U.S. Route 85 in Texas
Location of US 85 within the state of Texas
|Maintained by TxDOT|
|Length||5.630 mi (9.061 km)|
|South end||MX 45 at the U.S.-Mexico border between El Paso and Ciudad Juárez, Chih.|
| US 62 in El Paso|
I-10 / US 180
|North end||I-10 / US 85 / US 180 at Anthony|
U.S. Highway 85 or US 85 is a route in the system of United States Numbered Highways maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). The Texas portion of US 85 is located entirely within El Paso County beginning at the U.S.-Mexico border between the city of El Paso and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. The approximately 20-mile (32 km) route briefly overlays US 62 in downtown El Paso, then traverses north along the city's west side before merging with the combined route of Interstate 10 and US 180. The route then follows I-10 and US 180 through the towns of Vinton and Anthony before crossing the New Mexico state line into the town of Anthony, New Mexico, in Doña Ana County.
US 85 begins at the Mexico–United States border between El Paso and Ciudad Juárez at the Paso del Norte International Bridge for northbound traffic and the Good Neighbor International Bridge for southbound traffic. The international bridges overpass without directly intersecting Loop 375. The highway follows S. El Paso St. northbound and S. Stanton St. southbound to Paisano Dr.. The route is concurrent with US 62 from the border to Paisano Dr. where US 85 turns west while US 62 turns east. One block west of S. El Paso St., US 85 intersects S. Santa Fe St. which connects to Loop 375. The route follows Paisano Drive closely following the Rio Grande and the tracks of the Union Pacific Railroad and the BNSF Railway west of I-10, the campus of the University of Texas at El Paso, and the former Asarco smelter site. From there, the route continued on Paisano Drive until merging with the combined route of I-10 and US 180: however, in June 2016, due to construction of what will become the Border West Expressway, the route of US 85 was detoured onto SH 20 and local streets. After rejoining I-10 and US 180, US 85 remains concurrent with them for the remainder of its length in Texas in greater El Paso's west side and upper valley regions.
US 85 intersects SH 20 at Mesa St. At Artcraft Rd., the route intersects SH 178 which, together with New Mexico State Road 136, connects the route to the Santa Teresa, New Mexico, international port of entry. The route then intersects Loop 375 connecting the highway to the town of Canutillo and El Paso's northeast side where Fort Bliss is located. The highway then leaves El Paso and intersects Spur 37 in Vinton just west of Westway. In Anthony, the route intersects FM 1905 before crossing the state line into New Mexico.
US 85 was one of the original U.S. Numbered Highways established by the American Association of State Highway Officials. The first AASHO route log, published in 1927, did not place US 85 in Texas but instead as terminating in Las Cruces, New Mexico. AASHO extended the route south to El Paso in 1946.
The original alignment of US 85 in Texas was entirely concurrent with the former route of US 80 beginning at Texas Ave. and following Mesa St. and then Doniphan Dr. to the New Mexico state line along the current SH 20. US 85 was relocated to its current alignment in 1974, partially following the former routing of U.S. Route 80 (Alt.) after the completion of I-10 in El Paso. The current local TxDOT map shows US 85 terminating on Paisano Dr. at US 62 at S. El Paso St. with no concurrent along US 62 to the border. However, the present route log of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, as AASHO is now known, shows US 85 joining US 62 to the border.
The entire route is in El Paso County.
|El Paso||0.0||0.0||To Fed. 45 / Stanton Street Bridge||Mexican border; south end of US 62 overlap|
|0.5||0.80||US 62 east (Paisano Drive)||north end of US 62 overlap|
|0.6||0.97||Loop 375 east (Santa Fe Street)|
|To I-10 / Executive Center Boulevard|
|To NM 273 (McNutt Road)||Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|To I-10 east (US 180 east) / Racetrack Drive||Interchange|
|Sunland Park Drive||Interchange northbound; at-grade intersection southbound|
|I-10 / US 180 east||South end of I-10 / US 180 overlap; southbound exit and northbound entrance; US 85 south follows exit 13|
|Anthony||19.8||31.9||I-10 / US 180 west (US 85 north)||New Mexico state line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 85". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2014 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 6. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014). Texas County Mapbook (PDF) (Map) (2014 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 5. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- United States Numbered Highways, American Association of State Highway Officials, 1927, p. 33
- General Highway Map, El Paso County, Texas (Map) (1956 ed.). 1"=2 mi. Texas State Highway Department. Partially revised to January 1, 1961. p. 4. Retrieved April 4, 2011. Check date values in:
- General Highway Map, El Paso County, Texas (Map) (1956 ed.). 1"=2 mi. Texas State Highway Department. Partially revised to January 1, 1961. p. 2. Retrieved April 4, 2011. Check date values in:
- "U.S. Route Number Database (Dec 2009)". American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- Google (April 4, 2011). "Route of US 85 in Texas" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
|U.S. Route 85|