Upaviṣṭa Koṇāsana (Sanskrit उपविष्टकोणासन), also written Upavistha Konasana or "wide-angle seated forward bend" is an asana in modern yoga as exercise, sitting upright with the legs as wide apart as possible, grasping the toes and leaning forward.
Etymology and origins
The pose is not found in medieval hatha yoga, but is described in the 1966 Light on Yoga. It is independently described under a different name, Hastapadasana ("Hand-to-Foot Pose"[a]) in Swami Vishnudevananda's 1960 Complete Illustrated Book of Yoga, suggesting an older origin.
The pose may be entered from dandasana (staff pose) by moving the legs apart as far as possible. The big toes may then be grasped with the hands, or with a belt around each foot. The back is lightly arched by raising the coccyx, and the body is inclined forwards. In the completed pose, the body leans forwards until the chin and nose touch the ground. People who cannot sit on the floor in dandasana can sit on a folded blanket for the pose.
A variation is to lean forward and to place the hands, palms up, on the ground in front of the body.
The pose provides a stretch for the hamstrings, and is stated without evidence in Light on Yoga to assist the circulation in the pelvic region and to relieve sciatica. The pose is stated, again without evidence, to be useful for "gynaecological problems", and safe in both menstruation and pregnancy provided no strain is applied. However, the founder of Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga, K. Pattabhi Jois, states that it should not be performed in pregnancy, though agreeing on its benefit for the sciatic nerve.
- Hastapadasana is otherwise a synonym of the standing Forward Bend, uttanasana.
- Rosen, Richard (28 August 2007). "Wide-Angle Seated Forward Bend". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- "Wide-Angle Seated Forward Bend - Upavishta Konasana". Ekhart Yoga. 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Mehta, 1990 p. 65
- Iyengar, 1979, pp. 163–165
- Sjoman, Norman E. (1999) . The Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace (2nd ed.). Abhinav Publications. p. 88. ISBN 81-7017-389-2.
- Botur, Amanda. "Wide-Angle Seated Forward Bend • Upavistha Konasana". Yoga Today. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Jois, K. Pattabhi (2010). Yoga Mala: The Seminal Treatise and Guide from the Living Master of Ashtanga Yoga. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-4299-6506-4.
- Iyengar, B. K. S. (1979). Light on Yoga. Unwin Paperbacks.
- Lidell, Lucy; The Sivananda Yoga Centre (1983). The book of yoga. Ebury. ISBN 978-0-85223-297-2. OCLC 12457963.</ref>
- Mehta, Silva; Mehta, Mira; Mehta, Shyam (1990). Yoga: The Iyengar Way. Dorling Kindersley.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Murugan, Chillayah (20 October 2012). "Yoga Asanas for Health and Fitness". Silambam. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1996). Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha (PDF). Yoga Publications Trust. ISBN 978-81-86336-14-4.