Waja languages

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Waja
Tula–Wiyaa
Geographic
distribution
northeastern Nigeria
Linguistic classificationNiger–Congo
Subdivisions
Glottologtula1250[1]

The Waja or Tula–Wiyaa languages are a branch of the provisional Savanna languages, closest to Kam (Nyingwom), spoken in north eastern Nigeria.

They were labeled "G1" in Joseph Greenberg's Adamawa language-family proposal and later placed in a Waja–Jen branch of that family.

Languages[edit]

Names and locations[edit]

Below is a list of language names, populations, and locations from Blench (2019).[2]

Language Dialects Alternate spellings Own name for language Endonym(s) Other names (location-based) Other names for language Exonym(s) Speakers Location(s)
Dijim–Bwilim 7,545 (1968). ca. 20 villages Gombe State, Balanga LGA, Adamawa State, Lamurde LGA
Dijim Dijim sg Níi Dìjí pl. Dìjím Cham, Cam, Kindiyo,
Bwilim Bwilə́m sg Níi Bwilí pl. Bwilə́m Mwana, Mwona [Hausa name], Fitilai [village name] 4,282
Dadiya Nda Dia, Dadia Bwe Daddiya pl. Daddiyab Nyíyò Daddiya 3,986 (1961), 20,000 (1992 est.). Gombe State, Balanga LGA, Taraba State, Karim Lamido LGA and Adamawa State, Lamurde LGA. Between Dadiya and Bambam.
Ma Ma sg. nụbá Ma pl. nyii Ma Kamo, Kamu 3000 (SIL) Gombe State, Kaltungo and Akko LGAs
Tsobo Bәrbou, Guzubo, Swabou Cibbo Tsóbó nyi Tsó Lotsu–Piri, Pire, Fire Kitta 2,000 (1952) Gombe State, Kaltungo LGA, Adamawa State, Numan LGA
Tula Baule, Wangke [used for literacy development], Yiri Ture yii Kitule Naba Kitule pl. Kitule 19,209 (1952 W&B); 12,204 (1961–2 Jungraithmayr); 19,000 (1973 SIL). ca. 50 villages ?100,000 est. Gombe State, Kaltungo LGA. Tula is 30 km. east of Billiri.
Wiyaa Plain and Hills Wagga Nyan Wịyáù Wịyáà Waja 19,700 (1952 W&B); 50,000 (1992 est.) Gombe State, Balanga and Kaltungo LGAs, Waja district. Taraba State, Bali LGA.
Bangjinge Nabang, Kaloh [orthgraphy based on Nabang] Bangunji, Bangunje, Bangwinji Báŋjìŋè sg. Báŋjìŋèb pl. nyii Bánjòŋ 8000 CAPRO (1995a). 25 villages (2008) Gombe State, Shongom LGA
Yebu Yěbù Nìín Yěbù Awok 2,035 (1962) Gombe State, Kaltungo LGA: 10 km northeast of Kaltungo

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tula–Waja". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Blench, Roger (2019). An Atlas of Nigerian Languages (4th ed.). Cambridge: Kay Williamson Educational Foundation.

External links[edit]