William H. Wharton
William Harris Wharton
|Republic of Texas Senator|
|Born||April 27, 1802|
|Died||March 14, 1839 (aged 36)|
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Ann Groce|
|Profession||Senator, soldier, minister|
Early life and family
Wharton was born in Virginia and was raised by an uncle following the deaths of his parents. He graduated from the University of Nashville and was admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1826. Afterward, Wharton moved to Mexican Texas, and on December 5, 1827, married Sarah Ann Groce, the daughter of a wealthy landowner. Their only child was a son, John A. Wharton (1828–1865), who served in the American Civil War as a Confederate major general. The Wharton family established a farm known as Eagle Island Plantation.
Wharton served as a delegate to the Convention of 1832 from the District of Victoria. The convention unanimously elected him to deliver the resolutions to the legislature of Coahuila y Tejas (then a part of Mexico) in Saltillo and to the Mexican Congress in Mexico City. Following that convention's unsuccessful attempts to form a new state separate from Coahuila y Tejas, Wharton served as president of the follow-up Convention of 1833 and openly advocated complete independence from Mexico, in contrast to the moderate view held by native Texans and others like Stephen F. Austin. Wharton later served as a delegate from the Columbia district to the Texas Consultation of 1835.
Wharton entered military service during the Texas Revolution, serving as a colonel and judge advocate general. He participated in the siege of San Antonio de Béxar in the fall of 1835. Shortly thereafter, he was appointed as one of three commissioners to the United States to secure aid for the Texians.
After the revolution resulted in the formation of the Republic of Texas in 1836, Wharton supported Austin's unsuccessful candidacy for president, which was instead won by Sam Houston. Wharton served as a member of the new republic's senate from the District of Brazoria in 1836.
In November, President Houston appointed Wharton as minister to the United States, hoping to secure political recognition and possible annexation. Returning to Texas in 1837 by sea, Wharton was captured by a Mexican ship and carried to Matamoros, where he was imprisoned. He escaped (allegedly by wearing a nun's habit) and returned to Texas to be re-elected to the Texas Senate in 1838.
- WEIR, MERLE (2010-06-15). "WHARTON, WILLIAM HARRIS". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2019-04-12.
- Merle Weir, "WHARTON, WILLIAM HARRIS," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed January 20, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- Davis (2006), p. 93.
- Wharton, William H.; Austin, Stephen F. (1922). Texas. Address of the Honorable Wm. H. Wharton, delivered in New York on Tuesday, April 26, 1836. Also, Address of the Honorable Stephen F. Austin, delivered in Louisville, Kentucky, on the 7th March, 1836. Together with other documents explanatory of the origin, principles, and objects of the contest in which Texas is at present engaged. The Magazine of history, with notes and queries. Extra number, no. 88 (v. 22, no. 4). Tarrytown, N.Y.: W. Abbatt.
- Haile, Bartee; Columnist, Texas History (2015-03-13). "Wharton brothers died before their time". The Courier. Retrieved 2019-04-12.
- Davis, William C. (2004). Lone Star Rising: The Revolutionary Birth of the Texas Republic. Free Press. ISBN 9780684865102.
- Works by William H. Wharton at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about William H. Wharton at Internet Archive
- William Harris Wharton from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Texas state historical marker for Wharton
| Republic of Texas Commissioner to the United States
served alongside Stephen F. Austin and Branch T. Archer
unique post for support of