Yellowstone County, Montana

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Yellowstone County
Postcard. Pompeys Pillar National Monument.
Official seal of Yellowstone County
Seal
Map of Montana highlighting Yellowstone County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°56′N 108°16′W / 45.94°N 108.27°W / 45.94; -108.27
Country United States
State Montana
FoundedFebruary 26, 1883
Named forYellowstone River
SeatBillings
Largest cityBillings
Area
 • Total2,649 sq mi (6,860 km2)
 • Land2,633 sq mi (6,820 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (40 km2)  0.6%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total147,972
 • Estimate 
(2018)
160,137
 • Density56/sq mi (22/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.co.yellowstone.mt.gov
 
  • Montana county number 03

Yellowstone County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 147,972, and a 2018 estimate put the population at 160,137.[1] Its county seat is Billings.[2] Yellowstone County is named for the Yellowstone River which roughly bisects the county, flowing southwest to northeast.[3] The river in turn was named after the yellow Sandstone cliffs in what is now Yellowstone County.[4]

Yellowstone County is included in the Billings, MT Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is not adjacent to Yellowstone National Park.

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,649 square miles (6,860 km2), of which 2,633 square miles (6,820 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,065
19006,212200.8%
191022,944269.3%
192029,60029.0%
193030,7854.0%
194041,18233.8%
195055,87535.7%
196079,01641.4%
197087,36710.6%
1980108,03523.7%
1990113,4195.0%
2000129,35214.0%
2010147,97214.4%
Est. 2018160,137[6]8.2%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2018[11]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 129,352 people, 52,084 households, and 34,219 families in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 54,563 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.78% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 3.05% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 3.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.1% were of German, 10.4% Norwegian, 9.7% Irish, 9.3% English and 5.4% American ancestry.

There were 52,084 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 25.50% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,727, and the median income for a family was $45,277. Males had a median income of $33,475 versus $21,566 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,303. About 8.50% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 147,972 people, 60,672 households, and 38,367 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 56.2 inhabitants per square mile (21.7/km2). There were 63,943 housing units at an average density of 24.3 per square mile (9.4/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 90.7% white, 4.0% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.7% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were German, 14.0% were Irish, 11.3% were English, 10.0% were American, and 9.9% were Norwegian.[14]

Of the 60,672 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families, and 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 38.3 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,641 and the median income for a family was $62,380. Males had a median income of $42,899 versus $30,403 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,152. About 7.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[edit]

Yellowstone County voters have been reliably Republican for over a century. They selected the Democratic Party candidate in only one national election since 1940 (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 58.1% 40,920 31.5% 22,171 10.5% 7,395
2012 58.9% 40,500 38.4% 26,403 2.8% 1,904
2008 51.6% 36,483 45.3% 32,038 3.1% 2,158
2004 61.7% 40,903 36.4% 24,120 1.9% 1,263
2000 59.0% 33,922 35.4% 20,370 5.6% 3,207
1996 47.2% 26,367 41.1% 22,992 11.7% 6,523
1992 40.4% 22,822 35.7% 20,163 23.9% 13,465
1988 55.4% 28,069 43.4% 21,987 1.2% 591
1984 63.0% 34,124 35.9% 19,437 1.1% 592
1980 56.6% 27,332 31.6% 15,272 11.8% 5,709
1976 57.1% 25,201 41.5% 18,329 1.4% 595
1972 62.6% 25,205 33.8% 13,602 3.6% 1,430
1968 58.8% 19,898 34.5% 11,682 6.7% 2,277
1964 46.9% 15,571 52.5% 17,446 0.7% 222
1960 60.8% 19,467 38.6% 12,356 0.6% 183
1956 64.9% 18,664 35.1% 10,088 0.0% 0
1952 66.6% 17,556 33.2% 8,750 0.2% 51
1948 50.7% 10,342 47.7% 9,718 1.6% 324
1944 51.4% 8,706 48.1% 8,140 0.5% 79
1940 48.0% 8,479 51.2% 9,036 0.8% 140
1936 37.1% 5,193 61.2% 8,575 1.8% 248
1932 46.9% 5,386 50.3% 5,777 2.8% 320
1928 68.1% 6,904 31.6% 3,205 0.3% 32
1924 55.9% 4,715 13.9% 1,172 30.2% 2,546
1920 65.1% 5,714 31.7% 2,782 3.2% 284
1916 42.1% 3,281 54.6% 4,259 3.4% 261
1912 26.2% 1,004 31.2% 1,193 42.6% 1,631
1908 56.6% 1,803 35.0% 1,114 8.4% 268
1904 70.4% 1,249 24.6% 436 5.0% 89

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau, US Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Montana Digital Atlas - Montana Natural Resources Information System". Montana State Library, State of Montana. Archived from the original on July 15, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2007.
  4. ^ "History of Yellowstone as a Place Name". www.yellowstone-online.com. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 27, 2019.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  11. ^ "Yellowstone County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  17. ^ Anita MT Google Maps (accessed 8 January 2019)
  18. ^ Billings Heights MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  19. ^ Bull Mountain MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  20. ^ Heights MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  21. ^ Indian Arrow MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  22. ^ Newton MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)
  23. ^ Yegen MT Google Maps (accessed January 8, 2019)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°56′N 108°16′W / 45.94°N 108.27°W / 45.94; -108.27