University of Waterloo
|Waterloo College Associate Faculties (1956–1959)|
|Motto||Latin: Concordia cum veritate|
Motto in English
|In harmony with truth|
|Established||4 July 1956|
|Campus||Urban, 450 hectares (1,112 acres)|
27 varsity teams
|Affiliations||ACU, ATS, CARL, CBIE, CIS, COU, CUP, CUSID, Fields Institute, IAU, U15, UC.|
The University of Waterloo (commonly referred to as Waterloo, UW, or UWaterloo) is a public research university with a main campus in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is on 404 hectares (998 acres) of land adjacent to "Uptown" Waterloo and Waterloo Park. The university offers academic programs administered by six faculties and ten faculty-based schools. The university also operates three satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges. Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada. The University of Waterloo is most famous for its cooperative education (co-op) programs, which allow the students to integrate their education with applicable work experiences. The university operates the largest post-secondary co-operative education program in the world, with over 20, 000 undergraduate students in over 140 co-operative education programs.
The institution was established on 1 July 1957 as the Waterloo College Associate Faculties, a semi-autonomous entity of Waterloo College, then an affiliate of the University of Western Ontario. This entity formally separated from Waterloo College and was incorporated as a university with the passage of the University of Waterloo Act by the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1959. It was established to fill the need to train engineers and technicians for Canada's growing postwar economy. It grew substantially over the next decade, adding a faculty of arts in 1960, and the College of Optometry of Ontario (now the School of Optometry and Vision Science), which moved from Toronto in 1967.
The university is co-educational, and as of 2016 had 30,600 undergraduate and 5,300 postgraduate students. Alumni and former students of the university can be found across Canada and in over 140 countries. Waterloo's varsity teams, known as the Waterloo Warriors, compete in the Ontario University Athletics conference of the U Sports.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Administration
- 4 Academics
- 5 Student life
- 6 Insignias and other representations
- 7 Notable alumni and faculty
- 8 See also
- 9 Footnotes
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
The University of Waterloo traces its origins to Waterloo College, the academic outgrowth of Waterloo Lutheran Seminary, which was affiliated with the University of Western Ontario since 1925. When Gerald Hagey assumed the presidency of Waterloo College in 1953, he made it his priority to procure the funds necessary to expand the institution. While the main source of income for higher education in Ontario at the time was the provincial government, the Ontario government made it clear that it would not contribute to denominational colleges and universities.
Hagey soon became aware of the steps undertaken by McMaster University to make itself eligible for some provincial funding by establishing Hamilton College as a separate, non-denominational college affiliated with the university. Following that method, Waterloo College established the Waterloo College Associate Faculties on 4 April 1956, as a non-denominational board affiliated with the college. The academic structure of the Associated Faculties was originally focused on co-operative education in the applied sciences—largely built around the proposals of Ira Needles. Needles proposed a different approach towards education, including both studies in the classroom and training in industry that would eventually become the basis of the university's cooperative education program. While the plan was initially opposed by the Engineering Institute of Canada and other Canadian universities, notably the University of Western Ontario, the Associated Faculties admitted its first students in July 1957. On 25 January 1958, the Associated Faculties announced the purchase of over 74 hectares (180 acres) of land west of Waterloo College. By the end of the same year, the Associated Faculties opened its first building on the site, the Chemical Engineering Building.
In 1959, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario passed an act which formally split the Associated Faculties from Waterloo College, and re-established it as the University of Waterloo. The governance was modelled on the University of Toronto Act of 1906, which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate, responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to act as the institution's chief executive officer and act as a liaison between the two groups.
The legislative act was the result of a great deal of negotiation between Waterloo College, Waterloo College Associated Faculties, and St. Jerome's College, another denominational college in the City of Waterloo. While the agreements sought to safeguard the existence of the two denominational colleges, they also aimed at federating them with the newly established University of Waterloo. Due to disagreements with Waterloo College, the College was not formally federated with the new university. The dispute centred on a controversially worded section of the University of Waterloo Act, 1959, in which the College interpreted certain sections as a guarantee that it would become the Faculty of Art for the new university. This was something that the Associated Faculties was not prepared to accept. As a result of the controversy, Waterloo College's entire Department of Mathematics broke away from the College to join the newly established University of Waterloo, later joined by professors from the Economic, German, Modern Languages, and Russian departments. Despite this controversy, until 1960 Hagey hoped that a last-minute compromise between Waterloo College and the university could be achieved. Ultimately, however, the university created its own Faculty of Arts in 1960. It later established the first Faculty of Mathematics in North America on 1 January 1967. In 1967, the world's first department of kinesiology was created. The present legislative act which defines how the university should be governed, the University of Waterloo Act, 1972 was passed on 10 May 1972.
A coat of arms has been in use by the university since 1961. The coat of arms was officially registered with the Lord Lyon King of Arms in 1987 and with the Canadian Heraldic Authority in 2001.
In February 1995, the former president of the university, James Downey, signed the Tri-University Group (TUG) agreement between Wilfrid Laurier University, and the University of Guelph. Signed in a period of fiscal constraint, and when ageing library systems required replacing, the TUG agreement sought to integrate the library collections and services of the three universities.
In 2001, the university announced that it would develop the Waterloo Research and Technology Park in the north campus. The park was planned to house many of the high-tech industries in the area, and is supported by the university, the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, the provincial and federal governments, and Canada's Technology Triangle. The aim was to provide businesses with access to the university's faculty, co-operative education students, and alumni, as well as the university's infrastructure and resources. Groundbreaking was on 25 June 2002, with the first completed building, the Sybase campus building, opening on 26 November 2004. In 2010, the Waterloo Research and Tech Park was renamed as the David Johnston Research and Technology Park, after David Johnston, the 28th Governor General of Canada and former president of the university.
From 2009 to 2012, the university managed four undergraduate programs in Dubai. The university worked in partnership with the Higher Colleges of Technology, the largest post-secondary institution in the United Arab Emirates. Discussions regarding the partnership emerged in 2004, and the Dubai campus was officially opened in September 2009. Through the partnership, the university offered undergraduate degrees in chemical engineering, civil engineering, financial analysis and risk management, and information technology management. The programs offered in Dubai took place in facilities provided by the Higher Colleges of Technology. On 30 October 2012, the university's Board of Governors decided to close the university's extension in Dubai.
The university's main campus lies within the city of Waterloo, Ontario. It sits on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee peoples that is part of the Haldimand Tract, land promised to the Six Nations that includes six miles on each side of the Grand River. It is bordered by Waterloo Park to the south, Wilfrid Laurier University to the southeast, residential neighbourhoods to the northeast, east and west, and the Laurel Creek Conservation Area to the northwest. Three numbered roads also intersect the main campus: University Avenue West, Columbia Street West, and Westmount Road North. While the main campus is 404 hectares (998 acres), the majority of the teaching facilities are centred on a ring road in its southern portion. In addition, the university owns several other properties in Cambridge, Huntsville, Kitchener, and Stratford, Ontario.
The buildings vary in age. The oldest is Graduate House, originally a farmhouse dating back to the 19th century. The oldest building which was erected for the university is the Douglas Wright Engineering Building, which was erected in 1958. A large majority of the university's buildings, and its ring road, were constructed during the 1960s. The university's main campus is divided into three major areas: South Campus, North Campus and Northwest Campus. South Campus is the academic core of the university, while North Campus holds the Research and Technology Park. Northwest Campus is the least developed area of the main campus, made up primarily of farm fields and an environmental reserve, which divides it from North Campus.
Libraries and museums
The university has four libraries housing more than 1.4 million books, as well as electronic resources including e-books, serial titles, and databases. Three of the libraries are on campus: the Dana Porter Library, housing material relating to arts, humanities and social science, the Davis Centre Library, housing material for engineering, mathematics and science, and the Witer Learning Resource Centre, housing material for the School of Optometry and Vision Science. The fourth library, the Musagetes Architecture Library, is in Cambridge, alongside the university's School of Architecture. The libraries of the university's affiliated colleges are also considered a part of the university's library system. The university's library system is also a member of the TriUniversity Group, a partnership between the University of Guelph, University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University. The group provides students and researchers at all three universities with access to all of the collections and services. The group also operates the TUG Annex, a repository for less-used library resources from the three universities.
University of Waterloo also operates the Earth Sciences Museum, on campus in the Centre for Environmental Information Technology. It is mainly used as an earth-science teaching museum for local schools and natural-science interest groups in southern Ontario. The main exhibits cover the Great Lakes, rocks and minerals, dinosaurs and ice age mammals. The museum's dinosaur exhibit includes a complete cast of an Albertosaurus. The museum also houses an interactive, simulation mining tunnel which aims to teach sustainable mining practices. Also owned and operated by the university is the Museum of Vision Science, which is at the university's School of Optometry building. The university had previously operated the Elliott Avedon Museum and Archive of Games, created by the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies and previously managed by the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. Due to a lack of specific academic interest, in 2009, the decision was made to close the museum and transfer the collection elsewhere.
Housing and student facilities
The university has eight student residences: the Minota Hagey Residence, UW Place, Ron Eydt Village, Village 1, Mackenzie King Village, Columbia Lake North and South, and Claudette Millar Hall. In addition to the eight main campus residences, students may also to apply to live at any of the university's affiliated college residences. The largest residential village at the university is UW Place, which houses 1,300 first-year students and 350 upper-year students, while the smallest residence is the Minota Hagey Residence, which houses 70 students and is almost exclusively for upper-year students. In September 2010, 24.9 percent of the undergraduate population lived on campus, including 71.1 percent of first-year students. Residents are represented by two residential councils at the university, South Council which represents the students at UW Place, and North Council which represents the remaining residential villages. Each council organizes their own events and has their own executive, budget, and meetings. However, the overall mission of both councils is to act as the official representatives for all residents living at the university's residences.
The Student Life Centre is the centre of student governance and student directed social, cultural, entertainment and recreational activities, open seven days a week, year-round. The Student Life Centre contains the offices of a number of student organizations, including the Federation of Students, Student Housing Office, a number of retail and food services, and a variety of club space and study rooms. In 2017 ground broke on a joint 63,000 square foot expansion of the Student Life Centre and Physical Activities Complex. Built to the west of Burt Matthews Hall Green the expansion will connect all three floors with the Red North corner of the PAC providing social, fitness, study, multi-faith, dining, and bookable spaces for students. The project is projected to complete in Fall 2018.
The Federation of Students also operates an information desk in the Student Life Centre called the Turnkey Desk. It is open 24/7 365, and it is where students go to book out study spaces within the SLC, as well as where they go for information on campus events, directions, and any questions students have. The Turnkey Desk also sells a variety of tickets including GO Transit tickets, Greyhound tickets, and various local transit tickets and movie theatre tickets. It is staffed almost entirely by university students or recent graduates, and is a salaried job on the campus.
The idea for a student centre emerged during the 1960s, and to raise the necessary funds for the building students began to levy a $10 fee. Construction began in July 1966 and was completed in 1968. Tensions between the university and the student community surfaced over the management and ownership of the Student Life Centre. The conflict was not resolved until 1969, when Professor Johnson resigned his position as chairman of the Campus Centre Board, along with his colleague Pim Fitzgerald.
The university has three satellite campuses, and a number of other facilities throughout Southern Ontario. The closest off-campus facilities are adjacent to the campus, with the university acquiring land and five buildings from BlackBerry Ltd on December 2013. The university expects to use three of the buildings starting in February 2014, and will lease the other two to BlackBerry Ltd.
The Centre for Extended Learning is a facility owned and managed by the university and is in Kitchener, Ontario. It provides pre-university courses, part-time studies, online learning and professional development courses. Another facility which is owned and managed by the university is the Waterloo Summit Centre for the Environment, in Huntsville, Ontario. It is a year-round research and teaching centre, which regularly hosts post-secondary student field courses and professional development programs, and also serves as a university outreach facility for the whole region. Close to Algonquin and Arrowhead Provincial Park, the centre's facilities are used for research in ecological restoration and conservation. It also hosts an ecological research facility, including a wet laboratory.
The university's School of Architecture uses a campus in Cambridge, Ontario, on the west bank of the Grand River. The architecture campus was the idea of the Cambridge Consortium, a group of Cambridge business owners, who spearheaded the school's fundraising drive to cover a portion of the $27 million cost[clarification needed] of creating the new campus. The school, along with its faculty and students, was moved to the new campus in September 2004. Since 1979, the School of Architecture also operated an architecture studio in Rome, Italy in the Trastevere neighbourhood. The opportunity to work at the Trastevere studio is offered to fourth-year architecture students.
Another satellite campus of the university is the Health Sciences Campus in Kitchener, Ontario, which houses the School of Pharmacy. The pharmacy building was designed by Siamak Hariri, and was completed in December 2008. While the School of Pharmacy acts as the anchor institution of this campus, other students and faculty of the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences also use the facilities. The campus includes a primary care teaching clinic which will integrate clinical care and teaching in pharmacy and optometry. Two other universities also make use of the Health Science and Pharmacy campus. McMaster University's medical school makes use of the campus as its base for its Waterloo Regional Campus, with 56 of the medical school's students admitted at the regional campus in 2012. Wilfrid Laurier University's School of Social Work also uses some of the facilities available on the campus.
The university's third satellite campus, the Stratford Campus, is in Stratford, Ontario. The focus for the Stratford campus is on education in digital arts and media. The idea for the Stratford campus first took shape when the City of Stratford and the university signed a memorandum in October 2006. It officially opened in September 2010. In November 2009, the university also signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of Western Ontario regarding academic initiatives at the Stratford Campus. The campus also hosted the first four Canada 3.0 forums, before its move to Toronto in 2012.
Sustainability initiatives are divided between several departmental offices at the university, with the university's plant operations charged with their implementation. Prior to 2005, the management of sustainability efforts was conducted by the university's waste management coordinator. The university's sustainability initiatives are solely institution-specific, as it has not signed any national or international sustainability declaration. However, the university, along with the other members from the Council of Ontario Universities, signed a pledge in 2009 known as Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World, with the objective of transforming its campus into a model of environmental responsibility.
The university's School of Environment, Enterprise and Development placed first in Canada in the Corporate Knights 2011 ranking for undergraduate business programs incorporating sustainability. The university campus received a C+ grade from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card for 2011.
The university operates under a bicameral system consisting of a board of governors and a senate, as legislated by the University of Waterloo Act, 1972. The Board of Governors has responsibility for the university's properties, affairs, and income. The University of Waterloo Act calls for only 36 members, each of whom must hold Canadian citizenship. However, the number of members in the board for the 2013–2014 academic year is 40. The Board has five ex officio members, including the university's chancellor and president, and the mayors of Kitchener and Waterloo. The other 32 members of the board are either elected or appointed by the various members of the university community, including alumni, faculty, and student body.
The senate is responsible for establishing the educational policies of the university, as well as making recommendations to the board of governors in the management of the institution. The senate has 24 ex officio positions including the president and chancellor of the university, the vice-presidents, the senior dean of each faculty, the presidents of the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty associations, and the presidents and principals of the university's associated colleges. The senate's 61 other members are appointed or elected by various communities of the university including the faculty of the university, its associated colleges, the student body, and alumni.
The president, appointed by the board of governors, acts as the chief executive officer of the university with the approval of the senate, is responsible for administering the affairs of the university, and acts on behalf of the board with respect to the operational management and control of the university. The president is the chair of the senate and a member of the board. The president also holds the position of vice-chancellor, assuming the duties of the chancellor during his absences or a temporary vacancy in the office. The chancellor is elected by the members of the senate for a term of three years, although eligible for renewal. The primary duty of the chancellor is to preside at all convocations and present candidates for honorary degrees to the senate. The office of the chancellor has been held by Tom Jenkins since 1 May 2015. He succeeded Prem Watsa, who held the position from 2009 to 2015. The next chancellor to succeed Prem Watsa is Tom Jenkins, who begins his term 1 May 2015 In March 2011, Feridun Hamdullahpur was announced as the sixth president of the university, having been interim president since October 2010.
The university also includes three semi-autonomous affiliated colleges and a federated university. Conrad Grebel University College is a Mennonite university college that was chartered in 1961 and is religiously affiliated with the Mennonite Church Eastern Canada. Renison University College is an Anglican university college chartered in 1959; it entered an affiliation with the University of Waterloo in 1960 and is religiously affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada. St. Jerome's University is a Roman Catholic university, founded in 1865, which entered into a federation with the University of Waterloo shortly after the provincial government granted it university status in 1959. St. Paul's University College is a university college founded by members of the United Church of Canada in 1962. However, St. Paul's now operates independently from the United Church, without any formal or legal relationship.
The three colleges and federated university are all within the University of Waterloo's main campus and operate their own residences. Students of these affiliated colleges and federated university are also academically integrated with the University of Waterloo. Students who study at any of them are also considered registered students of the University of Waterloo. In addition to the classes offered at these colleges, federated university students also have the option to enrol in classes, apply to any of the faculties, and graduate as a student from the University of Waterloo. Regardless of the affiliated colleges and federated university's religious affiliations, enrolment is not restricted based on the student's religious beliefs.
The university completed the 2014–2015 academic year with revenues of $936.240 million and expenses of $906.730 million, yielding a surplus of $29.510 million. Grants and contracts make up the largest source of revenue for the university, totaling $392.357 million, followed by academic fees at $357.889 million. Salaries make up nearly half of the university's expenses, at $439.973 million. As of 30 April 2015, the university's endowment is valued at $335.731 million.
Waterloo is a publicly funded research university, and a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. It functions on a term-based system, with fall, winter and spring terms. Undergraduate programs comprise the majority of the school's enrolment, made up of 24,377 full-time and part-time undergraduate students. The university conferred 5,041 bachelor's degrees, 267 doctoral degrees, 1,275 master's degrees, and 192 first professional degrees in 2012–2013. The university is organized into six faculties, which operate a combined total of 11 schools and over 50 academic departments.
Financial aid available to students includes the Ontario Student Assistance Program and Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments. The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships, fellowships, debt reduction, interest relief, and work programs.
The University of Waterloo has a co-operative education program with nearly 20,000 undergraduate students, making it the world's largest post-secondary co-operative education program. All co-operative education programs at the university are accredited by the Canadian Association for Co-operative Education. Their five-year co-op program includes up to twenty-four months of work experience, broken into four month terms. Enrolling in a co-op program at the University of Waterloo does not guarantee co-op employment. Despite a high percentage of employment via the co-op program, many students obtain employment by other methods, including a student's personal networks and unpaid full-time volunteering positions.
All undergraduate programs in the Faculty of Engineering and some other programs throughout the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Mathematics require mandatory co-op placements as part of the five-year program. The Faculty of Engineering requires a minimum of five co-op placements (twenty months) while other programs require a minimum of four co-op placements (sixteen months). Some students engage in international co-op opportunities abroad in private companies and public institutions including positions in Japan, Hong Kong, China, Korea, Germany, and France.
|U.S News & World Report Global||215|
|U.S News & World Report National||9|
In the 2018 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the university ranked 151–200 in the world and 7–9 in Canada. The 2019 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Waterloo 201–250 in the world and tenth in Canada. The 2019 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 163rd in the world and seventh in Canada. In the U.S. News & World Report 2019 ranking, the university placed 215th in the world, and ninth in Canada. In terms of national rankings, Maclean's 2019 university rankings placed Waterloo third, in its comprehensive university category. In 2018 CEOWORLD magazine released its ranking for universities around the world, and placed Waterloo 220th in the world and eighth in Canada.
The university also placed in a number of rankings that evaluated a graduate's employment prospects. In QS's 2019 graduate employability ranking, Waterloo ranked 25th in the world, and second in Canada. In the Times Higher Education 2018 graduate employability ranking, Waterloo was ranked 100–150 in the world, and seventh in Canada. In an employability survey published by The New York Times in October 2011, when CEOs and chairpersons were asked to select the top universities which they recruited from, the university placed 108th in the world, and seventh in Canada.
In the 2019 Times Higher Education University Impact Rankings, which assess 450 universities against the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, the University of Waterloo placed 13th in the world, and fourth in Canada.
The University of Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group that represents 15 Canadian research universities. In 2018, Research Infosource ranked Waterloo 12th on their list of top 50 Canadian research universities, with a sponsored research income (external sources of funding) of $189.333 million in 2017. In the same year, the university's faculty averaged a sponsored research income of $163,100, while graduate students averaged a sponsored research income of $34,700.
Waterloo's research performance has been noted several bibliometric university rankings, which uses citation analysis to evaluates the impact a university has on academic publications. In 2018, the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities ranked Waterloo 240th in the world, and 10th in Canada. The University Ranking by Academic Performance 2018–19 rankings placed the university 191st in the world, and 10th in Canada.
The university operates and manages 41 research centres and institutes, including the Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research, the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, the Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing, the Institute for Quantum Computing, and the Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience. Official recognition and designation of all centres and institutes requires the approval of the university's Senate. On 6 April 2018, the University of Waterloo announced the launching of its Artificial Intelligence Research Lab.
The requirements for admission differ between students from Ontario, students from other provinces in Canada, and international students, due to the lack of uniformity in marking schemes. For students applying from an Ontario secondary school, the university's admissions office states an average of at least 80 percent is required for minimum consideration. A higher average is suggested for admission to programs where demand for seats from qualified applicants exceeds the number of places available. The actual minimum averages required for these programs are determined each year based on the number and qualification of applicants and the number of available spaces. The average secondary school admission average for full-time, first-year students for the 2014–2015 academic year was 89.3 percent. The retention rate of the university's first-time, full-time first-year students in 2012 was 91.1 percent.
The university's two main student unions are the Federation of Students for all undergraduate students, and the Graduate Student Association for graduate students. The Federation of Students was created in 1967. It operates seven businesses and eight student services, and encompasses nearly 200 clubs. The federation also oversees the university's Orientation Week, Welcome Week and other special events and concerts held on campus. The organizations and clubs accredited by the Federation of Students cover a wide range of interests including academics, culture, religion, social issues, and recreation. Many of them are centred on the university's student activity centre, the Student Life Centre. As of June 2007, neither the university administration nor the student union recognize fraternities and sororities. Alpha Epsilon Pi, Pi Kappa Alpha and Sigma Chi operate as non-accredited off-campus fraternities, and Alpha Omicron Pi and Kappa Kappa Gamma as non-accredited off-campus sororities.
The official student newspaper at the university is the Imprint, which publishes a weekly edition during the fall and winter semesters and a biweekly edition for the spring semester. The Chevron was previously the official student newspaper. Conflicts with the Federation of Students and the perception of an increasingly left-wing agenda lead to the removal of its official status, by referendum, in November 1978. The oldest student publication on campus is the mathNEWS, published by the Mathematics faculty in print and online, and another important publication is The Iron Warrior, published by the Engineering faculty.
The university's Journalism Club, made up of former staff from The Chevron along with other students, created another newspaper known as the Imprint, which was officially recognized by referendum in 1979. The university also operated a campus radio station, CKMS-FM, now known as SoundFM. The radio station was officially incorporated in 1977 but following several referenda, in 2008 the Federation of Students and the University withdrew all financial support for the station and it transitioned to a community radio model.
The university's sports teams are known as the Waterloo Warriors. They participate in the Canadian Interuniversity Sports' Ontario University Athletics conference for most varsity sports. Varsity teams include badminton, baseball, basketball, cross country, curling, field hockey, figure skating, Canadian football, golf, hockey, Nordic skiing, rugby, soccer, squash, swimming, track and field, tennis and volleyball. The athletics program at the university dates back to 1957, when students of Waterloo College Associate Faculties participated in the sports program of Waterloo College (present-day Wilfrid Laurier University). The university had its own independent team when the Associate Faculties officially became the University of Waterloo. The university's varsity teams and the university's recreational sports programs are operated and managed by the Department of Athletics and Recreational Activity.
The university has a number of athletic facilities open to the varsity teams and to the other students. The stadium with the largest seating capacity at the university is Warrior Field. The field is home to the varsity field hockey and football teams, and hosts the university's recreational flag football and soccer activities. It has a seating capacity of 5,400. Other facilities include the Physical Activity Complex, which houses two gymnasiums, beach volleyball courts, squash rooms, and a swimming pool, and is also home to the university's varsity badminton, basketball, squash, swimming and volleyball teams. The Columbia Ice Field was constructed in 1983 and houses the university's hockey team home rink, with a seating capacity of 700. The Ice Field has been expanded twice, in 1990 and 2003, and now includes three gyms and a number of fitness centres. Including the football field, the university manages seven outdoor playing fields, with Fields 1 and 2 reserved for the varsity soccer and rugby teams. The rest of the fields are used by the university's recreational sports programs.
Insignias and other representations
Coat of Arms
The university's coat of arms was first used by the university in October 1961, but was only officially granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms in August 1987. It was not registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority until 15 February 2001. Four variations of the coat of arms existed. The first was used from 1961 to 1996, when the second bright-yellow shield using slightly different shaped lions was introduced. The yellow background was dulled in 2000, and finally, the original lions were reintroduced in 2010 in conjunction with the attempt to replace the use of the coat of arms with a futuristic W logo. The new logo was eventually rejected after student opposition.
The red-on-gold lions on the university's arms were adopted from those of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. The City of Waterloo was named after an area just south of Brussels, Belgium, where the battle occurred. The chevron on the arms was taken from the arms of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Field Marshal with the British Army during World War I. The black and white pattern used on the chevron was based on the colours of Prussia, as homage to the German heritage of the area. The City of Kitchener was originally known as Berlin, but was renamed after Earl Kitchener in 1916 during World War I.
Motto and songs
The university's Latin motto is Concordia cum veritate, translated as "In Harmony with Truth". It was introduced along with the university coat of arms in October 1961. A number of songs are commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement, convocation, and athletic contests. The main song of the university is known as the "Black and White and Gold". The words were written by K. D. Fryer and H. F. Davis, while the music was composed by Alfred Kunz.
Notable alumni and faculty
Over 163,000 people have graduated from the university, and now reside in over 140 countries. Waterloo graduates have accumulated a number of awards, such as George Elliott Clarke, recipient of the Governor General's Award; William Reeves, recipient of an Academy Award, and a number of Rhodes Scholarships. Two members of the university have received the Nobel Prize. In 1999, Robert Mundell was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work in monetary dynamics and optimum currency areas. In 2018, university faculty member Donna Strickland was awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for her work in laser physics.
A number of business leaders have worked or studied at Waterloo. Examples include David I. McKay, president and CEO of the Royal Bank of Canada, Kevin O’Leary, founder of SoftKey, John Baker, founder of Desire2Learn, David Cheriton, co-founder and chief scientist of Arista Networks, Mike Lazaridis, co-founder and former co-CEO of Research In Motion (now BlackBerry Ltd), Prem Watsa, chairman of Fairfax Financial and the current chancellor of the university, Steven Woods, co-founder of NeoEdge Networks and Quack.com and co-founders of Waterloo Maple, Keith Geddes and Gaston Gonnet. Gonnet was also the co-founder of OpenText Corporation. Several faculty members and students have also gained local and national prominence in government. David Johnston, the former president of Waterloo, served as the 28th Governor General of Canada from 2010 to 2017.
A number of the university's faculty and students have also gained prominence in the field of computing sciences. Examples include QNX operating systems co-creators Gordon Bell and Dan Dodge, Rasmus Lerdorf, the creator of the PHP scripting language, Matei Zaharia, the creator of Apache Spark, Gordon Cormack, the co-creator of the Dynamic Markov compression algorithm, Ric Holt, co-creator of several programming languages, most notably Turing, and Jack Edmonds, a computer scientist, and developer of the Blossom algorithm, and the Edmonds' algorithm.
Graduates from the university have also risen to prominence in other fields. Heather Moyse, a graduate from the kinesiology program, is a prominent Canadian athlete and two-time Olympic bobsleigh gold medalist. Moyse has represented Canada in international bobsleigh, rugby and track cycling competitions. Graduate of the Rhetoric and Professional Writing program, Rupi Kaur is a Canadian poet, writer, illustrator. Her book of poetry, Milk and Honey, has spent over a year on The New York Times' bestsellers list, reaching #1 in January 2017.
On October 2, 2018, Donna Strickland, an associate professor at the Physics and Astronomy Department, was awarded the Nobel prize in physics. Strickland is the third woman to have ever been awarded the prize in physics. This was the first Nobel prize for a member of the university's faculty. Strickland was honoured for being half of the team to discover chirped pulse amplification, a technique that underpins today's short-pulse, high-intensity lasers. Scientific American explained the practical aspects of the invention as it applies in the most noteworthy application: it allows for "ultrabrief, ultrasharp beams can be used to make extremely precise cuts, so their technique is now used in laser machining and enables doctors to perform millions of corrective" laser eye surgeries.
- List of Canadian universities by endowment
- U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities
- List of Nobel laureates by country
- List of female Nobel laureates
- Midnight Sun Solar Race Team
- Waterloo Global Science Initiative
- Scott 1967, p. 28.
- "University of Waterloo Financial Statements" (PDF). University of Waterloo. 30 April 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
- "Institutional Analysis & Planning". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
- "Waterloo Facts". Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "The Campus Today" (PDF). Campus Master Plan Update. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Plant Operations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "University Colours". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Mascot Request". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Satellite campuses and locations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "About UW". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 23 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "U15 Submission to the Expert Review Panel on Research and Development" (PDF). Review of Federal Support to R&D. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "The world's largest co-op program". Ontario Universities. Council of Ontario Universities. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- Beaton, B. "University of Western Ontario". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "History of the University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "History – University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- Needles, Ira G. (27 August 1956). "Wanted: 150,000 Engineers and Technicians The Waterloo Plan". Waterloo Digital Library. B.F. Goodrich Canada Ltd. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Scott 1967, p. 23.
- Scott 1967, p. 25.
- "Ira G. Needles" (PDF). Waterloo Public Library. Retrieved 5 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
- Scott 1967, p. 40.
- Scott 1967, p. 43.
- Roy, Flora (2004). Recollections Of Waterloo College. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. p. 107. ISBN 0-88920-473-X.
- P. Anisef And J. Lennards. "University". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- Scott 1967, p. 44.
- Scott 1967, p. 46.
- Scott 1967, p. 47.
- Scott 1967, p. 107.
- Scott 1967, p. 125.
- "Kinesiology". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- Redmond, Chris; Troll, Simon (1998). "1972 The Act and the moratorium". Water Under the Bridge: An unofficial history of the University of Waterloo. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "University Colours, Arms & Motto, Mace". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "University of Waterloo [Civil Institution]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "How TUG began". TriUniversity Group of Libraries. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
- "David Johnston Research + Technology Park". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "Features". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "Timeline". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "Waterloo Research and Tech Park renamed". 570News. Rogers Media. 5 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Monteiro, Liz (8 November 2012). "University of Waterloo closing its Dubai campus". The Record. Metroland Media Group. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "First UAE students start classes at University of Waterloo campus". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Programs of study – United Arab Emirates". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Residence – United Arab Emirates". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- D’Amato, Luisa (2 July 2017). "'A great first step for the university:' UW students declare they are on territory of indigenous people". TheRecord.com. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "Campus Map". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "University of Waterloo overview". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 5 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "D1 – Library Collections". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Locations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "About Us". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "About the Earth Sciences museum". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Museum exhibits". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Cobalt Discovery Mine Tunnel Grand Opening". University of Waterloo. 27 October 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "About the Museum". University of Waterloo. 28 July 2010. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "UW Place". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "VeloCity – Minota Hagey". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "E2 – Percentage of Full-Time Undergraduate Students Who Live on Campus". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Council structure". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Residence Council". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Inside the Student Life Centre (SLC)". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "SLC/PAC Expansion Project | Associate Provost, Students". Associate Provost, Students. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "A history of the Student Life Centre". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "BlackBerry stock rises 16% despite $4.4B loss". CBC News. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "University of Waterloo buys BlackBerry buildings, land for $41 million". Toronto Star. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "Satellite campuses and locations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Centre for Extended Learning". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "About the Waterloo Summit Centre". University of Waterloo. 25 January 2014. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Student field courses". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Research facilities". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "About Us – Waterloo Architecture". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Rome". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "The Pharmacy building". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Campuses". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Waterloo Regional Campus". McMaster University. 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Beitz, Mike (22 September 2010). "U of Waterloo showcases new Stratford campus". Stratford Beacon Herald. Beacon Herald. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Waterloo and Western will explore digital media collaboration in Stratford". Western News. University of Western Ontario. 6 November 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Beitz, Mike (5 July 2012). "Stratford loses Canada 3.0". London Free Press. Canoe Sun Media. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Green it up On-campus initiatives". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Fortmueller, Chris (26 September 2007). "Office of Sustainability Initiative Underway". The Iron Warrior. Archived from the original on 16 December 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Wright, Tarah S. A. (2 April 2002). "Definitions and Frameworks for Environmental Sustainability in Higher Education". Higher Education Policy. 15 (2): 105–120.
- "Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World". Council of Ontario Universities. November 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Corporate Knights releases its 2011 Business Knight Schools Survey". Corporate Knights. Corporate Knights Inc. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "University of Waterloo – Green Report Card 2011". Sustainable Endowments Institute. 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "Governance". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Powers of the Board of Governors". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Board of Governors, 1 May 2013 – 30 April 2014". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- "Composition of Board of Governors". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Powers of the Senate". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Senate – membership". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "About the Office of the President". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Chancellor". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Manning, Nick (15 September 2014). "University of Waterloo names Canadian business leader, Tom Jenkins, as 10th chancellor". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- Taylor, Lesley Ciarula (23 January 2012). "Prem Watsa: Meet the man behind the RIM shakeup". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- D'Amato, Luisa; Pender, Terry (11 March 2011). "Hamdullahpur named University of Waterloo president". The Record. Metroland Media Group Ltd. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Relationship with Waterloo – Conrad Grebel University College". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "History of Renison". Renison University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "First year student information". Renison University College. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Relation with University of Waterloo". St. Jerome's University. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "About St. Paul's University College". St. Paul's University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Frequently Asked Questions – Renison University College". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Admission – SJU". St. Jerome's University. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "I am not Mennonite. Can I live at Grebel?". Frequently asked questions. Conrad Grebel University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Frequently asked questions". Renison University College. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "University of Waterloo Financial Statements" (PDF). University of Waterloo. 30 April 2015.
- "University of Waterloo". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. 2012. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Universities". Queen's Printer for Ontario. 2011. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Glossary of terms". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Common University Data Ontario 2013". University of Waterloo. 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
- "What is OSAP?". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "About Co-operative Education". University of Waterloo. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
- "University of Waterloo: Rankings". Maclean's. Rogers Media. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
- "The world's largest co-op program". Ontario Universities. Council of Ontario Universities. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
- "Cooperative Education in Canadian Universities". canadian-universities.net. Hecterra Publishing Inc. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
- "About Co-operative Education". Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Working abroad". Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "ARWU World Top 500 Candidates 2018". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "QS World University Rankings - 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "World University Rankings 2019". Times Higher Education. TES Global. 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- "Best Global Universities in Canada". U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report, L.P. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
- "University Rankings 2019: Canada's top Comprehensive schools". Maclean's. Rogers Media. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- "Best Universities In The World For 2018". CEOWORLD Magazine. The CEOWORLD Magazine. 11 May 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Graduate Employability Rankings 2019". QS Top Universities. QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Graduate employability: top universities in Canada ranked by employers 2018". Times Higher Education. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "What business leaders say". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Waterloo ranks 13 in global University Impact Rankings 2019". University of Waterloo. 3 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "University of Waterloo rankings and reputation". University of Waterloo. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "University Impact Rankings 2019". World University Rankings. Times Higher Education. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "Mike and Ophelia Lazaridis Quantum Nano Centre". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Canada's Top 50 Research Universities 2018". Researach Infosource. 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "World University Rankings By 2018". NTU Rankings. 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
- "2018-2019 RANKING BY COUNTRY". Informatics Institute of Middle East Technical University. 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
- "The Full Spectrum of Research". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "UW to open AI research institute | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
- "Ontario Secondary School Applicants presenting the Ontario High School Curriculum" (PDF). University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Section B (Common University Data Ontario 2015)". Institutional Analysis & Planning. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- "K3 – Retention Rates". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- "Section A (Common University Data Ontario 2015)". University of Waterloo. 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
- "About the Graduate Student Association". Graduate Student Association. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "Mission, Vision, & Values". Federation of Students Website. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "All Clubs". Federation of Students Website. Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- Goel, Yuvraj; Aho, Jeffrey (6 June 2007). "Should the University of Waterloo Recognize Greek Organizations?". The Iron Warrior. Archived from the original on 23 June 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Canada Chapter Roll". Alpha Epsilon Pi. 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Archived copy". 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "The Theta Psi Chapter of Sigma Chi". Sigma Chi Canadian Foundation. 2012. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "AOII Collegiate Chapters". Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Chapter Profile – Zeta Omega". Kappa Kappa Gamma. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "About – Imprint". Imprint Publications. 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Power Tripping" (PDF). University of Waterloo. p. 7. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Charges laid after Chevron tiff" (PDF). The Ubyssey. The Ubyssey Publications Society. 25 November 1976. p. 8.
- Hadji, Bahman (10 October 2007). "Fifty Years of Campus Journalism". The Iron Warrior. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "About SoundFM". Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "History & Tradition of Waterloo Athletics and Recreational Services". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Director of Athletics and Recreational Services". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Warrior Field". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- "Physical Activity Complex". Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "CIF Arena". Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Columbia Ice Fields". Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Playing Fields". Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Home". 24 June 2015.
- "UWaterloo's Velocity Garage now largest free startup incubator in the world – Waterloo News". 28 October 2016.
- "The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada – University of Waterloo". Canadian Heraldic Authority. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "About the University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 12 August 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Pagliaro, Jennifer (2 August 2009). "Waterloo wars over leaked logos". Rogers Publishing Limited. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Kitchener-Waterloo". Queen's Printer for Ontario. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Green, Rebecca (7 December 2013). "College Songs and Songbooks". The Canadian Encyclopedia. The Historica Foundation of Canada. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Alumni Quick Facts". University of Waterloo. 13 January 2012. Archived from the original on 23 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Academy Awards to four UW grads". University of Waterloo. 23 March 1998. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "George Elliott Clarke". Athabasca University. 23 March 2011. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Rhodes Scholarship for UW student". University of Waterloo. 3 December 2000. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Biography – Robert A. Mundell" (PDF). The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Canadian becomes 1st woman in 55 years to win Nobel Prize in Physics, shared with 2 others". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- "Market still growing, Desire2Learn founder says". The Record. Metroland Media Group Ltd. 12 October 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Senior Management". Arista Networks. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Mike Lazaridis of RIM". CBC News. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Fairfax's Prem Watsa to serve as 9th chancellor of the University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Steven Woods Ph.d." Bloomberg L.P. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Keith O Geddes". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Gaston H. Gonnet". ETH Zurich. 13 November 2002. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Governor General David Johnston". Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Bylinsky, Gene (17 March 2003). "Heroes of Manufacturing These innovators sail against the prevailing winds, discovering whole new worlds in biotech and software". CNN Money. Cable News Network. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Deek, Fadi P.; McHugh, James A. M. (2008). Open Source: Technology and Policy. Cambridge University Press. p. 71. ISBN 1-139-46873-1.
- "Gordon V. Cormack". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Richard Holt". University of Waterloo. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Westhues, Kenneth (2005). The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of High-achieving Professors. Tribunal for Academic Justice. p. 43. ISBN 0-7734-5979-0.
- "Heather Moyse | Kinesiology". Kinesiology. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "Moyse switches from bobsleigh to track cycling". CBC Sports. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "English alum Rupi Kaur makes top seller lists with poetry collection | Arts". Arts. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- Publishing, Andrews McMeel. "Sales of #1 New York Times Best Seller Milk and Honey by Rupi Kaur Reach One Million Copies". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
- "Nobel Prize in physics awarded to UW's Donna Strickland". The Record. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- "University of Waterloo prof awarded Nobel Prize for physics". Toronto Star. Torstar. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
- "University of Waterloo prof awarded Nobel Prize for physics". CP24. CP24. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- "University of Waterloo's Donna Strickland one of three scientists to win Nobel Prize in physics". CTV News Kitchener. CTV News. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- "'Optical Tweezers' and Tools Used for Laser Eye Surgery Snag Physics Nobel". Scientific American. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- McLaughlin, Kenneth (2007). Out of the Shadow of Orthodoxy: Waterloo@50. University of Waterloo. ISBN 0-9682827-3-3.
- McLaughlin, Kenneth (1997). Waterloo: The Unconventional Founding of an Unconventional University. University of Waterloo. ISBN 0-9682827-0-9.
- McLean, Celia (1982). University of Waterloo 1957–1982: The Twenty-fifth Anniversary Year Begins. University of Waterloo.
- Scott, James (1967). Of Mud and Dreams: University of Waterloo 1957–1967. Ryerson Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Waterloo.|