William H. Brawley

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William H. Brawley
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina
In office
January 18, 1894 – June 14, 1911
Appointed byGrover Cleveland
Preceded byCharles Henry Simonton
Succeeded byHenry Augustus Middleton Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1891 – February 12, 1894
Preceded bySamuel Dibble
Succeeded byJames F. Izlar
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
William Hiram Brawley

(1841-05-13)May 13, 1841
Chester, South Carolina
DiedNovember 15, 1916(1916-11-15) (aged 75)
Charleston, South Carolina
Resting placeMagnolia Cemetery
Charleston, South Carolina
Political partyDemocratic
RelativesJohn J. Hemphill
Robert W. Hemphill
ResidenceCharleston, South Carolina
EducationUniversity of South Carolina

William Hiram Brawley (incorrectly reported in some works as William Huggins Brawley; May 13, 1841 – November 15, 1916) was a United States Representative from South Carolina and later a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.

Education and career[edit]

Born on May 13, 1841, in Chester, Chester County, South Carolina,[1] Brawley attended the common schools and graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) in 1860.[1] He enlisted as a private in Company F, Sixth Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, Confederate States Army on April 11, 1861.[2] He lost an arm in the Battle of Seven Pines and was retired from service.[2] He was manager of his family's plantation from 1862 to 1864.[1] He traveled and studied in Europe in 1864 and 1865.[2] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Chester from 1866 to 1868.[1] He was solicitor for the Sixth Judicial Circuit of South Carolina from 1868 to 1874.[1] He resumed private practice in Charleston, South Carolina from 1874 to 1893.[1] He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1882 to 1890.[1]

Congressional service[edit]

Brawley was elected as a Democrat from South Carolina's 1st congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 52nd and 53rd United States Congresses and served from March 4, 1891, until February 12, 1894, when he resigned to accept a federal judicial post.[2]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Throughout his time as a federal judge, Brawley lived at 9 Legare Street, Charleston, South Carolina.

Brawley was nominated by President Grover Cleveland on December 20, 1893, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina vacated by Judge Charles Henry Simonton.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 18, 1894, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on June 14, 1911, due to his retirement.[1]


Following his retirement from the federal bench, Brawley lived in retirement in Charleston.[2] He died on November 15, 1916, in Charleston.[1] He was interred in Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston.[2]


Brawley was the cousin of John J. Hemphill and great-uncle of Robert W. Hemphill.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k William Hiram Brawley at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g United States Congress. "William H. Brawley (id: B000775)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.


External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel Dibble
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
James F. Izlar
Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles Henry Simonton
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina
Succeeded by
Henry Augustus Middleton Smith