Upper Chehalis language

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Upper Chehalis
Q̉ʷay̓áyiłq̉
Native toUnited States
Regionsouth of Olympic Peninsula, Washington
EthnicityChehalis people
Extinct2001[1]
Salishan
  • Coast
    • Tsamosan
      • Inland
        • Upper Chehalis
Language codes
ISO 639-3cjh
Glottologuppe1439[2]

Upper Chehalis (Q̉ʷay̓áyiłq̉) is a member of the Tsamosan (Olympic) branch of the Coast Salish family of Salishan languages. In some classifications, Upper Chehalis is placed closer to Cowlitz than it is to Lower Chehalis.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Lateral Velar Uvular Glottal
plain lab. plain lab.
Plosive plain p t k q ʔ
ejective kʼʷ qʼʷ
Affricate plain ts
ejective tsʼ tʃʼ tɬʼ
Fricative s ʃ ɬ χ χʷ h
Sonorant m n j l w

Vowels are represented as /e ə o a/.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Upper Chehalis at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Upper Chehalis". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Kinkade, M. Dale (1963). Phonology and Morphology of Upper Chehalis: I. International Journal of American Linguistics.