Wikipedia:WikiProject LGBT studies

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Drawing-Gay flag.png WikiProject
LGBT studies
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deletion discussions
Info resources
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assessment level changes
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Unreferenced BLPs
(Biographies of Living
Cleanup listing
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LGBT keywords
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Portals we help maintain
Portal LGBT.svg LGBT portal
Portal Transgender.svg Transgender portal
edit · changes

A monthly popular pages report for this project is available, updated by Mr.Z-bot.

Welcome to WikiProject LGBT studies! We're a group of editors who aim to improve Wikipedia's coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) and Queer studies topics. WikiProject LGBT studies (WP:LGBT) brings Wikipedia users of various sexual orientations, gender identities, geographic locations, and personal backgrounds together to discuss and collaborate on coverage of LGBT content across Wikipedia. Check out the rest of our project page below and Portal:LGBT to see what we've accomplished so far. If you are new to Wikipedia, or just feeling lost, please click here.

If you would like to help, please add your user name to the members' list below! Anyone with a Wikipedia user account—regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity—is free to join. If you do not already have a free Wikipedia user account, click here to read some reasons to create one.

If you are looking for the project talk page, click here. You do not need to be a project member to post a message.

Nuvola apps kate.png Goals[edit]

  1. To create a thriving WikiProject that rivals WP:MILHIST in its activity, efficiency, and success.
  2. To bring every LGBT related article up to FA status.
  3. To maintain or improve articles that come under our jurisdiction.

Scope and Motivation Scope[edit]

The scope of the projects is to:

  1. Identify and categorize existing LGBT and Queer studies articles on Wikipedia
  2. Develop standards for what is required for LGBT and Queer studies articles to qualify as excellent
  3. Improve the quality of existing LGBT and Queer studies articles
  4. Ensure LGBT and Queer studies articles are in line with Wikipedia's minimum standards and policies, including but not limited to: WP:NOR, WP:V, WP:NPOV
  5. Identify and develop standardized tables, tags and categorization schemes for LGBT and Queer studies articles
  6. Identify and create LGBT and Queer studies articles that are not yet included in Wikipedia
  7. Identify potential material that may also be transwikied — (i.e. collect information for possible high-quality LGBT/Queer studies textbooks for Wikibooks).

Members of WikiProject LGBT Studies maintain Portal:LGBT. We also share a deletion sorting page with other related WikiProjects, which lists all relevant XfDs within our scope.

What this Wikiproject is not[edit]

  1. This project does not extend beyond the cultural, political and historical manifestation of LGBT and intersex bodies, identities, attractions, and relationships, and related societal reactions.
  2. This project does not extol any point of view, political or otherwise, other than that of a neutral documentarian.
  3. This project is not limited to European/North American issues.

Tasks you can do Things you can do[edit]

A lot of people join the project and want to help, but don't really know how. Here's a list of tasks that either need regular attention or fulfill the goals of our project:

edit·history·watch·refresh Stock post message.svg To-do list for Gay Pride Flag.svg WikiProject LGBT studies:

Ambox important.svg New articles with LGBT keywords (click "show" to view)
This list, produced by a bot, identified the following articles as possibly being within the scope of this project. Please add {{WikiProject LGBT studies}} to appropriate articles. The raw list is here and articles are removed after a week whether tagged or not.

This list was generated from these rules. Questions and feedback are always welcome! The search is being run daily with the most recent ~14 days of results. Note: Some articles may not be relevant to this project.

Rules | Match log | Results page (for watching) | Last updated: 2019-11-21 20:32 (UTC)

Note: The list display can now be customized by each user. See List display personalization for details.

Some other ways to help out:

Nuvola apps kalzium.png Departments[edit]

The WikiProject runs several departments to aid us in our goals. Anyone is welcome to help out with any of them.


One of the main tasks of the LGBT WikiProject is to assess the quality of Wikipedia's LGBT articles. The resulting article ratings are used within the project to help in recognising excellent contributions and identifying topics in need of further work. They also play a role in the WP:1.0 program, which the WikiProject uses to help automate some of the assessing process.

The assessment is done in a distributed fashion through parameters in the {{LGBTProject}} template banner; this causes the articles to be placed into the appropriate sub-categories of Category:LGBT articles by quality, which serve as the foundation for an automatically generated worklist. WP:1.0 also produces a statistics page, and a log of articles assessed.

To find out more, see the /Assessment page.


The LGBT WikiProject runs a monthly Collaboration, to try to harness the editing skills of the entire Project to bring one article up to Featured Article standard a month. The COTM article is also peer reviewed shortly before becoming the Collaboration article, in order to help editors pinpoint what most needs changing. See Wikipedia:WikiProject LGBT studies/Collaboration for more information.

New collaborations are currently agreed upon on the talkpage on an ad hoc basis until a more formal nomination process is warranted.

Community department[edit]

The Community Department of the LGBT WikiProject is a centralised place to develop ways of fostering a sense of community and belonging in all our members, and to recruit more people into our community. Editors who are happy and have support when they need it are more likely to work harder at improving articles than if they feel no-one cares.

To achieve this, we currently have:

Any other ideas are welcome! Please propose them on the main talkpage.

As awareness of us grows, WikiProject LGBT studies has been featured in an increasing number of external sources; a list of these is maintained here. There is also a Press kit for anyone interested in drumming up some publicity (or just showing off).


Jumpaclass is a fun semi-competition that the LGBT WikiProject runs to improve the quality of lower-quality articles. There are many processes for higher quality articles, such as Peer review and FAC, but many stubs and start rated articles languish unedited for lack of interest. Jumpaclass is a unique attempt to correct that.

To enter, find an article you would like to improve from the list of assessed LGBT articles: you can choose Stub, Start, or B class articles. You then have seven days to improve the article. If within a week, you "jump" an article one or more assessment classes, you win points that are noted on a leadership board. Check Wikipedia:WikiProject LGBT studies/Jumpaclass for all the details. Challenge a friend to go "head to head" with you and see who can jump their article the furthest!

Peer Review[edit]

The LGBT WikiProject peer review articles on request. This is to encourage better articles by having contributors who may not have worked on articles to examine them and provide ideas for further improvement. The process is highly flexible and can deal with articles of any quality though requesting reviews on very short articles may not be productive as there is little for readers to comment on. This process is not an academic peer review by a group of experts in a particular subject, and articles that undergo this process should not be assumed to have greater authority than any other.

To learn more about our peer review system, see Wikipedia:WikiProject LGBT studies/Peer review.

Person Task Force[edit]

The Person Task Force is a working group of members of the LGBT studies WikiProject dedicated to ensuring quality and coverage of biography articles of confirmed LGBT persons. Its specific focus is on living persons who have come out publicly, and of deceased persons whose sexuality is not in doubt. As examples, the article on Ellen DeGeneres is within the scope of the task force - she came out publicly in 1997. Little Richard came out, but has (since then) denied being gay, so his article is not in the task force. Examples of deceased persons include the article on Harvey Milk, who was publicly out for most of his life. The article on William Shakespeare, however, would not be within this task force's scope, since his sexuality has been debated.


If you know another language besides English, please consider adding your name to our List of Translators. Translation is a very new process, so we're still tweaking its purpose and objectives. Feel free to join in the discussion!


The WikiProject maintains two watchlists: one for controversial LGBT articles, one for all articles tagged as within our scope.

The main Watchlist is here. Anyone who comes across contentious or highly vandalised article is welcome to add to it. The Watchall list may be found here. It lists every article tagged by us, and may also be helpful if a normal alphabetical list is needed. It is updated automatically by bot, so manual changes are not required.

The {{User WikiProject LGBT studies}} member userbox (example below) contains links to both watchlists, as well as a link to all changes on article talk pages tagged by this project.

Nuvola apps korganizer.png Guidelines[edit]

Visit sub page

A person's gender and sexuality is intimate to who they are and how that impacts their personal and professional life will vary. Extreme care should be taken to avoid undue weight focusing on these aspects in relation to the overall article. A statement "Smith is openly gay" may be all that is needed in many cases unless it can be tied to how it impacted Smith's career or life. Sometimes the fact that a person has come out is noteworthy itself, but it should be reported in the article dispassionately and neutrally: "In May 2009, in an interview with ABC News, Smith came out as transgender." It is helpful to readers to add the context, especially in the form of statements from the subject.

Wikipedia is an encyclopedia, not a newspaper: We follow, not lead. Implicit in the policy on biographies of living people (BLP) is the understanding that Wikipedia articles should respect the basic human dignity of their subjects. Wikipedia aims to be a reputable encyclopedia, not a tabloid; our articles must not serve primarily to mock or disparage their subjects, whether directly or indirectly – for instance, it is not acceptable to use Wikipedia as a venue for outing people. Wikipedia's articles are mirrored and distributed globally, what we write here can negatively impact people's lives; even the families and friends of someone discussed in articles. This is of particular importance when dealing with individuals whose notability stems largely from their being victims of another's actions; Wikipedia editors must not act, intentionally or otherwise, in a way that amounts to participating in or prolonging the victimization. The correct balance must always be sought, and the highest ethical standards are an important part of Wikipedia's goals to produce and distribute content freely.

  1. Sexuality, gender identity and sex characteristics are not interchangeable. However they often intersect and defining the effects of each can be difficult if not impossible.
  2. The Wikipedia Manual of Style's guidelines on identity guide us to refer to transgender individuals according to the names and pronouns they use to identify themselves.
  3. Identification and categorization of people is bound by Wikipedia's policy on Biographies of Living Persons (BLPs). To add content on a person's religion, sexuality and gender variance you need reliable sourcing. After taking that into account:
    1. A living person may be categorized and identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) only if they themselves publicly identify as such, e.g., Billie Joe Armstrong.
    2. Specific categorization rules apply regarding gender, sexuality, and medical conditions.
    3. A deceased person may be categorized and identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual if they had documented, noteworthy relationships with persons of the same sex or other sexes, such as Marlon Brando.
    4. Intersex is a biological status related to physical sex characteristics, typically a medical fact, and reqires reliable sourcing. Intersex people may be male, female, or non-binary, and may perceive being intersex as related to their sex, or not, or as a medical condition, or not. Some intersex people may be LGBT, while others are heterosexual and cisgender. Care has been taken to limit the interrelationships between LGBT pages and intersex pages because of these issues.

How to write about transgender and non-binary people[edit]

As the guideline on birth names and gender identity note, the birth names of transgender and non-binary people should only be included in the lead sentence if the people were notable prior to coming out. (This accords with our principle to avoid harm and give information due, not undue, weight.) Instead, this information may be woven into an "Early life" section – "Smith was born male but never felt this reflected who she was and she transitioned as soon as she was independent of her family." Ideally statements from the subject will help clarify how they saw themselves at the time so we can let them speak for themselves.

In cases where the prior name is known only as the result of being outed, editors may feel it would be giving it undue weight to include it in the article, unless it was subsequently widely reported in reliable sources. However, caution must be taken to avoid situations where Wikipedia may be unintentionally contributing to the prior name's dissemination through invalid circular referencing. (In 2014, for example, a noted transgender woman's birth name was added to her Wikipedia article on the basis that it had been revealed by a source. However, that source quickly withdrew its article out of respect for the subject's privacy rights. In attempting to keep the name in the article, some editors sought out new replacement sources, but it turned out that all of the new sources for her birth name had received the information from our article rather than the original source.)

Transgender is an adjective; hence one says "Smith is a transgender woman" (or simply "a trans woman"). The use of it as a noun (as in "Smith is a transgender", "the film features two transgenders") is often considered offensive, is deprecated by several style guides and dictionaries, and should be avoided.[1][2][3] Likewise, transsexual is an adjective, and should not be used as a noun.[4] Transgendered is also offensive and deprecated by style guides and should also not be used.[5][6][7] (Direct quotations, however, should not be altered.)

When to use gay or homosexual[edit]

When describing a living person, their documented preference for a description of sexual orientation should be used as a default. Where a self description is unavailable, gay or lesbian is preferred to homosexual in articles about living people. For historical articles whose subjects pre-date the widespread public adoption of these identities (roughly before 1970), homosexual can be used as an accurate adjective describing the subject. Generally homosexual should be confined to descriptions of sexual activity or clinical orientation.

Examples from independent style guides:

  1. The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage (5th ed., 2015, ISBN 9780812963892), "gay (adj.)": "preferred over 'homosexual' in most contexts. Generally confine 'homosexual' to specific references to sexual activity or clinical orientation."
  2. Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal Editorial Style Guide (CDC, ver. 5.1, 2015), "homosexual, bisexual, gay": "Using these terms as adjectives is acceptable, as in 'gay men,' and dependent on the author's discretion. However, avoid using these terms as nouns as they may too vague or perceived as pejorative. Sometimes the phrase 'men who have sex with men' or MSM is used because some of these men do not label themselves as gay, homosexual, or bisexual."
  3. Associated Press Style Book (2013, ISBN 9780465082995), "Gay": "Preferred over 'homosexual' except in clinical contexts or references to sexual activity".
  4. The Canadian Press Stylebook (2013), "Sexuality": "Gay is usually preferred as an alternative for homosexual men and is also commonly used for women, although lesbian is preferred by many women."[1]
  5. BBC News Radio Newsroom Alphabetical Checklist (2012) "Gay": "some people believe the word "homosexual" has negative overtones, even that it is demeaning. Most homosexual men and women prefer the words 'gay' and 'lesbian'. Either word is acceptable as an alternative to homosexual, but 'gay' should be used only as an adjective."

Significant mass changes of articles from gay to homosexual, or the reverse, require a supporting specific consensus or are likely to be viewed as disruptive.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reuters Handbook of Journalism, "transgender": "Do not use transgender as a noun; no one should be referred to as 'a transgender.'"
  2. ^ GLAAD Media Reference Guide, "Transgender Issues":
    "Problematic: 'transgenders,' 'a transgender'
    Preferred: transgender people, a transgender person
    Transgender should be used as an adjective, not as a noun. Do not say, 'Tony is a transgender,' or 'The parade included many transgenders.' Instead say, 'Tony is a transgender man,' or 'The parade included many transgender people.'"
  3. ^, "transgender": "The adjective is more common than the noun; in fact, some people reject the use of transgender as a noun."
  4. ^ BBC News Style Guide, "Gender/sex": "Do not say 'transsexuals', in the same way we would not talk about 'gays' or 'blacks'."
  5. ^, "transgender": "Some transgender people object to the adjectival variant transgendered, because the –ed suffix could imply that something 'happened' to make the person transgender."
  6. ^ NPR Ethics Handbook, "'Memmos': Memmott's Missives & Musings, from the Standards & Practices Outbox": "Someone is 'transgender.' Do not write or say 'transgendered.'"
  7. ^ GLAAD Media Reference Guide, "Transgender Issues": "Problematic: 'transgendered'. Preferred: transgender. The adjective transgender should never have an extraneous '-ed' tacked onto the end. An '-ed' suffix adds unnecessary length to the word and can cause tense confusion and grammatical errors. It also brings transgender into alignment with lesbian, gay, and bisexual. You would not say that Elton John is 'gayed' or Ellen DeGeneres is 'lesbianed,' therefore you would not say Chaz Bono is 'transgendered.'"

Nuvola apps klipper.png Templates and suchlike[edit]

Please use these templates where applicable.
Beware of using too many templates on the same article which can clutter the page.

Template(s) Use on Description
Part of a series on...
{{LGBT}} or
{{LGBT sidebar}}
Article pages of main LGBT topics. LGBT topics navbox (see here for usage notes).
{{Bisexuality topics}} or
{{Bisexuality topics sidebar}}
Article pages of main bisexuality topics. Bisexuality topics navbox
{{Intersex}} or
{{Intersex sidebar}}
Article pages of main intersex topics. Intersex topics navbox. Note: lists only a small subset of items in Category:Intersex and medicine accessible via a more link.
{{Infobox intersex rights‎}} Infobox for intersex rights in country pages. See example page Intersex rights in the United States.
{{Transgender footer}} or
{{Transgender sidebar}}
Article pages of main transgender/transsexuality topics Transgender topics navbox
{{LGBT rights}} Article pages of main LGBT rights issues LGBT rights series box

If the article is about LGBT rights in a particular region, use {{Infobox LGBT rights}} instead.
If the article is about an LGBT rights organization, use {{Infobox organization}} instead.
If the article is about an LGBT rights activist, use {{Infobox person}} instead.
If the article is about recognition of same-sex partnerships, see the Same-sex unions template below.

{{Same-sex unions}} Article pages Lists current status of same-sex unions around the world, with links to relevant articles. Due to its very large size, should mainly only be used on articles about same-sex unions in a particular region.
{{Infobox LGBT rights}} LGBT rights in country/state articles Displays a map and summary of the country or state's LGBT rights (see template page for usage instructions)
{{Portal|LGBT}} Goes in "See also" section of relevant articles Links to: Nuvola LGBT flag.svg LGBT portal
{{Portal|Transgender}} Goes in "See also" section of relevant articles Links to: Portal Transgender.svg Transgender portal
Stub templates
{{LGBT-stub}} Article pages (below categories) Tells readers that this article is a stub and invites them to expand it. It also lists the article in the LGBT stubs category.
Project templates
{{WikiProject LGBT studies}} Article talk pages WikiProject LGBT banner, to be placed on all LGBT article talk pages (see here for usage notes)
  • class is optional - see the Assessment page for more information on classifying. Be bold, and assess!
  • If you don't want to assess, you can write {{WikiProject LGBT studies| class=}} Someone else will do the assessment later.
{{MOS-TW}}, {{MOS-TM}} Article talk pages Templates reminding editors of the policies (in particular MOS:IDENTITY surrounding gendered pronouns, etc., for transgender article subjects, as pronoun-related arguments are commonplace
  • Do not apply this template automatically, MOS:IDENTITY does require we have reliably sourced evidence of the subject's preferences. Neither template might be appropriate for a person who prefers the use of only gender-neutral pronouns for themselves.
{{User WikiProject LGBT studies}} Your user page Userbox to show that you're a project member, also provides some quick project-related links such as a link to all changes to article talk pages tagged by this project. To use, add {{User WikiProject LGBT studies}} to your user page.
{{LGBT Welcome}} User talk pages Welcome box for new participants' talk pages. Use in the form {{subst:LGBT Welcome}}.
More templates located at: Category:LGBT templates

Nuvola apps kcmpartitions.png Categories[edit]

See also: WikiProject category at Category:WikiProject LGBT studies
To display all subcategories click on the "►":
LGBT(33 C, 25 P)
LGBT by region(9 C)
LGBT-related lists(10 C, 28 P)
Androgyny(2 C, 43 P)
Bisexuality(8 C, 20 P)
Cross-dressing(6 C, 43 P)
Homosexuality(6 C, 21 P)
Intersex(9 C, 2 P)
Queer(5 C, 5 P)
Third gender(7 C, 24 P)
Transgender(19 C, 39 P)
LGBT culture(32 C, 28 P)
LGBT and the economy(6 C, 12 P)
LGBT and education(1 C, 36 P)
LGBT history(17 C, 37 P)
LGBT and homelessness(13 P)
LGBT and religion(14 C, 18 P)
LGBT family(3 C)
LGBT people and marriage(2 C, 1 P)
Non-binary gender(2 C, 20 P)
LGBT people(19 C, 1 P)
LGBT politics(11 C, 4 P)
LGBT rights(11 C, 33 P)
Same-sex sexuality(3 C, 21 P)
Sexual fluidity(4 C, 5 P)
LGBT and suicide(38 P)
LGBT youth(3 C, 17 P)
LGBT stubs(8 C, 249 P)

Nuvola apps bookcase2.png Articles[edit]

New articles related to LGBT[edit]

For new articles with LGBT keywords, please see User:AlexNewArtBot/LGBTSearchResult.

Articles newly tagged as LGBT[edit]

For articles newly project-tagged, see Wikipedia:Version 1.0 Editorial Team/LGBT articles by quality log. Newly-tagged articles are automatically included as part of each day's section, under the "Assessed" subheading.

Did you know... (DYK)[edit]

The following items appeared on Wikipedia's main page. For more information, see WP:DYK.

Le Sommeil, painting by Gustave Courbet

Good Articles[edit]

Sampling of articles and date of their promotion by Wikipedia community to Good Article status:

Featured Articles and Lists[edit]

Sampling of articles and date of their promotion by Wikipedia community to Featured Article or Featured List status:

Featured Topics[edit]

Series of articles promoted by the Wikipedia community to Featured Topic status:


SpecialBarnstar.png The Special Barnstar
Awarded to WikiProject LGBT studies for their sense of humour and input into the DYK April Fool's Day nominations of SS Lesbian (1915) and SS Lesbian (1923) Mjroots (talk) 06:34, 30 March 2009 (UTC)

Nuvola apps kdmconfig.png Members[edit]


Below is an LGBT Barnstar for anyone who has made significant contributions to LGBT articles. An LGBT ribbon may be found here.

Image What to type Category Description
The LGBT Barnstar {{subst:The LGBT Barnstar|message ~~~~}} Category:LGBT.
See Sexuality
The LGBT Barnstar is awarded to editors who make significant contributions to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender articles that expand Wikipedia’s knowledge about homosexuality, bisexuality, transsexuality, typical behaviour, notable LGBT people, events and movements, sociological issues, and population statistics.

There is a userbox available for members of this project. Please feel free to put this on your userpage by adding {{User LGBT Project}}:

Members list[edit]

Click here to add your name to the members list
Wikipedia users of all sexual orientations and gender identities are welcome to join! Members inactive for 6 months are moved to inactive members list.

  1. Dev920 (talk · contribs) (Project coordinator) (primarily interested in biographies)
  2. SatyrTN (talk · contribs) (Deputy project coordinator)
  3. --DCX (talk) Interested in LGBT and Human Rights issues.
  4. MYINchile broad interest particularly in the obscure or arcane
  5. delirious & lost  (talk ·