Uqturpan County

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Wushi County

乌什县ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى

Uch Turfan; Wushih
Location of Uqturpan County (red) within Aksu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Uqturpan County (red) within Aksu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceXinjiang
PrefectureAksu Prefecture
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Wushi County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese乌什县
Traditional Chinese烏什縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese乌什吐鲁番县
Traditional Chinese烏什吐魯番縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى

Wushi County (Chinese: 乌什县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Uqturpan County (Uyghur: ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى‎; Chinese: 乌什吐鲁番县) the former longer Chinese name as well, is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region under the administration of Aksu Prefecture, and borders Kyrgyzstan's Issyk-Kul Region. It has an area of 9,012 square kilometres (3,480 sq mi) and as of the 2002 census a population of 180,000.

History[edit]

Tang[edit]

During the Battle of Aksu (717), the Umayyad Caliphate and their Turgesh and Tibetan Empire allies hope to seize Uqturpan (then known as Dai-dʑiᴇk-dʑiᴇŋ) from Tang-Karluks-Exiled Western Turkic Khaganate allies but were repelled.[1]

Qing[edit]

Ush Turfan was the site of a battle between Barhanuddin and Abdulla during the Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas.[2][3] Six years after the Revolt of the Altishahr Khojas, ten years after the Qing's rescue of the Khoja Brothers from Dzungars, an anti-Qing uprising of the local Turkic (later "Uyghur") people took place in Uqturpan. Legend says that a local rebel leader was married to Iparhan, known as the "Fragrant Concubine" a descendant of Apaq Khoja. During the turmoil, many fled, and the thousands who remained were killed by Sino-Manchu forces. Later, the area was repopulated by migrants from what is now Southern Xinjiang.[4]

The Ush rebellion in 1765 by Uyghurs against the Manchus occurred after Uyghur women were gang raped by the servants and son of Manchu official Su-cheng.[5] It was said that Ush Muslims had long wanted to sleep on [Sucheng and son's] hides and eat their flesh. because of the rape of Uyghur Muslim women for months by the Manchu official Sucheng and his son.[6] The Manchu Emperor ordered that the Uyghur rebel town be massacred, the Qing forces enslaved all the Uyghur children and women and slaughtered the Uyghur men. [7] Manchu soldiers and Manchu officials regularly having sex with or raping Uyghur women caused massive hatred and anger by Uyghur Muslims to Manchu rule.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Section 221 (Section 27 of the Chapter Records of Tang) of Zizhi Tongjian
  2. ^ Hamid Wahed Alikuzai (October 2013). A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes. Trafford Publishing. pp. 303–. ISBN 978-1-4907-1441-7.[self-published source]
  3. ^ Demetrius Charles Boulger; Muḥammad Ya'ḳûb (amir of Kashgar.) (1878). The Life of Yakoob Beg: Athalik Ghazi, and Bradaulet ̱of Kashgar ; With Map and Appendix. pp. 47–.
  4. ^ Laura J. Newby, "'Us and Them' in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Xinjiang," in Ildikó Bellér-Hann, et al., eds., Situating the Uyghurs between China and Central Asia (2007), p. 26.
  5. ^ Millward, James A. (1998). Beyond the Pass: Economy, Ethnicity, and Empire in Qing Central Asia, 1759-1864. Stanford University Press. p. 124. ISBN 0804797927.
  6. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang (illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. p. 108. ISBN 0231139241.
  7. ^ Millward, James A. (2007). Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang (illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. p. 109. ISBN 0231139241.
  8. ^ Millward, James A. (1998). Beyond the Pass: Economy, Ethnicity, and Empire in Qing Central Asia, 1759-1864. Stanford University Press. pp. 206–207. ISBN 0804797927.

Coordinates: 41°12′50″N 79°13′23″E / 41.21389°N 79.22306°E / 41.21389; 79.22306