Yeysk

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Yeysk

Ейск
Yeysk port, 2006
Yeysk port, 2006
Flag of Yeysk
Flag
Coat of arms of Yeysk
Coat of arms
Location of Yeysk
Yeysk is located in Russia
Yeysk
Yeysk
Location of Yeysk
Yeysk is located in Krasnodar Krai
Yeysk
Yeysk
Yeysk (Krasnodar Krai)
Coordinates: 46°42′N 38°17′E / 46.700°N 38.283°E / 46.700; 38.283Coordinates: 46°42′N 38°17′E / 46.700°N 38.283°E / 46.700; 38.283
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnodar Krai[1]
Founded1848
Government
 • HeadValery Kulkov
Area
 • Total140 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total87,769
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
83,665 (-4.7%)
 • Rank192nd in 2010
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toTown of Yeysk[1]
 • Capital ofTown of Yeysk[1], Yeysky District[1]
 • Municipal districtYeysky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementYeyskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofYeysky Municipal District[4], Yeyskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
353680-353691
Dialing code(s)+7 86132
OKTMO ID03616101001
Town DayThird Sunday of August
Twin townsBaranavichy, BarysauEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.adm-yeisk.ru

Yeysk (Russian: Ейск) is a port and a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the shore of the Taganrog Gulf of the Sea of Azov. The town is built primarily on the Yeya Spit, which separates the Yeya River from the Sea of Azov. Population: 87,769 (2010 Census);[2] 86,349 (2002 Census);[7] 78,150 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

Tsutsiev's Atlas[9] shows a Yeyskoye at the head of the Yeya bay for 1763-1785 and a Yeysk somewhat south of the present location from 1829-1839. In 1783 it was involved in the Kuban Nogai Uprising. The town was founded in 1848 by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov in accordance with a royal order from the Tsar of Russia.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yeysk serves as the administrative center of Yeysky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the territory of Shirochansky Rural Okrug (which comprises seven rural localities), incorporated separately as the Town of Yeysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Yeysk is incorporated within Yeysky Municipal District as Yeyskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

Yeysk resorts[edit]

Yeysk is known for its mineral waters and its medicinal mud baths. This mud is brought from the neighboring Lake Khanskoye. The town has a number of parks, a sanatorium, several recreation centers, hotels, and beaches. The bathing season lasts from May until September. Yeysk offers a variety of attractions, restaurants, open-air cafes, clubs, bars, and night clubs.

The most popular resort area in Yeysk is Dolgaya Spit, near the village of Dolzhanskaya.

Airfield[edit]

Yeysk has a mixed military/civilian airfield (ru:Ейск (аэропорт)), home to the Yeysk Military Institute during the Cold War and the 10th Mixed Aviation Division (4th Air Army) during the 1990s.

After the disbandment of the 10th Mixed Aviation Division the headquarters of the 1st Guards Stalingrad, Svirsky Composite Air Division arrived. Also at the airport based aviation group Yeisk Higher Military Institute, armed with planes L-39.

In addition, the 959th Bomber Regiment was previously based at the airfield, which was part of the 1st Guards Composite Air Division. The 959th Bomber Aviation Regiment was previously the 959th Training Aviation Regiment.[10] In September 2009, due to the transfer of the airfield from the Air Force to the Navy, the regiment was disbanded, and its members were part of the aircraft Su-24 relocated to Morozovsk airfield (6970th Air Base, 7th Brigade of Aerospace Defence).

On February 1, 2010, 859th Naval Aviation Training Center under the leadership of Major-General Alexei Serdyuk was open at the airfield. To ensure the educational process training units will be relocated from the Ostrov (air base) (Pskov Oblast) and the village of Kacha. For service center from the previously disbanded and civilian staff will be involved in more than one thousand people.

Climate[edit]

Yeysk has a mild climate. Average low temperature in January is −4 °C (25 °F). Summers are very warm, with average July temperature of +24 °C (75 °F). Average rainfall is about 450 millimeters (18 in) a year.

Climate data for Yeysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
27.0
(80.6)
28.2
(82.8)
29.0
(84.2)
35.0
(95.0)
38.5
(101.3)
38.7
(101.7)
40.2
(104.4)
34.8
(94.6)
32.0
(89.6)
27.0
(80.6)
19.0
(66.2)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
3.2
(37.8)
8.1
(46.6)
16.4
(61.5)
21.9
(71.4)
25.7
(78.3)
29.9
(85.8)
29.7
(85.5)
23.6
(74.5)
16.5
(61.7)
9.1
(48.4)
3.5
(38.3)
15.8
(60.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.8
(40.6)
11.4
(52.5)
16.7
(62.1)
21.0
(69.8)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
18.5
(65.3)
12.0
(53.6)
5.3
(41.5)
1.1
(34.0)
11.5
(52.7)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.4
(34.5)
6.3
(43.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.3
(61.3)
18.4
(65.1)
18.2
(64.8)
13.3
(55.9)
7.4
(45.3)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22.0)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
4.0
(39.2)
11.9
(53.4)
9.0
(48.2)
1.1
(34.0)
−9.4
(15.1)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−30.0
(−22.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53
(2.1)
43
(1.7)
48
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
39
(1.5)
48
(1.9)
26
(1.0)
25
(1.0)
35
(1.4)
32
(1.3)
41
(1.6)
60
(2.4)
494
(19.4)
Source: [11]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Yeysk is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #714-KZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ (in Russian) Russian postal objects - find by name
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ Atlas of the Ethno-Political History of the Caucasus, 2014
  10. ^ Holm
  11. ^ Ейск, Краснодарский край - климат, описание (in Russian). Retrieved September 3, 2009.

Sources[edit]

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №714-КЗ от 7 июня 2004 г «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Ейский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №2053-КЗ от 28 июля 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №103, 29 июня 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #714-KZ of June 7, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Yeysky District, on Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, on the Establishment of the Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on the Establishment of Their Borders, as amended by the Law #2053-KZ of July 28, 2010 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]