Yamal 202

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Yamal 202 (Ямал-202)
NamesYamal 200 KA-2
Mission typeCommunication
OperatorGazprom Space Systems
COSPAR ID2003-053A
SATCAT no.28089
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftYamal 202
Spacecraft typeYamal 200
BusUSP Bus
ManufacturerRSC Energia (bus)
Alcatel Space (payload)
Launch mass1,326 kg (2,923 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date06:22:00, November 24, 2003 (UTC) (2003-11-24T06:22:00Z)
Launch siteBaikonur Site 81/23
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGEO
Frequency18 C band

Yamal 202 (Russian: Ямал-202) was a geostationary communications satellite operated by Gazkom and built by RSC Energia.[1] It was, along with Yamal 201 the second dual launch of the Yamal program and the second iteration of the USP Bus.[2][3][3] It was a 1,351 kg (2,978 lb) satellite with 4,080W of power (3.4 kW at end of life) on an unpressurized bus.[4] It had eight SPT-70 electric thrusters by OKB Fakel for station keeping.[5] Its payload was 18 C band transponders supplied by Space Systems Loral.[6][7]


During 1997, even before the launch of their first satellites (Yamal 101 and Yamal 102), Gazkom was planning the second generation. At that time they planned a 24 satellites of the second generation. This extremely aggressive plan was scaled back by 2001 with a plan to launch four 200 series satellites. The first two, Yamal 201 and Yamal 202 would be launched by 2001 and the second pair, Yamal 203 and Yamal 204 by 2004. Yamal 201 and Yamal 203 would be identical and be positioned at the 90°E slot and Yamal 202 and Yamal 204 would also be twins and be positioned at the 49°E slot.

Yamal 202 was launched along Yamal 201 November 24, 2003 at 16:2 UTC from Baikonur Site 81/23 by a Proton-K/Blok-DM-2M directly to GEO.[8] The launch and satellite deployment was successful and Yamal 201 was commissioned into service.[9] As of July 22, 2016 it is still in service and at 12 years and 8 months it has surpassed its design life of 12.5 years.[10][4]

See also[edit]

  • Yamal 201 – Satellite that was launched together with Yamal 202.
  • Yamal – Communication satellite family operated by Gazprom Space Systems.
  • Gazprom Space Systems – Satellite communication division of the Russian oil giant Gazprom.
  • USP Bus – The satellite bus on which Yamal 202 is based.
  • RSC Energia – The designer and manufacturer of the Yamal 202 satellite.


  1. ^ Zak, Anatoly (April 21, 2016). "Yamal communication satellites". RussiaSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  2. ^ Pillet, Nicolas. "Yamal/Historie/Premier tir, premier revers" [Yamal/History/The first setbacks]. Kosmonavtika (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  3. ^ a b Pillet, Nicolas. "Yamal/Historie/La deuxième génération" [Yamal/History/The second generation]. Kosmonavtika (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  4. ^ a b "Universal Space Platform". RSC Energia. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2015-10-16). "RKK Energiya: USP (Victoria)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  6. ^ Pillet, Nicolas. "Descriptif technique Yamal-200" [Yamal-200 technical description]. Kosmonavtika (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  7. ^ "Yamal 202". Satbeams. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  8. ^ Pillet, Nicolas. "Proton-K 24 novembre 2003" [November 24, 2003 Proton-K]. Kosmonavtika (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  9. ^ Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2016-04-17). "Yamal 202, 204". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  10. ^ "Yamal-202 technical performance". Gazprom Space Systems. Retrieved 2016-07-20.

External links[edit]