Wupper

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Wupper
Verlaufskarte Wupper.png
Wupper
Location
CountryGermany
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationSauerland
 ⁃ elevation441 m (1,447 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Rhine
 ⁃ coordinates
51°02′43″N 6°56′27″E / 51.04528°N 6.94083°E / 51.04528; 6.94083Coordinates: 51°02′43″N 6°56′27″E / 51.04528°N 6.94083°E / 51.04528; 6.94083
Length115.8 km (72.0 mi) [1]
Basin size813 km2 (314 sq mi) [1]
Discharge 
 ⁃ average17 m3/s (600 cu ft/s)[2]
Basin features
ProgressionRhineNorth Sea

The Wupper is a right tributary of the Rhine in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Rising near Marienheide in western Sauerland it runs through the mountainous region of the Bergisches Land in Berg County and enters the Rhine at Leverkusen, south of Düsseldorf. Its upper course is called the Wipper.

On its course of about 116 km, the Wupper passes through the city of Wuppertal where the suspension railway runs for 10 kilometres above the river.

It is crossed by the highest railway bridge in Germany near Müngsten, between Remscheid and Solingen. A few kilometers further down, Burg Castle is located on a hill overlooking the river.

Hydropower[edit]

From the 15th century, the Wupper and its numerous streams gave birth to hundreds of workshops, mills and factories on their banks. Originally water was used for dying, bleaching and washing canvas and cloth,[3] later it was used to power machines or transport waste.

The Wupper thus facilitated the early industrial expansion of Wuppertal (German for "Wupper Valley") during the 18th, 19th and early 20th century. The Wupper Valley was one of world's first industrialized regions and empowered inter alia the Ruhrgebiet as a coal-mining region.

The suspension railway over the Wupper in Wuppertal.

Other[edit]

  • On 21 July 1950 a young elephant named Tuffi, made to ride on the train by her handler as an advertising stunt, decided she didn't like the ride, panicked (and panicked the other, human, passengers), burst out of the car she was riding in, and jumped or fell into the Wupper, only slightly injuring herself. In 1970 Marguerita Eckel and Ernst-Andreas Ziegler published a children's picture book about the incident, Tuffi und die Schwebebahn.
  • The Wupper is cited in the German sayings: "Über die Wupper gehen", literally "To go over the Wupper", metaphorically meaning "going bankrupt", "going into jail" or "going to die".[4]
  • Else Lasker-Schüler wrote a drama entitled Die Wupper.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hydrographic Directory of the NRW State Office for Nature, the Environment and Consumer Protection (Gewässerverzeichnis des Landesamtes für Natur, Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz NRW 2010) (xls; 4.67 MB)
  2. ^ Die Wupper // Wupperverband ‹See Tfd›(in German)
  3. ^ "Cloth Bleaching alongside Wupper River". Municipality of Wuppertal. Retrieved January 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ Rolf-Bernhard Essig. "Woher kommt "Über die Wupper gehen"?" (in German). SWR. Retrieved September 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)