Yengisar County

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Yengisar County

英吉沙县يېڭىسار ناھىيىسى

Yangi Hissar; Yingchisha
Signs advertising Yengisar's famous knives.
Signs advertising Yengisar's famous knives.
Location of Yengsiar County (red) within Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Yengsiar County (red) within Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceXinjiang
PrefectureKashgar
Population
 (2002)
230,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Yengisar County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese英吉沙县
Traditional Chinese英吉沙縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese新城县
Traditional Chinese新城縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurيېڭىسار ناھىيىسى
Literal meaningNew Town County
Yengisar Knife Factory.

Yengisar County (also known as Yangi Hissar) is a county in the southwest of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It is under the administration of the Kashgar Prefecture. It contains an area of 3,373 km2 (1,302 sq mi). As of the 2002 census, it had a population of 230,000.

The county seat is the city of Yengisar, a town that is best known among the local Uyghurs for its handmade knives. The finely-tuned skill of knife making used to be passed down among generations in Yengisar,[1] but is slowly dying due to China's strict response to deadly clashes in the Xinjiang region.[2]

History[edit]

The Battle of Yangi Hissar took place here in April 1934, when Ma Zhancang led the Chinese Muslim 36th division to attack the Turkic Muslim Uighur forces at Yangi Hissar, wiping out the entire Uighur force of 500 and killing the Emir Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra.[3][4]

Wildlife[edit]

The city of Yengisar gave its name to Yangihissar gecko (Cyrtopodion elongatum) lizard species, which occurs throughout eastern Central Asia, including Xinjiang and Gansu Province.[1]

Transportation[edit]

Yengisar is served by China National Highway 315 and the Southern Xinjiang railway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Summers, Josh. "The Uyghur Knife and My Visit to Yengisar". FarWestChina.com. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  2. ^ Makinen, Julie (September 17, 2014). "For China's Uighurs, Knifings Taint an Ancient Craft". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  3. ^ "Fighting Continues Tungan Troops Still Active in Chinese Turkestan". The Montreal Gazette. 10 May 1934.
  4. ^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 123. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.

Coordinates: 38°55′33″N 76°10′17″E / 38.92583°N 76.17139°E / 38.92583; 76.17139