List of ambassadors of the United States to Ireland
|Ambassador of the United States of America to Ireland|
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Nominator||The President of the United States|
with Senate advice and consent
|Inaugural holder||Frederick A. Sterling (envoy)|
George A. Garrett (amb.)
|Website||U.S. Embassy in Ireland|
The United States Ambassador to Ireland is the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary from the United States of America to Ireland. It is considered a highly prestigious position within the United States Foreign Service.
The chief of mission for the United States in Ireland held the title of envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary from 1927 through 1950, and six people served in the role. Since 1950, the title has been ambassador, and 23 people have served in the role. Only the first envoy, Frederick A. Sterling, was a career Foreign Service Officer – other envoys, and all ambassadors to date, have been non-career appointees. The first four envoys were commissioned to the Irish Free State, prior to the formation of the State.
The ambassador and embassy staff at large work at the Ballsbridge Chancery of the Embassy of the United States, Dublin. Deerfield Residence is the official residence of the ambassador, located in the Phoenix Park, Dublin.
Kevin O'Malley, an Irish American St. Louis attorney, was the most recent ambassador. O'Malley was nominated by President Barack Obama on June 5, 2014, confirmed by the United States Senate on September 18, 2014, sworn-in by Vice President Joe Biden and Secretary of State John Kerry on September 30, 2014, and presented his credentials to President of Ireland Michael D. Higgins on October 8, 2014. O'Malley served until January 20, 2017, the date of the presidential inauguration of Donald Trump.
In December 2016, Maggie Haberman of The New York Times reported that then president-elect Trump intended to name Brian P. Burns as the next ambassador to Ireland. However, in June 2017, Burns withdrew his name from consideration, due to ill health.
Edward F. Crawford, a businessman and entrepreneur from Ohio whose parents were from Cork, was approved to be the next ambassador by the Senate's foreign relations committee in May 2019, and confirmed by a vote of the United States Senate on June 13, 2019, making him the ambassador-designee until he is sworn into office and then presents his credentials to President Michael D. Higgins in Ireland.
Chiefs of Mission
Until 1950, the official title was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary.
|1||Frederick A. Sterling||February 19, 1927||July 27, 1927||March 7, 1934||2415||E1|
|2||W. W. McDowell||January 15, 1934||March 27, 1934||April 9, 1934||13||E1 E2|
|3||Alvin Mansfield Owsley||May 15, 1935||June 27, 1935||July 7, 1937||741||E1|
|4||John Cudahy||May 28, 1937||August 23, 1937||January 15, 1940||875||E1|
|5||David Gray||February 16, 1940||April 15, 1940||June 28, 1947||2630|
|6||George A. Garrett||April 10, 1947||July 28, 1947||April 18, 1950||995||E3|
- ^E1 Commissioned to the Irish Free State
- ^E2 Died in office (while in Ireland)
- ^E3 Promoted to Ambassador
Since 1950, the official title has been Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.
|1||George A. Garrett||March 17, 1950||April 18, 1950||May 27, 1951||404|
|2||Francis P. Matthews||July 6, 1951||October 22, 1951||September 7, 1952||321||A1|
|3||William Howard Taft III||April 2, 1953||May 13, 1953||June 25, 1957||1504|
|4||R. W. Scott McLeod||May 9, 1957||July 17, 1957||March 15, 1961||1337|
|5||Grant Stockdale||March 29, 1961||May 17, 1961||July 7, 1962||416|
|6||Matthew McCloskey||July 12, 1962||July 19, 1962||June 7, 1964||689|
|7||Raymond R. Guest||March 11, 1965||April 28, 1965||June 7, 1968||1136|
|8||Leo J. Sheridan||September 26, 1968||November 1, 1968||June 1, 1969||212|
|9||John D. J. Moore||April 19, 1969||June 23, 1969||June 30, 1975||2198||A2|
|10||Walter Curley||July 23, 1975||September 18, 1975||May 2, 1977||592|
|11||William V. Shannon||June 22, 1977||July 20, 1977||June 7, 1981||1418|
|12||Peter H. Dailey||March 15, 1982||April 30, 1982||January 15, 1984||625|
|13||Robert F. Kane||February 28, 1984||March 6, 1984||May 29, 1985||449|
|14||Margaret Heckler||December 17, 1985||January 30, 1986||August 20, 1989||1298|
|15||Richard A. Moore||August 7, 1989||September 19, 1989||June 15, 1992||1000|
|16||William H. G. FitzGerald||June 15, 1992||June 26, 1992||June 5, 1993||344|
|17||Jean Kennedy Smith||June 17, 1993||June 24, 1993||September 17, 1998||1911||A3|
|18||Mike Sullivan||October 22, 1998||January 21, 1999||June 20, 2001||881||A3|
|19||Richard Egan||August 29, 2001||September 10, 2001||January 31, 2003||508|
|20||James C. Kenny||October 6, 2003||October 31, 2003||August 13, 2006||1017||A3|
|21||Thomas C. Foley||August 28, 2006||October 18, 2006||January 22, 2009||827||A3|
|22||Dan Rooney||July 1, 2009||July 3, 2009||December 14, 2012||1260|
|23||Kevin O'Malley||September 18, 2014||October 8, 2014||January 20, 2017||835||A3|
|24||Edward F. Crawford||June 13, 2019||TBD||TBD||—||A3|
Appointed or nominated, but did not serve.
- W. W. McDowell
- Appointment: September 13, 1933. Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; did not serve under this appointment. Reappointed in January 1934.
- William E. McCann
- Note: Not commissioned; nomination of March 17, 1981, not acted upon by the Senate.
Interim chiefs of mission.
- Stuart A. Dwyer
- September 2013 – October 2014
- Reece Smyth
- January 2017 – present
- Embassy of the United States, Dublin
- Deerfield Residence – Official residence of the ambassador
- Ireland–United States relations
- Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland
- Ambassadors of the United States
- Embassy of Ireland in Washington, D.C.
- "Chiefs of Mission for Ireland". history.state.gov. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- "Embassy History". U.S. Embassy in Ireland. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
- "History of Ambassador's Residence". U.S. Embassy in Ireland. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
- "Donald Trump is yet to select an Irish ambassador but a Texan is keeping the seat warm". TheJournal.ie. March 8, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
- Carswell, Simon (5 June 2014). "US nominates Missouri lawyer as next Irish ambassador". The Irish Times. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Carswell, Simon (19 September 2014). "O'Malley approved as US ambassador to Ireland". The Irish Times. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- O'Dowd, Niall. "NYT reporter tweets Trump ready to name Brian Burns as US Ambassador". Irish Central. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Irish-American withdraws as Trump's nominee for US ambassador". RTÉ. June 13, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- Lynch, Suzanne (May 2, 2019). "US Senate committee approves next Irish ambassador". The Irish Times. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- O'Donovan, Brian (June 13, 2019). "US Senate confirms Edward Crawford as US Ambassador to Ireland". RTE. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- "President Reagan dropping McCann nomination". The Marshfield News-Herald. Marshfield, Wisconsin. AP. August 8, 1981. p. 7. Retrieved March 20, 2018 – via newspapers.com.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://www.state.gov/countries-areas/ (U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets).