WZ-132 Light Tank
|WZ-132 Light Tank|
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Mass||22.5 t (24.8 short tons) (in 1973)|
|Length||8.53 m (28.0 ft) (with gun)|
|Width||2.92 m (9.6 ft)|
|Height||2.12 m (7.0 ft)|
|Crew||4 (commander, loader, gunner, driver)|
|100 mm (4 in) smoothbore gun|
|1 × 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine gun |
2 × 7.62 mm (0.3 in) machine guns
|Suspension||Torsion bar suspension|
|500 km (310 mi)|
|Speed||65 km/h (40 mph) (on road)|
WZ-132 Light Tank (simplified Chinese: WZ-132轻型坦克; traditional Chinese: WZ-132輕型坦克) was a Chinese light tank which was developed between the 1960s and 1970s. Its development lasted for more than ten years before it was set aside, ultimately proving too technical to be brought into production.
Design and development
During the 1960s and 70s, in what became known as the Sino-Soviet split, the relationship between China and the Soviet Union became extremely tense. In competition with Soviet tank designers, the Chinese developed several tanks including the Type 59, Type 62, and Type 63 variants. The WZ-132 was also designed around this time; however, its technical indicators were too high for China at that time to produce it in large numbers and as a result, its specifications were changed several times before the design was set aside in 1975.
The vehicle was 8.53 m (28.0 ft) long, including its gun, and by 1973 weighed 22.5 t (24.8 short tons). It was 2.12 m (7.0 ft) high and 2.92 m (9.6 ft) wide. With a crew of four – commander, loader, gunner, driver – the vehicle's primary armament consisted of a single 100 mm (4 in) smoothbore gun, with a single 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine gun and two 7.62 mm (0.3 in) machine guns as secondary weapons. It had a power to weight ratio of 18 kW/t and was capable of achieving a speed of 65 km/h (40 mph) on road, with a range of 500 km (310 mi). The vehicle used torsion bar suspension.
- WZ132轻型坦克. mil.newssina.com. Retrieved 6 April 2014
- Foss, p. 771.
- Foss, Christopher F. (1987). Jane's Armour and Artillery 1987–1988 (Eighth ed.). London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0849-7.