UEFA Euro 2016

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UEFA Euro 2016
Championnat d'Europe de football 2016 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
UEFA Euro 2016 Logo.svg
UEFA Euro 2016 official logo
Le Rendez-Vous
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates10 June – 10 July
Teams24 (from 1 confederation)
Venue(s)10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
Champions Portugal (1st title)
Runners-up France
Tournament statistics
Matches played51
Goals scored108 (2.12 per match)
Attendance2,427,303 (47,594 per match)
Top scorer(s)France Antoine Griezmann (6 goals)[1]
Best player(s)France Antoine Griezmann[2]
Best young playerPortugal Renato Sanches[3]
2012
2020

The 2016 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016, was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA. It was held in France from 10 June to 10 July 2016.[4][5] Spain were the two-time defending champions, having won the 2008 and 2012 tournaments, but were eliminated in the round of 16 by Italy. Portugal won the tournament for the first time, following a 1–0 victory after extra time over the host team, France, in the final played at the Stade de France.

For the first time, the European Championship final tournament was contested by 24 teams, having been expanded from the 16-team format used since 1996.[6] Under the new format, the finalists contested a group stage consisting of six groups of four teams, followed by a knockout phase including three rounds and the final. Nineteen teams – the top two from each of the nine qualifying groups and the best third-placed team – joined France in the final tournament, who qualified automatically as host; a series of two-legged play-off ties between the remaining third-placed teams in November 2015 decided the last four finalist spots.

France was chosen as the host nation on 28 May 2010, after a bidding process in which they beat Italy and Turkey for the right to host the 2016 finals.[7][8] The matches were played in ten stadiums in ten cities: Bordeaux, Lens, Lille Métropole, Décines-Charpieu, Marseille, Nice, Paris, Saint-Denis, Saint-Étienne, and Toulouse. It was the third time that France hosted the finals, after the inaugural tournament in 1960 and the 1984 finals.

As the winners, Portugal earned the right to compete at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup in Russia.[9]

Bid process[edit]

Four bids came before the deadline on 9 March 2009. France, Italy and Turkey put in single bids while Norway and Sweden put in a joint bid.[10] Norway and Sweden eventually withdrew their bid in December 2009.[11]

The host was selected on 28 May 2010.[12]

Voting results[13]
Country Round
1st (points) 2nd (votes)
 France 43 7
 Turkey 38 6
 Italy 23
Total 104 13
  • Round 1: Each of the thirteen members of the UEFA Executive Committee ranked the 3 bids first, second, and third. First place ranking received 5 points, second place 2 points, and third place 1 point. Executive members from the countries bidding were not allowed to vote.
  • Round 2: The same thirteen-member committee voted for either of the two finalists.

Qualification[edit]

The qualifying draw took place at the Palais des Congrès Acropolis in Nice, on 23 February 2014,[5] with the first matches being played in September 2014.[4]

53 teams competed for 23 places in the final tournament to join France, who automatically qualified as hosts. Gibraltar competed in a European Championship qualifying for the first time since their affiliation to UEFA in 2013. The seeding pots were formed on the basis of the UEFA national team coefficients, with the Euro 2012 champions Spain and hosts France automatically top seeded.

The 53 national sides were drawn into eight groups of six teams and one group of five teams. The group winners, runners-up, and the best third-placed team (with the results against the sixth-placed team discarded) qualify directly for the final tournament. The remaining eight third-placed teams contested two-legged play-offs to determine the last four qualifiers.[14][15][16]

In March 2012, Gianni Infantino, the UEFA general secretary at the time, stated that UEFA would review the qualification competition to ensure that it was not "boring".[17] In September 2011, during UEFA's first ever full strategy meeting, Michel Platini proposed a qualification format involving two group stages, but the member associations did not accept the proposal.[18] In May 2013, Platini confirmed a similar qualifying format would be again discussed during the September 2013 UEFA executive committee meeting in Dubrovnik.[19]

Qualified teams[edit]

Thirteen of the sixteen teams (including hosts France) that qualified for Euro 2012 qualified again for the 2016 final tournament. Among them were England, who became only the sixth team to record a flawless qualifying campaign (10 wins in 10 matches),[20] defending European champions Spain, and world champions Germany, who qualified for their 12th straight European Championship finals.[21]

Romania, Turkey, Austria and Switzerland all returned after missing out in 2012, with the Austrians qualifying for just their second final Euro tournament, after having co-hosted Euro 2008.[22] Returning to the final tournament after long absences were Belgium for the first time since co-hosting Euro 2000, and Hungary for the first time in 44 years, having last appeared at Euro 1972, and 30 years since appearing in a major tournament, their previous one being the 1986 FIFA World Cup.

Five teams secured their first-ever qualification to a UEFA European Championship final tournament: Albania, Iceland, Northern Ireland, Slovakia and Wales.[22] Northern Ireland, Slovakia and Wales had each previously competed in the FIFA World Cup, while Albania and Iceland had never participated in a major tournament.[22] Similarly, both Austria and Ukraine completed successful qualification campaigns for the first time, having only previously qualified as hosts (of 2008 and 2012 respectively).

Scotland were the only team from the British Isles not to qualify for the finals,[23] and 2004 champions Greece finished bottom in their group and failed to qualify for the first time since 2000. Two other previous champions, the Netherlands (1988) and Denmark (1992), missed out on the finals. The Dutch team failed to qualify for the first time since Euro 1984 (also held in France), missing out on their first major tournament since the 2002 FIFA World Cup and only 16 months after having finished third at the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[24] Denmark did not appear at the Euro finals for the first time since 2008, after losing in the play-off round against Sweden.

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[A]
 France Host 28 May 2010 8 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 England Group E winner 5 September 2015 8 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012)
 Czech Republic[B] Group A winner 6 September 2015 8 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Iceland Group A runner-up 6 September 2015 0 (debut)
 Austria Group G winner 8 September 2015 1 (2008)
 Northern Ireland Group F winner 8 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Portugal Group I winner 8 October 2015 6 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Spain Group C winner 9 October 2015 9 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
  Switzerland Group E runner-up 9 October 2015 3 (1996, 2004, 2008)
 Italy Group H winner 10 October 2015 8 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Belgium Group B winner 10 October 2015 4 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000)
 Wales Group B runner-up 10 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Romania Group F runner-up 11 October 2015 4 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2008)
 Albania Group I runner-up 11 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Germany[C] Group D winner 11 October 2015 11 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Poland Group D runner-up 11 October 2015 2 (2008, 2012)
 Russia[D] Group G runner-up 12 October 2015 10 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Slovakia Group C runner-up 12 October 2015 0 (debut)
 Croatia Group H runner-up 13 October 2015 4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Turkey Best third-placed team 13 October 2015 3 (1996, 2000, 2008)
 Hungary Play-off winner 15 November 2015 2 (1964, 1972)
 Republic of Ireland Play-off winner 16 November 2015 2 (1988, 2012)
 Sweden Play-off winner 17 November 2015 5 (1992, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012)
 Ukraine Play-off winner 17 November 2015 1 (2012)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1960 to 1980, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
  3. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  4. ^ From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as CIS.

Final draw[edit]

The draw for the finals took place at the Palais des Congrès de la Porte Maillot in Paris on 12 December 2015, 18:00 CET.[4][5][25][26] The 24 qualified teams were drawn into six groups of four teams, with the hosts France being automatically placed in position A1. The remaining teams were seeded into four pots of five (Pot 1) or six teams (Pots 2, 3 and 4). As the title holders, Spain were seeded in Pot 1, while the other 22 teams were seeded according to the UEFA national team coefficients updated after the completion of the qualifying group stage (excluding the play-offs), which were released by UEFA on 14 October 2015.[27][28][29][30]

Pot 1[a]
Team Coeff Rank
 Spain[b] 37,962 2
 Germany 40,236 1
 England 35,963 3
 Portugal 35,138 4
 Belgium 34,442 5
Pot 2
Team Coeff Rank
 Italy 34,345 6
 Russia 31,345 9
  Switzerland 31,254 10
 Austria 30,932 11
 Croatia 30,642 12
 Ukraine 30,313 14
Pot 3
Team Coeff Rank
 Czech Republic 29,403 15
 Sweden 29,028 16
 Poland 28,306 17
 Romania 28,038 18
 Slovakia 27,171 19
 Hungary 27,142 20
Pot 4
Team Coeff Rank
 Turkey 27,033 22
 Republic of Ireland 26,902 23
 Iceland 25,388 27
 Wales 24,531 28
 Albania 23,216 31
 Northern Ireland 22,961 33
  1. ^ Hosts France (coefficient 33,599; rank 8th) were automatically assigned to position A1.
  2. ^ Defending champions Spain (coefficient 37,962; rank 2nd) were automatically assigned to Pot 1.

Teams were drawn consecutively into Group A to F. First, the Pot 1 teams were assigned to the first positions of their groups, while next the positions of all other teams were drawn separately from Pot 4 to 2 (for the purposes of determining the match schedules in each group).

The draw resulted in the following groups:

Group A
Pos Team
A1  France
A2  Romania
A3  Albania
A4   Switzerland
Group B
Pos Team
B1  England
B2  Russia
B3  Wales
B4  Slovakia
Group C
Pos Team
C1  Germany
C2  Ukraine
C3  Poland
C4  Northern Ireland
Group D
Pos Team
D1  Spain
D2  Czech Republic
D3  Turkey
D4  Croatia
Group E
Pos Team
E1  Belgium
E2  Italy
E3  Republic of Ireland
E4  Sweden
Group F
Pos Team
F1  Portugal
F2  Iceland
F3  Austria
F4  Hungary

Venues[edit]

Ten stadiums were used for the competition. Initially, twelve stadiums were presented for the French bid, chosen on 28 May 2010. These venues were to be whittled down to nine by the end of May 2011, but it was suggested in June 2011 that eleven venues might be used.[31][32] The French Football Federation had to choose which nine would actually be used.

The choice for the first seven was undisputed – the national Stade de France, four newly constructed ones in Lille Metropole (Villeneuve-d'Ascq), Décines-Charpieu (Lyon Metropolis), Nice and Bordeaux, and two stadiums in the two largest cities, Paris and Marseille. After Strasbourg opted out for financial reasons following relegation,[33] two more venues were selected to be Lens and Nancy, leaving Saint-Étienne and Toulouse as reserve options.

In June 2011, the number of host venues was increased to eleven due to the new tournament format featuring 24 teams, instead of the previous 16.[34][35] The decision meant that the reserve cities of Toulouse and Saint-Étienne joined the list of hosts. Then, in December 2011, Nancy announced its withdrawal from the tournament, after plans for the stadium's renovation were cancelled,[36] finalising the list of host venues at ten.

Two other possible options, the Stade de la Beaujoire in Nantes and the Stade de la Mosson in Montpellier (venues which were used for the 1998 World Cup) were not chosen. The final list was confirmed by the UEFA Executive Committee on 25 January 2013.[37] Capacity figures are those for matches at UEFA Euro 2016 and are not necessarily the total capacity that the venues are capable of holding.

Saint-Denis Marseille Décines-Charpieu Villeneuve-d'Ascq
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc Olympique Lyonnais Stade Pierre-Mauroy
Capacity: 81,338 Capacity: 67,394 Capacity: 59,286 Capacity: 50,186
Germany vs Poland 0-0 (27103531294).jpg Stade Vélodrome (20150405).jpg Parc OL.jpg Russia v Slovakia (2016-06-15) 18.jpg
Paris Bordeaux
Parc des Princes Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
Capacity: 48,712 Capacity: 42,115
Parc des Princes - Tribune Borelli.jpg Bordeaux Larnaca Nouveau Stade 4.jpg
Saint-Étienne Lens Nice Toulouse
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Stade Bollaert-Delelis Stade de Nice Stadium Municipal
Capacity: 41,965 Capacity: 38,223 Capacity: 35,624 Capacity: 33,150
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard - Saint-Etienne (10-11-2013).jpg Stade Bollaert Delelis.JPG Allianzcoupdenvoi.jpg 6m toulousain tiré par Mike Maignan, Toulouse, 6 mai 2018 (TFC - LOSC).jpg

Team base camps[edit]

Each team had a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. The teams trained and resided in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases. From an initial list of 66 bases, the 24 participating teams had to confirm their selection with UEFA by 31 January 2016.[38]

The selected team base camps were announced on 2 March 2016:[39]

Team Base camp
Albania Perros-Guirec
Austria Mallemort
Belgium Bordeaux/Le Pian-Médoc
Croatia Deauville/Cœur Côte Fleurie
Czech Republic Tours
England Chantilly
France Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines
Germany Évian-les-Bains
Hungary Tourrettes
Iceland Annecy/Annecy-le-Vieux
Italy Grammont/Montpellier
Northern Ireland Saint-Georges-de-Reneins
Poland La Baule-Escoublac
Portugal Marcoussis
Republic of Ireland Versailles
Romania Orry-la-Ville
Russia Croissy-sur-Seine
Slovakia Vichy
Spain Saint-Martin-de-Ré
Sweden Saint-Nazaire/Pornichet
Switzerland Montpellier/Juvignac
Turkey Saint-Cyr-sur-Mer
Ukraine Aix-en-Provence
Wales Dinard

Finals format[edit]

To accommodate the expansion from a 16-team finals tournament to 24 teams, the format was changed from that used in 2012 with the addition of two extra groups in the group stage, and an extra round in the knockout phases. The six groups (A to F) still contained four teams each, with the top two from each group still going through to the knockout phase. In the new format, however, the four best third-ranked sides also progress, leaving 16 teams going into the new round-of-16 knockout phases, ahead of the usual quarter-finals, semi-finals and final, and only 8 teams going out at the group stage.[17] The format is exactly the one that was applied to the 1986, 1990, and 1994 FIFA World Cups, except for the absence of a third place play-off.

This format generates a total of 51 matches, compared with 31 matches for the previous 16-team tournament, to be played over a period of 31 days. UEFA's general secretary Gianni Infantino previously described the format as "not ideal" due to the need for third-ranked teams in the group stage advancing, leading to difficulty in preventing situations where teams might be able to know in advance what results they need to progress out of the group, leading to a lack of suspense for fans, or even the prospect of mutually beneficial collusion between teams.[17]

Squads[edit]

Each national team had to submit a squad of 23 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers, at least ten days before the opening match of the tournament.[40] If a player became injured or ill severely enough to prevent his participation in the tournament before his team's first match, he would be replaced by another player.[16]

Match officials[edit]

On 15 December 2015, UEFA named eighteen referees for Euro 2016.[41] The full referee teams were announced on 1 March 2016.[42] England was the only country to have two referees in the tournament.

Hungarian referee Viktor Kassai was chosen to officiate the opener between France and Romania.[43] English referee Mark Clattenburg was chosen to officiate the final between Portugal and France.[44]

Country Referee Assistant referees Additional assistant referees Matches assigned[43]
 England Martin Atkinson Michael Mullarkey
Stephen Child
Gary Beswick (standby)
Michael Oliver
Craig Pawson
Germany–Ukraine (Group C)
Hungary–Portugal (Group F)
Wales–Northern Ireland (Round of 16)
 Germany Felix Brych Mark Borsch
Stefan Lupp
Marco Achmüller (standby)
Bastian Dankert
Marco Fritz
England–Wales (Group B)
Sweden–Belgium (Group E)
Poland–Portugal (Quarter-finals)
 Turkey Cüneyt Çakır Bahattin Duran
Tarık Ongun
Mustafa Emre Eyisoy (standby)
Hüseyin Göçek
Barış Şimşek
Portugal–Iceland (Group F)
Belgium–Republic of Ireland (Group E)
Italy–Spain (Round of 16)
 England Mark Clattenburg Simon Beck
Jake Collin
Stuart Burt (standby)
Anthony Taylor
Andre Marriner
Belgium–Italy (Group E)
Czech Republic–Croatia (Group D)
Switzerland–Poland (Round of 16)
Portugal–France (Final)
 Scotland Willie Collum Republic of Ireland Damien MacGraith
Francis Connor
Douglas Ross (standby)
Bobby Madden
John Beaton
France–Albania (Group A)
Czech Republic–Turkey (Group D)
 Sweden Jonas Eriksson Mathias Klasenius
Daniel Wärnmark
Mehmet Culum (standby)
Stefan Johannesson
Markus Strömbergsson
Turkey–Croatia (Group D)
Russia–Wales (Group B)
Portugal–Wales (Semi-finals)
 Romania Ovidiu Hațegan Octavian Șovre
Sebastian Gheorghe
Radu Ghinguleac (standby)
Alexandru Tudor
Sebastian Colțescu
Poland–Northern Ireland (Group C)
Italy–Republic of Ireland (Group E)
 Russia Sergei Karasev Anton Averyanov
Tikhon Kalugin
Nikolai Golubev[A]
Sergey Lapochkin
Sergei Ivanov
Romania–Switzerland (Group A)
Iceland–Hungary (Group F)
 Hungary Viktor Kassai György Ring
Vencel Tóth
István Albert (standby)
Tamás Bognár
Ádám Farkas
France–Romania (Group A)
Italy–Sweden (Group E)
Germany–Italy (Quarter-finals)
 Czech Republic Pavel Královec Slovakia Roman Slyško
Martin Wilczek
Tomáš Mokrusch (standby)
Petr Ardeleánu
Michal Paták
Ukraine–Northern Ireland (Group C)
Romania–Albania (Group A)
 Netherlands Björn Kuipers Sander van Roekel
Erwin Zeinstra
Mario Diks (standby)
Pol van Boekel
Richard Liesveld
Germany–Poland (Group C)
Croatia–Spain (Group D)
France–Iceland (Quarter-finals)
 Poland Szymon Marciniak Paweł Sokolnicki
Tomasz Listkiewicz
Radosław Siejka (standby)
Paweł Raczkowski
Tomasz Musiał
Spain–Czech Republic (Group D)
Iceland–Austria (Group F)
Germany–Slovakia (Round of 16)
 Serbia Milorad Mažić Milovan Ristić
Dalibor Đurđević
Nemanja Petrović (standby)
Danilo Grujić
Nenad Đokić
Republic of Ireland–Sweden (Group E)
Spain–Turkey (Group D)
Hungary–Belgium (Round of 16)
 Norway Svein Oddvar Moen Kim Thomas Haglund
Frank Andås
Sven Erik Midthjell (standby)
Ken Henry Johnsen
Svein-Erik Edvartsen
Wales–Slovakia (Group B)
Ukraine–Poland (Group C)
 Italy Nicola Rizzoli Elenito Di Liberatore
Mauro Tonolini
Gianluca Cariolato (standby)
Luca Banti
Antonio Damato
Daniele Orsato[B]
England–Russia (Group B)
Portugal–Austria (Group F)
France–Republic of Ireland (Round of 16)
Germany–France (Semi-finals)
 Slovenia Damir Skomina Jure Praprotnik
Robert Vukan
Bojan Ul (standby)
Matej Jug
Slavko Vinčić
Russia–Slovakia (Group B)
Switzerland–France (Group A)
England–Iceland (Round of 16)
Wales–Belgium (Quarter-finals)
 France Clément Turpin Frédéric Cano
Nicolas Danos
Cyril Gringore (standby)
Benoît Bastien
Fredy Fautrel
Austria–Hungary (Group F)
Northern Ireland–Germany (Group C)
 Spain Carlos Velasco Carballo Roberto Alonso Fernández
Juan Carlos Yuste Jiménez
Raúl Cabañero Martínez (standby)
Jesús Gil Manzano
Carlos del Cerro Grande
Albania–Switzerland (Group A)
Slovakia–England (Group B)
Croatia–Portugal (Round of 16)
  1. ^ Anton Averyanov was replaced by Nikolai Golubev after failing a fitness test.[45]
  2. ^ Luca Banti was replaced by Daniele Orsato after withdrawing for personal reasons.[46]

Two match officials, who serve only as fourth officials, and two reserve assistant referees were also named:[42]

Country Fourth official Reserve assistant referee
 Belarus Aleksei Kulbakov Vitali Maliutsin
 Greece Anastasios Sidiropoulos Damianos Efthymiadis

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony

An hour before the first match at the Stade de France on 10 June 2016, 20:00 CEST, the opening ceremony of the tournament was held. The ceremony featuring 600 dancers, 150 of which were involved in a traditional French dance before and uptempo version of La Vie en rose by French singer Édith Piaf was played. Following this, French DJ David Guetta took to the stage, he performed shortened version of some of his hits before he was joined on stage by Swedish singer Zara Larsson to perform the official song of the tournament "This One's for You".

The ceremony ended with a fly over from the Patrouille Acrobatique de France of the French Air Force, trailing the French blue, white, and red. The ceremony also featured a tribute to the victims of the November 2015 Paris attacks. Following the ceremony, the hosts France beat Romania 2-1 in the opening game of the tournament.[48][49][50][51][52][53]

Group stage[edit]

Result of teams participating in UEFA Euro 2016

UEFA announced the tournament schedule on 25 April 2014,[54][55] which was confirmed on 12 December 2015, after the final draw.[56]

Group winners, runners-up, and the best four third-placed teams advanced to the Round of 16.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers[edit]

If two or more teams were equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria would be applied:[16]

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  2. Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question;
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
  4. If, after having applied criteria 1 to 3, teams still had an equal ranking (e.g. if criteria 1 to 3 were applied to three teams that were level on points initially and these criteria separated one team from the other two who still have an equal ranking), criteria 1 to 3 would be reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams who were still level to determine their final rankings. If this procedure did not lead to a decision, criteria 5 to 9 would apply;
  5. Superior goal difference in all group matches;
  6. Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
  7. If only two teams had the same number of points, and they were tied according to criteria 1–6 after having met in the last round of the group stage, their ranking would be determined by a penalty shoot-out. (This criterion would not be used if more than two teams had the same number of points.);
  8. Fair play conduct (1 point for a single yellow card, 3 points for a red card as a consequence of two yellow cards, 3 points for a direct red card);
  9. Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system.

Group A[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  France (H) 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 7 Advance to knockout phase
2   Switzerland 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 5
3  Albania 3 1 0 2 1 3 −2 3
4  Romania 3 0 1 2 2 4 −2 1
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.
France 2–1 Romania
Report
Albania 0–1  Switzerland
Report

Romania 1–1  Switzerland
Report
Attendance: 43,576[59]
France 2–0 Albania
Report

Romania 0–1 Albania
Report
Switzerland  0–0 France
Report

Group B[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Wales 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6 Advance to knockout phase
2  England 3 1 2 0 3 2 +1 5
3  Slovakia 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
4  Russia 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
Source: UEFA
Wales 2–1 Slovakia
Report
England 1–1 Russia
Report
Attendance: 62,343[64]

Russia 1–2 Slovakia
Report
England 2–1 Wales
Report
Attendance: 34,033[66]
Referee: Felix Brych (Germany)

Russia 0–3 Wales
Report
Slovakia 0–0 England
Report

Group C[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Germany 3 2 1 0 3 0 +3 7 Advance to knockout phase
2  Poland 3 2 1 0 2 0 +2 7
3  Northern Ireland 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
4  Ukraine 3 0 0 3 0 5 −5 0
Source: UEFA
Poland 1–0 Northern Ireland
Report
Attendance: 33,742[69]
Germany 2–0 Ukraine
Report

Ukraine 0–2 Northern Ireland
Report
Germany 0–0 Poland
Report

Ukraine 0–1 Poland
Report
Northern Ireland 0–1 Germany
Report
Attendance: 44,125[74]

Group D[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Croatia 3 2 1 0 5 3 +2 7 Advance to knockout phase
2  Spain 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6
3  Turkey 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
4  Czech Republic 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
Source: UEFA
Turkey 0–1 Croatia
Report
Attendance: 43,842[75]
Spain 1–0 Czech Republic
Report

Czech Republic 2–2 Croatia
Report
Spain 3–0 Turkey
Report
Attendance: 33,409[78]

Czech Republic 0–2 Turkey
Report
Croatia 2–1 Spain
Report

Group E[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Italy 3 2 0 1 3 1 +2 6 Advance to knockout phase
2  Belgium 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 6
3  Republic of Ireland 3 1 1 1 2 4 −2 4
4  Sweden 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1
Source: UEFA
Republic of Ireland 1–1 Sweden
Report
Belgium 0–2 Italy
Report

Italy 1–0 Sweden
Report
Belgium 3–0 Republic of Ireland
Report

Italy 0–1 Republic of Ireland
Report
Sweden 0–1 Belgium
Report
Attendance: 34,011[86]
Referee: Felix Brych (Germany)

Group F[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Hungary 3 1 2 0 6 4 +2 5 Advance to knockout phase
2  Iceland 3 1 2 0 4 3 +1 5
3  Portugal 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
4  Austria 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
Source: UEFA
Austria 0–2 Hungary
Report
Portugal 1–1 Iceland
Report

Iceland 1–1 Hungary
Report
Portugal 0–0 Austria
Report
Attendance: 44,291[90]

Iceland 2–1 Austria
Report
Hungary 3–3 Portugal
Report

Ranking of third-placed teams[edit]

Pos Grp Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 B  Slovakia 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4 Advance to knockout phase
2 E  Republic of Ireland 3 1 1 1 2 4 −2 4
3 F  Portugal 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
4 C  Northern Ireland 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
5 D  Turkey 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
6 A  Albania 3 1 0 2 1 3 −2 3
Source: UEFA
Rules for classification: 1) Higher number of points obtained; 2) Superior goal difference; 3) Higher number of goals scored; 4) Fair play conduct; 5) Position in the UEFA national team coefficient ranking system.

Knockout phase[edit]

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary.[16]

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Bracket[edit]

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
25 June – Saint-Étienne
 
 
  Switzerland1 (4)
 
30 June – Marseille
 
 Poland (p)1 (5)
 
 Poland1 (3)
 
25 June – Lens
 
 Portugal (p)1 (5)
 
 Croatia0
 
6 July – Décines-Charpieu
 
 Portugal (a.e.t.)1
 
 Portugal2
 
25 June – Paris
 
 Wales0
 
 Wales1
 
1 July – Villeneuve-d'Ascq
 
 Northern Ireland0
 
 Wales3
 
26 June – Toulouse
 
 Belgium1
 
 Hungary0
 
10 July – Saint-Denis
 
 Belgium4
 
 Portugal (a.e.t.)1
 
26 June – Villeneuve-d'Ascq
 
 France0
 
 Germany3
 
2 July – Bordeaux
 
 Slovakia0
 
 Germany (p)1 (6)
 
27 June – Saint-Denis
 
 Italy1 (5)
 
 Italy2
 
7 July – Marseille
 
 Spain0
 
 Germany0
 
26 June – Décines-Charpieu
 
 France2
 
 France2
 
3 July – Saint-Denis
 
 Republic of Ireland1
 
 France5
 
27 June – Nice
 
 Iceland2
 
 England1
 
 
 Iceland2
 

Round of 16[edit]


Wales 1–0 Northern Ireland
Report
Attendance: 44,342[94]

Croatia 0–1 (a.e.t.) Portugal
Report

France 2–1 Republic of Ireland
Report

Germany 3–0 Slovakia
Report

Hungary 0–4 Belgium
Report

Italy 2–0 Spain
Report

England 1–2 Iceland
Report
Attendance: 33,901[100]

Quarter-finals[edit]


Wales 3–1 Belgium
Report


France 5–2 Iceland
Report

Semi-finals[edit]

Portugal 2–0 Wales
Report

Germany 0–2 France
Report

Final[edit]

Portugal 1–0 (a.e.t.) France
Report

Statistics[edit]

Goalscorers[edit]

There were 108 goals scored in 51 matches, for an average of 2.12 goals per match.

6 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Source: UEFA[108][109]

Awards[edit]

UEFA Team of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team was given the objective of naming a team of 11 players during the tournament, a change from the 23-man squads in the past competitions.[110] The group of analysts watched every game before making the decision following the final.[110] Four players from the winning Portuguese squad were named in the tournament.[110]

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forward
Portugal Rui Patrício Germany Jérôme Boateng
Germany Joshua Kimmich
Portugal Raphaël Guerreiro
Portugal Pepe
France Antoine Griezmann
France Dimitri Payet
Germany Toni Kroos
Wales Joe Allen
Wales Aaron Ramsey
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Player of the Tournament

The Player of the Tournament award was given to Antoine Griezmann, who was chosen by UEFA's technical observers, led by UEFA chief technical officer Ioan Lupescu and including Sir Alex Ferguson and Alain Giresse.

Young Player of the Tournament

The Young Player of the Tournament award, open to players born on or after 1 January 1994, was given to Renato Sanches who was named above Kingsley Coman and Portugal teammate Raphaël Guerreiro. The particular player, who deserved the award, was also chosen by UEFA's technical observers.

Golden Boot

The Golden Boot was awarded to Antoine Griezmann, who scored one goal in the group stage and five in the knockout phase.

Silver Boot

The Silver Boot was awarded to Cristiano Ronaldo, who scored two goals in the group stage and one in the knockout phase, as well as providing three assists.

Bronze Boot

The Bronze Boot was awarded to Olivier Giroud, who scored one goal in the group stage and two in the knockout phase, as well as providing two assists; compatriot Dimitri Payet amassed the same tally, but played 50 more minutes than Giroud.

Goal of the Tournament

The Goal of the Tournament was decided by online voting. A total 5 goals were in the shortlist. On 13 July 2016, after an open vote with over 150,000 entries, UEFA announced that Hungarian midfielder Zoltán Gera's goal against Portugal had been named as fans' goal of the tournament.[111] In a separate poll, UEFA's technical observers decided that Swiss winger Xherdan Shaqiri's goal against Poland deserved top spot in their list of the ten best goals of the tournament.

Prize money[edit]

Prize money
Rank (unoff.) Team € Million
1  Portugal 25.5
2  France 23.5
3  Germany 18.5
4  Wales 18
5  Poland 14.5
6  Belgium
 Iceland
 Italy
14
9  Croatia 12
10  England
 Hungary
 Spain
  Switzerland
11.5
14  Republic of Ireland
 Slovakia
11
16  Northern Ireland 10.5
17  Albania
 Turkey
9
19  Austria
 Czech Republic
 Romania
 Russia
 Sweden
8.5
24  Ukraine 8

A total of €301 million was distributed to the 24 teams contesting in the tournament, a growth from the €196 million payment in the preceding event. Each team was rewarded €8 million, with further rewards depending on their performances. Portugal, the champions of the competition, were awarded €8 million in addition to any prize money earned in earlier rounds – the biggest prize attainable was €27 million (for winning all group matches and the final).[112]

Full list:[112]

  • Prize for participating: €8 million

Extra payment based on team's performance:

  • Champions: €8 million
  • Runners-up: €5 million
  • Reaching the semi-finals: €4 million
  • Reaching the quarter-finals: €2.5 million
  • Reaching the round of 16: €1.5 million
  • Winning a group match: €1 million
  • Drawing a group match: €500,000

Discipline[edit]

A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences:[16]

  • Receiving a red card (red card suspensions may be extended for serious offences)
  • Receiving two yellow cards in two different matches; yellow cards expire after the completion of the quarter-finals (yellow card suspensions are not carried forward to any other future international matches)

The following suspensions were served during the tournament:[113]

Player Offence(s) Suspension(s)
Croatia Duje Čop Red card in qualifying vs Bulgaria (10 October 2015) Group D vs Turkey (matchday 1; 12 June 2016)
Czech Republic Marek Suchý Red card in qualifying vs Netherlands (13 October 2015) Group D vs Spain (matchday 1; 13 June 2016)
Albania Lorik Cana Yellow card Yellow-red card in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 1; 11 June 2016) Group A vs France (matchday 2; 15 June 2016)
Austria Aleksandar Dragović Yellow card Yellow-red card in Group F vs Hungary (matchday 1; 14 June 2016) Group F vs Portugal (matchday 2; 18 June 2016)
Albania Burim Kukeli Yellow card in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 1; 11 June 2016)
Yellow card in Group A vs France (matchday 2; 15 June 2016)
Group A vs Romania (matchday 3; 19 June 2016)
Iceland Alfreð Finnbogason Yellow card in Group F vs Portugal (matchday 1; 14 June 2016)
Yellow card in Group F vs Hungary (matchday 2; 18 June 2016)
Group F vs Austria (matchday 3; 22 June 2016)
Poland Bartosz Kapustka Yellow card in Group C vs Northern Ireland (matchday 1; 12 June 2016)
Yellow card in Group C vs Ukraine (matchday 3; 21 June 2016)
Round of 16 vs Switzerland (25 June 2016)
France N'Golo Kanté Yellow card in Group A vs Albania (matchday 2; 15 June 2016)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Republic of Ireland (26 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Iceland (3 July 2016)
France Adil Rami Yellow card in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 3; 19 June 2016)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Republic of Ireland (26 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Iceland (3 July 2016)
Belgium Thomas Vermaelen Yellow card in Group E vs Republic of Ireland (matchday 2; 18 June 2016)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Hungary (26 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Wales (1 July 2016)
Italy Thiago Motta Yellow card in Group E vs Belgium (matchday 1; 13 June 2016)
Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Spain (27 June 2016)
Quarter-finals vs Germany (2 July 2016)
Portugal William Carvalho Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Croatia (25 June 2016)
Yellow card in Quarter-finals vs Poland (30 June 2016)
Semi-finals vs Wales (6 July 2016)
Wales Ben Davies Yellow card in Group B vs England (matchday 2; 16 June 2016)
Yellow card in Quarter-finals vs Belgium (1 July 2016)
Semi-finals vs Portugal (6 July 2016)
Wales Aaron Ramsey Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Northern Ireland (25 June 2016)
Yellow card in Quarter-finals vs Belgium (1 July 2016)
Semi-finals vs Portugal (6 July 2016)
Germany Mats Hummels Yellow card in Round of 16 vs Slovakia (26 June 2016)
Yellow card in Quarter-finals vs Italy (2 July 2016)
Semi-finals vs France (7 July 2016)

Issues[edit]

Pre-tournament concerns included heavy flooding of the River Seine in Paris,[114] and strikes in the transport sector shortly before the beginning of the event.[115]

Security[edit]

Following the attacks on Paris on 13 November 2015, including one in which the intended target was a game at the Stade de France, controversies about the safety of players and tourists during the upcoming tournament arose. Noël Le Graët, president of the French Football Federation, explained that the concern for security had increased following the attacks. He claimed: "there was already a concern for the Euros, now it's obviously a lot higher. We will continue to do everything we can so that security is assured despite all the risks that this entails. I know that everyone is vigilant. Obviously, this means that we will now be even more vigilant. But it's a permanent concern for the federation and the [French] state".[116]

A "suspicious vehicle" near the Stade de France was destroyed by a police-mandated controlled explosion on 3 July, hours before the venue held the quarter-final between France and Iceland.[117]

Hooliganism[edit]

The day before the tournament, fighting broke out between local youths and England fans in Marseille; police dispersed the local youths with tear gas. On 10 June, English fans at Marseille clashed with police.[118] Six English fans were later arrested and sentenced to prison.[119] On 11 June, violent clashes erupted in the streets of the same city before and after the Group B match between England and Russia that ended in a 1–1 draw.[120] One English fan was reported to be critically ill in the hospital while dozens of others were injured in the clashes.[121] On 14 June, the Russian team were given a suspended disqualification, fined €150,000, and warned that future violence would result in their removal from the cup. Additionally, 50 Russian fans were deported. The English team was also warned about disqualification, but was not formally charged.[122][123] Violence between English and Russian fans arose again in Lille, where a total of 36 fans were arrested, and 16 people were hospitalised.[124]

Late in the Group D match between the Czech Republic and Croatia, flares were thrown onto the pitch from where Croatia supporters were massed. The match was paused for several minutes while they were cleared up. There was also fighting in the Croatia supporters' area.[125] Later that same day, there was violence involving Turkish fans after Turkey's defeat by Spain. As a result of these incidents and earlier crowd troubles after the countries' first matches, UEFA launched official procedures against the Croatian and Turkish football federations.[126] The Croatian federation was fined €100,000 for the incidents.[127]

Pitch quality[edit]

The football pitches at French stadiums were criticised during the group stage for their poor quality. France coach Didier Deschamps was especially critical.[128][129] UEFA tournament director Martin Kallen blamed heavy rain for damaged turf, though the press speculated that non-football events may have also been a contributor.[130][131]

The pitch at Lille received particular attention with players slipping continuously and with groundsmen forced at halftime to try to repair the cut up pitch.[132] Despite UEFA applying numerous methods to rectify the problems, such as a ban on pre-match training on the pitch, use of fertilisers, seeding, mowing, light therapy, drying and playing with the roof closed to avoid rain, it was decided that the pitch at Lille had to be entirely replaced following the Italy–Republic of Ireland group match on 22 June.[133] The new pitch was replaced with Dutch grass and was ready before the last sixteen match between Germany and Slovakia on 26 June.[134][135][136] UEFA also stated that repair work was also required at the St Denis and Marseille pitches.[137] This was the second time that a Euro championship pitch needed to be re-laid mid-tournament. The first time was the St. Jakob-Park in Basel during Euro 2008.[138][139]

UEFA's Leeds-based consultant Richard Hayden had come under criticism as it was reported he ordered local groundsmen to re-lay three pitches (Lille, Nice, and Marseille) with Slovak grass, provided by an Austrian company for an estimated €600,000 (£460,000). On 22 June it was reported that France's grass association officials had blamed Hayden for continued problems with the pitches, citing "it is amazing that it is only these pitches that have problems today".[140] The Austrian manufacture of the turf ‘Richter’ responded to the French grass association officials by saying “the turf for the stadiums in Lille and Marseille was delivered in top condition" and that “the turf placement and further care were handled by French companies and no one other than the French grounds-people had control over the grounds condition”.[141][142] In a statement, UEFA rejected the criticism against Hayden as baseless and stated they were satisfied with his work.[137]

Moths[edit]

Before the final match started, the stadium was invaded by Silver Y moths, which caused some irritation to the players, staff and coaches. The reason this occurred is because the workers at the stadium left the lights switched on the day before the match which attracted huge swaths of insects. The players and coaches of each team during the warm-up tried swatting the moths, and ground staff used brushes to clean moths from the walls, ground and other places.[143][144] One moth was infamously captured flying on and around Cristiano Ronaldo's face when he was sitting on the pitch after being injured during the match.[145]

Marketing[edit]

Video game[edit]

The UEFA Euro 2016 video game was released by Konami as a free DLC on Pro Evolution Soccer 2016.[146][147] The DLC was available for existing Pro Evolution Soccer 2016 members on 24 March 2016 for major platforms (PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One and Microsoft Windows).[148] The game was released physically and digitally on 21 April for PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 users.[148]

Logo and slogan[edit]

The official logo was unveiled on 26 June 2013, during a ceremony at the Pavillon Cambon Capucines in Paris.[149] Conceived by Portuguese agency Brandia Central, which also created the visual identity for the previous European Championship, the design is based on the theme "Celebrating the art of football". The logo depicts the Henri Delaunay Trophy with the blue, white and red colours of the French flag, surrounded by a mixture of shapes and lines representing different artistic movements and football elements.[150]

On 17 October 2013, UEFA announced the official slogan of the tournament: Le Rendez-Vous. Asked about its meaning, Jacques Lambert, chairman of the Euro 2016 organising committee, told that the slogan "is much more than a reminder of dates (...) and venues". He further explained that "UEFA is sending out an invitation to football fans throughout the world and to lovers of major events, an invitation to meet up and share the emotions of an elite-level tournament".[151]

Match balls[edit]

For the first time in the tournament's history, two official match balls were used.[152] The Adidas Beau Jeu, used for the group stage, was unveiled on 12 November 2015 by former France player Zinedine Zidane.[153] During the tournament, the Adidas Fracas was introduced as the exclusive match ball for the knockout rounds.[152]

Mascot[edit]

The official mascot of the tournament, Super Victor, was unveiled on 18 November 2014.[154] He is a child superhero in the kit of the France national football team, with a red cape at the back, to echo the colours of the flag of France. The cape, boots and ball are claimed to be the child's superpowers. The mascot first appeared during the match between France and Sweden at the Stade Vélodrome, Marseille on 18 November 2014. The name of the mascot was revealed on 30 November 2014 after receiving about 50,000 votes from the public on the official UEFA website, beating the other nominated names of "Driblou" and "Goalix".[155] It is based on the idea of victory and references the boy's super powers that he gained when he found the magic cape, boots and ball.[156]

The name of the mascot is the same as the name of a sex toy. UEFA said that this 'coincidence' was not their responsibility because the name was selected by fan voting.[157]

Official songs[edit]

The competition's official opening song was "This One's for You" by David Guetta featuring Zara Larsson, and the official closing song was "Free Your Mind" by Maya Lavelle.[158][159][160] It was reported that David Guetta sought one million fans to add their voices to the official anthem via a website.[161]

Sponsorship[edit]

Turkish Airlines aeroplane, decorated with UEFA EURO 2016 emblems.
Global sponsors National sponsors

Broadcasting[edit]

The International Broadcast Centre (IBC) is located at the Paris expo Porte de Versailles in Paris' 15th arrondissement.[5]

References[edit]

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  33. ^ "Strasbourg se rétracte" [Strasbourg pulls out]. Sport24 (in French). 29 July 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
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