White Americans in Maryland

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White Marylanders
Total population
Approx. 3,565,204 (59% - total)
Approx. 3,075,744 (50.9% - non-Hispanic) (2018)
Regions with significant populations
Frederick67.2% White, 55.2% non-Hispanic white
Columbia53.7% White, 47.7% non-Hispanic white
Germantown46.% White, 30.9% non-Hispanic white
Silver Spring41.1% White, 34.2% non-Hispanic white
Baltimore30.3% White, 27.6% non-Hispanic white
American English (Baltimore accent, Tidewater accent), American Spanish, French, Italian, Polish, German, Russian, Persian, Greek, Arabic, Portuguese, American Sign Language
Christianity, Judaism, Atheism
Related ethnic groups
White Americans, White Hispanic and Latino Americans

White Marylanders are White Americans living in Maryland. As of 2019, they comprise 58.8% of the state's population. 50.5% of the population is non-Hispanic white. The regions of Western Maryland, Southern Maryland and the Eastern Shore all have majority white populations. Many white Marylanders also live in Central Maryland, including Baltimore, as well as in the suburbs of Washington, D.C.. Garrett County (97.5%) and Carroll County (92.2%) are the counties with the highest percentage of white Americans. White Marylanders are the minority in Baltimore, Cambridge, Jessup, Owings Mills, Randallstown, Prince George's County, and Charles County. Non-Hispanic whites are the minority in Montgomery County, Columbia, Elkridge, Reisterstown, Salisbury, and Severn.


As of 2018, Maryland has the smallest white majority population in the United States. Maryland is on the verge of becoming majority-minority. 49.5% of Maryland's population is non-white and/or Hispanic/Latino. Only Hawaii, at 25.7%, has a smaller percentage of white people. Maryland also has the smallest non-Hispanic white majority of any state. Only the majority-minority states of Hawaii, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Texas have a smaller percentage of non-Hispanic whites. Non-Hispanic whites are expected to become the plurality ethnic group within 5 years of 2015.[1] After Nevada in 2016, Maryland is projected to be the next state to become majority-minority due to growing African-American, Asian-American and Hispanic/Latino populations. By 2031, minorities are projected to become the majority of voting eligible residents of Maryland.[2]

Children from minority groups are already the majority of Maryland children.[3] In 2015, 44% of live births were to non-Hispanic white mothers.[4]

The top reported ancestries of white Marylanders are: German (15%), Irish (11%), English (8%), American (7%), Italian (6%), and Polish (3%).[5]


Early European exploration[edit]

In 1498 the first European explorers sailed along the Eastern Shore, off present-day Worcester County.[6] In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing under the French flag, passed the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In 1608 John Smith entered the bay[6] and explored it extensively. His maps still exist today, and although technically crude they are surprisingly accurate given the technology of those times (the maps are ornate but crude by modern technical standards).

The region was depicted in a map by Estêvão Gomes and Diego Gutiérrez, made in 1562, in the context of the Spanish Ajacán Mission of the sixteenth century.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Face it, we're on our way to being a majority minority country". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  2. ^ "States of Change: The Demographic Evolution of the American Electorate, 1974–2060" (PDF). Center for American Progress. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "White children in the minority in 10 states – This Just In – CNN.com Blogs". News.blogs.cnn.com. April 6, 2011. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  4. ^ "Births: Final Data for 2015" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  5. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder – Results". Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD (2013). "Maryland Historical Chronology: 10,000 B.C. - 1599." Maryland Manual On-Line.
  7. ^ "The Spanish in the Chesapeake Bay". Charles A. Grymes. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2013.


  • Durr, Kenneth D., Behind the Backlash: White Working-Class Politics in Baltimore, 1940-1980]], 2007, The University of North Carolina Press ISBN 0807854336