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Valiyaparamba is separated from the mainland by Kavvayi Backwater. It is located five kilometres (3.1 mi) southwest of Cheruvathur and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Bekal, Kasaragod, north Kerala. The island is approximately 16.14 square kilometres (6.23 sq mi) in size, and had a population of 11,917 in 1991. The island's main source of income is from agriculture and fishing. The island has 13 wards ruling by each ward member to leading the Valiyaparamba Panchayathu.
Valiyaparamba is fed by four rivers and dotted with numerous little islands. Valiyaparamba, a hinterland separated from the mainland, is a noted fishing centre in the district. A Bekal Fort stands on a headland that runs into the sea. A National Waterway passes through the island.
The island has seven primary schools, one high school and one higher secondary school.
The island is separated from the mainland and accessible by transport boat service or by crossing the Mavila Kadappuram Bridge.
- Nearest railway station: Cheruvathur, on the Kozhikode-Mangalore route, about 5 km (3 mi) from Valiyaparamba.
- National Highway (NH 17) passes through Cheruvthur.
- Nearest airports: Mangalore in Karnataka State, about 100 km (62 mi); Karipur International Airport Kozhikode, about 150 km (93 mi) from Valiyaparamba.
- Peringome 20 km from Payyanur
- Ezhimala 12 km from Payyanur Town
- Kunhimangalam village 8 km from Payyanur town
- Kavvayi Island 3 km from Payyanur
- Ramanthali 7 km from Payyanur
- Karivellur 10 km from Payyanur
- Trikarpur 6 km from Payyanur
- Korakandy, Ramakrishnan (2005). Coastal Zone Management: A Study of the Political Economy of Sustainable Development. Gyan Publishing House. p. 300. ISBN 9788178353036. Retrieved 14 March 2017.