Wappinger Creek

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Wappinger Creek
Wappinger Creek at Red Oaks Mill.jpg
Wappinger Creek at Red Oaks Mill at high flow
Wappingercreekmap.png
Wappinger Creek Watershed
EtymologyNative American Indians known as the "Wappingers"
Native nameMa-we-na-wasigh[1]
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
RegionHudson Valley
CountyDutchess
TownsPine Plains, Stanford, Washington,
Pleasant Valley, Poughkeepsie,
LaGrange, Wappinger
Physical characteristics
SourceThompson Pond
 ⁃ locationPine Plains
 ⁃ coordinates41°57′30″N 73°40′22″W / 41.95845°N 73.67284°W / 41.95845; -73.67284
 ⁃ elevation450 ft (140 m)
MouthHudson River
 ⁃ location
New Hamburg
 ⁃ coordinates
41°34′56″N 73°56′52″W / 41.5823158°N 73.9479157°W / 41.5823158; -73.9479157Coordinates: 41°34′56″N 73°56′52″W / 41.5823158°N 73.9479157°W / 41.5823158; -73.9479157
 ⁃ elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Length41.7 mi (67.1 km), North–south
Basin size211 sq mi (550 km2)
[2]

Wappinger Creek is a 41.7-mile-long (67.1 km)[3] creek which runs from Thompson Pond to the Hudson River at New Hamburg in Dutchess County, New York, United States. It is the longest creek in Dutchess County, with the largest watershed in the county.

Overview[edit]

Source of Wappinger Creek at Thompson Pond in Pine Plains
A frozen waterfall along the creek
Looking north at Red Oaks Mills

The creek flows in a north–south direction on the eastern side of the Hudson River. The creek's source is Thompson Pond near Pine Plains, and it heads southwestward towards its mouth in the Hudson River near New Hamburg. Along the way, it goes through fluctuations in width and follows an erratic path. The initial .25 mi (0.40 km) of the creek runs through rocky, steep, wooded terrain. However, as it approaches the Hudson it enters the river's tidal range, and has sandbars, mudflats and marshes. The creek is also home to numerous species, and is an important spawning area for anadromous fish, which thrive in the creek between April and June. Largemouth bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, red-breasted sunfish, and brown bullhead, however, are resident species.[4] Also, the creek is annually stocked with various species of trout for the purpose of recreational fishing.

In Wappingers Falls, the creek forms Wappinger Lake, a man-made reservoir.[5]

Some residents and maps such as the 1867 Dutchess County Atlas refer to the creek as the Wappingers, as does the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation,[6] the National Weather Service, and the Hudson River Riverkeeper.

Tributaries[edit]

Wappinger Creek has four distinct tributaries; the longest of which is Little Wappinger Creek which enters the creek from the east bank.

The tributaries are listed below from the source to the mouth, with Hunns Lake Creek being the northernmost and Little Wappinger Creek being the southernmost.

Name Mouth
coordinates
  
Source
coordinates
  
Remarks  
Hunns Lake Creek[7] 41°52′29″N 73°42′10″W / 41.8748°N 73.7029°W / 41.8748; -73.7029 (Hunns Lake Creek) 41°54′50″N 73°38′39″W / 41.9139°N 73.6442°W / 41.9139; -73.6442 (Hunns Lake Creek) Named after its source, Hunns Lake
Willow Brook[8] 42°43′36″N 73°42′26″W / 42.7267°N 73.7072°W / 42.7267; -73.7072 (Willow Brook) 41°42′14″N 73°42′26″W / 41.7038°N 73.7072°W / 41.7038; -73.7072 (Willow Brook) Enters Wappinger Creek where County Route 17 crosses
East Branch Wappinger Creek[9] 41°48′50″N 73°45′29″W / 41.8139°N 73.7581°W / 41.8139; -73.7581 (West Branch Wappinger Creek) 41°47′39″N 73°41′33″W / 41.7942°N 73.6926°W / 41.7942; -73.6926 (East Branch Wappinger Creek) One of the two largest tributaries of Wappinger Creek
Little Wappinger Creek[10] 41°47′51″N 73°47′20″W / 41.7975°N 73.7890°W / 41.7975; -73.7890 (Little Wappinger Creek) 41°59′18″N 73°46′16″W / 41.9884°N 73.7712°W / 41.9884; -73.7712 (Little Wappinger Creek) Longest Tributary of Wappinger Creek

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of the Indian tribes of Hudson's River: their origin, manners and customs..., By Edward Manning Ruttenberg, page 370
  2. ^ "Wappinger Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed October 3, 2011
  4. ^ NYSwaterfronts.com (1987). "COASTAL FISH & WILDLIFE HABITAT RATING FORM" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  5. ^ "Wappinger Lake Fishing in Dutchess County, New York". Fishingworks.com. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  6. ^ "Spring 2008 Trout Stocking for Dutchess County". New York State DEC. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  7. ^ "Hunns Creek Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  8. ^ "Willow Brook". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  9. ^ "East Branch Wappinger Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  10. ^ "Little Wappinger Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-12-04.

External links[edit]