Urinary bladder disease

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Urinary bladder disease
Illu urinary system.jpg
Urinary system

Urinary bladder disease includes urinary bladder inflammation such as cystitis, bladder rupture and bladder obstruction (tamponade). Cystitis is common, sometimes referred to as urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by bacteria, bladder rupture occurs when the bladder is overfilled and not emptied while bladder tamponade is a result of blood clot formation near the bladder outlet.[1]


Cystitis is a urinary bladder inflammation that results from any one of a number of distinct syndromes.[2] It is most commonly caused by a bacterial infection in which case it is referred to as a urinary tract infection.[3]

Bladder trauma[edit]

Bladder rupture (rupture of bladder, N32.4) may occur if the bladder is overfilled and not emptied. This can occur in the case of binge drinkers who have consumed large quantities of fluids, but are not conscious of the need to urinate due to stupor. This condition is very rare in women, but does occur. Signs and symptoms include localized pain and uraemia (poisoning due to reabsorbed waste).[4][5]

Bladder tamponade[edit]

Bladder tamponade is obstruction of the bladder outlet due to heavy blood clot formation within it.[7] It generally requires surgery.[7] Such heavy bleeding is usually due to bladder cancer.[8]


Virginia Rappe, a star of silent films in the 1920s, died of a riptured blacder and peritonitis after a 3-day party. She was 26 years old.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Meijlink, Jane M (April 2014). "Interstitial cystitis and the painful bladder: A brief history of nomenclature, definitions and criteria: History of IC/painful bladder". International Journal of Urology. 21: 4–12. doi:10.1111/iju.12307.
  2. ^ "Cystitis Nonbacterial eMedicine". 2019-10-20. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Cystitis — MayoClinic.com".
  4. ^ Lucy Atkins (2007-11-20). "A new report says binge drinking has increased to such an extent that cases of 'exploding bladders' are on the rise in the UK". The Guardian.
  5. ^ Dooldeniya MD, Khafagy R, Mashaly H, Browning AJ, Sundaram SK, Biyani CS (2007). "Lower abdominal pain in women after binge drinking". BMJ. 335 (7627): 992–3. doi:10.1136/bmj.39247.454005.BE. PMC 2072017. PMID 17991983.
  6. ^ a b "UOTW #1 - Ultrasound of the Week". Ultrasound of the Week. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  7. ^ a b Page 352 in: Guenter Schmidt (2006). Differential diagnosis in ultrasound: a teaching atlas. Stuttgart: Thieme. ISBN 3-13-131891-0.
  8. ^ Miyamae, K.; Otsuka, T.; Otsuka, Y.; Nagayoshi, M.; Hamada, Y. (2006). "Clinical study of bladder tamponade resulting from clots of blood". Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. The Japanese Journal of Urology. 97 (5): 743–747. doi:10.5980/jpnjurol1989.97.743. PMID 16898598.

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