Wayne County, Utah

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Wayne County, Utah
Loa Tithing Office Loa Utah.jpeg
Map of Utah highlighting Wayne County
Location within the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 10, 1892
Named forWayne County, Tennessee
SeatLoa
Largest townLoa
Area
 • Total2,466 sq mi (6,387 km2)
 • Land2,461 sq mi (6,374 km2)
 • Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)2,719
 • Density1.1/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitewww.waynecountyutah.org

Wayne County is a county in the U.S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,778,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Utah. Its county seat is Loa.[2]

History[edit]

Due to its remoteness and harsh terrain, settlements did not appear in the future Wayne County until the 1880s. By 1892, there was enough settlement and enough interest in a separate county (due mainly to the difficulty of accessing the Piute County seat), that Utah Territory passed an act (effective date March 10, 1892)[3] to separate the east portion of Piute into a separate county.[4] It was named by a delegate to the constitutional convention, who said it was in memory of Wayne County, Tennessee.[5] The county boundaries have remained unchanged since its creation.

Geography[edit]

The eastern border of Wayne County is delineated by the meanders of the Green River, which flows southward to discharge into the Colorado River. After the two rivers join, the combined southwestern flow forms the remaining portion of the county's east border. The central part of the county is drained by the Fremont River and Muddy Creek. The Fremont begins at Fish Lake in Sevier County and flows into Wayne County near its NW corner. It joins the Muddy near Hanksville to form the Dirty Devil River, which flows southeastward out of the county's south border to discharge into the Colorado. Wayne County terrain varies from rough forestland on the west, to arid poor soil carved by drainages and rocky outcrops.[6] The terrain slopes to the east and south; its highest area is near its NW corner, at 9,888' (3014m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 2,466 square miles (6,390 km2), of which 2,461 square miles (6,370 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (0.2%) is water.[8]

The Green River, passing through the canyons of Canyonlands National Park, forms the eastern boundary. The San Rafael Desert occupies the center of the county. Thousand Lake Mountain and Boulder Mountain flank Rabbit Valley on the western end of the county, where beautiful forests contrast with the deserts to the east. The small population of the county is centered in Rabbit Valley, with one town of 200, Hanksville, located in Graves Valley North of the Henry Mountains. Wayne County is also home of Capitol Reef National Park.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National Parks[edit]

Lakes[edit]

  • Mill Meadow Reservoir (part)[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19001,907
19101,749−8.3%
19202,09719.9%
19302,067−1.4%
19402,39415.8%
19502,205−7.9%
19601,728−21.6%
19701,483−14.2%
19801,91128.9%
19902,17713.9%
20002,50915.3%
20102,77810.7%
Est. 20172,719[9]−2.1%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2014[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,509 people, 890 households, and 669 families in the county. The population density was 1.02/sqmi (0.39/km²). There were 1,329 housing units at an average density of 0.54/sqmi (0.21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.29% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 890 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.50% were married couples living together, 5.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.31.

The county population contained 32.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,000, and the median income for a family was $36,940. Males had a median income of $26,645 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,392. About 12.70% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Ancestry/Ethnicity[edit]

As of 2017 the largest self-identified ancestry groups/ethnic groups in Wayne County, Utah were[14]:

Largest ancestries (2017) Percent
English 45.5%
German 16.3%
Dutch 8.4%
Danish 7.6%
Irish 5.8%
Scottish 5.4%
Swedish 3.9%
"American" 2.3%
Welsh 1.7%
Polish 1.2%

[15]

Communities[edit]

View north of Hanksville from Route 24. Factory Butte in background.

Politics[edit]

Wayne County voters are traditionally Republican. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.7% 966 19.0% 271 13.3% 189
2012 82.1% 1,089 16.2% 215 1.7% 23
2008 70.0% 940 25.0% 335 5.0% 67
2004 78.1% 1,062 20.5% 279 1.4% 19
2000 77.8% 953 16.5% 202 5.7% 70
1996 64.9% 741 23.2% 265 11.9% 136
1992 57.6% 706 19.3% 236 23.1% 283
1988 68.6% 784 30.9% 353 0.5% 6
1984 80.2% 930 19.3% 224 0.4% 5
1980 76.1% 835 20.6% 226 3.4% 37
1976 59.1% 555 35.6% 334 5.3% 50
1972 71.8% 597 22.0% 183 6.3% 52
1968 62.9% 511 30.5% 248 6.6% 54
1964 49.3% 400 50.7% 412
1960 53.9% 446 46.1% 382
1956 63.8% 499 36.2% 283
1952 66.1% 536 33.9% 275
1948 44.2% 367 55.4% 460 0.5% 4
1944 43.1% 325 57.0% 430
1940 43.1% 380 56.8% 500 0.1% 1
1936 38.5% 329 61.1% 522 0.4% 3
1932 49.3% 398 49.6% 401 1.1% 9
1928 68.2% 422 31.5% 195 0.3% 2
1924 57.3% 331 41.7% 241 1.0% 6
1920 62.0% 396 35.1% 224 3.0% 19
1916 35.9% 225 62.7% 393 1.4% 9
1912 52.0% 282 33.8% 183 14.2% 77
1908 49.9% 279 32.9% 184 17.2% 96
1904 53.3% 310 43.1% 251 3.6% 21
1900 52.9% 324 46.1% 282 1.0% 6
1896 16.2% 78 83.9% 405

See also[edit]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, Utah
  • For additional History of Wayne County Utah see "Utah's Stolen Treasures" by Gene Covington ISBN 978-1-62516-335-6 (e-book) or ISBN 978-1-61897-954-4 (paperback)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Newberry Library. Individual County Chronologies - Wayne County UT (accessed March 25, 2019)
  4. ^ "History". This narrative says the county was established in May 1892 (possibly referring to the date its government was organized). Wayne County website (accessed 25 March 2019)
  5. ^ Murphy, Miriam B. (January 1999). A History of Wayne County (PDF). Utah Centennial County History Series. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society. pp. 78–80. ISBN 0-913738-45-X. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Wayne County UT Google Maps (accessed 24 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Wayne County UT" Google Maps (accessed 24 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  14. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/17_5YR/DP02/0500000US49055
  15. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/17_5YR/DP02/0500000US49055
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°22′N 110°54′W / 38.36°N 110.90°W / 38.36; -110.90