World Cup (men's golf)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The World Cup of Golf is a men's golf tournament contested by teams of two representing their country. Only one team is allowed from each country. The players are selected on the basis of the Official World Golf Ranking, although not all of the first choice players choose to compete. The equivalent event for women was the Women's World Cup of Golf, played from 2005 to 2008.

History[edit]

The tournament was founded by Canadian industrialist John Jay Hopkins, who hoped it would promote international goodwill through golf. It began in 1953 as the Canada Cup and changed its name to the World Cup in 1967.[1] With Fred Corcoran as the Tournament Director and the International Golf Association behind it (1955–77), the World Cup traveled the globe and grew to be one of golf's most prestigious tournaments throughout the 1960s and 1970s, but interest in the event faded to the point that the event was not held in 1981 or 1986.

The tournament was incorporated into the World Golf Championships series from 2000 to 2006. In 2007 it ceased to be a World Golf Championships event, but continued to be sanctioned by the International Federation of PGA Tours.

From 2007 through 2009 the tournament was held at the Mission Hills Golf Club in Shenzhen, China, receiving the name Mission Hills World Cup. There was no tournament in 2010, it having been announced that the event would change from annual to biennial, held in odd-numbered years, to accommodate the 2016 inclusion of golf at the Olympics.[2] The 2011 tournament was at a new venue — Mission Hills Haikou in the Chinese island province of Hainan.[3]

The United States has a clear lead in wins, with 24 as of 2016.[4]

Format[edit]

In 1953, the format was 36 holes of stroke play with the combined score of the two-man team determining the winner. From 1954 to 1999, the format was 72 holes of stroke play. Beginning in 2000, the format became alternating stroke play rounds of bestball (fourball) and alternate shot (foursomes).

The 2013 tournament was primarily an individual event with a team component. The 60-player field was selected based on the Official World Golf Ranking (OWGR) with up to two players per country allowed to qualify (four per country if they are within the top 15 of the OWGR). The format returned to 72 holes of stroke play, with the individuals competing for US$7 million of the $8 million total purse. OWGR points were awarded for the first time. The top two-ranked players from each country competed for the team portion, using combined stroke play scores.[5] The individual portion was similar to what would be used at the 2016 Summer Olympics, except that England, Scotland, and Wales had teams instead of a single Great Britain team as in the Olympics,[6][7] while Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland again played as a single team.[7]

In 2016, the format reverted to that used from 2000 to 2011.

From 1955 to 1999, there was also a separate award, the International Trophy, for the individual with the best 72-hole score.

Team winners[edit]

Year Winners Team Location Runners-up
ISPS Handa Melbourne World Cup of Golf
2018  Belgium Thomas Detry and Thomas Pieters Melbourne, Australia  AustraliaMarc Leishman and Cameron Smith
 MexicoAbraham Ancer and Roberto Díaz
ISPS Handa World Cup of Golf
2016  Denmark Søren Kjeldsen and Thorbjørn Olesen Melbourne, Australia  ChinaLi Haotong and Wu Ashun
 FranceVictor Dubuisson and Romain Langasque
 United StatesRickie Fowler and Jimmy Walker
2013  Australia Jason Day and Adam Scott Melbourne, Australia  United StatesMatt Kuchar and Kevin Streelman
Omega Mission Hills World Cup[8]
2011  United States Matt Kuchar and Gary Woodland Haikou, Hainan Island, China  EnglandIan Poulter and Justin Rose
 GermanyMartin Kaymer and Alex Čejka
2009  Italy Edoardo Molinari and Francesco Molinari Shenzhen, China  SwedenHenrik Stenson and Robert Karlsson
 Ireland [9]Rory McIlroy and Graeme McDowell
2008  Sweden Robert Karlsson and Henrik Stenson Shenzhen, China  SpainMiguel Ángel Jiménez and Pablo Larrazábal
2007  Scotland Colin Montgomerie and Marc Warren Shenzhen, China  United StatesHeath Slocum and Boo Weekley
WGC-World Cup
2006  Germany Bernhard Langer and Marcel Siem Sandy Lane Resort, Barbados  ScotlandColin Montgomerie and Marc Warren
2005  Wales Stephen Dodd and Bradley Dredge Algarve, Portugal  EnglandLuke Donald and David Howell
 SwedenNiclas Fasth and Henrik Stenson
2004  England Paul Casey and Luke Donald Seville, Spain  SpainSergio García and Miguel Ángel Jiménez
2003  South Africa Trevor Immelman and Rory Sabbatini Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States  EnglandPaul Casey and Justin Rose
2002  Japan Toshimitsu Izawa and Shigeki Maruyama Puerto Vallarta, Mexico  United StatesPhil Mickelson and David Toms
2001  South Africa Ernie Els and Retief Goosen Gotemba, Japan  DenmarkThomas Bjørn and Søren Hansen
 New ZealandMichael Campbell and David Smail
 United StatesDavid Duval and Tiger Woods
2000  United States David Duval and Tiger Woods Buenos Aires, Argentina  ArgentinaEduardo Romero and Ángel Cabrera
World Cup of Golf
1999  United States Mark O'Meara and Tiger Woods Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  SpainSantiago Luna and Miguel Ángel Martín
1998  England David Carter and Nick Faldo Auckland, New Zealand  ItalyMassimo Florioli and Costantino Rocca
1997  Ireland Pádraig Harrington and Paul McGinley Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States  ScotlandColin Montgomerie and Raymond Russell
1996  South Africa Ernie Els and Wayne Westner Cape Town, South Africa  United StatesSteve Jones and Tom Lehman
1995  United States Fred Couples and Davis Love III Shenzhen, China  AustraliaRobert Allenby and Steve Elkington
1994  United States Fred Couples and Davis Love III Dorado, Puerto Rico  ZimbabweTony Johnstone and Mark McNulty
1993  United States Fred Couples and Davis Love III Orlando, Florida, United States  ZimbabweMark McNulty and Nick Price
World Cup
1992  United States Fred Couples and Davis Love III Madrid, Spain  SwedenAnders Forsbrand and Per-Ulrik Johansson
1991  Sweden Anders Forsbrand and Per-Ulrik Johansson Rome, Italy  WalesPhillip Price and Ian Woosnam
1990  Germany Torsten Giedeon and Bernhard Langer Orlando, Florida, United States  EnglandRichard Boxall and Mark James
 IrelandDavid Feherty and Ronan Rafferty
1989  Australia Peter Fowler and Wayne Grady Marbella, Spain  SpainJosé Maria Cañizares and José María Olazábal
1988  United States Ben Crenshaw and Mark McCumber Melbourne, Australia  JapanMasashi Ozaki and Tateo Ozaki
1987  Wales David Llewellyn and Ian Woosnam Maui, Hawaii, United States  ScotlandSandy Lyle and Sam Torrance
1986 No tournament
1985  Canada Dave Barr and Dan Halldorson La Quinta, California, United States  EnglandHoward Clark and Paul Way
1984  Spain José Maria Cañizares and José Rivero Rome, Italy  ScotlandGordon Brand Jnr and Sam Torrance
 TaiwanHsieh Min-Nan and Chen Tze-Chung
1983  United States Rex Caldwell and John Cook Jakarta, Indonesia  AustraliaTerry Gale and Wayne Grady
 CanadaJerry Anderson and Dave Barr
1982  Spain José Maria Cañizares and Manuel Piñero Acapulco, Mexico  United StatesBobby Clampett and Bob Gilder
1981 No tournament
1980  Canada Dan Halldorson and Jim Nelford Bogotá, Colombia  ScotlandSandy Lyle and Steve Martin
1979  United States Hale Irwin and John Mahaffey Athens, Greece  ScotlandSandy Lyle and Ken Brown
1978  United States John Mahaffey and Andy North Hanalei, Hawaii, United States  AustraliaWayne Grady and Greg Norman
1977  Spain Seve Ballesteros and Antonio Garrido Manila, Philippines  PhilippinesBen Arda and Rudy Lavares
1976  Spain Seve Ballesteros and Manuel Piñero Palm Springs, California, United States  United StatesJerry Pate and Dave Stockton
1975  United States Lou Graham and Johnny Miller Bangkok, Thailand  TaiwanHsieh Min-Nan and Kuo Chie-Hsiung
1974  South Africa Bobby Cole and Dale Hayes Caracas, Venezuela  JapanIsao Aoki and Masashi Ozaki
1973  United States Johnny Miller and Jack Nicklaus Marbella, Spain  South AfricaHugh Baiocchi and Gary Player
1972  Republic of China Hsieh Min-Nan and Lu Liang-Huan Melbourne, Australia  JapanTakaaki Kono and Takashi Murakami
1971  United States Jack Nicklaus and Lee Trevino Palm Beach, Florida, United States  South AfricaHarold Henning and Gary Player
1970  Australia Bruce Devlin and David Graham Buenos Aires, Argentina  ArgentinaRoberto De Vicenzo and Vicente Fernández
1969  United States Orville Moody and Lee Trevino Singapore  JapanTakaaki Kono and Haruo Yasuda
1968  Canada Al Balding and George Knudson Rome, Italy  United StatesJulius Boros and Lee Trevino
1967  United States Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer Mexico City, Mexico  New ZealandBob Charles and Walter Godfrey
Canada Cup
1966  United States Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer Tokyo, Japan  South AfricaHarold Henning and Gary Player
1965  South Africa Harold Henning and Gary Player Madrid, Spain  SpainÁngel Miguel and Ramón Sota
1964  United States Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer Maui, Hawaii, United States  ArgentinaRoberto De Vicenzo and Leopoldo Ruiz
1963  United States Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer Paris, France  SpainSebastián Miguel and Ramón Sota
1962  United States Arnold Palmer and Sam Snead Buenos Aires, Argentina  ArgentinaFidel de Luca and Roberto De Vicenzo
1961  United States Jimmy Demaret and Sam Snead Dorado, Puerto Rico  AustraliaKel Nagle and Peter Thomson
1960  United States Arnold Palmer and Sam Snead Portmarnock, Dublin, Ireland  EnglandBernard Hunt and Harry Weetman
1959  Australia Kel Nagle and Peter Thomson Melbourne, Australia  United StatesCary Middlecoff and Sam Snead
1958  Ireland Harry Bradshaw and Christy O'Connor Snr Mexico City, Mexico  SpainÁngel Miguel and Sebastián Miguel
1957  Japan Torakichi Nakamura and Koichi Ono Tokyo, Japan  United StatesJimmy Demaret and Sam Snead
1956  United States Ben Hogan and Sam Snead Wentworth, Surrey, England  South AfricaBobby Locke and Gary Player
1955  United States Ed Furgol and Chick Harbert Washington, DC, United States  AustraliaKel Nagle and Peter Thomson
1954  Australia Kel Nagle and Peter Thomson Montreal, Canada  ArgentinaAntonio Cerdá and Roberto de Vicenzo
1953  Argentina Antonio Cerdá and Roberto De Vicenzo Montreal, Canada  CanadaBill Kerr and Stan Leonard

Performance by nation[edit]

Team Champions Runners-up
 United States 24 11
 Australia 5 6
 South Africa 5 4
 Spain 4 7
 Canada 3 2
 England 2 6
 Japan 2 4
 Sweden 2 3
 Ireland 2 2
 Wales 2 1
 Germany 2 1
 Scotland 1 6
 Argentina 1 5
 Taiwan 1 2
 Denmark 1 1
 Italy 1 1
 Belgium 1 0
 New Zealand 0 2
 Zimbabwe 0 2
 China 0 1
 France 0 1
 Mexico 0 1
 Philippines 0 1

Individual winners[edit]

Year Winner Country Score To par Margin of
victory
Runner(s)-up
2016–2018: No individual tournament
2013 Jason Day  Australia 274 −10 2 strokes Denmark Thomas Bjørn
2000–2011: No individual tournament
1999 Tiger Woods  United States 263 −21 9 strokes New Zealand Frank Nobilo
1998 Scott Verplank  United States 279 −9 1 stroke England Nick Faldo
Italy Costantino Rocca
1997 Colin Montgomerie  Scotland 266 −22 2 strokes Germany Alex Čejka
1996 Ernie Els  South Africa 272 −16 3 strokes South Africa Wayne Westner
1995 Davis Love III  United States 267 −21 Playoff Japan Hisayuki Sasaki
1994 Fred Couples  United States 265 −23 5 strokes Italy Costantino Rocca
1993 Bernhard Langer  Germany 272 −16 3 strokes United States Fred Couples
1992 Brett Ogle  Australia 270 −18 Playoff Wales Ian Woosnam
1991 Ian Woosnam  Wales 273 −15 3 strokes Germany Bernhard Langer
1990 Payne Stewart  United States 271 −17 2 strokes Denmark Anders Sørensen
1989 Peter Fowler  Australia 137 −7 1 stroke Spain José María Cañizares
Denmark Anders Sørensen
1988 Ben Crenshaw  United States 275 −13 1 stroke Japan Tateo Ozaki
1987 Ian Woosnam  Wales 274 −14 5 strokes Scotland Sandy Lyle
1986: No tournament
1985 Howard Clark  England 272 −16 5 strokes Republic of Ireland Christy O'Connor Jnr
1984 José María Cañizares  Spain 205 −11 2 strokes Scotland Gordon Brand Jnr
1983 Dave Barr  Canada 276 −12 3 strokes United States Rex Caldwell
1982 Manuel Piñero  Spain 281 −3 1 stroke Spain José María Cañizares
United States Bob Gilder
1981: No tournament
1980 Sandy Lyle  Scotland 282 −6 1 stroke West Germany Bernhard Langer
1979 Hale Irwin  United States 285 −3 2 strokes West Germany Bernhard Langer
Scotland Sandy Lyle
1978 John Mahaffey  United States 281 −7 2 strokes United States Andy North
1977 Gary Player  South Africa 289 +1 3 strokes United States Hubert Green
Philippines Rudy Lavares
1976 Ernesto Acosta  Mexico 282 −6 3 strokes Scotland Brian Barnes
Spain Manuel Piñero
1975 Johnny Miller  United States 275 −13 2 strokes Philippines Ben Arda
Taiwan Hsieh Min-Nan
Australia Bob Shearer
1974 Bobby Cole  South Africa 271 −9 5 strokes Japan Masashi Ozaki
1973 Johnny Miller  United States 277 −11 3 strokes South Africa Gary Player
1972 Hsieh Min-Nan  Taiwan 217 +1 2 strokes Japan Takaaki Kono
1971 Jack Nicklaus  United States 271 −17 7 strokes South Africa Gary Player
1970 Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 269 −19 1 stroke Australia David Graham
1969 Lee Trevino  United States 275 −9 1 stroke Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo
1968 Al Balding  Canada 274 −14 5 strokes Italy Roberto Bernardini
1967 Arnold Palmer  United States 276 −12 5 strokes New Zealand Bob Charles
United States Jack Nicklaus
1966 George Knudson  Canada 272 −16 Playoff Japan Hideyo Sugimoto
1965 Gary Player  South Africa 281 −7 3 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus
1964 Jack Nicklaus  United States 276 −12 2 strokes United States Arnold Palmer
1963 Jack Nicklaus  United States 237 −15 5 strokes Spain Sebastián Miguel
South Africa Gary Player
1962 Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 276 −4 2 strokes England Peter Alliss
United States Arnold Palmer
1961 Sam Snead  United States 272 −16 8 strokes Australia Peter Thomson
1960 Flory Van Donck  Belgium 279 −9 2 strokes United States Sam Snead
1959 Stan Leonard  Canada 275 −5 Playoff Australia Peter Thomson
1958 Ángel Miguel  Spain 286 −2 Playoff Republic of Ireland Harry Bradshaw
1957 Torakichi Nakamura  Japan 274 −14 7 strokes South Africa Gary Player
United States Sam Snead
Wales Dave Thomas
1956 Ben Hogan  United States 277 −7 5 strokes Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo
1955 Ed Furgol  United States 279 −1 Playoff Australia Peter Thomson
Belgium Flory Van Donck
1953–54: No individual award

Multiple winners[edit]

Seve Ballesteros won the title twice as part of the Spanish team.

Teammates[edit]

As part of team[edit]

As individual (International Trophy)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Slow Greens Worry World Cup Golfers". The Age. 9 November 1967. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  2. ^ Jimenez, Tony (15 March 2010). "Golf-Record purse of $7.5 million for new biennial World Cup". Reuters. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  3. ^ "Omega Mission Hills World Cup to Become Biennial Event" (Press release). Asian Tour. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  4. ^ "US wins golf World Cup". ABC News. 27 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  5. ^ "World Cup of Golf Moves to Australia". PGA Tour. 11 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  6. ^ "McIlroy might play for Northern Ireland in World Cup". PGA Tour. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b "N. Ireland, Ireland will team in WCup". ESPN. Associated Press. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Omega Title Sponsor of the Mission Hills World Cup". Asian Tour. 30 January 2007.[dead link]
  9. ^ This was a combined Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland team. They competed under the Republic of Ireland flag although both golfers were from Northern Ireland.

External links[edit]