Whitney Blake

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Whitney Blake
Whitney Blake.jpg
Nancy Ann Whitney

(1926-02-20)February 20, 1926
Eagle Rock, Los Angeles, California, US
DiedSeptember 28, 2002(2002-09-28) (aged 76)
OccupationActress, director, producer
Years active1956–1998
Spouse(s)Tom Baxter (1944–1955) (divorced) (3 children)
Jack Fields (1957–1967) (divorced)
Allan Manings (1968–2002) (her death)
ChildrenRichard Whitney Baxter (b. 1944)
Brian Thomas Baxter(b. 1946)
Meredith Ann Baxter (b.1947)

Whitney Blake (born Nancy Ann Whitney; February 20, 1926 – September 28, 2002) was an American film and television actress, director, and producer. She is known for her four seasons as Dorothy Baxter, the mother, on the 1960s sitcom Hazel, and as co-creator and writer of the sitcom One Day at a Time. With her first husband, she had three children, including actress Meredith Baxter.

Early life[edit]

Blake was born in Eagle Rock, Los Angeles, California. She was the first child of Martha Mae Whitney (née Wilkerson) and Harry C. Whitney, a United States Secret Service agent who had guarded President Woodrow Wilson, his wife, and other political officials. Blake and her younger brother traveled around the country extensively, during which time she attended 16 different schools. While attending Pasadena City College, she worked in small theater groups in the Los Angeles area. In the summer, she worked at her mother's ice-cream stand in McMinnville, Oregon.[1]


Blake gained acting experience with five years' work in little-theater productions, and in 1953, she was in several productions at the Pasadena Playhouse.[2] After her appearance in an amateur Hollywood production of The Women caught the attention of agent Sid Gold,[3] she appeared on a number of television series, including the syndicated Johnny Midnight, Sheriff of Cochise, and twice on Rod Cameron's State Trooper, and on the David Janssen crime drama, Richard Diamond, Private Detective. Her first television appearance was on NBC Matinee Theater.[2]

Blake was cast in My Gun Is Quick, the film version of a Mike Hammer novel.

In 1957, Blake appeared in the first episode of CBS's Perry Mason, "The Case of the Restless Redhead", in the title role of Evelyn Bagby, the defendant. In 1958, she again appeared in the title role as defendant Diana Reynolds in the episode, "The Case of the Black-Eyed Blonde".

In 1957, she played Lilli Bridgeman, who hires a professional assassin to murder her husband, Les (Alan Hale, Jr.), so she can marry a rival rancher, Kiley Rand (Don Megowan), in the episode "Hired Gun" of the ABC/Warner Bros. Western series, Cheyenne, starring Clint Walker.[4]

Blake played leading lady to James Garner in "The Day They Hanged Bret Maverick", the second-season opener in 1958 for the ABC/WB Western series, Maverick.

She appeared with Claude Akins in two 1959 episodes, "Cattle Drive" and "Border Incident" of the CBS Western, The Texan, starring Rory Calhoun.[5]

In 1959, Blake guest-starred in the first episode, "The Good Samaritan", of the syndicated Western series Pony Express. That same year, her guest appearance in the short-lived series The D.A.'s Man garnered her an Emmy nomination.[1]

She appeared in a Gunsmoke episode called "Wind" in March 1959. Blake played a gambler's lady who tried to shoot Matt Dillon in the back. She also guest-starred on an episode of the detective series 77 Sunset Strip.

Blake appeared in the 1959 film -30-, with Jack Webb, as a childless couple wanting to adopt a baby. The "-30-" comes from the symbol of the end of a newspaper story, as Webb played a newspaperman in the film.

Blake guest-starred on Mike Connors's CBS detective series, Tightrope, the CBS sitcom, Pete and Gladys, and on the NBC Western series, Riverboat, starring Darren McGavin, and Overland Trail, with William Bendix and Doug McClure. She performed the lead female dramatic role on the Route 66 TV series in a January 1960 episode (first season). She also guest-starred on police drama TV series M Squad, starring Lee Marvin (third season, 25th episode). In 1960 with Robert Lansing, she co-starred in an episode of the TV series Thriller.

Blake is best remembered for having portrayed Dorothy Baxter, an interior designer and the wife of George Baxter (Don DeFore), a lawyer, on the NBC sitcom Hazel (1961), starring Shirley Booth in the title role as a bossy maid. Bobby Buntrock played her son, Harold Baxter. Oddly, Blake played Mrs. Baxter on Hazel, which had also been the name of her first husband and the surname of her three children in real life. Following the show's cancellation by NBC in 1965, DeFore and Blake were dropped from the series when CBS picked up the show for one more season. They were replaced by Ray Fulmer and Lynn Borden, respectively, in the roles of Steve and Barbara Baxter, the younger brother and sister-in-law of George Baxter.

After Hazel, Blake guest-starred in an episode of the ABC Western series The Legend of Jesse James. In 1966, she appeared in the episode "Nice Day for a Hanging" of Chuck Connors's NBC Western series, Branded.[1] She guest-starred in a 1974 episode of Cannon, starring William Conrad.

Later career[edit]

As demand for her work in network television and films waned, Blake became a Los Angeles television talk-show host.

Later, Blake moved into directing and producing.[6]

For later generations, Blake may be best known for her work in co-creating with her husband, Allan Manings, the Emmy- and Golden Globe-winning television series One Day at a Time. The sitcom ran for nine seasons on the CBS network, making household names of its stars: Bonnie Franklin, Mackenzie Phillips, Valerie Bertinelli, and Pat Harrington.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Blake married Tom Baxter in early 1944.[8] They had three children: sons, Richard Whitney Baxter (born November 24, 1944) and Brian Thomas Baxter (born February 18, 1946), and daughter, Meredith Ann Baxter (born June 21, 1947). In 1988, her son Brian began co-ownership (with Blake) in a Minneapolis bookstore, Baxter's Books, which closed in 1998. Her daughter, Meredith, became an actress, starring in the 1980s hit sitcom Family Ties.

In 1957, Blake married talent agent Jack X Fields; they divorced in 1967.

R&B and Pop singer Whitney Houston was named after Blake, as stated in the 2018 documentary Whitney.[9]

From August 24, 1968, until her death in 2002, she was married to writer/collaborator Allan Manings (1924–2010).[10]

Illness and death[edit]

According to the book Untied, by Whitney Blake's daughter, Meredith Baxter, on Whitney's 76th birthday, her children took Manings and her to dinner. Later that evening, Whitney revealed that she had been diagnosed with esophageal cancer. She expressed confidence that she would beat the disease, but died seven months later. She experienced great discomfort during her final months. Manings told Meredith, his stepdaughter, that the most difficult day was when he told Whitney that he had to accept hospice care for her, when she realized that her condition was terminal.[6]

Whitney Blake died at her home on September 28, 2002, in Edgartown, Massachusetts. Manings also later died of esophageal cancer.


Year Title Role Notes
1957 My Gun Is Quick Nancy Williams
1957 Collector's Item: The Left Fist of David Jan Hendrix TV movie
1959 -30- Peggy Gatlin
1967 The Andy Griffith Show Lee Drake Episode: "Andy's Trip to Raleigh"
1978 The Betsy Elizabeth / Loren Hardeman Sr.'s wife
1981 A Face in the Crowd (final film role)


  1. ^ a b c "Whitney Blake Has Had Career To Be Envied". Lewiston Evening Journal. October 28, 1961. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Delaney, Jerry (October 17, 1959). "Actors Worry Her". Tucson Daily Citizen. p. 34. Retrieved March 30, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  3. ^ Johnson, Erskine (January 12, 1959). "Hollywood Today". The Evening Standard. Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 2. Retrieved March 30, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  4. ^ "Hired Gun: Cheyenne". Internet Movie Data Base. December 17, 1957. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  5. ^ "The Texan". Classic Television Archive. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Baxter, Meredith (March 6, 2012). Untied: A Memoir of Family, Fame, and Floundering. Crown/Archetype. ISBN 978-0-307-71930-0.
  7. ^ Celizic, Mike (August 3, 2010). "Cast of 'One Day at a Time' reunites on TODAY". Today.
  8. ^ "Whitney Blake". NNDB. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  9. ^ 10 revelations from 'Whitney, a new, comprehensive and bleak documentary, July 07, 2018
  10. ^ McLellan, Dennis (May 15, 2010). "Allan Manings dies at 86; TV comedy writer and co-creator of 'One Day at a Time'". The Los Angeles Times. p. AA6.

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