英吉沙县 • يېڭىسار ناھىيىسى
Yangi Hissar; Yingchisha
Signs advertising Yengisar's famous knives.
Location of Yengsiar County (red) within Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||New Town County|
Yengisar County (also known as Yangi Hissar) is a county in the southwest of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It is under the administration of the Kashgar Prefecture. It contains an area of 3,373 km2 (1,302 sq mi). As of the 2002 census, it had a population of 230,000.
The county seat is the city of Yengisar, a town that is best known among the local Uyghurs for its handmade knives. The finely-tuned skill of knife making used to be passed down among generations in Yengisar, but is slowly dying due to China's strict response to deadly clashes in the Xinjiang region.
The Battle of Yangi Hissar took place here in April 1934, when Ma Zhancang led the Chinese Muslim 36th division to attack the Turkic Muslim Uighur forces at Yangi Hissar, wiping out the entire Uighur force of 500 and killing the Emir Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yengisar County.|
- Summers, Josh. "The Uyghur Knife and My Visit to Yengisar". FarWestChina.com. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Makinen, Julie (September 17, 2014). "For China's Uighurs, Knifings Taint an Ancient Craft". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "Fighting Continues Tungan Troops Still Active in Chinese Turkestan". The Montreal Gazette. 10 May 1934.
- Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 123. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
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