1912 United States presidential election in New Mexico

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United States presidential election in New Mexico, 1912

November 5, 1912 1916 →
  Woodrow Wilson-H&E.jpg William Howard Taft, Bain bw photo portrait, 1908.jpg
Nominee Woodrow Wilson William H. Taft
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New Jersey Ohio
Running mate Thomas R. Marshall Nicholas M. Butler
Electoral vote 3 0
Popular vote 20,437 17,733
Percentage 41.39% 35.91%

  T Roosevelt.jpg EugeneVictorDebs.png
Nominee Theodore Roosevelt Eugene V. Debs
Party Progressive Socialist
Home state New York Indiana
Running mate Hiram Johnson Emil Seidel
Electoral vote 0 0
Popular vote 8,347 2,859
Percentage 16.9% 5.79%

President before election

William Howard Taft
Republican

Elected President

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

The 1912 United States presidential election in New Mexico was the first Federal Presidential Election in which New Mexico participated. It took place on November 5, 1912, and all contemporary forty-eight States participated in the election. New Mexico voters chose three electors to represent them in the Electoral College, which voted for President and Vice President.

Background[edit]

During the period between New Mexico's annexation by the United States and statehood, the area was divided between largely Republican machine-run highland regions and its firmly Southern Democrat and Baptist "Little Texas" region to the southeast.[1] Running for reelection against the reformist policies of Wilson was William H. Taft, who secured the Republican nomination over Theodore Roosevelt. To counter not receiving the Republican nomination, Roosevelt then ran for president under his own Bull-Moose Party.

Vote[edit]

New Mexico is indicative of this critical split in the industrialist Republican Party, because Wilson was able to attain victory, both in the State and nationally, with about 40% of the vote, due to a split in the "Old Guard" of highland Republicanism.[2]

New Mexico was won by New Jersey Governor Woodrow Wilson, in what was perhaps the most politically diverse election in United States history.[3] Nonetheless, New Mexico was still Taft's fourth-strongest state by vote percentage after Utah, New Hampshire and Vermont,[4] reflecting the strong Hispanic machine loyalties to him in the northern highlands.[5] The Socialist Party of America had its best year on record under Socialist Party star Eugene V. Debs, who garnered almost six percent of the electorate in New Mexico, and nationally.

Results[edit]

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Woodrow Wilson Democratic New Jersey 20,437 41.39% 3 Thomas R. Marshall Indiana 3
William Howard Taft Republican Ohio 17,733 35.91% 0 Nicholas M. Butler New York 0
Theodore Roosevelt Progressive New York 8,347 16.90% 0 Hiram Johnson California 0
Eugene V. Debs Socialist Indiana 2,859 5.79% 0 Emil Seidel Wisconsin 0
Total 49,376 100% 3 3
Needed to win 266 266

Results by county[edit]

Thomas Woodrow Wilson[6]
Democratic
William Howard Taft[6]
Republican
Theodore Roosevelt[7]
Progressive
Eugene Victor Debs[8]
Socialist
Margin
County % # % # % # % # % #
Eddy 57.85% 936 8.96% 145 22.93% 371 10.26% 166 34.92%[a] 565
Luna 56.29% 461 9.89% 81 23.69% 194 10.13% 83 32.60%[a] 267
Curry 52.66% 634 10.22% 123 21.01% 253 16.11% 194 31.64%[a] 381
Roosevelt 49.34% 599 8.81% 107 21.33% 259 20.51% 249 28.01%[a] 340
Chaves 52.53% 1,339 18.24% 465 15.61% 398 13.61% 347 34.29% 874
Grant 53.33% 1,130 20.72% 439 19.63% 416 6.32% 134 32.61% 691
Quay 47.07% 884 18.69% 351 19.06% 358 15.18% 285 28.01%[a] 526
Sierra 56.32% 352 28.16% 176 13.76% 86 1.76% 11 28.16% 176
San Juan 46.25% 493 19.04% 203 21.48% 229 13.23% 141 24.77%[a] 264
Otero 41.75% 420 21.87% 220 19.98% 201 16.40% 165 19.88% 200
Union 42.86% 1,119 31.21% 815 17.20% 449 8.73% 228 11.64% 304
Guadalupe 45.79% 761 39.17% 651 9.27% 154 5.78% 96 6.62% 110
Bernalillo 31.85% 1,199 26.61% 1,002 37.03% 1,394 4.52% 170 -5.18%[a] -195
Colfax 41.34% 1,182 36.24% 1,036 19.73% 564 2.69% 77 5.11% 146
Socorro 46.33% 1,078 41.25% 960 11.56% 269 0.86% 20 5.07% 118
Lincoln 40.91% 461 40.11% 452 9.67% 109 9.32% 105 0.80% 9
Doña Ana 43.36% 895 44.19% 912 11.68% 241 0.78% 16 -0.82% -17
Mora 42.97% 1,002 43.83% 1,022 11.32% 264 1.89% 44 -0.86% -20
Taos 39.89% 765 44.58% 855 14.44% 277 1.09% 21 -4.69% -90
McKinley 30.60% 224 36.07% 264 32.38% 237 0.96% 7 3.69%[b] 27
Sandoval 13.70% 126 22.93% 211 63.37% 583 0.00% 0 -40.43%[b] -372
Torrance 29.66% 390 39.54% 520 17.57% 231 13.23% 174 -9.89% -130
Santa Fe 34.92% 1,012 49.41% 1,432 13.46% 390 2.21% 64 -14.49% -420
San Miguel 39.07% 1,740 55.67% 2,479 4.65% 207 0.61% 27 -16.60% -739
Rio Arriba 37.76% 1,004 58.25% 1,549 3.80% 101 0.19% 5 -20.50% -545
Valencia 14.13% 231 77.25% 1,263 6.79% 111 1.83% 30 -63.12% -1,032

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g In this county where Taft ran third behind Roosevelt, margin given is Wilson vote minus Roosevelt vote, and percentage margin is Wilson percentage minus Roosevelt percentage.
  2. ^ a b In this county where Wilson ran third behind Roosevelt, margin given is Taft vote minus Roosevelt vote and percentage margin Taft percentage minus Roosevelt percentage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chilton, Lance; New Mexico: A Guide to the Colorful State, p. 95 ISBN 0826307329
  2. ^ Hodgson, Illa D. and Garthwaite, Eloyse M.; 'New Mexico's Early Elections: Statehood to New Deal'; New Mexico Historical Review, January 1, 1995; vol. 70, issue 1, pp. 29-46
  3. ^ "1912 Presidential General Election Results – New Mexico". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  4. ^ "1912 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  5. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 42 ISBN 0786422173
  6. ^ a b Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote; 1896-1932 (second edition); pp. 272-275 Published 1947 by Stanford University Press
  7. ^ Géoelections; 1912 Presidential Election Popular Vote (xlsx file for €15)
  8. ^ Géoelections; 1912 Presidential Election Popular Vote for Eugene Debs (xlsx file for €15)