伊吾县 • ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى
Location of Yiwu County (red) within Hami City (yellow) and Xinjiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Uyghur||ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى|
Yiwu County (Chinese: 伊吾县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Aratürük County (Uyghur: ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى; Chinese: 阿热吐鲁克县), is a county in the northeast of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Hami City. It contains an area of 19,511 km2 (7,533 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 20,000.
The Yiwu County is located in the northeastern part of the prefecture, between the Qarliq Shan mountain range (along which it borders on Hami City) and the border with Mongolia's Govi-Altai Province. Outside of the mountain range, most of the county is within the Gobi Desert.
Some of the county important populated places are located in the oases irrigated by the intermittent Yiwu River, which flows north from the mountains, eventually disappearing in the desert. These include, from south to north, Yiwu Town (伊吾镇, the county seat), Weizi Xia Township (苇子峡乡), and Laomao Hu Town (淖毛湖镇).
As of the 1920s, the area of today's Yiwu town was referred to as "Tuhulu" (吐葫芦), and that name is still retained by the Tuhulu Township (吐葫芦乡) adjacent to today's Yiwu town. At the time, it was the first place with an actual river and some agriculture that weary travellers from the east would reach after crossing several hundreds of kilometers of desert (since crossing Edsin Gol, a River in Inner Mongolia).
- Owen Lattimore, The Desert Road to Turkestan. 1929.
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