United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command

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United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne)
Civil Affairs & Psychological Operations Command shoulder sleeve insignia.png
U.S. Army Civil Affairs & Psychological Operations Command (Airborne) shoulder sleeve insignia.
Active1990–present
CountryUnited States United States
Branch United States Army
TypeSeal of the United States Army Reserve.svg U.S. Army Reserve
RoleUSA - Civil Affairs.png Civil Affairs and
USA - Psych Ops Branch Insignia.png PSYOP
Garrison/HQFort Bragg, North Carolina
Commanders
Current
commander
MG Darrell Guthrie
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia of the command
USACAPOC DUI.png
Unit flash of the command
USACAPOC Beret Flash.png
Combat service identification badge
United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command CSIB.png

The United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne), or USACAPOC(A), was founded in 1985. USACAPOC(A) is composed mostly of U.S. Army Reserve soldiers in units throughout the United States. Its total size is approximately 10,000 soldiers, making up about 94 percent of the DoD's Civil Affairs forces and 71 percent of the DoD's Psychological Operations forces. It is headquartered at Fort Bragg, NC.[1] The current commander is Major General Darrell J. Guthrie, who assumed command in October 2017. [2]

Historically, USACAPOC(A) was one of four major subordinate commands comprising the U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC). In May 2006, the reserve component of USACAPOC(A) was transferred to the U.S. Army Reserve Command. The Army's active duty Special Operations Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations units, along with the Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Force Modernization/Branch Proponents, continue to fall under the U.S. Army Special Operations Command and its subordinate United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School respectively. The active component special operations civil affairs brigade—the 95th Civil Affairs Brigade—and two active component psychological operations groups—the 4th Psychological Operations Group and the 8th Psychological Operations Group—fall under USASOC.[3]

Army Reserve Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations make up five percent of the U.S. Army Reserve force, but account for about 20 percent of Army Reserve deployments. The command's soldiers bring civilian expertise not found among regular active duty soldiers. The projects they coordinate are the subject of many of the "Good News" stories run in the American media each day about Iraq, Afghanistan and the Horn of Africa.[citation needed]

Information Operations Units[edit]

The Information Operations (IO) mission is the integrated employment, during military operations, of information related capabilities (IRCs) in concert with other lines of operation to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp the decision making of adversaries and potential adversaries while protecting our own. The 151st Theater Information Operations Group (151st TIOG) was realigned under the command of USACAPOC(A) in October 2015.

Information Operations units are the field commander's capability to synchronize and deconflict information related capabilities (IRC) in the commander's information environment. The soldiers make up teams which interface and provide Information Operations expertise to the staff. [4] 151st TIOG Information Operations soldiers are particularly suited for this mission since they are Army Reserve soldiers with civilian occupations such as law enforcement, engineering, medicine, law, banking, public administration, etc; and, civilian education and qualifications such as Project Management Professional (PMP), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D), Juris Doctor (J.D), Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Public Administration (MPA), etc.[5] [6]

Information Operations soldiers have been integral to U.S. missions across North West Africa, East Africa, Europe, Middle East, and various other locations.

Information Operations units
Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
151st Theater Information Operations Group (151st TIOG)
151st TIOG DUI.png
COLONEL Jonathan Moyer Fort Totten, New York The 151st TIOG has two Information Operations Field Support Battalions
  • 301st Information Operations Field Support Battalion (301st IOFSB)
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) - Fort Totten, NY
    • A Company - Fort Totten, NY
    • B Company - Fort George G. Meade, MD
  • 303rd Information Operations Field Support Battalion (303rd IOFSB)
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) - Camp Parks, CA
    • A Company - Camp Parks, CA
    • B Company - Camp Parks, CA

Civil Affairs Units[edit]

The primary mission of Civil Affairs is to conduct civil-military operations. Civil Affairs soldiers are responsible for executing five core Civil Affairs tasks, Civil Information Management, Foreign Humanitarian Assistance, Nation Assistance, Population and Resource Control, and Support to Civil Administration. Some sub tasks to these core tasks include identifying non-governmental and international organizations operating in the battlespace, handling refugees, civilians on the battlefield, and determining protected targets such as schools, churches/temples/mosques, hospitals, etc.

Civil Affairs units are the field commander's link to the civil authorities in that commander's area of operations. The soldiers make up teams which interface and provide expertise to the host nation government. USACAPOC(A)'s Civil Affairs soldiers are particularly suited for this mission since they are Army Reserve soldiers with civilian occupations such as law enforcement, engineering, medicine, law, banking, public administration, etc.

Civil Affairs soldiers have been integral to U.S. peacekeeping operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, the Horn of Africa, Bosnia and Kosovo, among others. Tactical Civil Affairs teams go out and meet with local officials, conduct assessments and determine the need for critical infrastructure projects such as roads, schools, power plants, clinics, sewer lines, etc., and check up on the status of the project after construction by a local company has begun.

Civil Affairs units
Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
350th Civil Affairs Command (350th CAC)
350 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Jeffrey C. Coggin Pensacola, Florida The 350th CACOM is the only CACOM Headquarters that is both a Brigade and a CACOM Headquarters.
  • The 350th CACOM has the following direct reporting units (DRUs)
    • 402nd Civil Affairs Battalion – Ft. Buchanan, Puerto Rico
    • 436th Civil Affairs Battalion – Sanford, FL
    • US Army 478th Civil Affairs Bn Flash.png 478th Civil Affairs Battalion (Airborne) – Perrine, FL
    • 486 CA Bn DUI.png 486th Civil Affairs Battalion – Tulsa, OK
  • US Army 321st CA Bde DUI.png 321st Civil Affairs Brigade – San Antonio, TX
    • 410th Civil Affairs Battalion – El Paso, TX
    • 413th Civil Affairs Battalion – Lubbock, TX
    • 451st Civil Affairs Battalion – Pasadena, TX
    • 490th Civil Affairs Battalion – Grand Prairie, TX
351st Civil Affairs Command (351st CAC)
351 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Christopher W. Stockel Mountain View, CA
  • US Army 364th CA Bde DUI.png 364th Civil Affairs Brigade – Clackamas, OR
    • Distinctive Unit Insignia for the 405th CA Bn 405th Civil Affairs Battalion – Ft. Douglas, UT
    • 445th Civil Affairs Battalion– Mountain View, CA
    • 448th Civil Affairs Battalion – JB Lewis-McChord, WA
    • 440th CIVIL AFFAIRS BATTALION.png 440th Civil Affairs Battalion – Ft. Carson, CO
  • US Army 358th CA Bde DUI.png 358th Civil Affairs Brigade – Riverside, CA
    • US Army 416th Civil Affairs Bn Flash.png 416th Civil Affairs Battalion (Airborne) – San Diego, CA
    • 425th Civil Affairs Battalion – Encino, CA
    • US Army 426th Civil Affairs Bn Flash.png 426th Civil Affairs Battalion (Airborne) – Upland, CA
    • 492nd Civil Affairs Battalion– Buckeye, AZ
352nd Civil Affairs Command (352nd CAC)
352 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Jeffrey W. Jurasek Fort Meade, MD
  • US Army 354th CA Bde DUI.png 354th Civil Affairs Brigade – Riverdale, MD
    • 401 CA Bn DUI.png 401st Civil Affairs Battalion – Webster, NY
    • 414th Civil Affairs Battalion – Southfield, MI
    • 422nd Civil Affairs Battalion – Mcleansville, NC
    • 437th Civil Affairs Battalion– Ft. Story, VA
  • US Army 360th Civil Affairs Bde DUI.pngUS Army 360th Civil Affairs Bde Flash.png 360th Civil Affairs Brigade – Columbia, SC
    • 412th Civil Affairs Battalion DUI.pngUS Army 412th Civil Affairs Bn Flash.png 412th Civil Affairs Battalion (Airborne) – Whitehall, OH
    • 431st Civil Affairs Battalion DUI.png 431st Civil Affairs Battalion – Little Rock, AR
    • 450 CA Bn DUI.pngUS Army 450th Civil Affairs Bn Flash.png 450th Civil Affairs Battalion (Airborne) – Riverdale, MD
    • 489 CA Bn DUI.png 489th Civil Affairs Battalion – Knoxville, TN
353rd Civil Affairs Command (353rd CAC)
353 CACOM-100px.jpg
BG Robert S. Cooley, Jr Ft. Wadsworth, Staten Island, NY
  • US Army 304th CA Bde DUI.png 304th Civil Affairs Brigade – Bristol, PA
    • 403rd Civil Affairs Battalion – Mattydale, NY
    • US Army 404th Civil Affairs Bn Flash.png 404th Civil Affairs Battalion (Airborne) – Ft. Dix, NJ
    • 411th Civil Affairs Battalion – Danbury, CT
    • 443rd Civil Affairs Battalion – Newport, RI
  • US Army 308th CA Bde DUI.png 308th Civil Affairs Brigade – Homewood, IL
    • 407th Civil Affairs Battalion – Arden Hills, MN
    • 415th Civil Affairs Battalion – Kalamazoo, MI
    • 418th Civil Affairs Battalion– Belton, MO
    • 432nd Civil Affairs Battalion – Green Bay, WI

Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Units[edit]

CAPOC pamphlet disseminated in Iraq. The text translates as, "This is your future al-Zarqawi," and depicts al-Qaeda terrorist al-Zarqawi caught in a rat trap. The arm holding up the trap has the Iraqi flag on it.

Psychological operations are a vital part of the broad range of U.S. political, military, economic and ideological activities used by the U.S. government to secure national objectives. PSYOP is the dissemination of information to foreign audiences in support of U.S. policy and national objectives.

Used during peacetime, contingencies and declared war, these activities are not forms of force, but are force multipliers that use nonviolent means in often violent environments. Persuading rather than compelling physically, they rely on logic, fear, desire, or other mental factors to promote specific emotions, attitudes, or behaviors. The ultimate objective of U.S. military psychological operations is to convince enemy, neutral, and friendly nations and forces to take action favorable to the U.S. and its allies.

Psychological operations support national security objectives at the tactical, operational and strategic levels of operations. Strategic psychological operations advance broad or long-term objectives. Global in nature, they may be directed toward large audiences or at key communicators.

Operational psychological operations are conducted on a smaller scale. They are employed by theater commanders to target groups within the theater of operations. Their purpose can range from gaining support for U.S. operations to preparing the battlefield for combat.

Tactical psychological operations are more limited, used by commanders to secure immediate and near-term goals. In this environment, these force-enhancing activities serve as a means to lower the morale and efficiency of enemy forces.

Both tactical and theater-level psychological operations may be used to enhance peacetime military activities of conventional forces operating in foreign countries. Cultural awareness packages attune U.S. forces before departing overseas. In theater, media programs publicize the positive aspects of combined military exercises and deployments.

In addition to supporting commanders, PSYOP units provide interagency support to other U.S. government agencies. In operations ranging from humanitarian assistance to drug interdiction, psychological operations enhance the impact of those agencies' actions. Their activities can be used to spread information about ongoing programs and to gain support from the local populace.

Psychological operations units in the U.S. Army Reserve are language and culturally oriented. Seventy one percent of the Department of Defense's PSYOP capability rests within USACAPOC (A)'s 2nd and 7th Psychological Operations Groups located in Ohio and California respectively.

Psychological Operations units
Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
2nd Psychological Operations Group
2 POG-100px.jpg
Colonel Jesse Manning Twinsburg, Ohio
  • 11thpob.png 11th Psychological Operations Battalion – Upper Marlboro, MD
    • 305th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Ft. Story, VA
    • 312th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Upper Marlboro, MD
    • 351st Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Fort Totten, NY
    • 360th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Jersey City, NJ
  • 13thpob.png 13th Psychological Operations Battalion – Arden Hills, MN
    • 319th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Arden Hills, MN
    • 321st Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Grand Rapids, MI
    • 339th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Arden Hills, MN
    • 350th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Twinsburg, OH
  • 15thpob.png US Army 15th PSYOP BN Flash.png 15th Psychological Operations Battalion– Cincinnati, OH
    • 310th Tactical Psychological Operations Company (Airborne) – Forrest Park, GA
    • 325th Tactical Psychological Operations Company (Airborne) – Nashville, TN
    • 340th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Garner, NC
    • 346th Tactical Psychological Operations Company (Airborne) – Columbus, OH
  • 16th Psychological Operations Battalion.png 16th Psychological Operations Battalion – Ft. Sheridan, IL
    • 303rd Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Pittsburgh, PA
    • 316th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Peru, IN
    • 338th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Ft. Jackson, SC
    • 393rd Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Aurora, IL
7th Psychological Operations Group
7 POG-100px.jpg
COL Matthew Gebhard Mountain View, California
  • 10thpob.png 10th Psychological Operations Battalion – St. Louis, MO
    • 307th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – St. Louis, MO
    • 308th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Belton, MO
    • 318th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – St. Louis, MO
    • 362nd Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Fayetteville, AR
  • 12thpob.png 12th Psychological Operations Battalion – Ft. Lewis, WA
    • 320th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – CP Withycombe, OR
    • 324th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Aurora, CO
    • 349th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Aurora, CO
    • 361st Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Bothell, WA
  • 14thpob.png 14th Psychological Operations Battalion – Mountain View, CA
    • US Army 301st Tactical PSYOP Co Flash.png 301st Tactical Psychological Operations Company (Airborne) – San Diego, CA
    • 304th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Sacramento, CA
    • 315th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Upland, CA
    • 353rd Tactical Psychological Operations Company – Las Vegas, NV
  • 17thpob.jpg 17th Psychological Operations Battalion – Austin, TX
    • 341st Tactical Psychological Operations Company – San Antonio, TX
    • US Army 344th Tactical PSYOP Co Flash.png 344th Tactical Psychological Operations Company (Airborne) – Austin, TX
    • US Army 345th Tactical PSYOP Co Flash.png 345th Tactical Psychological Operations Company (Airborne) – Lewisville, TX
    • 399th Tactical Psychological Operations Company – San Marcos, TX

1st Training Brigade[edit]

The 1st Training Brigade (Civil Affairs/Psychological Operations - CAPO) trains the command's troops.[7]

Unit Distinctive unit insignia Commander Headquarters Subordinate Units
1st Training Brigade (CAPO)
USACAPOC DUI.png
Colonel Justin Stieglitz[8] Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Training Brigade (CAPO) – Fort Bragg, NC
  • 1001st CAPO Training Company – Trenton, NJ
  • 1002nd CAPO Training Company – Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst, NJ
  • 1003rd CAPO Training Company – Garner, NC
  • 1004th CAPO Training Company – Encino, CA
  • 1005th CAPO Training Company – Marina, CA

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pike, John. "Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  2. ^ Unknown, Unknown. "guthrie-takes-command-of-usacapoc". www.fayobserver.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Our Commands: U.S. Army Reserve Command: About Us". U.S. Army Reserve. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  4. ^ Unknown, Unknown. "FTSTESTS". https://www.dvidshub.net. Retrieved 12 April 2019. External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ Moyer, Jonathan. "Soldiers, looking to reclass? The information operations career field needs you". www.armytimes.com. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  6. ^ Bridgers, James. "America's Army Reserve". https://www.csis.org/events/americas-army-reserve. Retrieved 12 April 2019. External link in |publisher= (help)
  7. ^ http://www.usar.army.mil/Commands/Functional/USACAPOC/USACAPOC-Units/
  8. ^ 1st CA and PO Training Brigade USACAPOC (A) Welcomes New Commander, Defense Visual Information Distribution Service, by SGT Juan F. Jimenez (210th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment), dated 7 April 2018, last accessed 17 June 2018

External links[edit]