Virginia's 7th congressional district

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Virginia's 7th congressional district
2016 VA7 district map.jpg
New boundaries of Virginia's 7th congressional district since January 3, 2017.
Representative
  Abigail Spanberger
DGlen Allen
Area3,117.9 sq mi (8,075 km2)
Distribution
  • 73.1[1]% urban
  • 26.9% rural
Population (2017)790,084[2]
Median income$77,533[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[4]

Virginia's 7th congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The district is currently represented by Democrat Abigail Spanberger, first elected in 2018.

2016 redistricting[edit]

This image shows the 2016 court-ordered VA Congressional districts.

The Virginia Legislature's 2012 redistricting of the adjacent 3rd district was found unconstitutional and replaced with a court-ordered redistricting on January 16, 2016 for the 2016 elections.[5][6][7][8][9][10]

Recent election results[edit]

Year Office Results
1996 President Dole 58–35%[11]
Senator Warner 59–41%[12]
Representative Bliley 75–20%[13]
1997 Governor Gilmore 64–34%[14]
Lieutenant Governor Hager 59–37%[15]
Attorney General Earley 66–34%[16]
1998 Representative Bliley 79–21%[17]
2000 President Bush 61–37%[18]
Senator Allen 61–38%[19]
Representative Cantor 76–24%[20]
2001 Governor Earley 55–44%[21]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen 52–47%
Attorney General Kilgore 70–30%
2002 Senator Warner 86–8–6%[22]
Representative Cantor 69–30%[23]
2004 President Bush 61–38%[24]
Representative Cantor 76–24%[25]
2006 Senator Allen 57–42%[26]
Representative Cantor 64–34%[27]
2005 Governor Kilgore 52–46%[28]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 58–42%[29]
Attorney General McDonnell 58–42%[30]
2008 President McCain 53–46%[31]
Senator Warner 60–39%[32]
Representative Cantor 63–37%[33]
2009 Governor McDonnell 65–35%[34]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 63–37%[35]
Attorney General Cuccinelli 65–35%[36]
2010 Representative Cantor 59–34%[37]
2012 President Romney 57–42%[38]
Senator Allen 55–45%[39]
Representative Cantor 58–41%[40]
2013 Governor Cuccinelli 52–38–10%[41]
Lieutenant Governor Northam 51–49%[42]
Attorney General Obenshain 58–42%[43]
2014 Representative Brat 61–37–2%[44]
Senator Gillespie 56–41–3%[45]
2016 President Trump 50–44%[46]
Representative Brat 58–42%[47]
2017 Governor Gillespie 51-48%[48]
Lieutenant Governor Vogel 53–47%[49]
Attorney General Adams 53–47%[50]
2018 Representative Spanberger 50-48%[51]

Geography[edit]

The district spans across much of Central Virginia including all of Orange, Culpeper, Goochland, Louisa, Nottoway, Amelia, and Powhatan. The district also includes large portions of Chesterfield and Henrico in the suburbs of Richmond. However, Richmond is not currently in the 7th. Spotsylvania also has a large portion in the 7th district just outside of Fredericksburg[52]

Prior to 1993, the 7th District stretched from the fringes of the Washington, D.C. suburbs to Charlottesville. It included the far northern portion of the Shenandoah Valley, as well as Manassas and Fredericksburg. The district's current configuration dates from 1993, when Virginia was forced to create a majority-minority district by a Justice Department directive. At that time, most of Richmond, which had been entirely in the old 3rd District for over a century, was shifted to a newly created 3rd District. The remaining territory in the old 3rd was combined with some more rural areas to the north to form the new 7th District.

From 2013 to 2017, the 7th District stretched from the west end of Richmond through the wealthier portions of Henrico and Chesterfield counties before taking in all of Goochland, Hanover, Louisa, New Kent Orange, Culpeper, Page and Rappahannock counties and a portion of Spotsylvania County.

Demographics[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau's 2017 data for Virginia's 7th Congressional District, the total population of the district is 790,084. Median age for the district is 39.7 years. 65.5% of the district is White, 18.4% Black, 5.1% Asian, 0.3% Native American or Alaskan, and 3.4% some other race with 7.3% Hispanic or Latino. Owner-occupied housing is 73.0% and renter-occupied housing is 27.0%.[53] The median value of single-family owner-occupied homes is $266,500. 91.6% of the district population has at least a high school diploma, 40.4% at least a bachelor's degree or higher. 9.1% of the district are civilian veterans. 9.1% are foreign born and 11.9% speak a language other than English at home. 9.9% are of disability status.[54] 68.2% of the district is in the labor force, which consists of those 16 years and older. Mean travel time to work is 29.3 minutes. Median household income is $77,533. Per capita income is $37,567. 5.3% of the population account for families living below the poverty level, and 7.7% of individuals live below the poverty level.[55] 9.5% of Children live below the poverty line.[56]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Term Electoral history
John Page Rosewell Gloucester County Virginia.jpg
John Page
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
A-Bedford-Venable.jpg
Abraham B. Venable
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1797.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1799
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Re-elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Hugh Caperton Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1813.
Lost re-election.
Ballard Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
William Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 21st district.
Jabez Leftwich Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Nathaniel Claiborne.jpg
Nathaniel Claiborne
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
ArchibaldStuart.jpg
Archibald Stuart
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Henry A Wise CDV.jpg
Henry A. Wise
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 12, 1844
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant February 13, 1844 –
May 5, 1844
Thomas H. Bayly Democratic May 6, 1844 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 1st district.
Extra Billy Smith-Virginia.jpg
William Smith
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
May 22, 1861
Charles H. Upton Unionist May 23, 1861 –
February 27, 1862
Election invalidated
Vacant February 28, 1862 –
February 15, 1863
LMcKenzie.jpg
Lewis McKenzie
Unionist February 16, 1863 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Vacant March 4, 1863 –
January 30, 1870
Civil War
LMcKenzie.jpg
Lewis McKenzie
Conservative January 31, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Elliott Muse Braxton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Elliott M. Braxton
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
JTHarris.jpg
John T. Harris
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
JohnPaulVA.jpg
John Paul
Readjuster March 4, 1881 –
September 5, 1883
Appointed U.S. District Court judge
Vacant September 6, 1883 –
May 4, 1884
Charles O'Ferrall.jpg
Charles T. O'Ferrall
Democratic May 5, 1884 –
December 28, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of Virginia.
Vacant December 29, 1893 –
January 29, 1894
Special election
SmithSTurner.jpg
Smith S. Turner
Democratic January 30, 1894 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
James Hay.jpg
James Hay
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
October 1, 1916
Appointed U.S. Claim Court judge
Vacant October 2, 1916 –
November 6, 1916
ThomasWHarrison.jpg
Thomas W. Harrison
Democratic November 7, 1916 –
December 15, 1922
Election invalidated
John Paul 1912.jpg
John Paul Jr.
Republican December 15, 1922 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
ThomasWHarrison.jpg
Thomas W. Harrison
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Jacob A Garber.jpg
Jacob A. Garber
Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John W. Fishburne Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
Absalom Willis Robertson.jpg
Absalom Willis Robertson
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
November 5, 1946
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
BurrHarrison.jpg
Burr Harrison
Democratic November 5, 1946 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Marsh, John O 2.jpg
John O. Marsh Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1971
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
J Kenneth Robinson 98th Congressional Portrait.jpg
J. Kenneth Robinson
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1985
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
D French Slaughter Jr 102nd Congressional Photo.jpg
D. French Slaughter Jr.
Republican January 3, 1985 –
November 5, 1991
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
George Allen.jpg
George F. Allen
Republican November 5, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of Virginia.
TomBliley.jpg
Thomas J. Bliley Jr.
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2001
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Eric Cantor 113th Congress.jpg
Eric Cantor
Republican January 3, 2001 –
August 18, 2014
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination and then resigned.
Vacant August 18, 2014 –
November 4, 2014
Dave Brat, official 114th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Dave Brat
Republican November 4, 2014 –
January 3, 2019
Elected to finish Cantor's term and also to the next term.
Lost re-election.
Abigail Spanberger, official 116th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Abigail Spanberger
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018.

Living former Members[edit]

As of February 2019, there are four living former members of the House from the district. The most recent to die was John Otho Marsh Jr. on February 4, 2019.[57]

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
George Allen 1991–1993 (1952-03-08) March 8, 1952 (age 67)
Thomas Bliley 1993–2001 (1932-01-28) January 28, 1932 (age 87)
Eric Cantor 2001–2014 (1963-06-06) June 6, 1963 (age 55)
Dave Brat 2014–2019 (1964-07-27) July 27, 1964 (age 54)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  2. ^ https://censusreporter.org/profiles/50000US5107-congressional-district-7-va/
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=07
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "Court Ordered Redistricting". Redistricting.dls.virginia.gov. September 3, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  6. ^ http://redistricting.dls.virginia.gov/2010/Data/Court%20Ordered%20Redistricting/2016%2001%2007%20Personnhuballah%20v%20Alcorn%20Civil%20Action%20No.%203-13cv678.pdf
  7. ^ "Supreme Court weighs legality of Virginia redistricting". The Hill. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  8. ^ By $${element.Contributor} (February 1, 2016). "Supreme Court Allows Virginia Redistricting to Stand in 2016". Roll Call. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  9. ^ Andrew Cain (January 7, 2016). "Judges impose new Va. congressional map, redrawing 3rd, 4th Districts | Virginia Politics". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  10. ^ Dispatch, PATRICK WILSON Richmond Times. "Fueled by suburban votes, Spanberger beats Brat in 7th District House race". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  11. ^ "Summarized by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia – State Board of Elections ELECTION RESULTS November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of PRESIDENT/VICE PRESIDENT of the United States. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  12. ^ "Summarized by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia – State Board of Elections ELECTION RESULTS November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of UNITED STATES SENATE. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  13. ^ "Seventh Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 5, 1996 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of United States House of Representatives/By Locality and Precinct for Congressional District 007. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  14. ^ "Summary by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of GOVERNOR/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  15. ^ "Commonwealth Of Virginia ELECTION RESULTS NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION For Office of LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR By Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  16. ^ "SUMMARY OF NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS/by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of ATTORNEY GENERAL/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  17. ^ "7th Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/State Board Of Elections/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 3, 1998 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of United States House of Representatives/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  18. ^ "U.S. President/Vice-President". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 7, 2000 – General Election/OFFICIAL ELECTION RESULTS. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  19. ^ "U.S. Senate". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 7, 2000 – General Election/OFFICIAL RESULTS. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  20. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives/Congressional District 007". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 7, 2000 – General Election/OFFICIAL ELECTION RESULTS. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  21. ^ "Official Results/Governor". General Election – November 6, 2001. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  22. ^ "Official Results/U.S. Senate". November 5, 2002 General Election Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  23. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". November 5, 2002 General Election Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  24. ^ "Official Results/President". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  25. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  26. ^ "Official Results/U.S. Senate". General Election – November 7, 2006. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  27. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". General Election – November 7, 2006. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  28. ^ "Official Results/Governor". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  29. ^ "Official Results/Lieutenant Governor". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  30. ^ "Official Results/Attorney General". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  31. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  32. ^ "Congress>U.S. Senate>United States Senate>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
  33. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  34. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  35. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  36. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  37. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2, 2010 General and Special Elections Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  38. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  39. ^ "Congress>U.S. Senate>United States Senate>Votes By District". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  40. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  41. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  42. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  43. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  44. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2014 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  45. ^ "Congress". November 2014 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  46. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2016 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  47. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2016 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  48. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2017 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  49. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2017 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  50. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2017 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  51. ^ "House>Votes by District". November 2018 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  52. ^ "Virginia's 7th Congressional District – VA-07 Representatives & District Map – GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  53. ^ https://censusreporter.org/profiles/50000US5107-congressional-district-7-va/
  54. ^ "DISABILITY CHARACTERISTICS/2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  55. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS/2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  56. ^ https://censusreporter.org/profiles/50000US5107-congressional-district-7-va/
  57. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/04/obituaries/john-o-marsh-dead.html

Coordinates: 37°58′05″N 77°44′48″W / 37.96806°N 77.74667°W / 37.96806; -77.74667