Viceroy of Yun-Gui

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Map of viceroys in Qing Dynasty of China
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese雲貴總督
Simplified Chinese云贵总督
Governor-General of Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces and the Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs and Food Production, Director of Civil Affairs
(full title)
Traditional Chinese總督雲貴等處地方提督軍務、糧饟兼巡撫事
Simplified Chinese总督云贵等处地方提督军务、粮饟兼巡抚事
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᠶᡡᠨᠨᠠᠨ
ᡤᡠᡳᠵᡝᠣ ᡳ
ᡠᡥᡝᡵᡳ
ᡴᠠᡩᠠᠯᠠᡵᠠ
ᠠᠮᠪᠠᠨ
Romanizationyūnnan guijeo i uheri kadalara amban

The Viceroy of Yun-Gui, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General of Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces and the Surrounding Areas Overseeing Military Affairs and Food Production, Director of Civil Affairs, was one of eight regional viceroys in China proper during the Qing dynasty. The Viceroy controlled Yunnan and Guizhou (Kweichow) provinces.

History[edit]

The Viceroy of Yun-Gui was created in 1659, during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor, as a jinglue (經略; military governor) office before it was converted to a Viceroy.

In 1662, during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor, the Viceroy of Yun-Gui split into the Viceroy of Yunnan and Viceroy of Guizhou, which were respectively headquartered in Qujing and Anshun. Two years later, the two viceroys were merged and the headquarters shifted to Guiyang. In 1673, the Kangxi Emperor restored the Viceroy of Yunnan, with its headquarters in Qujing. Between 1673 and 1681, the Revolt of the Three Feudatories broke out in Yunnan, Guangdong and Fujian provinces. The Viceroy of Yun-Gui was restored in 1680.

In 1728, the Yongzheng Emperor put the Viceroy of Yun-Gui in charge of Guangxi Province as well but reversed the changes in 1734. This system lasted until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1912.

Starting from 1905, during the reign of the Guangxu Emperor, the Viceroy of Yun-Gui concurrently held the appointment of Provincial Governor of Yunnan.

List of Viceroys of Yun-Gui[edit]

# Name Portrait Start of term End of term Notes
1 Hong Chengchou
洪承疇
洪承畴.jpg 1653 1658 As Viceroy of Huguang, Liangguang and Yun-Gui
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
(1659–1662)
2 Zhao Tingchen
趙廷臣
1659 1662
Viceroy of Yunnan
(1662–1664)
3 Bian Sanyuan
卞三元
1662 1664
Viceroy of Guizhou
(1662–1664)
3 Tong Yannian
佟延年
1662 1662
4 Yang Maoxun
楊茂勛
1662 1664
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
(1665–1673)
5 Bian Sanyuan
卞三元
1665 1668
6 Gan Wenkun
甘文焜
1668 1673
Viceroy of Guizhou
(1673–1680)
7 Ošan
鄂善
1673 1677
8 Zhou Youde
周有德
Zhou Youde.jpg 1679 1680
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
(1680–1727)
9 Zhao Liangdong
趙良棟
1680 1682
10 Cai Yurong
蔡毓榮
1682 1686
11 Fan Chengxun
范承勛
1686 1694
12 Ding Sikong
丁思孔
1694 1694
13 Wang Jiwen
王繼文
1694 1698
14 Baxi
巴錫
1698 1705
15 Boihono
貝和諾
1705 1710
16 Guo Li
郭瑮
1710 1716
17 Jiang Chenxi
蔣陳錫
1716 1722
18 Zhang Wenhuan
張文煥
1720 1722
19 Gao Qizhuo
高其倬
高其倬.jpg 1722 1725
20 Iduri
伊都立
1725 1725
21 Yang Mingshi
楊名時
1725 1726
22 Ortai
鄂爾泰
鄂爾泰.jpg 1726 1727
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
(including Guangxi)
(1728–1734)
23 Ortai
鄂爾泰
鄂爾泰.jpg 1728 1731
24 Gao Qizhuo
高其倬
高其倬.jpg 1731 1733
25 Yengišan
尹繼善
尹繼善.jpg 1733 1734
Viceroy of Yun-Gui
(1734–1911)
26 Yengišan
尹繼善
尹繼善.jpg 1734 1737
Zhang Guangsi
張廣泗
1736 1747 As Viceroy of Guizhou
27 Qingfu
慶復
1737 1741
28 Zhang Yunsui
張允隨
1741 1750
29 Šose
碩色
1750 1755
30 Aibilong
愛必達
1755 1756
31 Hengwen
恆文
1756 1757
32 Aibilong
愛必達
1757 1761
33 Wu Dashan
吳達善
1761 1764
34 Liu Zao
劉藻
1764 1766
35 Yang Yingju
楊應琚
1766 1767
36 Mingrui
明瑞
1767 1768
37 Oning
鄂寧
1768 1768
38 Agui
阿桂
Agui.jpg 1768 1769
39 Mingde
明德
1769 1769
40 Asha
阿思哈
1769 1769
41 Zhangbao
彰寶
1769 1771
42 Defu
德福
1771 1771
43 Zhangbao
彰寶
1771 1774
44 Tuside
圖思德
1774 1777
45 Li Shiyao
李侍堯
Li Shiyao.jpg 1777 1780
46 Shuchang
舒常
1780 1780
47 Fuk'anggan
福康安
Fuk'anggan.jpg 1780 1781
48 Fugang
富綱
1781 1786
49 Tecengge
特成額
1786 1786
50 Fugang
富綱
1786 1794
51 Fuk'anggan
福康安
Fuk'anggan.jpg 1794 1795
52 Lebao
勒保
1795 1797
53 Ohūi
鄂輝
鄂輝.jpg 1797 1798
54 Fugang
富綱
1798 1799
55 Gioro-Changlin
覺羅長麟
1799 1799
56 Shulin
書麟
1799 1800
57 Gioro-Langgan
覺羅琅玕
1800 1804
58 Bolin
伯麟
1804 1820
59 Qingbao
慶保
1820 1820
60 Shi Zhiguang
史致光
1820 1822
61 Mingshan
明山
1822 1824
62 Changling
長齡
1824 1825
63 Zhao Shenzhen
趙慎畛
1825 1826
64 Ruan Yuan
阮元
阮元像.JPG 1826 1835
65 Ilibu
伊里布
1835 1839
66 Deng Tingzhen
鄧廷楨
Deng Tingzhen.png 1839 1839
67 Guiliang
桂良
1839 1845
68 He Changling
賀長齡
賀長齡.jpg 1845 1847
69 Li Xingyuan
李星沅
李星沅.jpg 1847 1848
70 Lin Zexu
林則徐
Commissioner Lin 2.png 1848 1849
71 Cheng Yucai
程矞采
1849 1850
72 Wu Wenrong
吳文鎔
1850 1852
73 Wu Raodian
羅繞典
1852 1854
74 Hengchun
恆春
1854 1857
75 Wu Zhenyu
吳振棫
1857 1858
76 Zhang Liangji
張亮基
1858 1860
77 Liu Yuanhao
劉源灝
1860 1861
78 Fuqing
福清
1861 1861
79 Pan Duo
潘鐸
1861 1863
80 Lao Chongguang
勞崇光
勞崇光.jpg 1863 1867
81 Zhang Kaisong
張凱嵩
1867 1868
82 Liu Yuezhao
劉岳昭
1868 1875
83 Liu Changyou
劉長佑
1875 1882
84 Cen Yuying
岑毓英
1882 1889
Tan Junpei
譚鈞培
1889 1889 Acting Viceroy
85 Wang Wenshao
王文韶
Wang Wengshao PXD 156 Vol2.jpg 1889 1894
86 Songfan
崧蕃
1895 1900
87 Wei Guangtao
魏光燾
Wei Guangtao.jpg 1900 1902
88 Ding Zhenduo
丁振鐸
1902 1906
89 Cen Chunxuan
岑春煊
Cen Chunxuan (1).jpg 1906 1907
90 Xiliang
錫良
His Excellency Hsi Liang, Viceroy of Manchuria, Manchuria, 1882-ca. 1936 (imp-cswc-GB-237-CSWC47-LS8-046).jpg 1907 1909
91 Li Jingxi
李經羲
李經羲.jpg 1909 1911

References[edit]

  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese).