound Road (Farm to Market Road 156, FM 156), through the city's northwest side. US 81/US 287 leaves the city of Fort Worth and enters Wise County near Avondale. The highway runs through or near the towns of Rhome, New Fairview, Decatur, Alvord, and Sunset before separating in southern Bowie. US 81 runs through the town as Wise Street, running in a more east–west direction before turning in a more north–south direction at FM 174. The highway has a mostly rural route, running through western Montague County, before crossing the Red River into Oklahoma.

History[edit]

US 81 at its inception in 1926 followed the route of State Highway 2 (SH 2), which began in Laredo and passed through San Antonio, Austin, Waco, and Fort Worth before passing over the Red River into Oklahoma four miles (6.4 km) north of Ringgold. The 1936 Official Map of the Highway System of Texas clearly shows the route labeled both as US 81 and SH 2. It was cosigned with US 83 for 18 miles (29 km) from Laredo to 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Webb, with US 79 for 18 miles (29 km) from Austin north to Round Rock, and with US 77 for 33 miles (53 km) from Waco to Hillsboro. In 1940 US 287 was extended south into Texas, and a 67-mile (108 km) stretch from Fort Worth northwest to Bowie was cosigned with US 81.[2] The summer 1941 Texas Highway Map shows this pairing, and the current southern terminus of US 81 is still cosigned with US 287.

The spring and summer 1949 Texas Highway Department Official Map designates the length of US 81 from Laredo to Fort Worth as part of the National System of Interstate Highways, but no numeric designation was given at the time.

It was not until 1959 that parts of US 81 in Texas appeared on the Texas Official Highway Travel Map cosigned with I-35 shields. Succeeding maps reflect the slow completion of I-35 and I-35W over the stretch of US 81 between Laredo and Fort Worth, with the 1978-79 Texas Official Highway Travel Map showing only a 14-mile (23 km) section from Encinal north to 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Artesia Wells as incomplete, and the 1980 Texas Official Highway Travel Map shows that section completed. In 1980, US 81 was cosigned with I-35 and I-35W except where the Interstate bypassed towns; US 81 provided the main route through town and then reconnected with I-35 on the other side. The longest section of US 81 in 1980 not cosigned with the Interstate ran from I-35 in Hillsboro 20 miles (32 km) north to I-35W, just north of Grandview. This section of US 81 became SH 81 in 1991 when most of US 81 in Texas was decommissioned.[3] The section of highway from Devine to Lytle became SH 132 and the section from Derby to the Pearsall town square became Spur 581 when US 81 south of Fort Worth was decommissioned in 1991.[4][5]

Junction list[edit]

CountyLocationmi[6]kmDestinationsNotes
TarrantFort Worth0.00.0 I-35W south / US 287 south – Fort Worth, DentonSouth end of US 287 overlap/freeway; I-35W exit 60
1.52.4 FM 3479 (Harmon Road)
3.15.0 FM 156 (Blue Mound Road) – Blue Mound, Haslet, Bureau of Engraving and Printing
3.96.3Bonds Ranch Road, Hicks Road
6.210.0Blue Mound Road West, Willow Springs Road
AvondaleFort Worth line8.213.2
Bus. US 287 south / FM 718 – Newark, Saginaw
North end of freeway
WiseRhome14.723.7 SH 114 east – Dallas, Texas Motor Speedway, RoanokeSouth end of freeway; south end of SH 114 overlap
15.625.1
Bus. US 81 north / Bus. US 287 north / FM 3433 – Newark
15.925.6 SH 114 west to SH 101 – Boyd, Bridgeport, BowieNorth end of SH 114 overlap
16.827.0
Bus. US 81 south / Bus. US 287 south / Pioneer Road
North end of freeway
New Fairview19.030.6 FM 407 east to FM 2264 north – Justin, LewisvilleInterchange
Decatur27.744.6
Bus. US 81 north / Bus. US 287 north / FM 2264 south – New Fairview, Decatur
Interchange
29.647.6 FM 730 – BoydInterchange
30.749.4
Bus. US 380 / FM 51 – Weatherford, Jacksboro, Gainesville, Denton
Interchange
31.751.0 US 380 – Bridgeport, Jacksboro, DentonInterchange
32.251.8 FM 1810 west (Old Chico Road) – Chico, Maryetta
33.353.6
Bus. US 81 south / Bus. US 287 south – Decatur
Alvord40.465.0
Bus. US 81 north / Bus. US 287 north – Alvord
South end of freeway; no northbound entrance
40.965.8Hubbard StreetNo southbound entrance
41.967.4 FM 1655 (State Street) to FM 2265 west – Newport, Forestburg
43.469.8
Bus. US 81 south / Bus. US 287 south – Alvord
North end of freeway; southbound exit and northbound entrance
MontagueSunset48.578.1 Spur 511 / Cemetery Road – SunsetSouth end of freeway
49.780.0 SH 101 – Bridgeport, Boyd, Rhome
51.582.9Lawhorn Lane
52.985.1Fruitland Road
54.888.2Wagonseller Road
Bowie56.691.1 US 287 north / SH 101 south – Wichita Falls, SunsetNorth end of US 287 overlap/freeway
58.594.1 FM 1125 (Mills Street)
58.894.6 SH 59 – Newport, Jacksboro, Montague, Saint Jo
59.395.4 FM 174 west / FM 1816 north – Windthorst, Archer City, Belcherville
Stoneburg67.2108.1 FM 1806 westSouth end of FM 1806 overlap
67.7109.0 FM 1806 east – MontagueNorth end of FM 1806 overlap
Ringgold77.6124.9 US 82 – Henrietta, Wichita Falls, Gainesville, ShermanInterchange
78.4126.2 Spur 19 south to US 82 west – Henrietta, Wichita Falls
81.5131.2 US-81 north – Ryan, DuncanCrosses the Red River into Oklahoma
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 81". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  2. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 287". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  3. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 81". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  4. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 132". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 581". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  6. ^ Google (August 1, 2016). "Highway Overview Map of US 81 in Texas" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 1, 2016.