USS Monadnock (BM-3)
Monadnock crossing the Pacific Ocean during the Spanish–American War
|Ordered:||23 June 1874|
|Launched:||19 September 1883|
|Commissioned:||20 February 1896|
|Decommissioned:||24 March 1919|
|Struck:||2 February 1923|
|Fate:||Sold, 24 August 1923|
|Type:||Amphitrite class monitor|
|Displacement:||3,990 long tons (4,054 t)|
|Length:||262 ft 3 in (79.93 m)|
|Beam:||55 ft 5 in (16.89 m)|
|Draft:||14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)|
|Speed:||11.6 knots (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph)|
|Complement:||156 officers and enlisted|
On June 23, 1874, in response to the Virginius Incident, President Ulysses S. Grant's Secretary of Navy George M. Robeson ordered the Monadnock laid down (scrapped and reconstructed) contracted by Phineas Burgess at the Continental Iron Works, Vallejo, California; launched 19 September 1883; completed at Mare Island Navy Yard; and commissioned there 20 February 1896, Captain George W. Sumner in command, Lt. Cdr. Edward D. Taussig, executive officer.
After fitting out Monadnock served as a unit of the Pacific Squadron along the west coast. During the next two years exercises and training cruises sent her along the Pacific coast from Puget Sound to the Baja California peninsula. After the outbreak of war with Spain, she was ordered to join George Dewey's fleet in the Philippines. She departed San Francisco, California, on 23 June 1898, touched at Hawaii early in July, and reached Manila Bay on 16 August.
On February 10, 1899, several reports indicate the Monadnock participated in the Battle of Caloocan, a town a few miles north of Manila. She also participated in other fighting, such as late February shelling of a city.
On 26 December she sailed for Hong Kong, and for the next five years cruised the rivers of China, particularly the Yangtze, and along her coast to protect American interests. Between 27 January and 7 October 1901, she stood almost continuous duty at the mouth of the Yangtze protecting the foreign settlement at Shanghai, operating similarly on three further occasions: 6 December 1902 to 8 April 1903; 18 September 1903 to 10 March 1904; and 8 April 1904 to 28 November 1904.
On 3 February 1905 she returned to Cavite. Operating out of Olongapo, she remained in the Philippines, with two interruptions for brief visits to Hong Kong, until decommissioned at Cavite on 10 March 1909.
Recommissioned in reserve 20 April 1911, she resumed operations out of Olongapo, until placed in full commission 31 January 1912 at Cavite. For the next seven years she cruised with submarines, and towed targets. Decommissioning for the last time 24 March 1919, her name was struck off the Navy list on 2 February 1923, and her hull was sold, on the Asiatic Station, 24 August 1923.
- Spanish Campaign Medal
- Philippine Campaign Medal
- China Relief Expedition Medal
- World War I Victory Medal
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- OUR BOYS IN THE PHILIPPINES P. FREMONT ROCKETT, Published 1899, retr 2013 7 6
- Mowed Down Like Grass, Lewiston Daily Sun (newspaper article) Feb 11 1899, from books.google.com retr 2013 7 6
- FILIPINO ATTACK NEAR CALOOCAN; Large Forces of the Insurgents Repulsed by Our Troops, MANILA, Feb. 23, 1899 New York Times