Cannon-class destroyer escort

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from USS Gaynier (DE-751))
Jump to navigation Jump to search
USS Cannon (DE-99) underway in Delaware Bay on 5 September 1943 (NH 83390).jpg
USS Cannon (DE-99)
Class overview
Name: Cannon class
Operators:
Preceded by: Buckley class
Succeeded by: Edsall class
Planned: 116
Completed: 72
Cancelled: 44
Active: 1 (Royal Thai Navy)
Preserved: 3
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer Escort
Displacement:
  • 1,240 tons standard
  • 1,620 tons full load
Length: 93.3 m (306 ft)
Beam: 11 m (36 ft)
Draft: 3.5 m (11 ft) full load
Propulsion:
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h)
Range: 10,800 nautical miles (20,000 km; 12,400 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement:
  • 15 officers
  • 201 enlisted men
Armament:

The Cannon class was a class of destroyer escorts built by the United States primarily for ocean antisubmarine warfare escort service during World War II. The lead ship, USS Cannon, was commissioned on 26 September 1943 at Wilmington, Delaware. Of the 116 ships ordered, 44 were cancelled and six were commissioned directly into the Free French Forces. Destroyer escorts were regular companions escorting the vulnerable cargo ships.

With the decommissioning of the Philippine Navy's BRP Rajah Humabon (PS-11) in March 2018, HTMS Pin Klao (DE-1) of the Royal Thai Navy, remains the only confirmed commissioned ship of this class as of 2018.

Propulsion[edit]

The class was also known as the DET type from their diesel electric tandem drives.[1] The DET's substitution for a turboelectric propulsion plant was the primary difference with the predecessor Buckley ("TE") class.[2] The DET was, in turn, replaced with a direct-drive diesel plant to yield the design of the successor Edsall ("FMR") class.[3]

Hull numbers[edit]

A total of 72 ships of the Cannon class were built.

  • DE-99 through DE-113 (six are French)
  • DE-162 through DE-197
  • DE-739 through DE-750
  • DE-763 through DE-771

Wartime transfers[edit]

During World War II, six ships of the class were earmarked for the Free French Naval Forces and a further eight were transferred the Brazilian Navy.

Free French ships[edit]

Transferred to Brazil[edit]

Postwar dispersal[edit]

After the end of World War II, the United States Navy transferred many ships of the Cannon class to other navies.

Transferred to France[edit]

Transferred to Greece[edit]

Transferred to Italy[edit]

Transferred to Japan[edit]

Transferred to the Netherlands[edit]

Transferred to Peru[edit]

Transferred to the Philippines[edit]

BRP Rajah Humabon (PF-11) of the Philippine Navy

Transferred to South Korea[edit]

Transferred to the Republic of China (Taiwan)[edit]

Transferred to Thailand[edit]

Transferred to Uruguay[edit]

Ships in Class[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
Cannon DE-99 Dravo Corporation, Wilmington, Delaware 14 November 1942 25 May 1943 26 September 1943 19 December 1944 Transferred to Brazil 19 December 1944 as Baependi; permanently transferred to Brazil and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Christopher DE-100 7 December 1942 19 June 1943 23 October 1943 19 December 1944 Transferred to Brazil 19 December 1944 as Benevente; permanently transferred to Brazil and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Alger DE-101 2 January 1943 8 July 1943 12 November 1943 10 March 1945 Transferred to Brazil 10 March 1945 as Babitonga; permanently transferred to Brazil and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Thomas DE-102 16 January 1943 31 July 1943 21 November 1943 13 March 1946 Completed at Norfolk Navy Yard. Transferred to Republic of China as Tai Ho 29 October 1948; permanently transferred to Republic of China and struck from Navy List 22 December 1948
Bostwick DE-103 6 February 1943 30 August 1943 1 December 1943 30 April 1946 Transferred to Republic of China as Tai Ho 14 December 1948; permanently transferred to Republic of China and struck from Navy List 10 February 1949
Breeman DE-104 20 March 1943 4 September 1943 12 December 1943 26 April 1946 Completed at Norfolk Navy Yard. Transferred to Republic of China as Tai Chong 29 October 1948; permanently transferred to Republic of China and struck from Navy List 22 December 1948
Burrows DE-105 24 March 1943 2 October 1943 19 December 1943 14 June 1946 Transferred to the Netherlands as Van Amstel 1 June 1950. Struck from Navy List while in Dutch service on 26 September 1950
Carter DE-112 19 November 1943 29 February 1944 3 May 1944 10 April 1946 Transferred to Republic of China as Tai Chao 14 December 1948; permanently transferred to Republic of China and struck from Navy List 10 February 1949
Clarence L. Evans DE-113 23 December 1943 22 March 1944 25 June 1944 29 May 1947 Transferred to France as Berbere 29 March 1952. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 18 April 1952
Levy DE-162 Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Port Newark, New Jersey 19 October 1942 28 March 1943 13 May 1943 4 April 1947 Struck from Navy List 2 August 1973, sold for scrap 17 July 1974
McConnell DE-163 19 October 1942 28 March 1943 28 May 1943 29 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 21 March 1974
Osterhaus DE-164 11 November 1942 18 April 1943 12 June 1943 26 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 November 1972, sold for scrap 30 May 1974
Parks DE-165 11 November 1942 18 April 1943 22 June 1943 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973
Baron DE-166 30 November 1942 9 May 1943 5 July 1943 26 April 1946 Transferred to Uruguay as Uruguay 3 May 1952. Struck from Navy List while in Uruguayan service on 14 May 1952
Acree DE-167 30 November 1942 9 May 1943 19 July 1943 1 April 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 19 July 1973
Amick DE-168 30 November 1942 27 May 1943 26 July 1943 16 May 1947 Transferred to Japan as Asahi 14 June 1955. Returned to US Navy by Japan, 1975. Struck from Navy List 15 June 1975. Transferred to the Philippines as Datu Sikatuna 13 September 1976
Atherton DE-169 14 January 1943 27 May 1943 29 August 1943 10 December 1945 Transferred to Japan as Hatsuhi 14 June 1955. Returned to US Navy by Japan, 1975. Struck from Navy List 15 June 1975. Transferred to the Philippines as Rajah Humabon 23 December 1978
Booth DE-170 30 January 1943 21 June 1943 19 September 1943 14 June 1946 Transferred to the Philippines as Datu Kalantiaw 15 December 1967. Reclassified FF-170 30 June 1975. Struck from Navy List while in Philippine service on 15 July 1978. Lost during Typhoon Clara 21 September 1981
Carroll DE-171 30 January 1943 21 June 1943 24 October 1943 19 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1965, sold for scrap 29 December 1966
Cooner DE-172 22 February 1943 25 July 1943 21 August 1943 25 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973
Eldridge DE-173 22 February 1943 25 July 1943 27 August 1943 17 June 1946 Sold to Greece 15 January 1951, renamed Leon. Struck from Navy List while in Greek service 26 March 1951
Marts DE-174 26 April 1943 8 August 1943 3 September 1943 20 March 1945 Transferred to Brazil 20 March 1945 as Bocaina; permanently transferred to Brazil and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Pennewill DE-175 26 April 1943 8 August 1943 15 September 1943 1 August 1944 Transferred to Brazil 1 August 1944 as Bertioga; permanently transferred to Brazil and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Micka DE-176 3 May 1943 22 August 1943 23 September 1943 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1965, sold for scrap 15 May 1967
Reybold DE-177 3 May 1943 22 August 1943 29 September 1943 15 August 1944 Transferred to Brazil 15 August 1944 as Bracui; permanently transferred to Brazil and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Herzog DE-178 17 May 1943 5 September 1943 6 October 1943 1 August 1944 Transferred to Brazil 1 August 1944 as Beberibe; permanently transferred to Brazil 30 June 1953, and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
McAnn DE-179 17 May 1943 5 September 1943 11 October 1943 15 August 1944 Transferred to Brazil 15 August 1944 as Bauru; permanently transferred to Brazil 30 June 1953, and struck from Navy List 20 July 1953
Trumpeter DE-180 7 June 1943 19 September 1943 16 October 1943 5 December 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap 18 June 1974
Straub DE-181 7 June 1943 19 September 1943 25 October 1943 17 October 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap 17 July 1974
Gustafson DE-182 5 July 1943 3 October 1943 1 November 1943 26 June 1946 Transferred to the Netherlands as Van Ewijk 23 October 1950. Struck from Navy List while in Dutch service on 20 December 1950
Samuel S. Miles (ex-Miles) DE-183 5 July 1943 3 October 1943 4 November 1943 28 March 1946 Transferred to France as Arabe 12 August 1950. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 26 September 1950
Wesson DE-184 29 July 1943 17 October 1943 11 November 1943 25 July 1946 Transferred to Italy as Andromeda 10 January 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Italian service on 26 March 1951
Riddle DE-185 29 July 1943 17 October 1943 17 November 1943 8 June 1946 Transferred to France as Kabyle 12 August 1950. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 26 September 1950
Swearer DE-186 12 August 1943 31 October 1943 24 November 1943 25 February 1946 Transferred to France as Bambara 16 September 1950. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 20 October 1950
Stern DE-187 12 August 1943 31 October 1943 1 December 1943 16 April 1946 Transferred to the Netherlands as Van Zijll 1 March 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Dutch service on 7 March 1951
O'Neill DE-188 26 August 1943 14 November 1943 6 December 1943 2 May 1946 Transferred to the Netherlands as Du Bois 23 October 1950. Struck from Navy List while in Dutch service on 20 December 1950
Bronstein DE-189 26 August 1943 14 November 1943 13 December 1943 5 November 1945 Transferred to Uruguay as Artigas 3 May 1952. Struck from Navy List while in Uruguayan service on 14 May 1952
Baker (ex-Raby) DE-190 9 September 1943 28 November 1943 23 December 1943 4 March 1946 Transferred to France as Malgache 29 March 1952. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 18 April 1952
Coffman DE-191 9 September 1943 28 November 1943 27 December 1943 30 April 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 17 August 1973
Eisner DE-192 23 September 1943 12 December 1943 1 January 1944 15 July 1946 Transferred to the Netherlands as De Zeeuw 1 March 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Dutch service on 7 March 1951
Garfield Thomas (ex-William G. Thomas) DE-193 23 September 1943 12 December 1943 24 January 1944 27 March 1947 Transferred to Greece as Panthir 15 January 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Greek service on 26 March 1951
Wingfield DE-194 7 October 1943 30 December 1943 28 January 1944 26 August 1947 Transferred to France as Sakalave 15 September 1950. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 20 October 1950
Thornhill DE-195 7 October 1943 30 December 1943 1 February 1944 17 June 1947 Transferred to Italy as Aldebaran 10 January 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Italian service on 26 March 1951
Rinehart DE-196 21 October 1943 9 January 1944 12 February 1944 17 July 1946 Transferred to the Netherlands as De Bitter 1 June 1950. Struck from Navy List while in Dutch service on 26 September 1950
Roche DE-197 21 October 1943 9 January 1944 21 February 1944 N/A Damaged by sea mine northwest of Eniwetok 22 August 1945; not repaired and sunk off Yokosuka 11 March 1946. Struck from Navy List 5 June 1946
Bangust DE-739 Western Pipe and Steel Company, San Pedro, California 11 February 1943 6 June 1943 30 October 1943 17 November 1946 Transferred to Peru as Castilla 21 February 1952. Struck from Navy List while in Peruvian service on 18 April 1952
Waterman DE-740 24 February 1943 20 June 1943 30 November 1943 31 May 1946 Transferred to Peru as Aguirre 21 February 1952. Struck from Navy List while in Peruvian service on 18 April 1952
Weaver DE-741 13 March 1943 4 July 1943 31 December 1943 29 May 1947 Transferred to Peru as Rodriguez 21 February 1952. Struck from Navy List while in Peruvian service on 18 April 1952
Hilbert DE-742 23 March 1943 18 July 1943 4 February 1944 19 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973
Lamons DE-743 10 April 1943 1 August 1943 29 February 1944 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973
Kyne DE-744 16 April 1943 15 August 1943 4 April 1944 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973
21 November 1950 17 June 1960
Snyder DE-745 28 April 1943 29 August 1943 5 May 1944 5 May 1960 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973
Hemminger DE-746 5 May 1943 12 September 1943 30 May 1944 17 June 1946 Transferred to Thailand as Pin Klao 22 July 1959. Struck from Navy List while in Thai service on 3 September 1974
1 December 1950 21 February 1958
Bright DE-747 9 June 1943 26 September 1943 30 June 1944 19 April 1946 Transferred to France as Touareg 11 November 1950. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 20 December 1950
Tills DE-748 23 June 1943 3 October 1943 8 August 1944 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968. Sunk as target off Virginia on 3 April 1969
21 November 1950 18 October 1959
1 October 1961 23 September 1968
Roberts DE-749 7 July 1943 14 November 1943 2 September 1944 21 September 1968 Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sunk as target in November 1971
McClelland DE-750 21 July 1943 28 November 1943 19 September 1944 15 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973
14 July 1950 12 September 1960
Cates DE-763 Tampa Shipbuilding Company, Tampa, Florida 1 March 1943 10 October 1943 15 December 1943 28 March 1947 Transferred to France as Soudanais 11 November 1950. Struck from Navy List while in French service on 20 December 1950
Gandy DE-764 1 March 1943 12 December 1943 7 February 1944 17 June 1946 Transferred to Italy as Altair 10 January 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Italian service on 26 March 1951
Earl K. Olsen DE-765 9 March 1943 13 February 1944 10 April 1944 17 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973
21 November 1950 25 February 1958
Slater DE-766 9 March 1943 13 February 1944 1 May 1944 26 September 1947 Transferred to Greece as Aetos 1 March 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Greek service on 7 March 1951. Currently a museum ship in Albany, New York as the last destroyer escort ship afloat in America.
Oswald DE-767 1 April 1943 25 April 1944 12 June 1944 30 April 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973
Ebert DE-768 1 April 1943 11 May 1944 12 July 1944 14 June 1946 Transferred to Greece as Ierax 1 March 1951. Struck from Navy List while in Greek service on 7 March 1951
Neal A. Scott DE-769 1 June 1943 4 June 1944 31 July 1944 30 April 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 June 1968, sold for scrap in July 1969
Muir DE-770 1 June 1943 4 June 1944 30 August 1944 September 1947 Transferred to South Korean as Kyongki 2 February 1956. Struck from Navy List while in Korean service on 15 November 1974. Sent to the Philippines for spare parts following Korean service in the late 1970s
Sutton DE-771 23 August 1943 6 August 1944 22 December 1944 19 March 1948 Transferred to South Korean as Kang Won 2 February 1956. Struck from Navy List while in Korean service on 15 November 1974. Sent to the Philippines for spare parts following Korean service in the late 1970s

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Destroyers: an illustrated design history by Norman Friedman. Chapter 7. ISBN 1-55750-442-3.
  2. ^ Rivet, Eric; Stenzel, Michael (April 22, 2011). "Classes of Destroyer Escorts". History of Destroyer Escorts. Destroyer Escort Historical Museum. Retrieved July 8, 2012. The Cannon class was very similar in design to the Buckley class, the primary difference being a diesel-electric power plant instead of the Buckley class's turboelectric design. The fuel-efficient diesel-electric plant greatly improved the range of the Cannon class, but at the cost of speed.
  3. ^ Rivet, Eric; Stenzel, Michael (April 22, 2011). "Classes of Destroyer Escorts". History of Destroyer Escorts. Destroyer Escort Historical Museum. Retrieved July 8, 2012. Except for the propulsion, the EDSALL class was nearly identical to the CANNON class in every respect. This fourth class of destroyer escorts mounted a direct-drive diesel configuration that proved to be extremely reliable.

External links[edit]