Willis–Campbell Act

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Willis–Campbell Act
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles
  • Alcoholic Liquor Traffic Act
  • Beer Emergency Bill
  • National Prohibition Definition Act
  • Supplementary Volstead Act
Long titleAn Act Supplemental to the National Prohibition Act.
NicknamesNational Prohibition Supplemental Act of 1921
Enacted bythe 67th United States Congress
EffectiveNovember 23, 1921
Public law67-96
Statutes at Large42 Stat. 222
Titles amended27 U.S.C.: Intoxicating Liquors
U.S.C. sections amended27 U.S.C. ch. 1 §§ 2,3,5
Legislative history
Major amendments
Medicinal Liquor Prescriptions Act of 1933
United States Supreme Court cases
Lambert v. Yellowley

The Willis–Campbell Act of 1921, sponsored by Sen. Frank B. Willis (R) of Ohio and Rep. Philip P. Campbell (R) of Kansas, prohibited doctors from prescribing beer or liquor as a "drug" to treat ailments. It was commonly known as the "beer emergency bill".[1][2]

The Act kept in force all anti-liquor tax laws that had been in place prior to the passage of the Volstead Act in 1919, giving authorities the right to choose whether or not to prosecute offenders under prohibition laws or revenue laws, but at the same time guaranteeing bootleggers that they would not be prosecuted in both ways.


  1. ^ Appel, JM (2008). ""Physicians are not bootleggers." The short, peculiar life of the medicinal alcohol movement". Bull Hist Med. 82 (2): 355–386. doi:10.1353/bhm.0.0005. PMID 18622072.
  2. ^ "Just What the Doctor Ordered". The Smithsonian. April 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2017.

External links[edit]