Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota

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Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota
Yellow Medicine County Courthouse.jpg
Yellow Medicine County Courthouse in Granite Falls in 2007
Map of Minnesota highlighting Yellow Medicine County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 6, 1871
Named forYellow Medicine River[1]
SeatGranite Falls
Largest cityGranite Falls
Area
 • Total763 sq mi (1,976 km2)
 • Land759 sq mi (1,966 km2)
 • Water4.1 sq mi (11 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)9,795
 • Density13.0/sq mi (5.0/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.ym.mn.gov

Yellow Medicine County is a county in the State of Minnesota. Its eastern border is formed by the Minnesota River. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,438.[2] Its county seat is Granite Falls.[3]

The Upper Sioux Indian Reservation, related to the historical Yellow Medicine Agency that was located here, is entirely within the county. It was established under the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux in 1851, by which the Dakota ceded much territory in the region to the United States.

History[edit]

The county was established by the Minnesota legislature on March 6, 1871, with Granite Falls as the county seat. Its name comes from Yellow Medicine River, which runs through the eastern part of the county to the Minnesota. The river's name derives from a plant whose yellow root the native Dakota people used for medicinal purposes.[4]

It was proposed in 1878 to create a new county, taken from the western portions of Yellow Medicine, Lincoln, and Lac qui Parle counties. The state legislature approved the petition (subject to local voter approval), and Governor Pillsbury signed the act on February 27, 1879. However, the 1879 ballot proposal failed to garner a combined majority of voters in the three counties, and the proposed Canby County[5] did not come into being.[6]

Geography[edit]

Yellow Medicine County lies on the west side of Minnesota. Its west border abuts the east border of the state of South Dakota. The Minnesota River flows east-southeasterly along the county's northeast side on its way to discharge into the Mississippi River. The Yellow Medicine River flows northeastward through the eastern part of the county, discharging into the Minnesota near the midpoint of the county's eastern border. The Stony Run Creek flows eastward through the upper east part of the county; the Florida Creek flows northeastward through the west end of the county, and the Lac qui Parle River also flows northeastward through the west central part of the county. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, carved by drainages. The area is devoted to agriculture.[7] The terrain slopes to the east and slightly to the north; its highest point is on the west border, near its SW corner, at 1,732' (528m) ASL.[8] The county has a total area of 763 square miles (1,980 km2), of which 759 square miles (1,970 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.5%) is water.[9]

Soils of Yellow Medicine County[10]

Lakes[7][edit]

  • Burton Lake
  • Culver Lake (part)
  • Curtis Lake
  • Highbank Lake
  • Kvistid Lake
  • Lake Louie
  • Lone Tree Lake
  • Miedd Lake
  • Miller Lake
  • Mud Lake
  • Spellman Lake
  • Timm Lake
  • Tyson Lake
  • Wood Lake

Rivers and drainages[7][edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[7][edit]

  • Bigrock State Wildlife Management Area
  • Christopherson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Clawson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Flinks State Wildlife Management Area
  • Miller-Richter State Wildlife Management Area
  • Mound Springs Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
  • Omro State Wildlife Management Area
  • Oshkosh State Wildlife Management Area
  • Penthole State Wildlife Management Area
  • Posen State Wildlife Management Area
  • Saint Leo State Wildlife Management Area
  • Sioux Nation State Wildlife Management Area
  • Stokke State Wildlife Management Area
  • Stony Run State Wildlife Management Area
  • Swedes Forest Scientific and Natural Area (part)
  • Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18805,884
18909,85467.5%
190014,60248.2%
191015,4065.5%
192016,5507.4%
193016,6250.5%
194016,9171.8%
195016,279−3.8%
196015,523−4.6%
197014,418−7.1%
198013,653−5.3%
199011,684−14.4%
200011,080−5.2%
201010,438−5.8%
Est. 20189,795[11]−6.2%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 11,080 people, 4,439 households, and 2,974 families in the county. The population density was 14.6/sqmi (5.64/km²). There were 4,873 housing units at an average density of 6.42/sqmi (2.48/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.09% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 2.04% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.5% were of Norwegian and 34.6% German ancestry.

There were 4,439 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

The county population contained 25.80% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 20.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,393, and the median income for a family was $42,002. Males had a median income of $27,770 versus $20,870 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,120. About 7.10% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.40% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Yellow Medicine has recently been a swing district in national elections. Since 1980 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in 56% of national elections (as of 2016). The majority of the county voted for Barack Obama in 2008, But has trended more republican in recent cycles.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.1% 3,382 28.9% 1,524 7.0% 370
2012 51.8% 2,806 45.5% 2,465 2.6% 143
2008 46.3% 2,579 50.6% 2,816 3.1% 174
2004 50.0% 2,878 48.6% 2,799 1.4% 81
2000 47.1% 2,598 45.8% 2,528 7.1% 389
1996 35.7% 2,006 48.7% 2,741 15.6% 877
1992 30.8% 1,909 41.9% 2,593 27.3% 1,691
1988 46.6% 2,925 52.3% 3,282 1.1% 71
1984 55.2% 3,819 43.6% 3,018 1.1% 79
1980 54.0% 4,004 38.2% 2,833 7.9% 584
1976 39.5% 2,946 58.1% 4,337 2.4% 179
1972 50.3% 3,683 47.3% 3,462 2.4% 174
1968 43.3% 3,060 50.8% 3,587 5.9% 413
1964 36.9% 2,751 63.1% 4,707 0.1% 6
1960 50.8% 3,800 48.8% 3,649 0.4% 26
1956 51.2% 3,594 48.7% 3,416 0.1% 8
1952 57.7% 4,322 42.0% 3,143 0.3% 21
1948 38.4% 2,693 59.4% 4,164 2.2% 155
1944 50.7% 3,337 48.8% 3,214 0.5% 34
1940 50.9% 3,964 48.6% 3,786 0.5% 39
1936 30.4% 2,029 58.7% 3,921 10.9% 729
1932 27.0% 1,739 71.1% 4,580 1.9% 119
1928 53.0% 3,302 45.9% 2,861 1.2% 72
1924 38.7% 2,278 2.6% 151 58.7% 3,458
1920 72.5% 4,225 14.0% 814 13.6% 790
1916 50.1% 1,501 41.3% 1,238 8.6% 258
1912 14.2% 352 29.8% 737 56.0% 1,383
1908 65.1% 1,745 29.3% 786 5.6% 151
1904 83.4% 1,947 11.1% 258 5.5% 129
1900 66.0% 1,743 28.9% 763 5.2% 137
1896 58.9% 1,578 37.9% 1,015 3.2% 85
1892 49.1% 911 19.6% 364 31.3% 580

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 593.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ History of Yellow Medicine County Archived August 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Yellow Medicine County website, accessed May 25, 2010
  5. ^ Gramarly.com
  6. ^ Upham, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names, p. 593 (1920). Accessed 13 March 2019
  7. ^ a b c d Yellow Medicine County MN Google Maps (accessed 13 March 2019
  8. ^ "Find an Altitude/Yellow Medicine County MN" Google Maps (accessed 13 March 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  10. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 69-70. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°43′N 95°52′W / 44.72°N 95.86°W / 44.72; -95.86