Wilkin County, Minnesota

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Wilkin County, Minnesota
Wilkin County Courthouse.jpg
The Wilkin County Courthouse in Breckenridge
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wilkin County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 6, 1868[1]
Named forAlexander Wilkin
SeatBreckenridge
Largest cityBreckenridge
Area
 • Total751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Land751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)6,358
 • Density8.8/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.wilkin.mn.us

Wilkin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population of Wilkin County was 6,576.[2] Its county seat is Breckenridge.[3] The county is named for Colonel Alexander Wilkin, a lawyer who served as Minnesota’s U.S. marshal and was later killed in the Civil War.

Wilkin County is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

On March 8, 1858, Toombs County, named after Robert Toombs (1810–85) of Georgia, was established.[4] He had been a member of Congress, from 1845 until 1853, and was U.S. senator from 1853 to 1861.[4] He then became a Confederate secretary of state in 1861.[4] In 1863, the county was renamed Andy Johnson County after Andrew Johnson, who was serving as the military governor of Tennessee at the time, and to disassociate with Confederate general Robert Toombs.[4] Dissatisfied with the county's second namesake, the name was once again changed on March 6, 1868 to Wilkin County.[4] The name Wilkin comes from Colonel Alexander Wilkin.[4] Though not a native to Minnesota, he practiced law in Minnesota.[4] From 1851 until 1853, Colonel Wilkin was the territory's secretary.[4]

Toombs County was formed in 1858 from Pembina County. It is the parental county for Traverse County, and now are parts of Clay, Otter Tail, Grant, Stevens, Douglas and Pope counties.

Geography[edit]

Soils of Wilkin County[5]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 751 square miles (1,950 km2), of which 751 square miles (1,950 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[6]

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186040
1870295637.5%
18801,906546.1%
18904,346128.0%
19008,08085.9%
19109,06312.2%
192010,18712.4%
19309,791−3.9%
194010,4757.0%
195010,5670.9%
196010,6500.8%
19709,389−11.8%
19808,454−10.0%
19907,516−11.1%
20007,138−5.0%
20106,576−7.9%
Est. 20166,358[7]−3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 census, there were 7,138 people, 2,752 households, and 1,926 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,105 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.77% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.8% were of German and 29.2% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 2,752 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,093, and the median income for a family was $46,220. Males had a median income of $31,273 versus $20,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,873. About 6.2% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

The population estimate for Wilkin County in 2017 was 6,324 according to the Vintage 2017 Population Estimates..[12] A five year survey conducted between 2012 and 2016 found the median household income to be $52,963.[12] The median housing value was $110, 800 and 3,084 total housing units by the end of the five year span.[12] As of 2016, 445 veterans resided in the county.[12] This same survey showed that 92.3% of the people in the county had obtained their high school diploma or a higher education.[12] Roughly 8.9% of people were living in poverty as of the 2016 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE).[12] According to the 2016 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE), 4.45 of people under the age of 65 had no health insurance.[12] As of 2012, there were 709 companies in Wilkin County.[12]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.5% 2,129 27.0% 893 8.5% 280
2012 58.5% 1,884 39.0% 1,258 2.5% 80
2008 52.3% 1,786 45.4% 1,550 2.3% 78
2004 65.3% 2,303 33.1% 1,169 1.6% 55
2000 61.5% 2,032 31.7% 1,046 6.9% 227
1996 46.8% 1,508 41.0% 1,319 12.2% 393
1992 46.3% 1,626 32.0% 1,122 21.7% 762
1988 56.1% 1,933 43.1% 1,486 0.8% 28
1984 62.4% 2,367 37.1% 1,410 0.5% 19
1980 54.2% 2,224 36.4% 1,496 9.4% 387
1976 45.8% 1,882 51.2% 2,103 3.0% 125
1972 56.0% 2,292 42.5% 1,739 1.5% 62
1968 48.9% 2,037 46.7% 1,946 4.4% 182
1964 37.3% 1,636 62.7% 2,751 0.1% 4
1960 50.1% 2,340 49.7% 2,319 0.2% 8
1956 55.4% 2,335 44.6% 1,881 0.1% 2
1952 65.4% 2,979 34.3% 1,564 0.3% 13
1948 41.9% 1,700 56.4% 2,291 1.7% 69
1944 51.5% 1,945 48.2% 1,819 0.3% 12
1940 48.7% 2,067 51.2% 2,176 0.1% 6
1936 32.5% 1,278 61.7% 2,428 5.9% 232
1932 30.8% 1,126 67.9% 2,488 1.3% 48
1928 53.9% 1,874 45.4% 1,578 0.7% 25
1924 47.2% 1,342 8.6% 245 44.2% 1,258
1920 75.2% 2,106 20.0% 561 4.8% 134
1916 44.2% 690 51.8% 808 4.0% 63
1912 14.5% 209 40.6% 586 44.9% 649[14]
1908 53.0% 779 41.8% 614 5.2% 76
1904 77.3% 1,103 17.2% 246 5.5% 78
1900 52.1% 812 42.5% 663 5.5% 85
1896 41.3% 631 56.0% 855 2.8% 42
1892 42.7% 434 35.7% 363 21.6% 220

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Upham, Warren (2001). Minnesota Place Names A Geographical Encyclopedia. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society. p. 577. ISBN 0873513967.
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57 - 60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Bureau, US Census. "Search Results". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-10.
  14. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 561 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 56 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 30 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 2 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°22′N 96°28′W / 46.36°N 96.47°W / 46.36; -96.47